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La Trinidad, officially the Municipality of La Trinidad, (Ilocano: Ili ti La Trinidad; Filipino: Bayan ng La Trinidad), is a 1st class municipality and capital of the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 129,133 people.[5]

La Trinidad
Municipality
Municipality of La Trinidad
La Trinidad strawberry fields
La Trinidad strawberry fields
Official seal of La Trinidad
Seal
Nickname(s):
  • Strawberry Fields of the Philippines[1]
  • Rose Capital of the Philippines[2]
Map of Benguet with La Trinidad highlighted
Map of Benguet with La Trinidad highlighted
La Trinidad is located in Philippines
La Trinidad
La Trinidad
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°28′N 120°35′E / 16.46°N 120.59°E / 16.46; 120.59Coordinates: 16°28′N 120°35′E / 16.46°N 120.59°E / 16.46; 120.59
Country  Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone District
Founded 1950
Barangays 16 (see Barangays)
Government[3]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Romeo Salda
 • Vice Mayor Joey Jovencio Marrero
 • Electorate 39,607 voters (2016)
Area[4]
 • Total 70.04 km2 (27.04 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[5]
 • Total 129,133
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2601
PSGC 141110000
IDD:area code +63 (0)74
Climate type tropical rainforest climate
Income class 1st municipal income class
Website www.latrinidad.gov.ph

The municipality is known for its strawberry and vegetable plantations earning the title "Strawberry Fields of the Philippines" [1][6] and currently holds the Guinness World Record for baking the world's largest strawberry shortcake on March 20, 2004.[7]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Pre-colonial and Spanish periodsEdit

The valley encompassing La Trinidad was originally called "Benguet", a thriving community of Ibaloi migrants from Tinek. Colonial influence reached the area upon Spanish explorers Don M. Quirante's discovery of the valley in 1642, and Guillermo Galvey's expedition to Benguet in 1829.[1]

The valley was later renamed to "La Trinidad" in honor of Galvey's wife.[8] Together with 40 other smaller surrounding rancherías, La Trinidad was placed under the jurisdiction of the newly established Benguet commandancia politico-militar in 1846[9][10] and was established as its administrative headquarters during the Spanish Conquest of the Philippines.[1][8][11]

American periodEdit

With the establishment of Benguet as a province under the Republic of the Philippines in 1899, La Trinidad was made as its capital.[1]

In 1900, the American colonizers arrived, and La Trinidad was established as one of the 19 townships under Benguet province, upon the issuance of Act No. 48.[8][12] For a brief period, Baguio became the capital of Benguet when appointed Benguet province civil governor H.P. Whitmarsh moved the capital from La Trinidad to Baguio in 1901. La Trinidad was made the provincial capital again in 1909, after the Baguio township was abolished and converted into a chartered city.[1]

Second World WarEdit

In 1942, Japanese soldiers occupied La Trinidad, Benguet.[further explanation needed]

On May 3, 1945, The Filipino soldiers of the 2nd, 12th, 13th, 15th and 16th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 1st Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary, and the 66th Infantry Regiment of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines - Northern Luzon or USAFIP-NL liberated La Trinidad.[1]

Modern historyEdit

La Trinidad was transformed into a full-fledged town from its former status as municipal district by virtue of Republic Act No. 531, approved June 16, 1950.[13]

The town landed on the Guinness Book of World Records for baking the world's largest strawberry shortcake, at 21,213.40 pounds (9,622.24 kg), at the La Trinidad Strawberry Festival on March 20, 2004.[7]

In March 2015, 6,000 slices of strawberry cake were served as part of the events at this municipality's Strawberry Festival.[14] The cakes for the slices were prepared using fresh strawberries.[14]

On June 23, 2016, La Trinidad was highlighted in the media when the first and largest community artwork in the Philippines, the STOBOSA Hillside Homes Artwork was unveiled, featuring hillside houses within the sitios of Stonehill, Botiwtiw and Sadjap of Barangay Balili painted with sunflower and abstract designs.[15][16]

Today, people are often heard about the town's push for cityhood. http://www.sunstar.com.ph/baguio/local-news/2016/09/21/cityhood-beacons-la-trinidad-499076 http://www.sunstar.com.ph/baguio/local-news/2016/09/07/dads-divided-la-trinidad-cityhood-496282 http://www.sunstar.com.ph/baguio/local-news/2016/07/27/la-trinidad-cityhood-pushed-anew-487882 http://www.sunstar.com.ph/baguio/local-news/2016/06/23/cosalan-push-la-trinidad-cityhood-481222 http://www.baguiomidlandcourier.com.ph/front.asp?mode=%20archives/2016/june/6-19-2016/front5.txt

GeographyEdit

La Trinidad is located at 16°28′N 120°35′E / 16.46°N 120.59°E / 16.46; 120.59, at the central portion of Benguet. It is bounded by Tublay on the north-east, Sablan on the west, Baguio City on the south, Itogon on the southeast, and Tuba on the south-west.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 70.04 square kilometres (27.04 sq mi)[4] constituting 2.53% of the 2,769.08-square-kilometre- (1,069.15 sq mi) total area of Benguet.

The terrain is generally mountainous with springs, rivers and creeks. The town has a valley which encompasses several barangays. The valley floor elevation is at 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) above sea level. Elevation ranges from 500 to 1,700 metres (1,600 to 5,600 ft) above sea level.

Balili River is the municipality's main water drainage which carries upstream water from Sagudin River in Baguio City.[17] The river merges with another upstream river in Tuel upon reaching the La Trinidad-Tublay-Sablan tri-point.

ClimateEdit

La Trinidad belongs under the Type I climate by the Coronas System of classification with distinct wet and dry seasons. The dry season is from November to April while the wet season occurs during the rest of the year. The climate is cool with temperatures ranging from 11.7 °C (53.1 °F) during the month of December at its coldest and 23.2 °C (73.8 °F) at its warmest during the months of March, April and May. The average daily temperature is 18.55 °C (65.39 °F). Wind velocity is 1.43. During the rainiest month of August, the rainfall average is 850.70 millimetres (33.492 in).[citation needed]


Climate data for La Trinidad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.4
(65.1)
18.9
(66)
20.1
(68.2)
21.2
(70.2)
21.3
(70.3)
20.7
(69.3)
20.0
(68)
19.7
(67.5)
20.1
(68.2)
20.2
(68.4)
19.8
(67.6)
19.2
(66.6)
19.97
(67.95)
Average low °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
14.1
(57.4)
15.3
(59.5)
16.6
(61.9)
17.3
(63.1)
17.2
(63)
16.8
(62.2)
16.8
(62.2)
16.8
(62.2)
16.5
(61.7)
15.9
(60.6)
15.1
(59.2)
16.03
(60.85)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 22.8
(0.898)
26.3
(1.035)
54.8
(2.157)
66.1
(2.602)
313.1
(12.327)
340.2
(13.394)
640.7
(25.224)
748.1
(29.453)
601.3
(23.673)
306.4
(12.063)
131.2
(5.165)
42.1
(1.657)
3,293.1
(129.648)
Average rainy days 5 5 6 10 21 22 26 26 25 18 11 6 181
Source #1: Climate-data.org (for average temperatures)[18]
Source #2: World Weather Online (for average rainfall and rainy days)[19]

BarangaysEdit

La Trinidad is politically subdivided into 16 barangays.[20], with 11 classified as urban and 5 as rural.[20] As of 2015, the most populous is Pico with 23,282 people, while Bineng, with 1,624 people, has the least.[5] Wangal is the largest in terms of land area,[21] while Cruz is the smallest.[22] Balili was the most densely populated, and Bineng was the least. Bineng has the most number of sitios, while Betag has the least with only 4.

Barangay[20] Class[20] Etymology Historical
component
of
Area Population Density
(2015)
No. of
Sitios
2015[5] 2010[23] ±% p.a.
16°28′16″N 120°35′57″E / 16.4712°N 120.5991°E / 16.4712; 120.5991 (Alapang) Alapang Rural Ibaloi: Adafang – "powdery substance from limestone"[24] Alno
(until 1967)[24]
2.01 km2
(0.78 sq mi)[24]
4,477
(3.5%)
4,171 1.36% 2,200/km2
(5,700/sq mi)
16°29′09″N 120°35′35″E / 16.4859°N 120.5931°E / 16.4859; 120.5931 (Alno) Alno Rural Alno – local term for a medicinal dipterocarp tree in the area[25] Bahong[25] 9.58 km2
(3.70 sq mi)[25]
2,883
(2.2%)
2,046 6.75% 300/km2
(780/sq mi)
16°26′12″N 120°36′17″E / 16.4368°N 120.6047°E / 16.4368; 120.6047 (Ambiong) Ambiong Urban Ibaloi: Ambiongan – "Black Carpet Bees" found in the rolling hills and forests[26] Eastern Pico
(until 1948)[26]
3.42 km2
(1.32 sq mi)[26]
7,149
(5.5%)
6,423 2.06% 2,100/km2
(5,400/sq mi)
16°28′07″N 120°36′27″E / 16.4686°N 120.6075°E / 16.4686; 120.6075 (Bahong) Bahong Urban Ibaloi: Pesjohong (or naydihong) – "hollow or bowl like"[27] Tacdian[27] 6.58 km2
(2.54 sq mi)[27]
5,188
(4.0%)
4,828 1.38% 790/km2
(2,000/sq mi)
16°27′00″N 120°35′41″E / 16.4500°N 120.5947°E / 16.4500; 120.5947 (Balili) Balili Urban Ibaloi: Badili – a type of grass abundant in the area[28] Pico[28] 1.19 km2
(0.46 sq mi)[28]
18,962
(14.7%)
16,086 3.18% 16,000/km2
(41,000/sq mi)
16°26′11″N 120°37′48″E / 16.4364°N 120.6300°E / 16.4364; 120.6300 (Beckel) Beckel Urban Pico[29] 9.51 km2
(3.67 sq mi)[29]
3,918
(3.0%)
3,453 2.43% 410/km2
(1,100/sq mi)
16°29′00″N 120°34′02″E / 16.4832°N 120.5672°E / 16.4832; 120.5672 (Bineng) Bineng Rural Nabneng – local term characterizing the natural damming by the Danao River[30] Disdis
(present-day Sablan)[30]
8.25 km2
(3.19 sq mi)[30]
1,624
(1.3%)
1,487 1.69% 200/km2
(520/sq mi)
16°27′15″N 120°35′18″E / 16.4543°N 120.5884°E / 16.4543; 120.5884 (Betag) Betag Urban Betag – a flat land area characterizing the terrain[31] Pico
(until the 1950s)[31]
1.57 km2
(0.61 sq mi)[31]
9,747
(7.5%)
6,863 6.91% 6,200/km2
(16,000/sq mi)
16°27′55″N 120°35′34″E / 16.4653°N 120.5927°E / 16.4653; 120.5927 (Cruz) Cruz Urban Spanish: CruzCross[22] Alapang
(until 1971)[22]
0.56 km2
(0.22 sq mi)[22]
3,721
(2.9%)
3,519 1.07% 6,600/km2
(17,000/sq mi)
16°26′39″N 120°35′57″E / 16.4441°N 120.5992°E / 16.4441; 120.5992 (Lubas) Lubas Urban Ibaloi: Dubas – "red clay" abundant in the area[32] Pico[32] 2.40 km2
(0.93 sq mi)[32]
6,159
(4.8%)
5,591 1.86% 2,600/km2
(6,700/sq mi)
16°26′41″N 120°35′19″E / 16.4446°N 120.5886°E / 16.4446; 120.5886 (Pico) Pico Urban Ibaloi: Piho – "pick mattock" inhabitants used to flatten the hilly land[33] 3.29 km2
(1.27 sq mi)[33]
23,282
(18.0%)
18,271 4.72% 7,100/km2
(18,000/sq mi)
16°27′44″N 120°35′16″E / 16.4621°N 120.5877°E / 16.4621; 120.5877 (Poblacion) Poblacion Urban Spanish: Poblacion – the site of the old Spanish Presidencia[34] Benget[34] 1.05 km2
(0.41 sq mi)[34]
13,196
(10.2%)
10,594 4.27% 13,000/km2
(34,000/sq mi)
16°26′50″N 120°34′34″E / 16.4471°N 120.5761°E / 16.4471; 120.5761 (Puguis) Puguis Rural Pico
(until the 1950s)[35]
10.22 km2
(3.95 sq mi)[35]
9,038
(7.0%)
7,163 4.53% 880/km2
(2,300/sq mi)
16°27′49″N 120°37′25″E / 16.4637°N 120.6236°E / 16.4637; 120.6236 (Shilan) Shilan Urban Shalan – local term for "the way to and from"[36] Tacdian[36] 7.51 km2
(2.90 sq mi)[36]
4,833
(3.7%)
4,330 2.11% 640/km2
(1,700/sq mi)
16°27′20″N 120°36′06″E / 16.4556°N 120.6018°E / 16.4556; 120.6018 (Tawang) Tawang Urban Kankanaey: Tawang – "catching birds through the use of fire inside the cave"
or Ibaloi: Tayawan – "tayaw" ritual inside the Tawang caves[37]
parts of Pico,
Alapang and Shilan[37]
2.48 km2
(0.96 sq mi)[37]
9,014
(7.0%)
7,456 3.68% 3,600/km2
(9,300/sq mi)
16°27′28″N 120°34′12″E / 16.4577°N 120.5701°E / 16.4577; 120.5701 (Wangal) Wangal Rural Ibaloi: Vangal – Ibaloi term attributed to the river[21] 11.16 km2
(4.31 sq mi)[21]
5,942
(4.6%)
4,907 3.71% 530/km2
(1,400/sq mi)
  • Dashes (—) in cells indicate unavailable information.

DemographicsEdit

Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 267 —    
1918 3,013 +17.53%
1939 6,554 +3.77%
1948 7,994 +2.23%
1960 12,415 +3.74%
1970 18,551 +4.09%
1975 22,732 +4.16%
1980 28,713 +4.78%
1990 48,252 +5.33%
1995 63,089 +5.15%
2000 67,963 +1.61%
2007 97,810 +5.15%
2010 107,188 +3.39%
2015 129,133 +3.61%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[5][23][38][39]


In the 2015 census, La Trinidad had a population of 129,133.[5] The population density was 1,800 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,700/sq mi).

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 39,607 registered voters.[40]

EconomyEdit

 
A strawberry vendor in La Trinidad

La Trinidad supplies most of the Philippines' strawberries[41] and cut flowers which include roses.[42][43][44] The La Trinidad Vegetable Trading Post is visited by wholesalers and traders of vegetables from other provinces.[45] The presence of the Benguet State University in the municipality serves as a boost to agricultural research and development in the region.[46]

Its proximity to the city of Baguio attracts tourists, primarily to the strawberry fields in the valley, and lesser to the Benguet Provincial Capitol and the Rose Gardens of barangay Bahong.[2]

EducationEdit

La Trinidad, aside from the adjacent city of Baguio, is the center of higher education in Benguet province.[47]

Public schoolsEdit

As of 2014, La Trinidad has 23 public elementary schools and 7 public secondary schools.[48][49][50]

The main campus of the Benguet State University, the first university in the province, is located in the municipality.

Private schoolsEdit

  • BVS Colleges - Formerly Benguet Vocational school Colleges
  • Cordillera Career Development College - the first private tertiary school in the BIMAK (Benguet, Ifugao, Mt. Province, Apayao, Kalinga) region, excluding Baguio City
  • Epiphany Learning Center
  • Globalight Vision School
  • H.O.P.E. Christian Academy, established in 1997
  • King's College of the Philippines, established in 2004
  • Little Flower Children's Home Foundation
  • Northskills Polytechnic College Incorporated (also known as Full Bright Preparatory School), established in 2003
  • Philippine Nazarene College - formerly known as Luzon Nazarene Bible College (LNBC), established in 1952
  • Rainbow Mission International Academy, established in 1994
  • San Jose School of La Trinidad, Inc.
  • Star Colleges - Formerly Twinkle Star School
  • The Montessori Academy

Notable peopleEdit

La Trinidad is the burial place of:

Sister cityEdit

LocalEdit

InternationalEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Municipality of La Trinidad, Benguet". DILG-CAR. Archived from the original on 21 January 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Lago, Amanda (9 April 2012). "Benguet roses now a summer attraction". GMA News. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Cordillera Autonomous Region". It's More Fun in the Philippines. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Largest fruit shortcake". Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on 11 August 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region. NSCB. 23 April 2012. Archived from the original on 28 February 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  9. ^ Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; de Guzman, Rey (cartography) (1995). "The Provinces". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila: Tahanan Books. p. 38. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 16 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "History of Takdian (La Trinidad)". Province of Benguet (official website). Archived from the original on 14 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Profile of La Trinidad: LA TRINIDAD THROUGH THE YEARS". Archived from the original on 24 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "History: Benguet Province". Province of Benguet (official website). Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "Republic Act No. 531: An Act to Convert the Municipal District of La Trinidad, Subprovince of Benguet, Mountain Province, into a Regular Municipality to be Known as the Municipality of La Trinidad". PhilippineLaw.info. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  14. ^ a b Locsin, Joel (August 10, 2015). "Get ready for 6,000 slices of strawberry cake in Benguet". GMA News. Retrieved December 2, 2015. 
  15. ^ "La Trinidad residents create first, biggest community artwork in the Philippines". The Philippine Star. 24 June 2016. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  16. ^ Lapniten, Karl (23 June 2016). "Artists turn Benguet hillside homes into mural". CNN Philippines. Archived from the original on 28 June 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  17. ^ Susan Aro (11 October 2011). "Balili River wanting for clean, safe waters". Sun.Star Baguio. Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  18. ^ "Climate: La Trinidad". Climate-data.org. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  19. ^ "La Trinidad, Benguet Monthly Climate Average, Philippines". World Weather Online. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  20. ^ a b c d "Municipal: La Trinidad, Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  21. ^ a b c d "Barangay Wangal" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  22. ^ a b c d e "Barangay Cruz" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  23. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  24. ^ a b c d "Barangay Alapang" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  25. ^ a b c d "Barangay Alno" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  26. ^ a b c d "Barangay Ambiong" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  27. ^ a b c d "Barangay Bahong" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  28. ^ a b c d "Barangay Balili" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  29. ^ a b c "Barangay Beckel" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  30. ^ a b c d "Barangay Bineng" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  31. ^ a b c d "Barangay Betag" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  32. ^ a b c d "Barangay Lubas" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  33. ^ a b c "Barangay Pico" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  34. ^ a b c d "Barangay Poblacion" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  35. ^ a b c "Barangay Puguis" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  36. ^ a b c d "Barangay Shilan" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  37. ^ a b c d "Barangay Tawang" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  38. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  39. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  40. ^ "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  41. ^ Caluza, Desiree (27 April 2013). "What is life without strawberry in La Trinidad Valley?". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 31 October 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  42. ^ Catajan, Maria Elena (13 February 2014). "Benguet blooms in focus". Sun.Star Baguio. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  43. ^ Rillorta, Paul (22 March 2012). "City supports La Trinidad strawberry festival –mayor". Official website of the City Government of Baguio. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  44. ^ Agreda, JM (13 March 2014). "La Trinidad hopes strawberries will draw tourists". 9News Philippines. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  45. ^ Obnial, Angela (December 2005). "La Trinidad veggie trading post revisited". Bureau of Agricultural Research Chronicle. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  46. ^ Dumlao, Artemio (11 July 2013). "Benguet State U starts developing organic agri program". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  47. ^ "La Trinidad Now Rivals Baguio as Educational Center". Joseph. Goshen Land. 11 June 2015. Archived from the original on 8 October 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  48. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  49. ^ a b "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)". Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  50. ^ a b "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  51. ^ Catajan, Maria Elena (28 October 2013). "La Trinidad helps sister city Danao, Bohol". Baguio, Philippines: Sun.Star Publishing Inc. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  52. ^ "List of Sister City Affiliations with Japan (by country)". Clair Singapore. 
  53. ^ "List of Sister City Affiliations with Japan (by country)". Clair Singapore. 
  54. ^ "List of Sister City Affiliations with Japan (by country)". Clair Singapore. 

External linksEdit