Kabayan, officially the Municipality of Kabayan, (Ilokano: Ili ti Kabayan; Tagalog: Bayan ng Kabayan), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 15,260 people.
|Municipality of Kabayan|
Map of Benguet with Kabayan highlighted
|Region||Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)|
|Barangays||13 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Faustino M. Aquisan|
|• Vice Mayor||Basilio Louie A. Daoal|
|• Congressman||Nestor B. Fongwan|
|• Electorate||8,547 voters (2016)|
|• Total||242.69 km2 (93.70 sq mi)|
|• Density||63/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)74|
|Income class||4th municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||75.8 million (2016)|
|Native languages||Kankanaey language|
The third highest mountain in the Philippines, Mount Pulag, is located in the territorial boundary of the vegetable farming town.
The name Kabayan was derived from the term Kaba-ayan, from the Ibaloi word ba-ay, a root crop vine thriving in the place. Most of the early Ibaloi settlements, in the area, which include Eddet and Duacan, were named after grasses in the heavily-forested area.
In the late 1800s, Spanish colonizers reached Kabayan via trails constructed throughout the mountain region. Organized into three rancherias, namely Adaoay, Kabayan, and Lutab (or Dutab), Kabayan was registered under the comandancia politico-militar of Benguet in 1846. Lutab (currently barangay Poblacion or Kabayan Central) was later integrated into the Kabayan rancheria.
During the American rule, Kabayan and Adaoay were established as two of the 19 townships of the province of Benguet, upon the issuance of Act No. 48 by the Philippine Commission on November 22, 1900.
On August 13, 1908, Benguet would be established with the enactment of Act No. 1876 as a sub-province of the newly created Mountain Province. Six townships of Benguet were later abolished, including Adaoay, which was integrated into the township of Kabayan.
On June 25, 1963, then-President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 converting eight (8) of the thirteen (13) towns (designated as municipal districts) of Benguet sub-province into regular municipalities. Kabayan was among them.
On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and would be converted into a regular province. Kabayan remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 242.69 square kilometres (93.70 sq mi)  constituting 8.76% of the 2,769.08-square-kilometre- (1,069.15 sq mi) total area of Benguet.
In the 2010 Census of Population and Housing, Barangay Anchukey would be the least populated barangay in the province of Benguet.
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, Kabayan had a population of 15,260. The population density was 63 inhabitants per square kilometre (160/sq mi).
Kabayan is best known for the antiquated centuries-old mummies and Mount Pulag, the third highest mountain in the Philippines. The Kabayan mummy burial caves are officially proclaimed Philippine National Cultural Treasures pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 374, and is under consideration as a World Heritage Site. The mummified body of Apo Annu, a tribal leader, was stolen but recovered by an antique collector and was returned to the town. Archaeologists from various countries have visited the town to promote preservation of the mummies due to deterioration of the cadavers. The caves containing the cadavers of these mummies have been declared by Monument Watch as one of the "100 Most Endangered Sites" in the world.
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