Open main menu

Me Too movement (India)

The Me Too movement in India is a manifestation of the international Me Too movement that occurred in late 2018 (in effect to present-day) in parts of Indian society including government, media, and the Bollywood film industry. In India, the Me Too movement is seen as either an independent outgrowth influenced by the international campaign against sexual harassment of women in the workplace, or an offshoot of the American "Me Too" social movement.[1] Me Too began gaining prominence in India with the increasing popularity of the international movement, and later gathered sharp momentum in October 2018 in the entertainment industry of Bollywood, centered in Mumbai, when actress Tanushree Dutta accused Nana Patekar of sexual harassment.[2] This led to many women in the news media, Indian films, and even within the government to speak out and bring allegations of sexual harassment against a number of perpetrators.[3]

Origins in India

Influence of Hollywood's "Me Too" Movement

MeToo movement was founded by Tarana Burke but began as a much needed social phenomenon in October 2017 as a hashtag started by American actress Alyssa Milano who shared her story of sexual assault against Harvey Weinstein. The hashtag caught like wildfire when women from across the world began talking about their survivor stories. In India, however, this MeToo movement [4] didn't take flight until actress Tanushree Dutta decided to speak up once against actor Nana Patekar. What began as one woman's story soon became a phenomenon when names of powerful men in the country started surfacing. From actor Alok Nath to journalist MJ Akbar, the movement has brought to light many stories of sexual harassment and abuse.

After allegations against Harvey Weinstein, the use of the #MeToo hashtag on social media with respect to the event spread quickly in India,[5][6] where sexual harassment is commonly referred to by the word 'eve-teasing', a term described as misleading, tame, and diluting the seriousness of the crime.[7] In response to #MeToo, there have been attempts to teach Indian women about workplace rights and safe reporting, as well as educating men about the scope of the problem.[5][8] Some have likened #MeToo to a 2012 social movement which followed a violent gang rape in New Delhi that later resulted in a woman's death, which caused the Indian government to institute harsher punishments for rape.[6][9][10] Others have suggested there was underlying public anger over a Delhi rape conviction that was overturned by Judge Ashutosh Kumar a month before against filmmaker and writer Mahmood Farooqui, ruling that a "feeble no" was not enough to revoke consent because it was typical for one partner to be less willing. The case is being appealed to the Supreme Court.[9][11] Activist Jasmeen Patheja, head of Blank Noise, stated #MeToo's power is in demonstrating India can no longer ignore the scope of the problem.[6] Kaimini Jaiswal, a lawyer at the Supreme Court of India, stressed the importance of teaching women how to read, especially in rural villages, because most women in these areas are illiterate and completely financially and emotionally dependent on a male relative.[10]

Blogger Sheena Dabolkar's viral #MeToo tweet resulted in the boycott of Khodu Irani's popular Pune pub High Spirits, by several well-known performers.[5][12][13] Several women mentioned Mahesh Murthy, which initiated a police case in January 2018.[14] Trends Desk of The Indian Express wrote that many Indian men are speaking up as a part of #MeToo, including discussions about consent and how some men are also abused.[15][16] Rina Chandran of Reuters said #MeToo is ignoring the 600,000 women in India who are currently sex workers against their will, and are typically poor without education or family.[17]

There were reports of mass sexual assaults during the 2018 New Year's celebrations in Bangalore, which have been associated with #MeToo. The incidents were initially dismissed by the police until someone uploaded CCTV footage of the assaults to social media.[10] Home Minister G. Parameshwara, Abu Azmi, and other officials came under fire for stating "western" women's clothing and values were the cause of the rapes, and indicated women's families should not allow them to go to parties or major celebrations.[10]

Several lists of alleged rapists and harassers started spreading on social media in India, including "The List", which initially included the names of about 60 highly respected academic men. The List was posted on 24 October 2017 by activist Inji Pennu and an Indian student in California named Raya Sarkar, who alleged they personally confirmed every incident.[18][19] This list has resulted in criticism against #MeToo because the allegations were unverified before they started spreading on social media. Some of the victims from the list have come forward to explain they were ignored, mistreated, or retaliated against when they tried to pursue action.[20] Sarkar has defended The List, saying that she posted it only to warn her friends about professors and academics to avoid (mostly upper-caste men), and had no idea it would become so popular.[19] A second list came out a week later that was made by women from lower caste backgrounds and included more names, bringing the total up to around 70.[18]

Twelve prominent Indian feminists dismissed The List in a formal letter, saying they understand that the justice system is typically tilted against victims, but unverified claims make things harder for the feminist movement.[18][21] Writers Rhea Dangwal and Namrata Gupta responded that most victims from the list were poor students who tried to go through official channels without success or recourse, while every single man on the list has the ability to defend himself socially and legally.[18]

Tanushree Dutta's allegations

 
Actress Tanushree Dutta's allegations of sexual harassment in 2018 was a catalyst of the "Me Too" movement in India

On 26 September 2018, after having been out of the Bollywood spotlight for about a decade, actress Tanushree Dutta gave an interview to Zoom TV in which she publicly accused Nana Patekar of sexually harassing her on the set of the 2009 movie Horn 'Ok' Pleassss.[22][23] This declaration would be seen as the catalyst of the Me Too movement in India, similar to one which happened in the U.S. a year earlier with Harvey Weinstein, in which more and more women in the entertainment industry would publicly announce high-profile individuals who had sexually exploited them.[24] Dutta had first made the allegations against Patekar in 2008, filing a complaint with the 'CINTAA' (Cine & TV Artists Association), but no action was taken as the case was considered a criminal case. The allegation was repeated in 2013 in an interview,[25] and again largely ignored. It was not until her September 2018 statements that the CINTAA apologized to Dutta, admitting that the "chief grievance of sexual harassment wasn't even addressed [in 2008]", but added that since the case was more than three years old, they could not reopen it.[26][27][28][29][30][31]

Janice Sequeira, a journalist, backed her allegations, claiming to be an eyewitness to the incident.[32] She also alleged that filmmaker Vivek Agnihotri had told her to remove her clothes and dance with Irrfan Khan to act on the sets of Chocolate. She said Irrfan Khan and Sunil Shetty stood up for her during this episode.[33][34] Vivek refuted all such allegations and shared that it is an attempt to get publicity by Tanushree Dutta and to malign his image in a legal notice sent to her.[35] The assistant director of Chocolate, Sattyajit Gazmer, also denied Tanushree's claims.[36]

In an interview, Tanushree said "He (Nana Patekar) called the MNS (Maharashtra Navnirman Sena) party to bash up my car. He was behind everything and was supported by choreographer Ganesh Acharya".[37] In a video from 2008 that went viral on the internet, goons are seen thrashing Tanushree's car. A journalist named Pawan Bharadwaj, was seen thrashing the car's windshield with his camera, and later clarified that he attacked her car because earlier, he had a fight with Dutta's team.[38] A defamation case was filed against her for her comments about the MNS party.[39] She was also served with two legal notices from Nana Patekar and Vivek Agnihotri.[39] On 6 October 2018, Dutta filed an FIR at Oshiwara police station against actor Nana Patekar, director Rakesh Sarang, choreographer Ganesh Acharya, and producer Sami Siddiqui.[40]

In mid October, Dutta sought the help of the Maharashtra State Women's Commission (MSWC) in order to conduct a full-scale investigation on the issue; they sent notices to Nana Patekar, director Rakesh Sarang and choreographer Ganesh Acharya, whom they directed to respond within 10 days. On 16 November, several weeks after the MSWC issued a warning to Patekar, his lawyer Aniket Nikam released a statement refuting the allegations, stating, "All allegations against him (Nana Patekar) are false and far from the truth".[41]

In June 2019, the Mumbai Police closed the case after informing the courts that there was no evidence to prosecute Patekar.[42][43]

Impact

Notable people who have shared their "Me Too" stories publicly include:

Entertainment

Phantom Films

In October 2018, in an interview with Huffington Post India, a former employee of Phantom Films accused director Vikas Bahl of sexually harassing her on the set of the 2014 film Queen.[78] Later, the film's lead actress Kangana Ranaut, in support of the former employee, also accused Bahl of sexual misconduct.[79][80] Following this, Nayani Dixit, Ranaut's co-star in the movie, levelled similar accusations against Bahl.[81] As a result, Phantom Films announced its dissolution on 5 October 2018,[82] largely in response to the sexual assault allegation against Bahl by another former Phantom employee, which was reported in 2015.[83] The other three founders, Kashyap, Motwane, and Mantena, all issued statements on Twitter confirming the company's disbanding and moving on to independent projects.[84]

Utsav Chakraborty And All India Bakchod (AIB)

On 7 October 2018, stand-up comedian and popular YouTuber Utsav Chakraborty, who worked as a freelancer with the comedy group All India Bakchod, was accused of sending women lewd messages and photos via social messaging apps. The allegations against Utsav blew up when a Twitter user named Mahima Kukreja put up a Twitter post accusing the comedian of sending her an unsolicited picture of his genitalia and then pleading with her not to make his act public as it would "ruin" his career.[85] Several comedians within his circle, including Kunal Kamra and Tanmay Bhat, knew about his habit of harassing underage girls but opted to keep quiet and work with him.[86] On 8 October 2018, Gursimran Khamba provided clarification on some sexual harassment allegations reported by an unknown girl who claimed Khamba had sexually assaulted her. Khamba, on the other hand, denied the allegation, claiming that the relationship was consensual.[87] On 10 October 2018, comedienne Kaneez Surka accused Aditi Mittal, who had appeared on the All India Bakchod Knockout of 'forcefully kissing her on her mouth without consent' and that she was triggered by Mittal championing the cause of the movement.[88] On 16 October 2018, Yash Raj Films (YRF) terminated the services of Ashish Patil, who was their Vice-President of Brand Partnerships and Talent Management, and Business and Creative Head for Y Films, after he was accused of forcibly kissing and making advances on an anonymous aspiring actress. The anonymous woman texted her #MeToo story to an activist who tweeted screenshots with the woman's permission.[89]

In May 2019, the group announced that they had to let go of their entire team in the wake of the controversy and that their YouTube channel would remain inactive indefinitely. While Bhat's suspension was lifted, he was barred from holding the position of CEO and Khamba was let go of. Joshi and Shakya the remaining two members too would pursue independent careers.[90][91]

Housefull 4

On 12 October 2018, after accusations from several women of abusive and perversive sexual behavior, director Sajid Khan announced that he would step back from the production of his upcoming film Housefull 4 until he could clear his name.[92] Actor Akshay Kumar also made a statement on Twitter, confirming Sajid's stepping away and also halting shooting of the film until further notice.[93] Later in the day, actor Nana Patekar noted that he would also be leaving the film, due to accusations against him by ex-actress Tanushree Dutta.[94] On 14 October, it was announced that Farhad Samji, who co-directed Housefull 3, would be replacing Sajid Khan as the director.[95] On 15 October 2018, The Indian Film and Television Directors’ Association issued a show cause notice to Khan, which read "Your...actions have brought disrepute to Indian Film and Television Directors’ Association,". It further noted that they expected an explanation from Khan "for such offensive behaviour within seven days of the receipt of the notice for further action as per the rules and regulations… In case of no reply, ex-parte decision would be taken."[96]

In December 2018, Sajid Khan was suspended from IFTDA (Indian Film and Television Director's Association) for one year, following the accusations of sexual assault against him from three women. A source from the association said that IFTDA "investigated the complaints in the spirit of POSH Act," and said that Khan did not offer an explanation as to his actions even when given an opportunity to do so, however he did expose his "real self" in an earlier interview where he admitted to his actions.[97]

Fox Star Studios India

On 19 October 2018, casting director and first-time film director Mukesh Chhabra was suspended by the Fox Star Studios India company from directing their Bollywood remake of The Fault in Our Stars (titled Kizie Aur Manny, later Dil Bechara) pending an inquiry against him over sexual harassment allegations. Chhabra has denied the charges, telling a newspaper that he would pursue "every possible legal action to protect my reputation." In a statement, Fox Star Studios said that Chhabra was suspended until "the Internal Complaints Committee of Mukesh Chhabra Casting Company concludes its inquiry into the allegations against him."[98]

Alok Nath v. Vinta Nanda

In October 2018, veteran character actor Alok Nath was accused of rape by TV producer Vinta Nanda who worked with him in the TV show Tara in the mid-1990s.[99] Alok Nath has denied the allegation.[100][101] Subsequently, actresses Renuka Shahane, Himani Shivpuri, Sandhya Mridul, and Deepika Amin have either admitted to knowing about Nath's predatory behaviour or written about instances where they themselves have been assaulted by him.[102][103][104][105][106] On 15 October 2018, Nath sued Nanda for defamation, asking for a written apology and 1 as compensation. He has filed the case jointly with his wife Ashu Nath.[107] The Cine and TV Artists Association (CINTAA) sent Mr. Nath a show cause notice on Vinta Nanda's post. The association asked why he should not be expelled from CINTAA. The actor urged that the notice be withdrawn, that he was innocent until proven guilty. In response to Alok Nath's lawsuit, on 15 October Vinta Nanda's lawyer responded: "She will not be intimidated by threats and defamation suits which are primarily meant to delay and distract from the gravity of the allegations." Alok Nath had earlier been quoted by ABP News as saying he could "neither deny nor agree" with Ms Nanda's account of rape and violation on Facebook. The writer had not named him but had identified him as the "Sanskaari actor" who played the lead on her show "Tara".[107]

On 14 November 2018, the CINTAA expelled Alok Nath from their organization after he failed to appear at a body meeting on 12 November to discuss his rape accusations against Vinta Nanda, and instead sent a response to the 'show-cause' notice instead. CINTAA secretary general Sushant Singh noted that the group's EC (Executive Committee) "unanimously voted him out." When asked if the organization should have allowed its Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) to handle the case, Singh responded that the ICC had not yet been completely trained in POSH (Prevention of Sexual Harassment) on how to "hear cases, take a deposition, cross-question, among many other things," and that they had to follow their "current provisions" for now. Nanda responded to the expulsion by applauding the decision, saying that "at the end of the day we all have to acknowledge that we are answerable and accountable to our governing bodies. It’s only then, that institutions like CINTAA, IFTDA (Indian Film & Television Directors’ Association) and Screenwriters Association (SWA) will achieve the status they deserve."[108]

KWAN Entertainment

On 16 October 2018, entertainment talent management agency KWAN announced that founder Anirban Blah had been asked to step down after four women publicly accused him of harassment. In a statement, KWAN said," We have asked Anirban Blah to forthwith step aside from his duties, activities and responsibilities at KWAN, its subsidiaries and affiliates with immediate effect." The company, which promotes high-profile celebrities such as Deepika Padukone, Tiger Shroff, and Ranbir Kapoor, has a Prevention of Sexual Harassment committee in place.[109]

Vairamuthu

Vairamuthu, Tamil poet, lyricist, author, and a recipient of various awards including the Padma Bhushan and Sahitya Akademi Award, was accused of sexual misconduct and sexual harassment by several women singers and artists from the Tamil film industry.[110][111] A few women described their allegations anonymously, but Singer Chinmayi used her Twitter account to highlight the instances of intimidation and harassment she suffered at his hands. Following this, Sindhuja Rajaram, an artist, photographer, and musician based in California, United States, also accused Vairamuthu and detailed the harassment she faced due to him.[112] Vairamuthu remained noncommittal about the allegations against him on Twitter.[113] On 15 October 2018, he made an official video statement saying that he found the allegations against him unfounded and challenged his accusers to take legal action against him.[114]

Salman Khan

Pooja Misrra, ex-Bigg Boss contestant, alleged that the brothers Salman Khan, Arbaaz Khan, and Sohail Khan raped her multiple times.[59]

Arjun Sarja

In October 2018, Sruthi Hariharan, a major actress of Kannada cinema, revealed multiple instances of actor Arjun Sarja's misbehaviour towards her. The actress revealed that Arjun had made unwelcome advances towards her during the making of Nibunan (2017), by often changing the script to include more physically intimate scenes.[115]

Kailash Kher

Kher was called out for sexual misconducts by multiple women during Indian Me Too movement 2018.[116][117]

Anu Malik

On 21 October 2018, singer/composer/TV show judge Anu Malik was asked to step down from judging the reality TV show Indian Idol 10 after being accused of sexual harassment from multiple women. An assistant producer on Indian Idol 5, Danica D'Souza, has been reported as saying that the producers knew of Malik's harassing behaviour, but previously had not taken it seriously enough. D'Souza noted that "They knew he abused power but nothing came of it. In fact, they told us all to take precaution by not meeting him alone."[118]

Later that day, Sony TV released an official statement regarding Malik's dismissal: "Anu Malik is no longer a part of the Indian Idol jury panel. The show will continue its planned schedule and we will invite some of the biggest names in Indian music as guests to join Vishal and Neha to judge Indian Idol season 10." Malik himself released a statement: "I, Anu Malik, have decided to take a break from Indian Idol as I am currently unable to focus on my work, my music and the show".[119]

In the 1990s, singer Alisha Chinai had also accused Malik of molesting her, but faced legal challenges in doing so. She filed a case against him and demanded ₹2,660,000, whereas in return, Malik had filed a defamation case asking for ₹20,000,000 from Chinai. Chinai eventually won the legal battle in an "unprecedented landmark verdict", and a restraining order was passed against Malik. She vowed to never work with Malik again but eventually forgave him, and sang for him in a song in the film Ishq Vishq, which Malik musically directed; the two later judged a season of Indian Idol together.[120]

Malik returned to the Indian Idol in 2019 and accusers expressed their anger all over again[120]. Neha Bhasin and Shweta Pandit had also accused Malik of inappropriate behaviour.[121]

News and media

  • After multiple allegations of sexual harassment, psychological torture, and sending explicit material, the resident editor of the Times of India (a leading publication in the country), K.R. Sreenivas, resigned on 13 October 2018.[122]
  • On 8 October, Prashant Jha stepped down as the Chief of Bureau and Political Editor of the Hindustan Times, a leading daily newspaper, after charges of sexual harassment filed against him by a former employee.[123]
  • On 14 October 2018, film director Nishtha Jain, in a Facebook post, accused The Wire anchor Vinod Dua[124] of stalking, slobbering, and sexually harassing her in June 1989.[125] Dua's daughter Mallika Dua said that she will let her father fight his battle and will stand by him.[126] On 17 October, Dua, in a statement on the sexual harassment accusation against him, mocked the #MeToo movement as "trivial" in an election year in the latest episode of his The Wire show 'Jan Gan Man Ki Baat'. Dua said he was suspending his show for a week for The Wire to probe the sexual harassment allegation against him.[127][128]
  • On 10 October, Stalin K of Video Volunteers was accused by an intern from the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, of sexual misconduct. Subsequently, TISS has issued an advisory dissociating itself from him and Video Volunteers. After this, several other instances of sexual harassment have also surfaced in the media, and they are currently under investigation by the ICC of Video Volunteers.[129]

Politics and law

Minister of State (MOS) of External Affairs

In October 2018, MJ Akbar, India's Minister of state for External Affairs, was accused of sexual harassment by several female colleagues.[130][131][132][133][134] At least ten allegations have emerged against Akbar, the first public servant in high office to be accused. Akbar's colleagues, including Smriti Irani and Maneka Gandhi, have acknowledged the online testimonies against him and called for a probe. The Ministry of Women and Child Development announced that a panel would be set up to examine the existing legal framework for harassment at work.[135]

In mid-October, a 41-page letter was written to Delhi's chief metropolitan magistrate by Akbar, which accused journalist Priya Ramani of defaming him on scandalous grounds. Ramani said she was "deeply disappointed" with Akbar's decision to take legal action against her.[136]

On 16 October, journalist Tushita Patel (wife of Aakar Patel, director of Amnesty International India) published an article on Scroll.in detailing instances of sexual harassment by Akbar during meetings with him in the early 1990s, when Akbar was the editor-in-chief of the Deccan Chronicle, and Patel was a senior sub-editor. In a calmly indignant tone, Patel narrated separate incidents in which Akbar indecently exposed himself to her, and also forcibly kissed her, leaving her traumatized. She ended the article affirming the power of the solidarity and union of his female victims, who would be vocal against him in court proceedings: "The same sisterhood of solidarity that held our hands through the darkest times of our lives will come out only because you continue to be brazen. We are not confused, conflicted or vulnerable any more. Our time to speak is now – when we don’t have to run to a police station to lodge a complaint before anyone would give us a hearing."[137] M.J. Akbar resigned from the post of Minister of State for External Affairs on 17 October, having decided to fight in a personal capacity the allegations made against him.[138]

On 18 October, the Editors Guild of India posted an official statement that requested Akbar to withdraw his defamation case against his accusers, and also offered legal and other support to any of the affected women (present or in the future) in his case or others: "If any of them were to need legal advice or assistance, the Guild will do the best it can to help and also appeal to eminent lawyers to represent them pro bono."[139]

Also on 18 October, Akbar's hearing for his defamation case began at the Patiala House Courts in Delhi. Akbar himself was not present, but was represented by his lawyer Geeta Luthra. Luthra said that "at this stage all that she has to show is that Akbar's reputation has suffered, and that the allegedly defamatory remarks were read by others." The court said that it would record his statement on 31 October 2018.[140]

National Students Union of India (NSUI) national president

On 16 October 2018, Rahul Gandhi, president of the INC, accepted NSUI national president Fairoz Khan's resignation after he was accused of sexual harassment. He was accused by a female member of the INC from Chhattisgarh. INC had ordered a three-member committee to investigate the matter. Khan denied the charges but stated he was stepping down as it was hurting the party's image. The woman had first complained against Khan to Rahul Gandhi in June 2018. She also demanded protection, as she feared for her life.[141]

Sexual Harassment Allegations against Chief Justice of India

In April 2019, Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi was accused of sexual harassment by a former Supreme Court of India employee.[142] A three-judge internal investigation committee had given him clean chit[143] but was severely criticised for being opaque, unfair and one-sided, thus violating principles of natural justice.[144][145][146][147] Gogoi described the allegation as an attempt to hamper the independence of the judiciary and a danger to democracy.[148]

Several eminent personalities from legal fraternity[149][150] including two retired Supreme Court justices questioned the in-house panel's decision.

In an opinion piece written in the Indian Express titled "A One Sided Justice",[151] Justice Madan Lokur had commented that the Court was driven by an "institutional bias" while dismissing the allegations raised by the woman. Justice Jasti Chelameswar had said that the Supreme Court did not follow due process while hearing the sexual harassment charges against the Chief Justice of India.

Education

Symbiosis Centre for Media and Communication (SCMC)

Alumni of the Symbiosis Centre for Media and Communication (SCMC) in Pune took to social media to share harrowing accounts of harassment by some faculty members and their seniors; about 25 students and alumni of the college shared their ordeals, charging two faculty members and some senior students with harassment and molestation.[135] They also said that the institution failed to take concrete action against the accused faculty members. Soon afterwards, SCMC authorities issued an apology on Facebook and promised an investigation by the Internal Complaints Committee (ICC).[152]

Dr Vidya Yeravdekar, principal director of Symbiosis Society, said that the Symbiosis University Management is "doing its best to abide by UGC rules." He noted that a "high power internal complaints committee, consisting of the vice-chancellor, dean, registrar and the director of the institution, has been constituted." The committee, he said, will take necessary steps to investigate any claims and consequences.[153]

On 21 October, the university decided to send Anupam Siddhartha, director of SCMC, on leave pending an inquiry. In the days prior, a petition had been signed by 106 students, both current students and alumni of SCMC, who gave "graphic details of years of alleged harassment and abuse at the hands of the SCMC director," as reported by NDTV. Vidya Yeravdekar, principal director of SIU, said, "There was already an internal complaints committee, which had been set up to look into the allegations raised in the past, some of which were against Siddhartha... some of the allegations were shocking and we immediately referred it to the ICC, who called him on Saturday for investigations. Based on the recommendation of the ICC, which has said that he should stay away from campus duties pending an inquiry, he will be sent on leave from Monday."[154] The sexual harassment case was demised after a three month long investigation, though he was charged with disciplinary excessive issues.[155]

As of 26 February, former associate professor Sreeram Gopalkrishnan has taken the role of Officiating Director.[citation needed]

November 2018 Caravan Magazine Investigations[156]

The November 2018 issue of Caravan, a prominent Indian news magazine, investigated at length three prominent cases of workplace sexual harassment: involving entertainment behemoth, Only Much Louder, prominent television journalist and anchor, Gaurav Sawant, and another famous artist, Jatin Das.

The charges against Only Much Louder[157] - famous for starting the NH7 Weekender and the power behind comedy groups All India Bakchod and East India Comedy - included serial charges of sexual harassment against the company's co-founder, Vijay Nair. The story also detailed how the company failed in its internal handling of sexual harassment charges that came to its notice.[157]

The same cover story also detailed a harrowing account of sexual misdemeanor by TV anchor, Gaurav Sawant,[158] against journalist Vidya Krishnan. As per the account published in the magazine, Krishnan alleged that during a reporting trip to the Beas in Punjab, Sawant tried to repeatedly molest her. In the article, Krishnan says to Nikita Saxena, the author of the said article, "I was really excited about being counted, being sent from Pioneer with all the supposedly senior journalists," Sawant, who had earlier reported on the Kargil war in 1999, was part of the entourage Krishnan was travelling with. In the Army jeep, Sawant allegedly touched Krishnan on her right shoulder and slowly moved his hands to her breast, later on pretending as if nothing had happened.

"When the group returned to their hotel rooms in the evening, Vidya says she received a message from Gaurav that he wanted her to come to his room. When Vidya tried to brush him off politely, Gaurav reportedly said that what he had in mind was 'nothing naughty' and he 'just wanted to get into a bathtub with her.' Gaurav then came to her room unexpectedly, she says, and dropped his pants and tried to sexually assault her. She tried to push him away, but could not, Vidya says."

"I felt like he was overpowering me, which is why in my panic I started screaming," Vidya's response managed to drive Gaurav off, who pretended as if nothing had happened the next day.[159]

Challenges

India's Me Too movement differs in key ways from the movement in the United States.[136] The allegations against Harvey Weinstein were investigated by reliable sources in the US, while in India, accusations emerged on social media, where women posted their grievances.[136] In addition, laws against defamation in India allow the prosecution of women who are unable to prove their allegations, with a maximum jail term of two years, while the First Amendment protects such rights in the United States.[136] As a result, activists began to work towards strengthening the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013, which was implemented poorly since its establishment.[136]

As of mid-October 2018, the social "Me Too" campaign of India has continued to grow and be covered by major media outlets as a topic of importance, with victims outing their abusers on a nearly daily basis.[160] The movement has since resulted in major social consequences for several of those accused, such as firing or resignation from their jobs, condemnation and disassociation from members of their respective industries, and indignation against their actions from their fans and/or the public at large. Similarly, accusers have also been the target of countersuits from the accused, even as they often have social support and added coverage from the media.[135]

Criticism

Journalist Seema Mustafa has expressed encouragement for the women who have shared their personal experiences and has said that this is a big achievement for India's women's movement, but she has also felt that the movement lacks internal criticism, which would have been helpful in strengthening the cause.[161] Tavleen Singh of ‘’The Indian Express’’ has criticized the Me Too movement participants in India, claiming the ‘liberals’ leading the movement are illiberal towards disagreements with their point of view.[162] Govind Krishnan V of ‘’Firstpost’’ concurred with Mustafa's sentiments and additionally stated that one limitation of the movement in India was that it shuts itself from constructive criticism, which would help to strengthen the movement.[163] As an analogy, he mentioned that feminism has evolved over time due to this type of criticism: "Me Too movement needs more nuanced and richer conversations which have space for debate, disagreement and dissent. The movement needs deeper forms of engagement and a collective will to develop a self-critical discourse which can generate essential kind of intellectual spade work." [163]

Mustafa also expressed her reservations about the tone and tenor of the Me Too movement on social media. A key point of her criticism was the movement's 'inability to differentiate between a man who is guilty of rape and sexual assault from a man who solicited a woman with a drink, or an unacceptable text message', arguing it offers the same ‘punishment’ for all. Krishna too shared the viewpoint, writing, "This remains a challenge of great importance for India’s MeToo, which it has not yet succeeded in overcoming".[163] Mustafa and Singh both said that the current movement in India is "exclusive, elite and metropolitan in nature", failing to represent ordinary Indians.[161][162]

Mustafa has spoken of justice as a concept where an innocent man is not supposed to be framed, even if it means the guilty get away.[161] She has rebuked the Me Too movement as "too subjective, arbitrary and without due responsibility".[161] Mustafa has also criticized the "mob mentality" of the movement as the accusations on social media deny the accused a proper chance to defend themselves.[161]

See also

References

  1. ^ Goel, Vindu; Venkataraman, Ayesha; Schultz, Kai (9 October 2018). "After a Long Wait, India's #MeToo Movement Suddenly Takes Off". The New York Times.
  2. ^ "India's #MeToo: Some of the sexual harassment charges that have surfaced this month".
  3. ^ Faleiro, Sonia. "India's #MeToo Moment Came Late, but It Will Be Transformative".
  4. ^ "MeToo Movement India - Everything You Need To Know About The #MeToo Movement". popxo.com. 29 October 2018.
  5. ^ a b c Kazmi, Zehra (17 October 2017). "#MeToo: Does it take a Twitter trend to know women are harassed every day?". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "Women in India are also saying #MeToo". PBS NewsHour. 19 October 2017. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Why Are We Still Calling Sexual Harassment 'Eve-Teasing' In India?". Huffington Post India. 4 July 2017. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  8. ^ "#MeToo: Know the laws that protect you from sexual assault and harassment". The Better India. 28 October 2017. Archived from the original on 17 January 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  9. ^ a b Wu, Huizhong. "#MeToo helps spark wider conversation around sexual abuse in India". CNN. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d "Asia | Blame victims and the West – India's way of justifying sexual assaults?". Deutsche Welle. 5 January 2018. Archived from the original on 18 July 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  11. ^ Wu, Huizhong (27 September 2017). "'A feeble no may mean yes': Indian court overturns rape conviction". CNN. Archived from the original on 6 December 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  12. ^ Verma, Abhinav (16 October 2017). "Comedians slam Pune café owner Khodu Irani over sexual harassment allegations". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  13. ^ "High spirits, but only for men: Women come forward alleging rampant sexual harassment at Pune bar - Firstpost". Firstpost.com. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Mahesh Murthy: A #MeToo moment too many?". VCCircle. 5 January 2018. Archived from the original on 22 January 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  15. ^ "#MeToo: This man's Twitter confession on being a 'SHAMELESS FLIRT' is a MUST READ for all men". The Indian Express. 17 October 2017. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  16. ^ "#MeToo: Men lend their support to the movement, say 'we will do better'". The Indian Express. 17 October 2017. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  17. ^ Chandran, Rina (18 December 2017). "#MeToo campaign excludes India's most vulnerable women, activists say". Reuters. Reuters. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  18. ^ a b c d "Raya Sarkar and All The List's Men". Medium. 24 October 2017. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.[non-primary source needed]
  19. ^ a b Singh, Pragya (3 November 2017). "'Perpetrators are shamed under due process too ... Farooqui, Tejpal, Khurshid were all shamed. Was anyone convicted?': Raya Sarkar". Outlook. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  20. ^ "Asia | #MeToo: 'Sexual predators' list divides Indian feminists". Deutsche Welle. 8 November 2017. Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  21. ^ Borpujari, Priyanka (6 November 2017). "#MeToo and #HimToo Come to India". The Diplomat. Archived from the original on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  22. ^ "Nana Patekar Has A History Of Assaulting Women: Tanushree Dutta". Headlinestoday.org.
  23. ^ "Tanushree Dutta opens up on her SHOCKING past ordeal & more - Exclusive Interview". YouTube. 25 September 2018.
  24. ^ Jamkhandikar, Shilpa (16 October 2018). "Tanushree Dutta, who helped trigger India's #MeToo movement, says..." Reuters.
  25. ^ "Moksha is all bullshit - Tanushree Dutta". Filmfare.com.
  26. ^ "CINTAA Apologises To Tanushree For Not Addressing Her Grievance, Says Can't Reopen Case Now". Indiatimes.com. 3 October 2018.
  27. ^ "Tanushree sexual harassment sad but we cannot reopen case now: CINTAA". India Today.
  28. ^ "Nana Patekar Has A History Of Assaulting Women: Tanushree Dutta". Headlines Today. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  29. ^ "Tanushree Dutta, Who Accuses Nana Patekar Of Harassment, Says She Was Threatened, Car Was Attacked". Ndtv.com.
  30. ^ Safi, Michael (October 2018). "Tanushree Dutta's Bollywood sexual harassment case back in spotlight!". The Guardian.
  31. ^ Henderson, Barney (6 October 2018). "'There's not just one Weinstein in Bollywood': The truth behind the world's largest film industry". Telegraph.co.uk.
  32. ^ "Janice Sequeira, An Eyewitness Of The Incident, Backs Up Tanushree Dutta's Harassment Allegations". Headlines Today. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  33. ^ "Tanushree Dutta accuses Vivek Agnihotri of harassment, says Irrfan, Suniel Shetty stood up for her". Hindustantimes.com. 28 September 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  34. ^ "Vivek Agnihotri Allegedly Asked Tanushree Dutta To Remove Clothes, Male Co-Stars Intervened". Headlines Today. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  35. ^ "Vivek Agnihotri refutes Tanushree's allegations: Lawyer". Business Standard India. 4 October 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  36. ^ "'Chocolate' associate director emerges with a fresh perspective against Tanushree Dutta's claims - Times of India". The Times of India. 4 October 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  37. ^ "tanushree duttas car vandalised in 2008 video goes viral on social media". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  38. ^ "Journalist who attacked Tanushree Dutta's car in viral video from 2008 defends his actions". India TV. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  39. ^ a b "Legal Notices And Defamation Case For Tanushree Dutta". Headlines Today. 4 October 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  40. ^ "Tanushree Dutta files sexual harassment complaint against Nana Patekar". TOI. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  41. ^ "Nana Patekar's lawyer refutes allegations levelled by Tanushree Dutta". Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  42. ^ "#MeToo movement: Police closes Nana Patekar's sexual harassment case filed by Tanushree Dutta - Times of India ►". The Times of India. 13 June 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  43. ^ "No proof to prosecute Nana Patekar in Tanushree Dutta molestation case: Mumbai police to court". India Today. PTI. 13 June 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  44. ^ "#MeToo: Bigg Boss Tamil 2 fame Yashika Anand supports the movement, shares her casting couch experience - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  45. ^ "#Metoo: Khatron Ke Khiladi's actress Jasmin Bhasin narrates her ordeal about sexual harassment - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  46. ^ "#MeToo in Sandalwood: Sangeetha Bhat levels allegations against top directors". Deccan Herald. 15 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  47. ^ "#MeToo movement: Priyanka Bose points out sexual misconduct by Sajid Khan, Soumik Sen and Ally Khan - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  48. ^ "Singer Chinmayi Sripaada Names Poet Vairamuthu In #MeToo Story; Siddharth Tweets Support". NDTV.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  49. ^ "Amyra Dastur: I have had an actor squeeze himself up against me during a song". 10 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  50. ^ "#MeToo: Tina Dutta accuses co-star Mohit Malhotra of inappropriately touching her". Deccan Chronicle. 4 March 2019. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  51. ^ "Tanushree Dutta accuses Nana Patekar of harassing her on set - Times of India ►". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  52. ^ "#MeToo continues in Kannada film industry: Actress Sanjjanaa Galrani accuses director Ravi Srivatsa of harassment". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  53. ^ "MeToo: Sruthi Hariharan accuses Arjun Sarja of harassment, says he wanted foreplay scene at last minute". Hindustan Times. 20 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  54. ^ "#MeToo: Film-maker Nishtha Jain accuses Vinod Dua of sexual harassment". 14 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019 – via www.thehindu.com.
  55. ^ "#MeToo movement: Piyush Mishra accused of inappropriate behaviour – Here's what Ketki Joshi says in FB post". 11 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  56. ^ "#MeToo: Mandana Karimi opens up about ordeal with 'Kya Kool Hain Hum 3' director; disappointed with Ekta Kapoor's silence". 23 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019 – via The Economic Times.
  57. ^ "MeToo: Aahana Kumra says Sajid Khan asked her if she would have sex with a dog for Rs 100 crore". Hindustan Times. 1 November 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  58. ^ "#MeToo: Director Susi Ganesan accused by Leena Manimekalai - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  59. ^ a b Sarkar, Suparno (13 October 2018). "#MeToo: Pooja Mishra accuses Salman Khan, his brothers of raping her; claims Shatrughan Sinha used black magic". International Business Times, India Edition. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  60. ^ "Sona Mohapatra lashes out at Kailash Kher, narrates her own Me Too story". Hindustan Times. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  61. ^ "Now Sandhya Mridul alleges sexual harassment at the hands of Alok Nath - Times of India ►". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  62. ^ "Dealt with four years of harassment by slapping the man in question: Navneet Nishan on Alok Nath - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  63. ^ "MeToo: Sacred Games' Elnaaz Norouzi accuses Namaste England director Vipul Shah of sexual harassment". Hindustan Times. 19 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  64. ^ "MeToo: Singer Shweta Pandit calls Anu Malik a paedophile, says he asked her for a kiss at 15". Hindustan Times. 18 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  65. ^ Reporter, Staff (24 October 2018). "#MeToo in Kollywood: now, Amala Paul accuses director Susi Ganesan of sexual misconduct". Retrieved 27 February 2019 – via www.thehindu.com.
  66. ^ "Kangana Ranaut accuses Vikas Bahl of harassment, says he'd hold her too tight, brag about casual sex". Hindustan Times. 7 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  67. ^ "#MeToo: Telugu actor accuses MLA of sexual misconduct - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  68. ^ DelhiOctober 9, India Today Web Desk New; October 10, 2018UPDATED; Ist, 2018 09:22. "Stree actress Flora Saini accuses producer and ex Gaurang Doshi of physical abuse". India Today. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  69. ^ "#MeToo: Shama Sikander says she was harassed by a director when she was 14; recalls incident - Times of India ►". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  70. ^ "Niharika Singh Shares Her #MeToo Story, Calls Nawazuddin Sexually Repressed Toxic Indian Man". News18. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  71. ^ Oct 18, Mumbai Mirror | Updated:; 2018; Ist, 10:49. "#MeToo: Model Diandra Soares recounts her story involving Suhel Seth". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 27 February 2019.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  72. ^ ChennaiOctober 25, India Today Web Desk; October 25, 2018UPDATED; Ist, 2018 17:50. "Actress Sunainaa says #MeToo: I was sexually harassed as a child". India Today. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  73. ^ "Kaneez Surka accuses comedian Aditi Mittal of sexual harassment". Hindustan Times. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  74. ^ "#MeToo: Author Ira Trivedi Calls Out Chetan Bhagat, Suhel Seth". outlookindia.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  75. ^ "#MeToo: I was sexually harassed by photographer Raja Bajaj when I started out, says Sonal Vengurlekar - Times of India ►". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  76. ^ "'Housefull' director Sajid Khan accused of sexual harassment by actress Saloni Chopra and a journalist". dna. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  77. ^ Mukherjee, Shreya (11 October 2018). "Kubbra Sait: Sexual predators made advances claiming that 'I felt it too"". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  78. ^ "'Queen' Director Vikas Bahl Sexually Assaulted Me, Phantom Films Did Nothing: Survivor Speaks Out". HuffPost India. 6 October 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  79. ^ "Vikas Bahl Would Hold me Tight, Smell My Hair, Says Kangana After Woman Accuses Him of Molestation". News18. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  80. ^ "Kangana Ranaut Accuses Vikas Bahl Of Harassment: Is #MeToo Gaining Pace In India?". headlinestoday.org. 7 October 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  81. ^ "Kangana Ranaut's Queen Co-Star Nayani Dixit Accuses Vikas Bahl Of Sexual Misconduct". headlinestoday.org. Headlines Today. 8 October 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  82. ^ Shaikh, Samina (6 October 2018). "EXCLUSIVE! Anurag Kashyap, Vikramaditya Motwane, Vikas Bahl and Madhu Mantena dissolve their production company". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  83. ^ Pathak, Ankur (6 October 2018). "'Queen' Director Vikas Bahl Sexually Assaulted Me, Phantom Films Did Nothing: Survivor Speaks Out". HuffPost. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  84. ^ "Phantom Films Dissolved; Anurag Kashyap Says, 'All Dreams Come To An End'!". Filmibeat.com. 6 October 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  85. ^ "Comedian Utsav Chakraborty, once associated with AIB, accused of sexually harassing women". India Today. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  86. ^ "AIB accepts Tanmay Bhat knew of sexual harassment claims against Utsav Chakraborty and continued working with him". Hindustan Times. 5 October 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  87. ^ "Me Too: Founders Tanmay Bhat, Gursimran Khamba out of AIB 'until further notice'". The News Minute. 8 October 2018.
  88. ^ "Fellow Woman Comedian Accuses AIB-Knockout Fame Aditi Mittal Of Sexual Harassment". Swarajya. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  89. ^ "Yash Raj Films Sacks Top Executive After Aspiring Actress Reveals #MeToo Experience". NDTV. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  90. ^ Singh, Nandita (26 May 2019). "How AIB went from a rising star to having no money, no CEO and no office". The Print. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  91. ^ "Woke To Broke: The Stunning Rise And Fall Of AIB". HuffPost India. 2 June 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  92. ^ "#MeToo: Sajid Khan steps down as 'Housefull 4' director over allegations of sexual harassment - Times of India ►". Tiesofindia.indiatimes.com.
  93. ^ "Akshay Kumar Cancels Housefull 4 Shoot In The Wake Of #MeToo Movement, Sajid Khan Steps Down As Film's Director". Ndtv.com.
  94. ^ "Nana Patekar, Accused Of Harassment, Quits Housefull 4. Says It's 'Convenient' For Team". ndtv.com.
  95. ^ "Sajid Khan replaced by Farhad Samji as Housefull 4 director after sexual harassment accusations". Hindustan Times. 13 October 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  96. ^ "#MeToo Impact: Sajid Khan Asked To Explain His 'Offensive Behaviour' to Director's Organisation or Face Action!". In.style.yahoo.com. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  97. ^ "Me Too: IFTDA suspends filmmaker Sajid Khan over complaints of sexual harassment". www.hindustantimes.com. 12 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  98. ^ "#MeToo in Bollywood: 'The Fault in Our Stars' Remake Director Suspended". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  99. ^ "#MeToo hits Sanskari Babuji Alok Nath, accused of rape and sexual harassment by TV show 'Tara' producer". dna. 9 October 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  100. ^ "MJ Akbar: India minister under scrutiny over #MeToo allegations". BBC News. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  101. ^ "Alok Nath accused by second woman of harassment". Gulfnews.com. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  102. ^ "Alok Nath's behaviour was open secret, says Himani Shivpuri, compares him to Jekyll and Hyde". Hindustan Times. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  103. ^ "MeToo movement: Renuka Shahane admits she knew about Alok Nath's reputation, shares her own story". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  104. ^ "Sandhya Mridul extends support to Vinta Nanda, says Alok Nath attacked her on TV show sets". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  105. ^ "Two actors speak up against Alok Nath". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  106. ^ "Alok Nath files defamation suit against Vinta Nanda, demands Re 1 in damages". Hindustantimes.com. 15 October 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  107. ^ a b "Alok Nath Sues Writer Who Accused Him Of Rape, Demands Re 1". Ndtv.com. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  108. ^ "#MeToo: CINTAA expels Alok Nath". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  109. ^ "KWAN founder Anirban Das Blah asked to step down after allegations of sexual misconduct". Indianexpress.com. 16 October 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  110. ^ "South cinema's MeToo moment: Singer Chinmay outs lyricist Vairamuthu". India Today. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  111. ^ "#MeToo movement: Vairamuthu accused of sexual abuse - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  112. ^ "Singer Sindhuja backs Chinmayi: Vairamuthu sexually harassed me too". India Today. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  113. ^ "#MeToo: Lyricist Vairamuthu denies sexual misconduct allegations". The Indian Express. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  114. ^ "Vairamuthu releases a video statement against sexual harassment accusations - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  115. ^ "Sruthi Hariharan accuses Arjun, says he misbehaved with her!". Sify. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  116. ^ Cornelious, Deborah (27 December 2018). "When #MeToo shook Bollywood". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  117. ^ "#MeToo in India: Singer Kailash Kher faces fresh allegations of sexual harassment from multiple women- Entertainment News, Firstpost". Firstpost. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  118. ^ "Anu Malik Asked to Step Down As Indian Idol 10 Judge; Former Assistant Producer Says Channel Already Knew About His Abuse of Power but Did Nothing". in.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  119. ^ "Sony TV breaks silence on Anu Malik's 'Indian Idol' exit". in.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  120. ^ a b "India Today Anu Malik Nov 2019".
  121. ^ "Hindustan Times Anu Malik Nov 2019".
  122. ^ "KR Sreenivas resigns as Times of India Resident Editor after multiple 'Me Too' allegations". Thenewsminute.com. 13 October 2018.
  123. ^ "HT's Prashant Jha steps down as Chief of Bureau after allegations of sexual misconduct". Thenewsminute.com. 8 October 2018.
  124. ^ "After sexual harassment allegations against Vinod Dua, The Wire issues statement - Janta Ka Reporter 2.0". Janta Ka Reporter 2.0. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  125. ^ "#Metoo: Mallika Dua's father Vinod Dua accused of sexual harassment, 'slobbered' the face of a filmmaker". dna. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  126. ^ "#MeToo movement: Mallika Dua reacts on sexual misconduct accusations on father Vinod Dua - Times of India ►". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  127. ^ "Vinod Dua issues statement on sexual harassment accusation against him on The Wire podcast, mocks #MeToo movement - Firstpost". www.firstpost.com. Archived from the original on 17 October 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  128. ^ "Newslaundry | Sabki Dhulai". Newslaundry. Archived from the original on 17 October 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  129. ^ "#MeToo Allegations Hit Video Volunteers' Stalin K. Padma as Several Women Come Forward". The Wire. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  130. ^ "#MeToo campaign: Six women speak up, accuse Minister M J Akbar of sexual harassment when he was Editor". The Indian Express. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  131. ^ "Congress' Jaipal Reddy says MJ Akbar must resign if he can't explain sexual harassment charges - Firstpost". Firstpost.com. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  132. ^ "M.J. Akbar, Minister and Former Editor, Sexually Harassed and Molested Me". The Wire. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  133. ^ Chaudhury, Dipanjan Roy; Venugopal, Vasudha (11 October 2018). "MJ Akbar faces #MeToo heat, asked to 'cut short' Nigeria visit, may be back today". The Economic Times. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  134. ^ "#MeToo: Sexual harrassment [sic] charges against MJ Akbar put Modi government in a spot, final call likely soon". Financialexpress.com. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  135. ^ a b c "It's officially a week since India's #MeToo movement started. Here is a list of all those accused. - The Indian Economist". M.dailyhunt.in. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  136. ^ a b c d e "After a deluge of #MeToo allegations, Indian men claim they are the ones under attack". Washington Post. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  137. ^ Patel, Tushita. "MJ Akbar, stop with the lying. You sexually harassed me too. Your threats will not silence us". Scroll.in. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  138. ^ "#MeToo fallout: MJ Akbar resigns as minister of state for external affairs - Times of India ►".
  139. ^ "In MJ Akbar vs Journalists, Top Editors' Body Asks Him To Withdraw Case". NDTV.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  140. ^ "'Not Consensual': Pallavi Gogoi After MJ Akbar Denied Rape Charge". in.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  141. ^ "NSUI president quits after sexual harassment charges, Rahul Gandhi accepts resignation". Indianexpress.com. 16 October 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  142. ^ "Former Supreme Court Employee Alleges Sexual Harassment by Chief Justice Gogoi".
  143. ^ "Justice Bobde panel gives clean chit to CJI in sexual harassment probe". The Hindu. 6 May 2019.
  144. ^ "Clean chit to CJI Ranjan Gogoi: 17 women activists held for protest bid". The Hindu. 8 May 2019.
  145. ^ "Clean Chit to CJI : Why the Doors of Justice Completely Closed ?". 21 May 2019.
  146. ^ Judicial Emergency: Justice and Country Blindfolded https://www.livelaw.in/columns/judicial-emergency-justice-emasculated-and-country-blindfolded-144845
  147. ^ Mounting Criticism Against Clean Chit To CJI In Sexual Harassment Case https://www.livelaw.in/top-stories/cji-clean-chit-reactions-144846
  148. ^ "Sexual Harassment Allegations Against CJI: SC Says Bigger Plot to Deactivate Office of CJI". 20 April 2019.
  149. ^ "'This episode is going to haunt SC in years to come': Justice AP Shah on CJI sexual harassment case". 7 May 2019.
  150. ^ Dave, Dushyant (7 May 2019). "A miscarriage of justice". The Hindu.
  151. ^ "A one-sided justice". 22 May 2019.
  152. ^ "#MeToo: Symbiosis students accuse faculty, seniors of harassment". India Today. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  153. ^ "Symbiosis Center for Media & Communication". Facebook.com. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  154. ^ "Symbiosis asks director to go on leave after 106 students complain of harassment". 21 October 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  155. ^ "Sexual harassment charges not substantiated, but Symbiosis transfers media school director". The Indian Express. 4 February 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  156. ^ "Women speak out against Gaurav Sawant, Jatin Das and Vijay Nair's OML". The Caravan. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  157. ^ a b Sharma, co-authored by Surabhi Kanga,Bhanuj Kappal,Arnav Das. "How Only Much Louder failed the women in its ranks". The Caravan. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  158. ^ Saxena, Nikita. "Journalist accuses primetime anchor Gaurav Sawant of sexual assault". The Caravan. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  159. ^ "'Me Too': India Today anchor Gaurav Sawant accused of sexual harassment". www.thenewsminute.com. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  160. ^ Goel, Vindu; Venkataraman, Ayesha; Schultz, Kai (9 October 2018). "After a Long Wait, India's #MeToo Movement Suddenly Takes Off". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  161. ^ a b c d e mustafa, seema. "Whoa #MeToo, Hold Your Horses…". The Citizen. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  162. ^ a b "Fifth column: Why I am not MeToo". The Indian Express. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  163. ^ a b c "#MeToo: Accusations against men can't be construed as guilt; calculus of probability should account for innocence - Firstpost". www.firstpost.com. Retrieved 17 October 2018.

External links