List of foreign-style castles in Japan

This is a list of foreign-style castles in Japan. In Japan, the word '(shiro) has broader meanings than western world, so this list includes the buildings near to fortresses.

Korean style castlesEdit

Castle[1] Image Location First Built Type Status
Mizuki Castle   Dazaifu, Fukuoka Prefecture 663 Korean style defensive wall? Ruins
Nagato Castle Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi Prefecture? 665 Korean-style fortress unknown location
Ōno Castle   Ōnojō, Fukuoka Prefecture 665 Korean-style fortress Ruins
Kii Castle   Kiyama, Saga Prefecture 665 Korean-style fortress Ruins
Takayasu Castle   Heguri, Nara Prefecture 667 Korean-style fortress Ruins
Yashima Castle   Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture 667 Korean-style fortress Ruins,restored stonewall
Kaneda Castle   Tsushima, Nagasaki Prefecture 667 Korean-style fortress Ruins
Kikuchi Castle   Yamaga, Kumamoto Prefecture 698 Korean-style fortress Partially reconstructed
Mino Castle unknown 699 Korean-style fortress unknown location
Inazumi castle unknown 699 Korean-style fortress unknown location
Mio Castle Takashima, Shiga Prefecture? 672 Korean-style fortress? unknown location
Ibara Castle Fukuyama, Hiroshima Prefecture? 719 Korean-style fortress unknown location
Tsune Castle Fuchū, Hiroshima Prefecture? 719 Korean-style fortress unknown location
Kiyama Castle   Tatsuno, Hyogo, Hyogo Prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Ōmeguri Komeguri-san Castle   Okayama, Okayama Prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Ki Castle   Souja, Okayama Prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Partially reconstructed
Iwaki-san Castle   Hikari, Yamaguchi prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Kiyama Castle   Sakaide, Kagawa prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Einō-san Castle   Saijō, Ehime Prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Kakenouma Castle   Iizuka, Fukuoka Prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Raizan Castle   Itoshima, Fukuoka, Fukuoka Prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Hagi Castle Asakura, Fukuoka Prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Ashiki-san Castle Chikushino, Fukuoka Prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Kōra-san Castle   Kurume, Fukuoka Prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Zoyama Castle   Miyama, Fukuoka Prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Goshogatani castle Miyako, Fukuoka Prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Tōbaru-san Castle Kōge, Fukuoka prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Obukuma-yama Castle Saga, Saga prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins
Otsubo-yama Castle   Takeo, Saga, Saga Prefecture unknown Kōgoishi Ruins

Chinese style castleEdit

Castle Image Location First Built Type Status
Ito Castle   Itoshima, Fukuoka Prefecture 756-768[2][3] Chinese style fortress[4] Ruins

Portuguese style castleEdit

Castle Location First Built Type Status
Fortified City of Nagasaki Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture 1580? Citadel Possible ruins remains[5]

Dutch style castleEdit

Castle Location First Built Type Status
Hegirichi Jin'ya Hokuto, Hokkaido 1855 Dutch style Bastion fort[6] Ruins

French style castlesEdit

French style bastion fortEdit

Castle Image Location First Built Type Status
Goryōkaku   Hakodate, Hokkaido 1855 Vauban style star fort[7] Reconstructed
Tatsuoka Castle   Saku, Nagano Prefecture 1864-1867 Vauban style star fort[8] One Building remains
Shiryōkaku   Hakodate, Hokkaido 1869 French style bastion fort[9] Ruins
Shichiryōkaku Nanae, Hokkaido ? French style bastion fort[9] Ruins


Japanese castles with French-style buildingsEdit

Castle Image Location First Built westernized Remaining French-style building
Shibata Castle   Shibata, Niigata Prefecture Kamakura period Meiji period barracks[10]
Nagoya Castle   Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture Sengoku period Meiji period barracks (relocated to Meiji-mura)[11]

English style castleEdit

Japanese castles with English-style buildingsEdit

Castle Image Location First Built westernized Remaining English style buildings
Osaka Castle   Osaka, Osaka Prefecture 1583 Meiji period headquarters of the 4th Division of the Imperial Japanese Army
(now Miraiza Osaka-jo)[13]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 向井一雄 & 2017年, p. 211.
  2. ^ 怡土城跡(平凡社) 2004.
  3. ^ 国指定史跡怡土城跡 2006, pp. 6-12.
  4. ^ 怡土城跡(糸島市ホームページ)。
  5. ^ 起源は16世紀後半の城塞? 長崎学研究所・赤瀬所長 県庁跡地一帯の石垣研究 長崎新聞、17/2/2019
  6. ^ 北斗にまたたく星の城 道南ブロック博物館施設等連絡協議会ブログ
  7. ^ "城巡りが10倍楽しくなる おもしろ探訪 日本の城 pp.69-70". 扶桑社. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  8. ^ もう一つの五稜郭!長野県の『龍岡城五稜郭』を訪ねてみた サライ、8/8/2017
  9. ^ a b 五稜郭だけじゃない!四稜郭もあれば三稜郭や七稜郭もあった?! Good day 北海道,2019年10月14日アクセス
  10. ^ 白壁兵舎 広報史料館 自衛隊新潟地方協力本部、2019年10月15日アクセス
  11. ^ 歩兵第六聯隊兵舎 博物館明治村、2019年10月14日アクセス)
  12. ^ 存城と廃城 -城はいつ終わったのか- 森山英一,2019年10月22日アクセス, p.113
  13. ^ 橋爪紳也、『大大阪モダン建築』、青幻舎、2007

ReferencesEdit

  • 向井一雄 (2017). よみがえる古代山城 国際戦争と防衛ライン(歴史文化ライブラリー440). 吉川弘文館. ISBN 978-4642058407.
  • 国指定史跡怡土城跡(前原市文化財調査報告書 第94集). 前原市教育委員会. 2006. - リンクは九州国立博物館「西都 太宰府」資料観覧ライブラリー。

See alsoEdit