Miguel Muñoz Mozún (19 January 1922 – 16 July 1990) was a Spanish football player and manager.
Muñoz in 1973
|Full name||Miguel Muñoz Mozún|
|Date of birth||19 January 1922|
|Place of birth||Madrid, Spain|
|Date of death||16 July 1990(aged 68)|
|Place of death||Madrid, Spain|
|Height||1.65 m (5 ft 5 in)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
A midfielder, he spent the majority of his career at Real Madrid before going on to coach the club, where he is widely considered one of the most successful and greatest managers in football history, leading the team to two European Cup victories and nine La Liga titles (winning seven major titles in both major competitions combined as a player).
Born in Madrid, Muñoz played for various junior teams in the area, but initially failed to attract the attention of Real Madrid, going on to subsequently represent CD Logroñés, Racing de Santander and Celta de Vigo. In 1948 he, together with the likes of Pahiño, helped the latter finish fourth in La Liga and reach the Copa del Generalísimo final, where he scored in the 1–4 defeat to Sevilla CF.
The following season, both players signed for Real Madrid, and Muñoz went on to appear in 347 official matches with the club from the capital. Additionally, he won seven caps for Spain, but never appeared in any major tournament.
Muñoz scored Real's first ever goal in the European Cup, helping to a 2–0 away win against Servette FC on 8 September 1955. Subsequently, he captained the team in two consecutive competition wins in 1956 and 1957, and retired from football the following year at nearly 36.
Muñoz served a brief apprenticeship as coach of Real's reserve team, then named Plus Ultra CF, before being appointed coach of the main squad in 1959. His time in charge was one of the club's most successful eras as, under his guidance, it won the league nine times; this included a five-in-a-row sequence (1961–65) and another three consecutive.
On the European front, Muñoz led Real Madrid to two more wins in the European Cup, in 1960 and 1966. As a result, he became the first person to win the competition both as a player and a coach, which was later matched by Giovanni Trapattoni, Johan Cruyff, Carlo Ancelotti, Frank Rijkaard, Pep Guardiola and Zinedine Zidane; he left in 1974 after 16 seasons, as the side's longest-serving and most successful coach.
After seven more club seasons (Granada CF, UD Las Palmas and Sevilla FC), Muñoz took the reins of the Spain national team after their group stage exit in the 1982 FIFA World Cup, on home soil. Previously, he had had a four-game interim spell in the late 60s, and eventually led the country to the UEFA Euro 1984 runner-up place, as well as the quarter-finals of the 1986 World Cup.
- La Liga: 1953–54, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1957–58
- Copa Latina: 1955, 1957
- European Cup: 1955–56, 1956–57, 1957–58
- La Liga: 1960–61, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1971–72
- Copa del Rey: 1961–62, 1969–70
- European Cup: 1959–60, 1965–66
- Intercontinental Cup: 1960
|Real Madrid||21 February 1959||13 April 1959||9||5||2||2||31||9||+22||55.56|
|Plus Ultra||20 April 1959||10 April 1960||31||13||11||7||61||44||+17||41.94|
|Real Madrid||13 April 1960||15 January 1974||595||352||126||117||1,194||533||+661||59.16|
|Spain||15 May 1960||10 December 1961||14||9||2||3||28||16||+12||64.29|
|Granada||1 July 1975||20 May 1976||38||9||12||17||36||58||−22||23.68|
|Las Palmas||1 July 1977||1 June 1979||72||27||21||24||103||92||+11||37.50|
|Sevilla||5 July 1979||6 December 1981||82||32||18||32||100||111||−11||39.02|
|Spain||27 October 1982||17 June 1988||59||30||15||14||101||57||+44||50.85|
- "Club day: Real Madrid – The best managers". Goal.com. 8 October 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- "Miguel Muñoz" (in Spanish). Yo Jugué en el Celta. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 21 December 2009.
- Biography at Real Madrid Fans (in Spanish)
- "Del utillero falangista al positivo de Calderé: nuestro Mundial 86 en diez episodios" [From the falangista kit man to Calderé's positive: our 86 World Cup in ten episodes] (in Spanish). El Confidencial. 21 May 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- Miguel Muñoz muere a los 68 años de edad (Miguel Muñoz dies at the age of 68); El País, 17 July 1990 (in Spanish)
- "Top 50 des coaches de l'histoire". France Football. 19 March 2019. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
- "Miguel Muñoz: Miguel Muñoz Mozún". BDFutbol. Retrieved 20 April 2017.