Bakun, Benguet

Bakun, officially the Municipality of Bakun, (Ilocano: Ili ti Bakun; Tagalog: Bayan ng Bakun), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 14,535 people. [3]

Bakun
Municipality of Bakun
Landscape view of Bakun
Landscape view of Bakun
Flag of Bakun
Official seal of Bakun
Map of Benguet with Bakun highlighted
Map of Benguet with Bakun highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Bakun is located in Philippines
Bakun
Bakun
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°47′00″N 120°43′40″E / 16.7833°N 120.7278°E / 16.7833; 120.7278Coordinates: 16°47′00″N 120°43′40″E / 16.7833°N 120.7278°E / 16.7833; 120.7278
CountryPhilippines
RegionCordillera Administrative Region
ProvinceBenguet
District Lone district
Barangays7 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorBill Y. Raymundo
 • Vice MayorEdward P. Buscol
 • RepresentativeNestor B. Fongwan
 • Electorate9,856 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total286.91 km2 (110.78 sq mi)
Elevation
1,466 m (4,810 ft)
Highest elevation
2,133 m (6,998 ft)
Lowest elevation
428 m (1,404 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total14,535
 • Density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Households
3,347
Economy
 • Income class3rd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence17.92% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱138,422,897.46 (2020)
 • Assets₱313,189,545.88 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱99,507,018.31 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱63,073,737.08 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityBenguet Electric Cooperative (BENECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2610
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)74
Native languagesKankanaey
Ibaloi
Karaw
Ilocano
Tagalog
Websitewww.bakun.gov.ph

HistoryEdit

During the Spanish Period, Bakun was a rancheria of the Commandancia Politico-Militar de Amburayan. Ampusongan (currently a barangay of Bakun) was a rancheria of the Commandancia Politico Militar de Tiagan, Distrito de Benguet.[5]

When the United States took control of the Philippines, the American Congress issued Act No. 48 in November 1900, placing Bakun under the province of Amburayan, and Ampusongan under the province of Benguet.[6] On August 13, 1908, Benguet became a subprovince of the newly established Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876, and the municipal districts of Bakun and Ampusongan became part of the subprovince.[7]

In 1917, the Bureau of Non-Christian Tribes recommended that the western border of the Mountain Province be pushed eastward, such that the entire subprovince of Amburayan and large slices of Lepanto and Benguet would be made part of Ilocos Sur and La Union. In early 1937, Ampusongan was merged with Bakun, the latter carrying the name of the township while the former became a barangay.[5] The issuance of Republic Act No. 4695 in 1966 included Bakun as a regular municipality in the newly created province of Benguet.[8]

GeographyEdit

Bakun is located at 16°47′00″N 120°43′40″E / 16.7833°N 120.7278°E / 16.7833; 120.7278, at the northwestern tip of Benguet. It is bounded by Mankayan on the east, Buguias on the southeast, Kibungan on the south, Sugpon on the south-west, Alilem on the north-west, and Cervantes on the north.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 286.91 square kilometres (110.78 sq mi)[9] constituting 10.36% of the 2,769.08-square-kilometre- (1,069.15 sq mi) total area of Benguet.

Bakun is 336 kilometres (209 mi) away from Manila and 86 kilometres (53 mi) away from Baguio.

BarangaysEdit

Bakun is politically subdivided into 7 barangays.[10] These barangays are headed by elected officials: Barangay Captain, Barangay Council, whose members are called Barangay Councilors. All are elected every three years.


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020[3] 2010[11]
141103001 Ampusongan 18.1% 2,625 2,178 1.87%
141103002 Bagu 5.6% 820 856 −0.43%
141103004 Dalipey 16.5% 2,392 2,164 1.00%
141103005 Gambang 30.0% 4,367 3,705 1.65%
141103007 Kayapa 12.0% 1,741 1,527 1.31%
141103009 Poblacion (Central) 13.0% 1,894 1,834 0.32%
141103010 Sinacbat 10.4% 1,518 1,323 1.38%
Total 14,535 13,587 0.67%

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Bakun, Benguet
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average low °C (°F) 14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
18
(64)
19
(66)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
17
(63)
16
(61)
15
(59)
17
(62)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 42
(1.7)
48
(1.9)
74
(2.9)
110
(4.3)
269
(10.6)
275
(10.8)
362
(14.3)
325
(12.8)
330
(13.0)
306
(12.0)
126
(5.0)
61
(2.4)
2,328
(91.7)
Average rainy days 11.2 12.0 17.1 21.2 27.1 26.8 28.1 27.0 26.0 24.5 17.7 12.4 251.1
Source: Meteoblue [12]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Bakun
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 10—    
1918 4,076+49.28%
1939 4,383+0.35%
1948 3,390−2.81%
1960 4,927+3.16%
1970 6,584+2.94%
1975 7,932+3.81%
1980 8,878+2.28%
1990 10,817+2.00%
1995 12,836+3.26%
2000 12,213−1.06%
2007 12,137−0.09%
2010 13,587+4.19%
2015 15,357+2.36%
2020 14,535−1.08%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[13][11][14][15]

In the 2020 census, Bakun had a population of 14,535. [3] The population density was 51 inhabitants per square kilometre (130/sq mi).

EconomyEdit


GovernmentEdit

Bakun, belonging to the lone congressional district of the province of Benguet, is governed by a mayor designated as its local chief executive and by a municipal council as its legislative body in accordance with the Local Government Code. The mayor, vice mayor, and the councilors are elected directly by the people through an election which is being held every three years.

Elected officialsEdit

Members of the Municipal Council
(2019–2022)[23]
Position Name
Congressman Nestor B. Fongwan[a]

Eric G. Yap (since January 20, 2020)[25]

Mayor Bill Y. Raymundo
Vice-Mayor Edward P. Buscol
Councilors Jesus D. Lozano
June Raymundo C. Suni-en
Amando D. Camodag
Delfin B. Kilip
Marciano Pl. Kigisan Jr.
Edgar P. Ognaden
Dixie L. La Madrid
Mark C. Bayawa

EducationEdit

Public schoolsEdit

As of 2015, Bakun has 30 public elementary schools and 4 public secondary schools.[26][27][28]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Died on December 18, 2019.[24]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Bakun | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2020). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Municipality of Bakun, Benguet". Department of the Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. DILG-CAR. Archived from the original on 22 January 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  6. ^ "Benguet: History". Province of Benguet (official website). Archived from the original on 18 September 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Act No. 1876". PhilippineLaw.info. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 18 June 1966. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Municipal: Bakun, Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  11. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. ^ "Bakun: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  13. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  14. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  15. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  16. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  22. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  23. ^ "2019 National and Local Elections" (PDF). Commission on Elections. Retrieved March 12, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. ^ Cimatu, Frank (December 19, 2019). "Benguet Representative Nestor Fongwan dies at 68". Rappler.com. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  25. ^ "House names party-list solon as Benguet caretaker". Philippine News Agency. January 22, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  26. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013". Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  27. ^ a b "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)". Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  28. ^ a b "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014". Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 2016-04-21. Retrieved 28 December 2014.

External linksEdit