La Trinidad, Benguet
La Trinidad, officially the Municipality of La Trinidad (Ilokano: Ili ti La Trinidad; Tagalog: Bayan ng La Trinidad), is a 1st class municipality and capital of the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 129,133 people.
|Municipality of La Trinidad|
La Trinidad as viewed from Windy Hill
Map of Benguet with La Trinidad highlighted
|Region||Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)|
|Converted to municipality||1950|
|Barangays||16 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Romeo Salda|
|• Vice Mayor||Joey Jovencio Marrero|
|• Electorate||39,607 voters (2016)|
|• Total||70.04 km2 (27.04 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,800/km2 (4,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)74|
|Income class||1st municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||314,459,930.16 (2016)|
|Native languages||Kankanaey language|
The valley encompassing La Trinidad was originally called "Benguet", a thriving community of Ibaloi migrants from Tinek. Natives traded local products, which included gold, with nearby lowland towns that had Dominican and Augustinian missions established. About 1616, the procurator general of Manila, Hemando de 1os Rios Coronel became interested in the mountain gold and proposed to the Spanish King to expedite its search. He wrote both Alonso Fajardo, the Governor of Manila, and the Archbishop of Manila on December 1618 that it was the solution to both the abandoned missions as well as the depleted colonial treasury. Fajardo requested feedback from the religious orders on this matter; whether waging a war against the Igorots was just. Only the Jesuits objected with the war, preferring only that their "mines be occupied in the name of his Majesty".
In 1620, Fajardo sent the first expedition under Captain Garcia Aldana y Cabrera, Governor of Pangasinan. Aldana and his men took the route from Aringay, crossing the Naguilian River to Duplas (La Union), then followed the Bornotan (Santo Rosario) River eventually reaching Takdian. Upon arriving at the mining community of Bua, the men found only a recently burned village, suggesting the natives fled with nothing for them to plunder. Aldana examined the Antamok mines and was able to gather some gold.
A second expedition was sent in 1623 under the command of Sergeant Major Antonio Carreño de Valdes. Carreño was able to repel some Igorot assaults, builing two forts; 'Fort Santiago' overlooking the present Santo Nino mines, and 'Fort del Rosario' in the Antamok-Itogon area. The Igorots submitted to Spanish authorities only to strike back when the rainy season made it difficult to send manpower and new supplies, prompting the Spaniards to retreat.
Finally, in 1624, Fajardo sent Captain Alonso Martin Quirante, a master of strategy, logistics and tactics. In February of that year, Quirante took off with a huge expedition of 1,903 soldiers, carpenters, miners, smiths, slaves, clerks and some requisite clergy. He divided his large force into three; the first to clear the road, the second to follow, and the third with rations and arms. This ensured they would reach the mining area after clearing out an Igorot fort along the way. Quirante was able to reach the mining areas, and discovered about two hundred abandoned houses, implying the locals fled beforehand. He rebuilt Fort Santiago, and examined five mines; four of which showed signs of having been abandoned by the Igorots: Arisey Bugayona, Baranaban, Antamog, and Conog. The fifth mine called Galan was still operational. Quirante ordered baskets of ore gathered from each mine, labeled and ready for assaying. The results showed no evidence of deposits rich enough to yield attractive profit, prompting Quirante to return to Manila with 400 baskets of ore to be sent to Mexico for further assaying.
Meanwhile, the Royal Audiencia had become concerned at the expense of the project which had already cost 33,982 pesos. Don Geronimo Silva took over the government, convening the council to decide on the issue. The Royal Audiencia decided to abandon the project because of mounting expenses, loss of life and the continued hostility of the Igorots and their land.
Although the District of Benguet was established in La Trinidad by 1846, it was only in April 21, 1874, under Commandant Manuel Scheidnagel, that "Valle de Benguet" was renamed "Valle de La Trinidad" (La Trinidad Valley). Despite popular acceptance that it was named as "a fitting tribute to Galvey’s wife - Doña Trinidad de Galvey" – recent research has revealed that credit should have probably gone to Scheidnagel, having been inspired by the three prominent adjacent hills (in effect, forming a Trinity: a religious icon of the Christian campaign) overlooking the Poblacion church, where the seat of government, the Cabecera, was established.
Together with 40 other smaller surrounding rancherías, La Trinidad was placed under the jurisdiction of the newly established Benguet commandancia politico-militar in 1846 and was established as its administrative headquarters during the Spanish Conquest of the Philippines.
During the Philippine Revolution in July 1899, Filipino revolutionary forces under Pedro Paterno liberated La Trinidad from the Spaniards and took over the government, proclaiming Benguet as a province of the new Philippine Republic, with La Trinidad as its capital.
In 1900, the American colonizers arrived, and La Trinidad was established as one of the 19 townships under Benguet province, upon the issuance of Act No. 48. For a brief period, Baguio became the capital of Benguet when appointed Benguet province civil governor H.P. Whitmarsh moved the seat of government from La Trinidad to Baguio in 1901. La Trinidad was made the provincial capital again in 1909, after the Baguio township was abolished and converted into a chartered city.
Second World WarEdit
On May 3, 1945, The Filipino soldiers of the 2nd, 12th, 13th, 15th and 16th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 1st Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary, and the 66th Infantry Regiment of the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines - Northern Luzon or USAFIP-NL liberated La Trinidad.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2015)
On June 23, 2016, La Trinidad was highlighted in the media when the first and largest community artwork in the Philippines, the STOBOSA Hillside Homes Artwork was unveiled, featuring hillside houses within the sitios of Stonehill, Botiwtiw and Sadjap of Barangay Balili painted with sunflower and abstract designs.
Today, people often hear about the town's push for cityhood. The town had long surpassed the requirements for annual income, but could not comply with either of the minimum population or land area requirements of at least 150,000 inhabitants or a contiguous territory of 100 square kilometers, as mandated by the Local Government Code.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 70.04 square kilometres (27.04 sq mi)  constituting 2.53% of the 2,769.08-square-kilometre- (1,069.15 sq mi) total area of Benguet.
The terrain is generally mountainous with springs, rivers and creeks. The town has a valley which encompasses several barangays. The valley floor elevation is at 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) above sea level. Elevation ranges from 500 to 1,700 metres (1,600 to 5,600 ft) above sea level.
Balili River is the municipality's main water drainage which carries upstream water from Sagudin River in Baguio City. The river merges with another upstream river in Tuel upon reaching the La Trinidad-Tublay-Sablan tri-point.
La Trinidad belongs under the Type I climate by the Coronas System of classification with distinct wet and dry seasons. The dry season is from November to April while the wet season occurs during the rest of the year. The climate is cool with temperatures ranging from 11.7 °C (53.1 °F) during the month of December at its coldest and 23.2 °C (73.8 °F) at its warmest during the months of March, April and May. The average daily temperature is 18.55 °C (65.39 °F). Wind velocity is 1.43. During the rainiest month of August, the rainfall average is 850.70 millimetres (33.492 in).
|Climate data for La Trinidad|
|Average high °C (°F)||18.4
|Average low °C (°F)||14.0
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||22.8
|Average rainy days||5||5||6||10||21||22||26||26||25||18||11||6||181|
|Source #1: Climate-data.org (for average temperatures)|
|Source #2: World Weather Online (for average rainfall and rainy days)|
La Trinidad is politically subdivided into 16 barangays., with 11 classified as urban and 5 as rural. As of 2015, the most populous is Pico with 23,282 people, while Bineng, with 1,624 people, has the least. Wangal is the largest in terms of land area, while Cruz is the smallest. Balili was the most densely populated, and Bineng was the least. Bineng has the most number of sitios, while Betag has the least with only 4.
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, La Trinidad had a population of 129,133. The population density was 1,800 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,700/sq mi).
La Trinidad supplies most of the Philippines' strawberries and cut flowers which include roses. The La Trinidad Vegetable Trading Post is visited by wholesalers and traders of vegetables from other provinces. The presence of the Benguet State University in the municipality serves as a boost to agricultural research and development in the region.
The town landed on the Guinness Book of World Records for baking the world's largest strawberry shortcake, at 21,213.40 pounds (9,622.24 kg), at the La Trinidad Strawberry Festival on March 20, 2004.
La Trinidad, aside from the adjacent city of Baguio, is the center of higher education in Benguet province.
The main campus of the Benguet State University, the first university in the province, is located in the municipality.
- BVS Colleges
- Cordillera Career Development College
- King's College of the Philippines
- Northskills Polytechnic College
- Philippine Nazarene College
- Rainbow Mission International Academy
- San Jose School La Trinidad
- Star Colleges
- H.O.P.E. Christian Academy, Inc.
La Trinidad is the burial place of:
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- "Barangay Cruz" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
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- "Barangay Alapang" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Alno" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Ambiong" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Bahong" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Balili" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Beckel" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Bineng" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Betag" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Lubas" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Pico" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Poblacion" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Puguis" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Shilan" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Barangay Tawang" (web page and PDF). Municipality of La Trinidad. 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
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La Trinidad and Sablan have sister-city agreements with Tamuning and Agat villages, respectively.