Bagulin, officially the Municipality of Bagulin, is a 5th class municipality in the province of La Union, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 13,456 people.[3]

Municipality of Bagulin
Bagulin town center
Bagulin town center
Official seal of Bagulin
Map of La Union with Bagulin highlighted
Map of La Union with Bagulin highlighted
Bagulin is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°36′28″N 120°26′16″E / 16.607903°N 120.437833°E / 16.607903; 120.437833Coordinates: 16°36′28″N 120°26′16″E / 16.607903°N 120.437833°E / 16.607903; 120.437833
Country Philippines
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
ProvinceLa Union
District2nd District
Barangays10 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorVirgilio C. Flor
 • Vice MayorJaime A. Lictao
 • CongressmanSandra Y. Eriguel
 • Electorate9,044 voters (2019)
 • Total107.33 km2 (41.44 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total13,456
 • Density130/km2 (320/sq mi)
 • Income class5th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence12.96% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue (₱)Increase PHP 102,874,012.00 million (58.5%) (2018)
 • Assets (₱)Increase PHP 171,250,838.00 million (33.6%) (2018)
 • Expenditure (₱)Increase PHP 56,784,507.34 million (23.9%) (2018)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)72
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesIlocano


Tradition reveals that Bagulin derived its name from a Kankanaey tribal leader. Sometime in the middle of the 18th century, the municipality is part of the township of Allabok which covers the moderate slopes of the mountain ranges overlooking the China Sea. During those times, war tribes was prevalent. Allabok involved itself in a tribal war headed by Bagulin who led the community to victory. From then on until his death, the people highly regarded him as their noble leader. After his death, consensus with the residents together with the concurrence of Spanish authorities resulted in naming the community after Bagulin. At present, Kankanaey still dominate the town’s population.

Another etymological version states that "Bagulin" was derived from the term bago which means "lowland natives". This version is further supported by the fact that Kankanaeys comprise some 85% of the municipal population.


Bagulin is situated at the interior eastern portion of La Union. It is generally mountainous and forested. It is bounded by the following municipalities:

Bagulin is 31 kilometres (19 mi) away from San Fernando, the regional center, 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) away from Naguilian, its nearby town and 62 kilometres (39 mi) away from Baguio City. Its main entrance to lowland municipalities is through the Naguilian-Bagulin Road. It can be reached by vehicles and any regular means of transportation via the town of Naguilian.


Bagulin is politically subdivided into 10 barangays.[2]

  • Alibangsay
  • Baay
  • Cambaly
  • Cardiz
  • Dagup
  • Libbo
  • Suyo (Poblacion)
  • Tagudtud
  • Tio-angan
  • Wallayan


The community was moved to Picdel, a narrow valley strip along Naguilian-Bagulin river. By 1903, the American regime established a paramilitary government and institutional facilities. Education was introduced and a bamboo community hall roofed with cogon was erected. As of 1903, the community was under the jurisdiction of the Mountain Province, sub-province of Benguet with capital at La Trinidad. By 1918, under the agreement of Governor Guzman of Mt. Province and Governor Pio Ancheta of La Union, Bagulin became a municipal district of Burgos under the province of La Union.

By 1928, the community centers was moved to a nearby settlement called Suyo where the present town center is situated. The former community center was named “Nangalisan” which means an abandoned place in the Ilokano language. Settlers who improved Suyo were Ilokano people who came from Naguilian. At that time, a bamboo chalet was constructed to serve as an administrative hall. The administration then was composed of the Mayor, a Secretary-Treasurer and one policeman. Municipal income is very small that the administration had to prod reluctant taxpayers to pay their dues.

On June 25, 1963, Bagulin was transformed into a regular, full-pledged municipality by virtue of Executive Order No. 42.


YearPop.±% p.a.
1918 2,419—    
1939 3,584+1.89%
1948 3,101−1.60%
1960 4,407+2.97%
1970 5,338+1.93%
1975 6,423+3.78%
1980 7,009+1.76%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 9,418+3.00%
1995 10,780+2.56%
2000 11,857+2.06%
2007 12,521+0.75%
2010 12,590+0.20%
2015 13,456+1.27%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Bagulin was 13,456 people,[3] with a density of 130 inhabitants per square kilometre or 340 inhabitants per square mile.

National Cultural TreasureEdit

The town is home to one National Cultural Treasure of the Philippines, which is the Burial Caves of Sitio Alabok in Barangay Cambali.



  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: La Union". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of La Union". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit