Legislative districts of Mountain Province

The legislative districts of Mountain Province are the representations of Mountain Province in the various national legislatures of the Philippines. The province is currently represented in the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines through its lone congressional district.

The present-day provinces of Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao and Kalinga, as well as the highly urbanized city of Baguio, formed part of the old (pre-division) Mountain Province's representation until 1969. Since 1969, the representation of Mountain Province has been confined only to the limits of the former sub-province of Bontoc.

HistoryEdit

As the undivided Mountain Province (1908–1966)Edit

Initially being excluded from representation in the lower house of the Philippine Legislature in 1907, the then non-Christian-majority areas of the Philippines — which included the undivided Mountain Province — were finally extended legislative representation with the passage of the Philippine Autonomy Act in 1916 by the United States Congress. The Revised Administrative Code (Act No. 2711) enacted on March 10, 1917 further elaborated on the manner by which these areas would be represented.[1] The non-Christian areas were to be collectively represented in the upper house's 12th senatorial district by two senators, both appointed by the Governor-General.[1] Three assembly members, also appointed by the Governor-General, were to represent the Mountain Province and the chartered city of Baguio in the lower house as a single at-large district. The appointment of these members of the Legislature did not require the consent of the upper house; the appointive legislators were also not necessarily required to be residents of the areas they represented.[2] For example, Assemblyman Pedro Aunario, a resident of Manila,[3] and Senator Lope K. Santos, a resident of Rizal, were among the representatives of the Mountain Province.

Despite several of the Mountain Province's municipalities and municipal districts being annexed to the neighboring provinces of Ilocos Sur (in 1920), La Union (in 1920) and Cagayan (in 1922 and 1928), voters in these areas were still represented by the three assembly members of the Mountain Province, and two senators of the twelfth senatorial district. Only starting in 1935 were these voters extended the right to participate in electing representatives of their respective new provinces, when Act No. 4203 assigned them to specific districts for the purposes of electing members of the unicameral National Assembly of the Philippines.[4]

Act No. 4203 also abolished the senatorial district system and made the Mountain Province's representation to the National Assembly elective through popular vote; the law divided the province into three districts with definite territorial composition.[4] The only sub-province which belonged to more than one district was Bontoc: the eastern portion consisting of the present-day municipalities of Barlig, Bontoc, Paracelis, Natonin, Sabangan, Sadanga and Sagada were represented as part of the undivided province's first district, while the western portion which formerly belonged to the now-defunct Lepanto sub-province (Bauko, Besao and Tadian) were represented as part of the third district.

During the Second World War, the Mountain Province sent two delegates to the National Assembly of the Japanese-sponsored Second Philippine Republic: one was the provincial governor (an ex officio member), while the other was elected through a provincial assembly of KALIBAPI members during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. Baguio, being a chartered city, was represented separately in this short-lived legislative body. Upon the restoration of the Philippine Commonwealth in 1945, district representation was restored to the pre-war setup: the sub-province of Bontoc remained split between the first and third districts, and the independent city of Baguio remained part of the second district.

As the reduced Mountain Province (1966–present)Edit

The enactment of Republic Act No. 4695 on June 18, 1966 made the sub-province of Bontoc into a full-fledged province that retained the name "Mountain Province."[5] Per Section 10 of R.A. 4695 the three incumbent representatives of pre-division Mountain Province continued to serve their respective districts until the end of the 6th Congress.[5]

The new (post-division) Mountain Province began electing its lone representative in 1969. The province was represented as part of Region I from 1978 to 1984, and returned one representative, elected at-large, to the Regular Batasang Pambansa in 1984.

Under the new Constitution which was proclaimed on February 11, 1987, Mountain Province constituted a lone congressional district,[6] and elected its member to the restored House of Representatives starting that same year.

Lone DistrictEdit

  • Population (2015): 154,590[7]
Period Representative[8]
7th Congress
1969–1972
Alfredo G. Lamen
8th Congress
1987–1992
Victor S. Dominguez
9th Congress
1992–1995
10th Congress
1995–1998
11th Congress
1998–2001
Josephine D. Dominguez
12th Congress
2001–2004
Roy S. Pilando
13th Congress
2004–2007
Victor S. Dominguez[a]
14th Congress
2007–2010
vacant[b]
15th Congress
2010–2013
Maximo B. Dalog[c]
16th Congress
2013–2016
17th Congress
2016–2019
vacant[d]
18th Congress
2019–2022
Maximo Y. Dalog Jr.

Notes

  1. ^ Died on February 8, 2008; seat remained vacant until the end of the 14th Congress.[8]
  2. ^ Kalinga Representative Manuel Agyao was the designated Legislative Caretaker of the district.[9]
  3. ^ Died on June 3, 2017;[10] seat remained vacant until the end of the 17th Congress.
  4. ^ Kalinga Representative Allen Jesse Mangaoang was designated as Legislative Caretaker of the district on July 5, 2017.[11]

1st District (defunct)Edit

Period Representative[8]
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
Saturnino Moldero
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
1st Commonwealth Congress
1945
George K. Tait
1st Congress
1946–1949
2nd Congress
1949–1953
Antonio Canao
3rd Congress
1953–1957
Juan Bondad
4th Congress
1957–1961
Juan M. Duyan
5th Congress
1961–1965
Alfredo G. Lamen[a]
Juan M. Duyan[b]
6th Congress
1965–1969
vacant

Notes

  1. ^ Unseated in January 1964 after losing electoral protest to Juan M. Duyan.[8]
  2. ^ Replaced Alfredo G. Lamen after winning electoral protest; took oath of office on January 27, 1964 and served for the remainder of the 5th Congress. Was elected in 1965 to the 6th Congress, but halfway through his term vacated his seat after being elected governor of Kalinga-Apayao on November 14, 1967; seat remained vacant until the end of the 6th Congress.[8]

2nd District (defunct)Edit

Period Representative[8]
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
Felipe E. Jose
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
Ramon P. Mitra
1st Commonwealth Congress
1945
1st Congress
1946–1949
Jose Mencio
2nd Congress
1949–1953
Dennis Molintas[b]
Ramon P. Mitra[c]
3rd Congress
1953–1957
4th Congress
1957–1961
5th Congress
1961–1965
6th Congress
1965–1969
Andres A. Cosalan

Notes

  1. ^ Independent from the province and does not vote for provincial officials since 1909 by virtue of Act No. 1964. Only voted as part of Mountain Province for congressional representation.
  2. ^ Unseated after losing electoral protest to Ramon P. Mitra.[8]
  3. ^ Replaced Dennis Molintas after winning electoral protest on October 12, 1951; took oath of office on January 28, 1952 and served for the remainder of the 2nd Congress.[8]

3rd District (defunct)Edit

Period Representative[8]
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
George K. Tait
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
Miguel Gumangan
1st Commonwealth Congress
1945
Gregorio Marrero[a]
1st Congress
1946–1949
Gabriel Dunuan
2nd Congress
1949–1953
3rd Congress
1953–1957
Luis Hora
4th Congress
1957–1961
5th Congress
1961–1965
6th Congress
1965–1969

Notes

  1. ^ Took oath of office on June 11, 1945.

At-Large (defunct)Edit

1917–1935Edit

Period Representatives[8]
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919[b]
Rafael Bulayungan Juan Cariño Valentin Manglapus
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Pedro Aunario
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Joaquin Codamon Miguel Cornejo[c] Henry A. Kamora
Juan Cailles[d]
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Saturnino Moldero
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Clemente Irving
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Hilary P. Clapp Juan Gaerlan Henry A. Kamora
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Emiliano P. Aguirre Felix P. Diaz Rodolfo Hidalgo

Notes

  1. ^ Independent from the province and does not vote for provincial officials since 1909 by virtue of Act No. 1964. Only voted as part of Mountain Province for congressional representation.
  2. ^ Representatives only assumed office in 1917 after appointment by the Governor-General, pursuant to the provisions of Act No. 2711.
  3. ^ Removed from office by Governor-General on October 6, 1925 after being convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for assaulting an American.[13]
  4. ^ Appointed by the Governor-General in October 1925 to fill the vacated seat of Miguel Cornejo.[8]

1943–1944Edit

Period Representatives[8]
National Assembly
1943–1944
Florencio Bagwan[14]
Hilary P. Clapp (ex officio)[14]

1984–1986Edit

Period Representative[8]
Regular Batasang Pambansa
1984–1986
Victor S. Dominguez

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Philippine Legislature (1917). Revised Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917 (Act No. 2711) (Digitized Revised Administrative Code of the Philippine Islands of 1917 from the Presidential Museum and Library Collection, uploaded on February 15, 2016). Bureau of Printing. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
  2. ^ Cain, Andrew W. (1917). Philippine Government. Philippine Education Company, Inc. p. 57.
  3. ^ Cain, Andrew W. (1917). Philippine Government. Philippine Education Company, Inc. p. 157.
  4. ^ a b Philippine Legislature (1937). Public Laws Enacted by the Philippine Legislature, Acts No. 4203 to 4275. Bureau of Printing Office. p. 5.
  5. ^ a b Congress of the Philippines (June 18, 1966). "Republic Act No. 4695 - An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
  6. ^ 1986 Constitutional Commission (February 2, 1987). "1987 Constitution of the Philippines - Apportionment Ordinance". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  7. ^ "Population of Population of Legislative Districts by Region, Province, and Selected Highly Urbanized/Component City: 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. 2015. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Congressional Library Bureau. "Roster of Philippine Legislators". Republic of the Philippines, House of Representatives. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  9. ^ Palangchao, Harley F. (June 11, 2017). "MP awaits move to fill up vacuum in Congress post". Baguio Midland Courier. Retrieved October 16, 2020.
  10. ^ Cabreza, Vincent (3 June 2017). "Mt. Province lawmaker dies of kidney failure". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  11. ^ Agliwang Jr., Erlindo (July 13, 2017). "Kalinga lawmaker appointed as Mountain Province caretaker". SunStar Philippines. Retrieved October 16, 2020.
  12. ^ Congress of the Philippines (May 11, 1955). "Republic Act No. 1222 - An Act Creating the Municipal District of Potia in the Mountain Province". The Corpus Juris. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  13. ^ "News of the World". Philippine Education Magazine. Vol. 22. Manila: Philippine Education Co. 1925. p. 321.
  14. ^ a b Official program of the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines and the induction into office of His Excellency Jose P. Laurel. Bureau of Printing. 1943.