Tuba, officially the Municipality of Tuba, (Ilokano: Ili ti Tuba; Tagalog: Bayan ng Tuba), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 47,648 people.
|Municipality of Tuba|
Map of Benguet with Tuba highlighted
|Region||Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)|
|Barangays||13 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Clarita P. Sal-ongan|
|• Vice Mayor||Maria L. Carantes|
|• Congressman||Nestor B. Fongwan|
|• Electorate||23,210 voters (2016)|
|• Total||295.97 km2 (114.27 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)74|
|Income class||1st municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||160.5 million (2016)|
|Native languages||Kankanaey language|
Tuba is known as the "Gateway to Baguio", as the Asin–Nangalisan–San Pascual Road, Ben Palispis Highway or Marcos Highway. Kennon Road and Naguilian Road, four access highways of the adjacent city of Baguio, are largely traversed in the municipality.
Tuba was originally a barrio of the township of Baguio in the early 1900s under the American Occupation of the Philippines. It was separated from Baguio upon the latter's conversion into a chartered city on September 1, 1909, and became part of the township of Twin Peaks in Benguet.
On June 25, 1963, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 and by operation of Section 2 of Republic Act No. 1515, the municipal District of Tuba was converted into a regular municipality.
Tuba is located at Central Cordillera Mountain Range. South of the municipality lies the province of Pangasinan and to the west lies the Ilocos rolling hills of the province of La Union. It is bordered on the north by Sablan and La Trinidad; east by Baguio and Itogon; and south by Sison and San Manuel., at the south-western tip of both Benguet and the
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 295.97 square kilometres (114.27 sq mi)  constituting 10.69% of the 2,769.08-square-kilometre- (1,069.15 sq mi) total area of Benguet.
The municipality's urban area comprises the barangays of Poblacion and Camp 3, having a composite land area of 83.85 square kilometres (32.37 sq mi), or 19.31% of the total land area.
Tuba's topography is generally characterized by irregular rugged terrain and steep slopes with several mountain peaks rising from the table land itself. Mount Santo Tomas, the highest peak in the municipality soars to 2,252 metres (7,388 ft) above sea level.[unreliable source]
Four major rivers/streams and 49 tributary/minor rivers and creeks intersect the landform and serve as the drains of the municipality.
Tuba has 2 pronounced seasons - wet and dry. The dry season starts in November and lasts until April while the wet season lasts from May to October.
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, Tuba had a population of 47,648. The population density was 160 inhabitants per square kilometre (410/sq mi).
Mining is a major contributor to the economy of Tuba. The town's mining industry began upon the discovery of gold in the province of Benguet during the early 1930s. Since 1958, Philex Mining Corporation, the largest gold and copper producer in the Philippines, has been operating the first underground block cave mine in the Far East at Padcal in Barangay Camp 3.
A few abandoned mining sites such as those of Benguet Exploration Mine and Black Mountain, Inc. have been left unattended for years, which pose a threat to the local population and the environment.
The presence of waterfalls, hot springs and natural caves in the municipality boosts tourism.Mount Cabuyao and Mount Santo Tomas, the highest mountain in the town, are frequently visited by mountaineers.[unreliable source]
The three major highways that connect the lowlands to Baguio City pass through the municipality.
(downhill from Baguio City)
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