List of longest managerial reigns in association football

The longest managerial reign in association football belongs to Englishman Fred Everiss, who was manager of Football League team West Bromwich Albion for over 45 years, starting his reign in 1902 and ending when he retired in 1948.[1] The longest reign in the post-war era (post 1946) belongs to Frenchman Guy Roux, who managed Auxerre in three separate reigns totalling 44 years, taking them from France's fifth division to become Division 1 champions in 1995.[2]

Fred Everiss managed West Bromwich Albion from 1902 to 1948—the longest managerial reign of all time.

Managerial reigns in football have decreased since the 1960s, and by 2015, the average spell in England's top four divisions was 1.23 years.[3][4] Managers such as Pep Guardiola and Béla Guttmann have been proponents of a "three-year rule",[5][6] as has football journalist and author Jonathan Wilson, who writes that managers can succumb to a "fatalistic idealism" beyond this period, describing it as similar to a Greek tragedy.[7]

Longest reignsEdit

In the early decades of organised football, team selection was often conducted by committee among the club directors, with an appointed 'secretary-manager' dealing with player contracts and other administrative tasks, assisted by 'trainers' dealing with coaching and fitness matters.[8][9] As the secretary role was largely clerical and often occupied by one of the directors, they tended to remain in post for many years regardless of results in the short term. Until after World War I, some clubs never had a manager by name.

As demands and expectations on officials increased both on and off the field, gradually specialist roles became commonplace, and by the end of the 1930s, it was common for clubs in the British Isles to have an official manager as a figurehead dealing with most or all team matters, but with less long-term job security than the secretary-managers of old. Elsewhere, the separation between the office and pitchside functions persisted: the head coach in charge of training and match tactics became increasingly respected and prominent, but meanwhile while a figure closer to the ownership in the role of general manager, sporting director[10][11] or director of football[12][13] maintained control over financial and commercial aspects, with the levels of influence and balance of power between the coach and director varying between clubs and nations.[14][15][16][17] As in the earlier era, the director would often have a tenure of several years to oversee the overall progress of the club, whilst the head coach would typically keep their job only for as long as the on-field results were positive.

For the purpose of this list, a separation has been made between pre-World War II reigns, which includes many secretary-managers, and the period after the conflict ended when regular competitions resumed in most countries, and longer managerial/head coach appointments became far less commonplace. For those whose terms spanned World War II, they have been placed in the section covering the majority of their reign. Long serving head coaches in international football are also recorded separately below.

ClubsEdit

Pre-1946Edit

Longest managerial reigns (pre-1946)
Rank Manager Club From To Length Reference
1   Fred Everiss   West Bromwich Albion 1 August 1902 (1902-08-01) 31 May 1948 (1948-05-31) 45 years, 9 months and 30 days [1][18][19]
2   Willie Maley   Celtic 1 September 1897 (1897-09-01) 1 February 1940 (1940-02-01) 42 years and 5 months [18][20][21]
3   George Ramsay   Aston Villa 1 August 1884 (1884-08-01) 31 May 1926 (1926-05-31) 41 years, 9 months and 30 days [22][23][24]
4   Jack Addenbrooke   Wolverhampton Wanderers 1 August 1885 (1885-08-01) 1 June 1922 (1922-06-01) 36 years and 10 months [25][26]
5   John Hunter   Motherwell 30 April 1911 (1911-04-30) 1 May 1946 (1946-05-01) 35 years and 1 day [27]
6   Frank Watt   Newcastle United 1 August 1895 (1895-08-01) 1 January 1930 (1930-01-01) 34 years and 5 months [28]
7   Bill Struth   Rangers 20 May 1920 (1920-05-20) 15 June 1954 (1954-06-15) 34 years and 26 days [18][21][29]
8   John Nicholson   Sheffield United 1 May 1899 (1899-05-01) 1 April 1932 (1932-04-01) 32 years and 11 months [30]
9   Sam Allen   Swindon Town 1 July 1902 (1902-07-01) 1 April 1933 (1933-04-01) 30 years and 9 months [31]
10   Syd King   West Ham United 1 April 1902 (1902-04-01) 1 November 1932 (1932-11-01) 30 years and 7 months [32]
11   Arthur Dickinson   Sheffield Wednesday 1 August 1891 (1891-08-01) 31 May 1920 (1920-05-31) 28 years, 9 months and 30 days [33]
12   Bob Jack   Plymouth Argyle 1 August 1910 (1910-08-01) 1 April 1938 (1938-04-01) 27 years and 8 months [34]
13   David Calderhead   Chelsea 1 August 1907 (1907-08-01) 1 June 1933 (1933-06-01) 25 years and 10 months [35]
14   Bob Cochrane   Greenock Morton 15 August 1908 (1908-08-15) 21 April 1934 (1934-04-21) 25 years, 8 months and 6 days [36]
15   George Easton   Partick Thistle 15 August 1903 (1903-08-15) 1 April 1929 (1929-04-01) 25 years, 7 months and 17 days [37][38]
16   Johnny Madden   Slavia Prague 15 February 1905 (1905-02-15) 1 June 1930 (1930-06-01) 25 years, 3 months and 17 days [39]
17   Charles Foweraker   Bolton Wanderers 1 July 1919 (1919-07-01) 1 August 1944 (1944-08-01) 25 years and 1 month [40]
18   Bob Masters   Nottingham Forest 1 August 1912 (1912-08-01) 31 May 1935 (1935-05-31) 22 years, 9 months and 30 days [41]
19   Bob Kyle   Sunderland 1 August 1905 (1905-08-01) 5 May 1928 (1928-05-05) 22 years, 9 months and 4 days [42]
20   Harry Curtis   Brentford 1 May 1926 (1926-05-01) 1 February 1949 (1949-02-01) 22 years and 9 months [43]
21   Alfred Jones   Birmingham City 1 August 1892 (1892-08-01) 31 May 1908 (1908-05-31) 22 years and 9 months [44]
22   Fred Stewart   Derby County 1 May 1911 (1911-05-01) 1 May 1933 (1933-05-01) 22 years [45]
23   Willie Nicol   Falkirk 16 August 1902 (1902-08-16) 9 February 1924 (1924-02-09) 21 years, 5 months and 24 days [46][47]
24   William Wilton   Rangers 19 August 1899 (1899-08-19) 2 May 1920 (1920-05-02) 20 years, 8 months and 13 days [48]
25   Willie McAndrew   Hamilton Academical 3 October 1925 (1925-10-03) 26 January 1946 (1946-01-26) 20 years, 3 months and 23 days [49]
26   Jimmy Philip   Aberdeen 20 August 1904 (1904-08-20) 19 April 1924 (1924-04-19) 19 years, 7 months and 30 days [50][51]
27   Tom Watson   Liverpool 26 July 1896 (1896-07-26) 16 May 1915 (1915-05-16) 18 years, 9 months and 20 days [52]
28   Edmund Goodman   Crystal Palace 1 April 1907 (1907-04-01) 1 November 1925 (1925-11-01) 18 years and 7 months [53]
29   Hugh Spence   Kilmarnock 15 August 1919 (1919-08-15) 11 December 1937 (1937-12-11) 18 years, 3 months and 26 days [54]
30   Charlie Paynter   West Ham United 1 November 1932 (1932-11-01) 1 August 1950 (1950-08-01) 17 years and 9 months [55]
31   Donald Turner   Partick Thistle 10 August 1929 (1929-08-10) 3 May 1947 (1947-05-03) 17 years, 8 months and 23 days [56]
32   Cosme Damião   Benfica 17 October 1908 28 March 1926 17 years, 5 months and 11 days [57]
33   Sandy Paterson   Cowdenbeath 22 December 1906 (1906-12-22) 24 April 1924 (1924-04-24) 17 years, 4 months and 2 days [58]
34   Will Cuff   Everton 1 August 1901 (1901-08-01) 31 May 1918 (1918-05-31) 16 years, 9 months and 30 days [59]
35   Frank Buckley   Wolverhampton Wanderers 1 July 1927 (1927-07-01) 31 March 1944 (1944-03-31) 16 years, 8 months and 30 days [26][60]
36   Jimmy Methven   Derby County 1 August 1906 (1906-08-01) 30 June 1922 (1922-06-30) 15 years, 10 months and 29 days [61]
37   Thomas H. McIntosh   Everton 1 August 1919 (1919-08-01) 31 May 1935 (1935-05-31) 15 years, 9 months and 30 days [62]
38   Harry Kent   Watford 1 August 1910 (1910-08-01) 31 May 1926 (1926-05-31) 15 years, 9 months and 30 days [63]
39   George Jobey   Derby County 1 August 1925 (1925-08-01) 1 May 1941 (1941-05-01) 15 years and 9 months [64]
40   Peter O'Rourke   Bradford City 1 November 1905 (1905-11-01) 30 June 1921 (1921-06-30) 15 years, 7 months and 29 days [65]
41   Willie McCartney   Heart of Midlothian 22 November 1919 (1919-11-22) 27 April 1935 (1935-04-27) 15 years, 5 months and 5 days [66]
42   Elisha Scott   Belfast Celtic 1 May 1934 30 May 1949 15 years and 29 days [67][68]
43   Tully Craig   Falkirk 27 April 1935 (1935-04-27) 1 May 1950 (1950-05-01) 15 years and 4 days [69][70]
44   Dionys Schönecker   Rapid Wien 1 September 1910 30 June 1925 14 years, 9 months and 29 days
45   Wilf Wild   Manchester City 1 March 1932 (1932-03-01) 1 November 1946 (1946-11-01) 14 years and 8 months [71]
46   John Haworth   Burnley 31 July 1910 (1910-07-31) 4 December 1924 (1924-12-04) 14 years, 5 months and 30 days [72]
47   Dan McMichael   Hibernian 20 August 1904 (1904-08-20) 1 February 1919 (1919-02-01) 14 years, 5 months and 12 days [73]
48   Peter McWilliam   Tottenham Hotspur 1 January 1913 (1913-01-01) 1 February 1927 (1927-02-01) 14 years and 1 month [74]
49   Robert Brown   Sheffield Wednesday 1 June 1920 (1920-06-01) 1 December 1933 (1933-12-01) 13 years and 6 months [75]
50   Paddy Travers   Aberdeen 1 August 1924 (1924-08-01) 20 November 1937 (1937-11-20) 13 years, 3 months and 19 days [76][77]

Post-1946Edit

Longest managerial reigns (post-1946)
Rank Manager Club From To Length Reference
1   Guy Roux   Auxerre 1 January 1964 (1964-01-01) 30 June 2000 (2000-06-30) 36 years, 5 months and 29 days [21][78][79]
2   Ronnie McFall   Portadown 1 December 1986 (1986-12-01) 5 March 2016 (2016-03-05) 29 years, 3 months and 4 days [21][80]
3   Alex Ferguson   Manchester United 6 November 1986 (1986-11-06) 19 May 2013 (2013-05-19) 26 years, 6 months and 13 days [21][78]
4   Michel Le Millinaire   Laval 1 July 1968 (1968-07-01) 27 October 1992 (1992-10-27) 24 years, 3 months and 26 days [78][81]
5   Dario Gradi   Crewe Alexandra 9 June 1983 (1983-06-09) 1 July 2007 (2007-07-01) 24 years and 22 days [78]
6   Mickey Evans   Caersws 1 August 1983 (1983-08-01) 1 June 2007 (2007-06-01) 23 years and 10 months [21]
7   Matt Busby   Manchester United 1 October 1945 (1945-10-01) 4 June 1969 (1969-06-04) 23 years, 8 months and 3 days [82]
8   Jimmy Seed   Charlton Athletic 16 May 1933 (1933-05-16) 1 October 1956 (1956-10-01) 23 years, 4 months and 15 days [83]
9   Joe Smith   Blackpool 19 August 1935 (1935-08-19) 30 April 1958 (1958-04-30) 22 years, 8 months and 11 days [84]
10   Arsène Wenger   Arsenal 1 October 1996 (1996-10-01) 13 May 2018 (2018-05-13) 21 years, 7 months and 12 days [78]
11   Jim McLean   Dundee United 6 December 1971 (1971-12-06) 15 May 1993 (1993-05-15) 21 years, 5 months and 9 days [85][86]
12   Teddy Davison   Sheffield United 1 June 1932 (1932-06-01) 1 August 1952 (1952-08-01) 20 years and 2 months [87]
13   Jimmy McGrory   Celtic 11 August 1945 (1945-08-11) 6 March 1965 (1965-03-06) 19 years, 6 months and 23 days [88][89]
14   Paddy Travers   Clyde 27 November 1937 (1937-11-27) 28 April 1956 (1956-04-28) 18 years, 5 months and 1 day [90]
15   Brian Clough   Nottingham Forest 3 January 1975 (1975-01-03) 8 May 1993 (1993-05-08) 18 years, 4 months and 5 days [78]
16   Ted Bates   Southampton 1 September 1955 (1955-09-01) 18 November 1973 (1973-11-18) 18 years, 2 months and 17 days [91]
17   Bill Murray   Sunderland 1 April 1939 (1939-04-01) 1 June 1957 (1957-06-01) 18 years and 2 months [92]
18   Stephen Baxter   Crusaders 23 February 2005 (2005-02-23) Present 17 years, 11 months and 7 days [93]
19   Eddie Hunter   Queen's Park 30 April 1979 (1979-04-30) 10 December 1994 (1994-12-10) 17 years, 4 months and 2 days [94][95]
20   Dave Halliday   Aberdeen 25 December 1937 (1937-12-25) 23 April 1955 (1955-04-23) 17 years, 3 months and 29 days [96][97]
21   David Jeffrey   Linfield 4 January 1997 (1997-01-04) 30 April 2014 (2014-04-30) 17 years, 3 months and 26 days [98]
22   Bert Henderson   Arbroath 6 October 1962 (1962-10-06) 19 January 1980 (1980-01-19) 17 years, 3 months and 13 days [99]
23   Bill Ridding   Bolton Wanderers 1 October 1951 (1951-10-01) 1 August 1968 (1968-08-01) 16 years and 10 months [100]
24   Tony Waddington   Stoke City 1 June 1960 (1960-06-01) 22 March 1977 (1977-03-22) 16 years, 9 months and 21 days [78]
25   Eric Taylor   Sheffield Wednesday 1 April 1942 (1942-04-01) 31 July 1958 (1958-07-31) 16 years, 3 months and 30 days [101]
26   Stan Cullis   Wolverhampton Wanderers 1 June 1948 (1948-06-01) 1 August 1964 (1964-08-01) 16 years and 2 months [26][102]
27   José Arribas   Nantes 14 July 1960 (1960-07-14) 30 June 1976 (1976-06-30) 15 years, 11 months and 16 days [78]
28   Francky Dury   Zultse VV /
Zulte Waregem[103]
1 July 1994 (1994-07-01) 9 June 2010 (2010-06-09) 15 years, 11 months and 8 days [21]
29   Volker Finke   Freiburg 1 July 1991 (1991-07-01) 27 May 2007 (2007-05-27) 15 years, 10 months and 26 days [78]
30   Bill Nicholson   Tottenham Hotspur 11 October 1958 (1958-10-11) 29 August 1974 (1974-08-29) 15 years, 10 months and 18 days [104][105]
31   Bert Herdman   Raith Rovers 23 February 1946 (1946-02-23) 14 October 1961 (1961-10-14) 15 years, 7 months and 21 days [106]
32   Tommy Walker   Heart of Midlothian 17 February 1951 (1951-02-17) 24 September 1966 (1966-09-24) 15 years, 7 months and 7 days [107]
33   Jimmy Davies   Greenock Morton 28 October 1939 (1939-10-28) 29 January 1955 (1955-01-29) 15 years, 3 months and 1 day [108]
34   John Rudge   Port Vale 5 December 1983 (1983-12-05) 18 January 1999 (1999-01-18) 15 years, 1 month and 13 days [109][110]
35   Jimmy McKinnell Jr.   Queen of the South 20 April 1946 (1946-04-20) 29 April 1961 (1961-04-29) 15 years and 9 days [111]
36   Eugène Gerards   OFI Crete 1 July 1985 (1985-07-01) 30 June 2000 (2000-06-30) 14 years, 11 months and 29 days [112]
37   George Kay   Liverpool 1 May 1936 (1936-05-01) 28 February 1951 (1951-02-28) 14 years, 9 months and 27 days [113]
38   John Lyall   West Ham United 16 August 1974 (1974-08-16) 5 June 1989 (1989-06-05) 14 years, 9 months and 20 days [78]
39   Bill Shankly   Liverpool 14 December 1959 (1959-12-14) 12 July 1974 (1974-07-12) 14 years, 6 months and 28 days [114]
40   Otto Rehhagel   Werder Bremen 2 April 1981 30 June 1995 14 years, 2 months and 28 days [115]
41   Hugh Shaw   Hibernian 31 January 1948 (1948-01-31) 4 November 1961 (1961-11-04) 13 years, 9 months and 4 days [116]
42   Miguel Muñoz   Real Madrid 17 April 1960 (1960-04-17) 15 January 1974 (1974-01-15) 13 years, 8 months and 29 days [117]
43   Graham Turner   Hereford United 1 August 1995 (1995-08-01) 24 April 2009 (2009-04-24) 13 years, 8 months and 23 days [118]
44   Bobby Robson   Ipswich Town 13 January 1969 (1969-01-13) 18 August 1982 (1982-08-18) 13 years, 7 months and 5 days [119]
45   Simon Weaver   Harrogate Town 20 May 2009 (2009-05-20) Present 13 years, 8 months and 10 days [120]
46   Ron Greenwood   West Ham United 1 April 1961 (1961-04-01) 16 August 1974 (1974-08-16) 13 years, 4 months and 15 days [121]
47   Don Revie   Leeds United 1 March 1961 (1961-03-01) 4 July 1974 (1974-07-04) 13 years, 4 months and 3 days [122]
48   Peter Vermes   Sporting Kansas City 4 August 2009 (2009-08-04) Present 13 years, 5 months and 26 days [123]
49   Jock Stein   Celtic 9 March 1965 (1965-03-09) 31 May 1978 (1978-05-31) 13 years, 2 months and 22 days [124][125]
50   Scot Symon   Rangers 14 August 1954 (1954-08-14) 29 October 1967 (1967-10-29) 13 years, 2 months and 15 days [126]

National teamsEdit

 
Guillermo Stábile managed Argentina for almost 19 years, the longest reign in international football
 
Oscar Tabárez was Uruguay manager for 16 years, the longest streak in the 21st century
Longest managerial reigns in international football
Rank Manager National team From To Length Reference
1   Guillermo Stábile   Argentina 13 August 1939 (1939-08-13) 15 June 1958 (1958-06-15) 18 years, 10 months and 2 days [127]
2   Vittorio Pozzo   Italy 1 December 1929 (1929-12-01) 5 August 1948 (1948-08-05) 18 years, 8 months and 4 days [18][21][128]
3   Hugo Meisl   Austria 5 October 1919 (1919-10-05)[129] 17 February 1937 (1937-02-17) 17 years, 4 months and 12 days [128][130]
4   Walter Winterbottom   England 28 September 1946 (1946-09-28) 21 November 1962 (1962-11-21) 16 years, 1 month and 24 days [128][131]
5   Paul Philipp   Luxembourg 25 September 1985 (1985-09-25) 10 June 2001 (2001-06-10) 15 years, 8 months and 16 days [128][132]
6   Óscar Tabárez   Uruguay 7 March 2006 (2006-03-07) 19 November 2021 (2021-11-19) 15 years, 8 months and 12 days [133]
7   John Pettersson   Sweden 26 March 1921 (1921-03-26) 27 September 1936 (1936-09-27) 15 years, 6 months and 1 day [134]
8   Morten Olsen   Denmark 1 July 2000 (2000-07-01) 17 November 2015 (2015-11-17) 15 years, 4 months and 16 days [128][135]
9   Bob Glendenning   Netherlands 15 March 1925 (1925-03-15) 21 April 1940 (1940-04-21) 15 years, 1 month and 6 days [128][136]
10   Giampaolo Mazza   San Marino 10 October 1998 (1998-10-10) 15 October 2013 (2013-10-15) 15 years and 5 days [128][137]
11   Joachim Löw   Germany 12 July 2006 (2006-07-12) 29 June 2021 (2021-06-29) 14 years, 11 months and 17 days [138]
12   Billy Bingham   Northern Ireland 26 March 1980 (1980-03-26) 17 November 1993 (1993-11-17) 13 years, 7 months and 22 days [128][139]
13   Helmut Schön   West Germany 4 November 1964 (1964-11-04) 21 June 1978 (1978-06-21) 13 years, 7 months and 17 days [128][140]
14   Sepp Herberger   West Germany 22 November 1950 (1950-11-22) 7 June 1964 (1964-06-07) 13 years, 6 months and 16 days [128][141]
15   Guy Thys   Belgium 22 May 1976 (1976-05-22) 8 June 1989 (1989-06-08) 13 years and 17 days [128][142]
16   Koldo Álvarez   Andorra 2 February 2010 (2010-02-02) Present 12 years, 11 months and 28 days [143]
17   Olavi Laaksonen   Finland 19 June 1962 (1962-06-19) 9 October 1974 (1974-10-09) 12 years, 3 months and 20 days [144]
18   Luc Holtz   Luxembourg 4 August 2010 (2010-08-04) Present 12 years, 5 months and 26 days [145]
19   Alf Ramsey   England 27 February 1963 (1963-02-27) 3 April 1974 (1974-04-03) 11 years, 1 month and 7 days [146]
20   Georg Buschner   East Germany 1 May 1970 (1970-05-01) 31 May 1981 (1981-05-31) 11 years and 30 days [147]
21   Enzo Bearzot   Italy 27 September 1975 (1975-09-27) 17 June 1986 (1986-06-17) 10 years, 8 months and 21 days [148]
22   Peter Doherty   Northern Ireland 6 October 1951 (1951-10-06) 9 May 1962 (1962-05-09) 10 years, 7 months and 3 days [149]
23   Didier Deschamps   France 8 July 2012 (2012-07-08) Present 10 years, 6 months and 22 days [150]
24   Dave Bowen   Wales 1 September 1964 (1964-09-01) 30 June 1974 (1974-06-30) 9 years, 9 months and 29 days [151]
25   Otto Rehhagel   Greece 9 August 2001 (2001-08-09) 30 June 2010 (2010-06-30) 8 years, 10 months and 21 days [152]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Fred Everiss, League Managers Association
  2. ^ Lea, Greg (6 December 2019). "The epic life and legacy of Guy Roux, the man who managed Auxerre for 44 years". These Football Times. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  3. ^ "New statistics reveal average tenure of managers in England just 1.23 years". Sky Sports. 5 June 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  4. ^ Mayhew, Ben (6 December 2015). "Manager tenure". Experimental 3–6–1. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  5. ^ Wilson, Jonathan (4 April 2012). "The Question: what marks Pep Guardiola out as a great coach?". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  6. ^ Thacker, Gary (29 June 2015). "Benfica and the curse of Béla Guttmann". These Football Times. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  7. ^ Wilson, Jonathan (2 May 2012). "The Question: why do great teams come to an end?". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  8. ^ managers.htm Football Managers: 1880-1918, Spartacus Educational
  9. ^ Everton's Managers' Records | Background, Everton Results
  10. ^ Aitor Elizegi Announces That Rafael Alkorta Will Serve As His Sporting Director, Inside Athletic, 24 December 2018
  11. ^ Paris Saint-Germain appoints Leonardo as Sporting Director, Paris Saint-Germain FC, 14 June 2019
  12. ^ Arsène Wenger begins the battle for power at Arsenal, David Hytner, The Guardian, 9 May 2017
  13. ^ What is a director of football & how does transfer chief role work?, Goal.com, 13 September 2019
  14. ^ What is a sporting director? All you need to know about the men who shape the destiny of Bundesliga clubs, Bundesliga, 2018
  15. ^ A Catalyst: The Role Of The Sporting Director – FC Business, FCBusiness
  16. ^ Football sporting director role not fully understood, Dr Dan Parnell, Manchester Metropolitan University, 15 February 2019
  17. ^ Understanding the role of Sporting Director, Jobs In Football, 19 June 2020
  18. ^ a b c d "Football's longest managerial reigns". BT Sport. 20 April 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  19. ^ Albion to honour Everiss family, West Bromwich Albion FC, 17 April 2019
  20. ^ (Celtic manager) Maley, Willie, FitbaStats
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h The unsackables: Europe's longest-serving coaches, Paul Saffer, UEFA.com, 21 May 2016
  22. ^ George Ramsay, League Managers Association
  23. ^ Ex Aston Villa boss George Ramsay ranked one of English football's greatest managers, Birmingham Mail, 22 March 2014
  24. ^ George Ramsay – The World’s First Football Manager, Scottish Football Museum, 19 October 2018
  25. ^ Jack Addenbrooke, League Managers Association
  26. ^ a b c Old Gold | Wolves' greatest managers, Wolverhampton Wanderers FC, 30 June 2020
  27. ^ John ‘Sailor’ Hunter, MotherWELLnet
  28. ^ Frank Watt, League Managers Association
  29. ^ (Rangers manager) Struth, Bill, FitbaStats
  30. ^ John Nicholson, League Managers Association
  31. ^ Sam Allen, League Managers Association
  32. ^ Syd King, League Managers Association
  33. ^ Arthur Dickinson, League Managers Association
  34. ^ Bob Jack, League Managers Association
  35. ^ David Calderhead (Snr), League Managers Association
  36. ^ (Morton manager) Cochrane, Bob, FitbaStats
  37. ^ (Partick Thistle manager) Easton, George, FitbaStats
  38. ^ Partick Thistle's Loss | George Easton's Great Work For His Club, The Weekly News, 6 April 1929,via Partick Thistle History Archive
  39. ^ Madden, Johnny, The Celtic Wiki
  40. ^ Charles Foweraker, League Managers Association
  41. ^ Bob Masters, League Managers Association
  42. ^ Robert Kyle, TheStatCat
  43. ^ Harry Curtis, League Managers Association
  44. ^ Alfred Jones, League Managers Association
  45. ^ Fred Stewart, League Managers Association
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