Palakkad

  (Redirected from Palghat)

Palakkad About this soundpronunciation , also known as Palghat, is a city and municipality in the state of Kerala in India, spread over an area of 26.60 km2; it is the administrative headquarters of the Palakkad District. The city is situated about 350 kilometres (217 mi) north of state capital Thiruvananthapuram and 50 kilometers south west of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu, and 66 km north east of Thrissur on the Salem-Kanyakumari National Highway NH 47

Palakkad

Palghat
Nickname(s): 
Rice bowl of Kerala
Palakkad is located in Kerala
Palakkad
Palakkad
Palakkad is located in India
Palakkad
Palakkad
Coordinates: 10°46′30″N 76°39′04″E / 10.775°N 76.651°E / 10.775; 76.651Coordinates: 10°46′30″N 76°39′04″E / 10.775°N 76.651°E / 10.775; 76.651
Country India
State Kerala
DistrictPalakkad
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyPalakkad Municipality
 • ChairpersonPrameela Sasidharan
 • Deputy ChairmanC Krishnakumar
 • Member of ParliamentV. K. Sreekandan
Area
 • City26.60 km2 (10.27 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,363 km2 (526 sq mi)
Elevation
84 m (276 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • City130,955
 • Density4,900/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
 • Metro293,533
Demonym(s)Palakkadan
Languages
 • Official LanguageMalayalam, English, Tamil[3]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Postal Index Number
678 XXX
Area code(s)+91-(0)491
Vehicle registrationKL-09
ClimateAm/Aw (Köppen)
Websitewww.palakkadmunicipality.in/en

EtymologyEdit

The commonly held belief is that the name Palakkad is a fusion of two Malayalam words, Pala, which was the name given to barren land during the Sangam period, and Kadu, which means forest.[4]

GeographyEdit

 
Topography map-Palakkad (Palghat)

Palakkad is the gateway to Kerala due to the presence of the Palakkad Gap in the Western Ghats. Malayalam is the generally spoken language in Palakkad as it is the official language. The town has many small and medium rivers, which are tributaries of the Bharathapuzha River. Of the number of dams in Palakkad district, the largest Malampuzha dam is 12 km from Palakkad town.[5]

ClimateEdit

Palakkad has a tropical wet and dry climate. Temperatures remain moderate throughout the year, with exception in March and April being the hottest months. A very high amount of precipitation is received in Palakkad, mainly due to the South-West monsoon. July is the wettest month, and the total annual rainfall is around 83 inches (211 cm).

Climate data for Palakkad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33.0
(91.4)
35.4
(95.7)
37.3
(99.1)
36.5
(97.7)
34.0
(93.2)
29.7
(85.5)
28.3
(82.9)
28.8
(83.8)
30.3
(86.5)
31.2
(88.2)
31.8
(89.2)
31.9
(89.4)
32.4
(90.2)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
22.6
(72.7)
24.2
(75.6)
25.1
(77.2)
24.8
(76.6)
23.2
(73.8)
22.5
(72.5)
22.9
(73.2)
23.0
(73.4)
23.2
(73.8)
22.9
(73.2)
22.2
(72.0)
23.2
(73.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.5
(0.14)
6.7
(0.26)
20.4
(0.80)
72.9
(2.87)
151.7
(5.97)
408.2
(16.07)
522.6
(20.57)
317.6
(12.50)
253.9
(10.00)
215.2
(8.47)
111.1
(4.37)
27.6
(1.09)
2,111.4
(83.11)
Source: [6]

TransportEdit

AirEdit

The nearest international airport is Coimbatore International Airport, which is about 62 km from Palakkad. However, Cochin International Airport and Calicut International Airport serve the city as well.

There has been a proposal for a mini domestic airport at East Yakkara with respect to setting up domestic airports for enhanced air connectivity by the civil aviation ministry of India. 60 acres has been identified for the project at East Yakkara Palakkad.[7]

RailwaysEdit

There are two railway stations serving Palakkad - Palakkad Junction is a broad gauge railway junction (located at Olavakkode, which can be called a satellite town, about 4 km from the heart of the main town) and Palakkad Town railway station located in the heart of the Palakkad town. Close to Palakkad Junction is the office of Palakkad Railway Division. The cities of Coimbatore, Erode, Salem, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Mangalore, Kozhikode and Ernakulam are connected by the broad gauge line. Train services to Pollachi, Dindigul and Madurai are through the broad gauge line through Palakkad Town station.[8]

RoadEdit

Palakkad is well connected by roads. The National Highway 47 from Salem to Ernakulam via Coimbatore, Palakkad and Thrissur – Kozhikode National Highway 213 via Malappuram pass through the district.[9]

DemographicsEdit

Religions in palakkad
Religion Percent
Hindus
68%
Muslims
27.9%
Christians
3.8%
Others
0.3%

As per Census 2011, population of Palakkad in 2011 is 130,955; of which male and female are 63,833 and 67,122 respectively.[10] Total literates in Palakkad city are 112,479 of which 56,065 are males while 56,414 are females. Average literacy rate of Palakkad city is 94.20 percent of which male and female literacy was 96.83 and 91.73 percent.[11][12] Hindus form 68% of the population with 89098 members.[10] Muslims constitute 27.9% of the population with 36620 members.[10] Christians constitute 3.8% of the population with 5006 members.[10]

The metropolitan area of Palakkad includes Hemambikanagar, Marutharode, Palakkad municipality, Pirayiri, Pudussery Central, Pudussery West, and Puthuppariyaram.[12] Its urban / metropolitan population is 293,566 of which 143,650 are males and 149,916 are females. The literacy rate of Palakkad Metropolitan Area is 92.14%, much higher than the national average of 59.5%. Malayalam is the most spoken language while Tamil is also spoken by significant number of groups particularly the Iyers.

CultureEdit

Palakkad is entrance city of kerala from Tamil nadu.Palakkad's culture is unique and different from other cities because it is close to Tamilnadu.There is a sizable Tamil speaking population living through out in the city.There is also Telugu speaking linguistic minority.The food and dressing is also unique and different. Palakkad is the birthplace of so many musicians and writers like Chembai vaidyanatha bhagavathar, M.D.Ramanathan, O.V.Vijayan, M.S.Viswanathan etc.December to May is considered as the festival season of Palakkad.Kalpathy rathaolsav is the main festvel of Palakkad.Kalpathy is also known the heritage village.Very famous Chembai music college is situated in the heart of the city.There is also Ramanathan Music hall, the venue for music near to college .There are so many temples,churches,mosques inside the city.Fine arts society, which helps to bring more artists from all over to perform for the palakakd audience.Fine arts society hall in Tharekkad is the venue where so many great artists performed.In connection with kalpathi Ratholsavam,a national music festvel takes place every year.Puthur music and dance festvel is also famous.Ahalia heritage village near kanjikode is the place where so many sculptures related to Kerala culture can seen and a lot of cultural events takes place there. October to January is the season which so many cultural events like music and dance concerts like Kalpathy national musical fest, fine arts society music festvel,gowri's music and dance festvel, swaralaya music and dance festvel takes place.Onam, vishu, Navarathri, Diwali, Ramzan, Christmas etc. are the main religious festivals.

CuisineEdit

Palakkad cuisine is mainly vegetarian.Nowadays non veg culture getting more popularity but palakkad people still mostly prefer veg food.Mainly veg food is in their daily food menu. Palakkad cuisine is unique too.Can see the influence of Tamil cuisines and apart from that palakkad had its own unique cuisines like famous Ramasseryidli, molak varutha puli, kondattam, sevai, kesari etc. Traditional sweets like laddu, jilebi, Mysore Pak are also popular. sevai is the one of the main unique breakfast of palakkad which made of rice and its like idiyappam.

TourismEdit

Main tourist attraction of palakkad is Palakkad fort in the heart of the city and Malampuzha Dam and Malampuzha gardens(15 km from palakkad city heart).Fantasy park, a water theme amusement park is also near to Malampuzha gardens.There is ropeway and snake park near Malampuzha gardens.A beautiful aquarium is also near to gardens.South India's first rock garden is also there in Malampuzha.Ahalia Heritage village is another attraction which is near to Kanjikode.Kalpathy Heritage village is the main tourist attraction in the heart of the city.A lot of temples are other attractions like Hemambika temple,Kodumbu temple, Manappullikkavu Devi temple etc. are the religious places are in the neighborhood places of the city.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Thiruvananthapuram Corporation General Information". Corporation of Thiruvananthapuram. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 million and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  3. ^ "The Kerala Official Language (Legislation) Act, 1969" (PDF). PRS Legislative Research. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  4. ^ A. Sreedhara Menon (1978). Kerala Samskāram. DC Books. p. 237. ISBN 9788126415854.
  5. ^ Fact sheet on Indian dams at Diehardindian.com Archived 2006-12-13 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "climate of palakkad, palakkad climate, palakkad climate information, weather and climate of palakkad, palakkad climate information, temperature in palakkad, palakkad temperature, temperature data of palakkad, climate data of palakkad, climate and rainfall information of palakkad, palakkad weather and climate". Delhitourism.com. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  7. ^ "60 Acres Identified For Airport Project". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 21 May 2011.
  8. ^ "Train services resume on Pollachi – Palakkad section". Coimbatore. The Hindu. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  9. ^ "National Highways and their lengths". National Highways Authority of India. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  10. ^ a b c d http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-01/DDW32C-01%20MDDS.XLS
  11. ^ "Palakkad - Census of India". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  12. ^ a b "Palakkad Urban Region". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 4 September 2015.

External linksEdit