San Manuel, Pangasinan

San Manuel, officially the Municipality of San Manuel (Pangasinan: Baley na San Manuel; Ilocano: Ili ti San Manuel; Tagalog: Bayan ng San Manuel), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 52,939 people. [3]

San Manuel
Municipality of San Manuel
SanManuelPangasinanjf666.JPG
Official seal of San Manuel
Seal
Map of Pangasinan with San Manuel highlighted
Map of Pangasinan with San Manuel highlighted
OpenStreetMap
San Manuel is located in Philippines
San Manuel
San Manuel
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°03′56″N 120°40′00″E / 16.06556°N 120.66667°E / 16.06556; 120.66667Coordinates: 16°03′56″N 120°40′00″E / 16.06556°N 120.66667°E / 16.06556; 120.66667
Country Philippines
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
ProvincePangasinan
District6th district
Barangays14 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorKenneth Marco Sison Perez
 • Vice MayorAlain Jerico Sison Perez
 • Electorate29,825 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total129.18 km2 (49.88 sq mi)
Elevation
78 m (256 ft)
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total52,939
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Households
11,622
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence12.44% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱178,477,219.66 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2438
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)75
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesPangasinan
Ilocano
Tagalog

GeographyEdit

San Manuel, in Eastern Pangasinan has nearby neighbors: Cordillera Mountain, Tuba, Benguet, Pozorrubio, San Nicolas, Asingan, Tayug and Binalonan, all of Pangasinan, with a total land area of 183.39 sq.m.

BarangaysEdit

San Manuel is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.

  • San Antonio-Arzadon
  • Cabacaraan
  • Cabaritan
  • Flores
  • Guiset Norte (Poblacion)
  • Guiset Sur (Poblacion)
  • Lapalo
  • Nagsaag
  • Narra
  • San Bonifacio
  • San Juan
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Santo Domingo

Every barangay has a Catholic Chapel, which are maintained by the Lay Ministers Of St. Bartholomew Parish Church- Located in the town proper of San Manuel.

Etymology and historyEdit

The town's name originated from early settlers' founder, Don Manuel Sequig amid the town's existence in 1614, when Poblacion was in Pau (now Curibetbet) with a population of 2,023.

In 1688 the Convento was erected and in 1720, both the church and convent were in place at Pau but were burned down due to a bad omen superstition, hence Asingan fused San Manuel was but natives moved Guiset, a name of San Manuel (great bamboo thickets). In 1860, San Manuel was decreed a town for the second time.

San Manuel became a town, 44 years before Asingan was, but was absorbed by the latter from 1903 to 1907. (Source:Mr. Crispo Baclit, "Ti Ababa Nga Pakasaritaan Ti Ili a San Manuel, Pangasinan")

IncidentEdit

On September 12, 2012, gun-for-hire suspect Marcelino Cardinas Jr. (alias Jun Fabro, Barangay Botobot Norte, Balaoan, La Union) was arrested on the Case Unclosed twin murders of San Manuel’s Vice Mayor Bonifacio Apilado (in Urdaneta City on June 20, 2007,)and Christopher Alfonso (an engineer, on Aug. 21, 2011). Regional Trial Court Judge Joven Costales of Branch 45, Urdaneta City issued the warrant of arrest for Renato Tarinay Jr. and Cardinas, Jr.[5] Cardinas was arrested in the house of Leonardo Sol, Sol Group leader of a Private Armed Group (PAG) in Barangay Flores, San Manuel town[6]

In Barangay Gueset Norte, San Manuel, Pangasinan, Romero Gorospe, 40 Narra Tricycle Driver-Operators Association President and bodyguard of San Manuel mayoral bet and retired Vice Admiral Virgilio Q. Marcelo was ambushed, while Ruth Palip and Rosalinda Calip also died while crossing the street on April 19, 2010.[7][8]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of San Manuel
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 7,784—    
1918 12,244+3.07%
1939 15,622+1.17%
1948 15,376−0.18%
1960 20,959+2.61%
1970 26,357+2.32%
1975 27,555+0.90%
1980 29,622+1.46%
1990 35,490+1.82%
1995 36,392+0.47%
2000 41,206+2.70%
2007 46,769+1.76%
2010 46,875+0.08%
2015 52,939+2.34%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][9][10][11]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for San Manuel, Pangasinan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
35
(95)
34
(93)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
32
(90)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.6
(0.54)
10.4
(0.41)
18.2
(0.72)
15.7
(0.62)
178.4
(7.02)
227.9
(8.97)
368
(14.5)
306.6
(12.07)
310.6
(12.23)
215.7
(8.49)
70.3
(2.77)
31.1
(1.22)
1,766.5
(69.56)
Average rainy days 3 2 2 4 14 16 23 21 24 15 10 6 140
Source: World Weather Online[12]

LanguageEdit

San Manuel natives speak mostly Ilocano and Pangasinan. English and Filipino are spoken as well.[13]

Local governmentEdit

The Honorable Kenneth Marco Sison Perez serves as Mayor of San Manuel, while his brother the Honorable Alain Jerico Sison Perez serves as Vice Mayor.[14] Previously, the Honorable Salvador M. Perez, their father, served as Vice Mayor to Alain Perez when he was Mayor, after the elder Perez served as Mayor himself.

The Perez family has long held mayoralty post over four generations, including Laureano (Kenneth Marco’s grandfather) from 1964-1980 and 1981-1985 and Don Primitivo (Kenneth Marco’s great-grandfather) from 1934-1940 and 1956-1963.[15] The Mayor holds office at the Session Hall which is located at the Legislative Building.[16][17]

TourismEdit

San Manuel has the following attractions and interesting points:

  • NGCP's San Manuel street-lighting project: the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP) electrified San Manuel from Nagsaag Extra-High Voltage (EHV) substation down to Asuncion Street.[18] per Chief Administrative Officer Anthony L. Almeda and San Manuel Mayor Alain Jerico S. Perez MOA. San Manuel, Pangasinan hosts NGCP’s District 3 Office, the San Manuel Substation, and the Extra High Voltage Station and transmission lines.[18][19]
  • Fiesta yearly, March 11–13.[20] Pista'y Dayat
  • Butao Springs : A&E spring resort at Butao.[21] Botao Spring Resort: a scenic picnic background, virtual oasis with 5 swimming pools, shady areas, spring water and 3-room cottage. Villa Felisa Spring Resort a hidden place to enjoy peaceful and scenic view to relaxed from busy urban life.[4]
  • San Roque Multi-Purpose Power Plant - San Roque Dam (Philippines)[22] is the second largest dam in Asia.

It is Asia's tallest dam and largest private hydropower project, costing US$1.19 billion and generating 345 MW of power.

  • On May 11, 2012, granite "Walk of Fame" Memorial was unveiledd: Names of San Manuel Leaders, Mayors and notable residents were inscribed at the very long Marker in front of the Municipio or Town hall .[23][24]
  • Feast of Saint Bartholomew - month of October.
  • Historical Marker of 1886 Municipio Municipal (Capitan Toribio Diccion: burned, 1943 WWII; in 1934, Mayor Primitivo S. Perez, Marker and Flag Pole & 1979, Mayor Laureano S. Perez)
  • 1927 Memorial "Veteranos de la Revoucion": Kapitan Juan P. Marquez & Sarhento Cornelio Ines (1898 Fort of Bolangit)

St. Bartholomew Parish ChurchEdit

 
St. Bartholomew Parish Church

The 1687 St. Bartholomew Parish Church (Rizal, San Manuel, 2438 Central Pangasinan) is under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan,[25] Roman Catholic Diocese of Urdaneta.[26][27][28]

Its Feast Day is August 24, with Parish Priest, Father Diomedes S. Laguerta, Guest Priest, Father Rafael T. Cruz and Vicar Forane, Father Elpidio F. Silva Jr.[29] (16°3'55"N 120°40'9"E Nearby cities: San Carlos City, Tarlac City and Alaminos City)

San Manuel first existed in barrio Pao (now Bato) in 1614, while the first church was built in Pao in 1688, which was burned in 1720, due to superstition. Hence, the natives heard Mass at Sinapug, name of Asingan.

Accepted in 1860, San Manuel became a House of the Dominican Order in 1878, per Royal Decree of July 6, 1878, an independent parish from Asingan. The first “ermita” of the town was erected with the help of the faithful by Kura Paroko, Fr. Bonifacio Provanza built the first "ermita" or Bisita in 1882, with a cruciform. Fr. Jose Ma. Puente continued the construction and on October 1, 1894, a great whirlwind destroyed the ermita which was rebuilt by Fr, Fuente adding the convent. The 1898 revolutionaries destroyed the Church. Fr. Probanza built a small convent and the old church was about 100 meter long and 20 meters wide.[27][30][31][32][33]

EducationEdit

St. Mary's Dominican School is the first and only private Catholic School in the town. It was established by the late Fr. Mendoza and handed over to the Dominican Sisters ( O.P.).

Mataas na Paaralang Juan C. Laya (MPJCL) is the largest public secondary school of the town. It was the home to thousand of students coming from different barangays of the town. It was named after the late Juan C. Laya (1911-1952), a distinguished writer and educator. Juan Cabreros Laya (Filipino novelist, publisher and awardee of a Commonwealth prize for his English novel "His Native Land") is the founder of Inang Lupa publishing and was active in textbook in the 1950s.[citation needed]

On 15 December 2012, For. Tom Valdez, SRPC vice president of San Roque Power Corp (SRPC), operator of the San Roque Multi-purpose Project including the Dam, opened its Education Governance Programs (with Synergeia Foundation) for San Manuel and San Nicolas in Pangasinan and Itogon in Benguet - the communities housing San Roque Dam. Main features are the day-care center and the Laklak creek retaining wall in Barangay Camangaan, repair of 5-classroom building in Barangay Bobon and building of one-classroom building each for barangays Bomboaya and Don Cristobal.[34]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of San Manuel | (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Pangasinan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Private armed group leader nabbed". SunStar. Archived from the original on 2013-03-10. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-20. Retrieved 2012-12-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ "Tension grips Pangasinan town after killing". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2010-04-20. Archived from the original on 2014-02-19. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  9. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Pangasinan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  12. ^ "San Manuel, Pangasinan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  13. ^ "Pangasinan". Home.comcast.net. Archived from the original on 2015-09-30. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  14. ^ "Pangasinan website — San Manuel". Retrieved 2020-11-21.
  15. ^ Visperas, Eva. "Pangasinan clan ruling town for 52 years". Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  16. ^ "2013 Candidates in San Manuel | List of Candidates for San Manuel, Pangasinan". Know Your Candidates. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  17. ^ http://www.pangasinan.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/pangasinan-facts-figures-2010.pdf
  18. ^ a b http://www.ngcp.ph/news_file/2012-12-12_news_release_streetlighting.pdf[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ [2]
  20. ^ "Arts and Culture". Travel.pangasinan.com. Archived from the original on 2013-11-02. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  21. ^ "San Manuel, Pangasinan | The Backride Tour | EDMARATION #TownExplorer". Edmaration.com. 2011-12-13. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  22. ^ "San Roque dam in Pangasinan releases water". SunStar. 2012-08-03. Archived from the original on 2012-10-08. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  23. ^ "'Walk of Fame' ng mga lider ng bayan ng San Manuel, Pangasinan | Balita Pilipinas". GMA News. 2012-05-11. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  24. ^ "BP: Walk of fame ng mga lider ng bayan ng San Manuel". YouTube. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  25. ^ Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan. "Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan". Rcald.org. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  26. ^ [3] Archived July 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ a b Chester (2008-02-18). "Capital of Pangasinan: All Churches in Pangasinan". Capitalpangasinan.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  28. ^ "List of Catholic Dioceses in Asia | Asian Catholic Directory". Ucanews. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  29. ^ "St. Bartholomew Parish Church | catholic church". Wikimapia.org. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  30. ^ "Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan". Claretianpublications.com. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  31. ^ Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan. "Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan: Vicariate of Santo Tomas de Aquino". Rcald.org. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  32. ^ "Cathedral of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Urdaneta City, Pangasinan, Philippines". GCatholic.org. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  33. ^ "Diocese of Urdaneta". Cbcponline.net. Archived from the original on 2004-03-27. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-16. Retrieved 2012-12-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit