Itogon, officially the Municipality of Itogon, (Ilocano: Ili ti Itogon; Tagalog: Bayan ng Itogon), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 61,498 people. [3]

Itogon
Municipality of Itogon
Municipal hall
Municipal hall
Flag of Itogon
Official seal of Itogon
Map of Benguet with Itogon highlighted
Map of Benguet with Itogon highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Itogon is located in Philippines
Itogon
Itogon
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°22′N 120°40′E / 16.37°N 120.67°E / 16.37; 120.67Coordinates: 16°22′N 120°40′E / 16.37°N 120.67°E / 16.37; 120.67
CountryPhilippines
RegionCordillera Administrative Region
ProvinceBenguet
District Lone district
FoundedMay 15, 1951
Barangays9 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorVictorio T. Palangdan
 • Vice MayorAdriano R. Carantes Jr.
 • RepresentativeNestor B. Fongwan
 • Electorate31,249 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total449.73 km2 (173.64 sq mi)
Elevation
1,003 m (3,291 ft)
Highest elevation
1,671 m (5,482 ft)
Lowest elevation
404 m (1,325 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total61,498
 • Density140/km2 (350/sq mi)
 • Households
14,204
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence6.88% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱356,520,799.33 (2020)
 • Assets₱1,431,895,624.19 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱325,999,490.62 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱412,636,326.41 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityBenguet Electric Cooperative (BENECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2604
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)74
Native languagesKankanaey
Ibaloi
I-Wak
Ilocano
Tagalog
Websitewww.itogon.gov.ph

The largest municipality in Benguet by land area, Itogon is a mining town, being the site of the first large-scale mining operations in the country.[5][6][7]

Itogon is also the site of Binga Dam.[8] managed and operated by the SN Aboitiz Power - Benguet, Inc.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

Spanish periodEdit

During the Spanish Regime, a native of the historic pueblo of Itogon (or Itokhon), named Codeng, was appointed by the Spanish authorities as capitan of another nearby village, Balingway (currently Itogon Central/Proper[9]).[6][7] Balingway was later established as a town site and renamed after Codeng's native place.[6]

American periodEdit

During the American rule, Itogon was established as one of the 19 townships of the province of Benguet, upon the issuance of Act No. 48 by the Philippine Commission on November 22, 1900.[6][10][11]

Mining operations started in Itogon in 1903, after Benguet Corporation, the Philippines' first mining firm, was established in the town under the name, Benguet Consolidated Mining Company (BCMC), by Americans Nelson Peterson and Harry Clyde.[5][12]

On August 13, 1908, Benguet was established as a sub-province of the newly created Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876. As a result, six townships of Benguet were abolished, but Itogon remained a constituent town of Benguet sub-province.[11]

World War IIEdit

Guerrilla forces in Northern Luzon launch a successful attack on the Itogon Mining District on October 15, 1942, drawing Japanese attention. This results in the Japanese pouring more troops in Luzon Island.

Post-war eraEdit

In 1948, plans by the National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR) for a second dam construction along the Agno River in the province of Benguet started, after the Ambuklao Dam construction commenced in Bokod. Bulldozers started clearing the forested area of the Guissit Mountains in 1954 for the Binga Dam. Construction of the dam took 3 years and 9 months, from August 1956 until its formal operations opening in May 1960.[7][8]

On May 15, 1951, the town was converted into a regular municipality from the former municipal district of the same name, with the enactment of Republic Act No. 616.[13]

On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and was converted into a regular province. Itogon remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province.[11][14]

GeographyEdit

 
A forest in Mount Ulap

Itogon is located at 16°22′N 120°40′E / 16.37°N 120.67°E / 16.37; 120.67, at the southeast end of the Benguet, forming a border with the provinces of Nueva Vizcaya (on the west) and Pangasinan (on the south). The town is bounded by Baguio and the municipality of Tuba on the west, La Trinidad and Tublay on the north-west, Bokod on the north-east, Kayapa and Santa Fe on the southeast, San Manuel and San Nicolas on the south, and Sison on the south-west.

Itogon is 17 kilometres (11 mi) from Baguio, 22 kilometres (14 mi) from La Trinidad, and 267 kilometres (166 mi) from Manila.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 449.73 square kilometres (173.64 sq mi)[15] constituting 16.24% of the 2,769.08-square-kilometre- (1,069.15 sq mi) total area of Benguet.

Around 80 percent of the municipality's land area is protected as part of the Lower Agno Watershed Forest Reserve and Upper Agno River Basin Resource Reserve. The Agno River traverses the municipality and is impounded at Binga (19 kilometres or 12 miles from the Ambuklao Dam in Bokod) forming the Binga Dam.[8]

BarangaysEdit

Itogon is politically subdivided into 9 barangays.[16] These barangays are headed by elected officials: Barangay Captain, Barangay Council, whose members are called Barangay Councilors. All are elected every three years.

 
An outcrop of metamorphosed basalt (greenschist) in barangay Tinungdan


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020[3] 2010[17]
141106001 Ampucao 18.1% 11,118 10,450 0.60%
141106002 Dalupirip 5.0% 3,058 2,578 1.65%
141106003 Gumatdang 3.5% 2,163 1,895 1.28%
141106004 Loacan 12.6% 7,740 7,714 0.03%
141106005 Poblacion (Central) 6.0% 3,663 3,267 1.10%
141106006 Tinongdan 5.8% 3,596 4,216 −1.51%
141106007 Tuding 13.1% 8,082 7,703 0.46%
141106008 Ucab 15.3% 9,410 7,870 1.73%
141106009 Virac 17.9% 10,990 10,267 0.66%
Total 61,498 55,960 0.91%

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Itogon, Benguet
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
26
(79)
28
(82)
29
(84)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
Average low °C (°F) 15
(59)
16
(61)
17
(63)
19
(66)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
19
(66)
18
(64)
17
(63)
16
(61)
18
(65)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
16
(0.6)
24
(0.9)
33
(1.3)
102
(4.0)
121
(4.8)
177
(7.0)
165
(6.5)
144
(5.7)
170
(6.7)
56
(2.2)
23
(0.9)
1,046
(41.2)
Average rainy days 6.3 6.6 9.5 12.8 20.6 23.5 25.4 23.4 23.2 21.4 14.0 8.2 194.9
Source: Meteoblue[18]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Itogon
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 29—    
1918 3,167+36.74%
1939 35,179+12.15%
1948 16,970−7.78%
1960 32,742+5.63%
1970 39,834+1.98%
1975 41,081+0.62%
1980 47,605+2.99%
1990 61,773+2.64%
1995 47,781−4.70%
2000 46,705−0.49%
2007 48,778+0.60%
2010 55,960+5.13%
2015 59,820+1.28%
2020 61,498+0.55%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[19][17][20][21]

In the 2020 census, Itogon had a population of 61,498. [3] The population density was 140 inhabitants per square kilometre (360/sq mi).

Generally inhabited by 60 percent Ibalois, 40 percent Kankanaey, and other ethnicities such as the Ilocano, Itogon was the most populous municipality in the province, with a population of 61,773 in the 1990 census. Its population abruptly declined five years after as illustrated in the census of 1995.[21]

EconomyEdit

Itogon's main source of livelihood is mining.[5] Secondary to mining is agriculture. Major mining companies which operate in the town include Benguet Corporation, Philex Mining Corporation, Atok Big Wedge Mining Company (now called Atok Gold Mining Company) and Itogon Suyoc Mines.[29]

GovernmentEdit

Itogon, belonging to the lone congressional district of the province of Benguet, is governed by a mayor designated as its local chief executive and by a municipal council as its legislative body in accordance with the Local Government Code. The mayor, vice mayor, and the councilors are elected directly by the people through an election which is being held every three years.

Elected officialsEdit

Members of the Municipal Council
(2019–2022)[30]
Position Name
Congressman Nestor B. Fongwan[a]

Eric G. Yap (since January 20, 2020)[32]

Mayor Victorio T. Palangdan
Vice-Mayor Adriano R. Carantes Jr.
Councilors Jodeo Brendalyn R. Acay-Camuyot
Cesar A. Altiga
Clint D. Galutan
Dante Alain Xavier D. Godio
Jamie C. Laduan
Flordeliza G. Depayso
Mackenzie T. Pio Jr.
Lison C. Latawan Jr.

TourismEdit

 
Alternate rendering of current seal
 
Former seal of Itogon

Known tourist destination areas in Itogon include the Binga Dam in Tinongdan and Balatoc Mines Tours in Balatoc, Virac. Other tourist spots include the open pit mines in Loacan, hot spring in Dalupirip, Mount Ugo in Tinongdan, Level 1300 swimming pools in Poblacion with hot steams and bath and the mummies in Domolpos also in Tinongdan.[33][34]

 
St. Joseph Heritage Church in barangay Dalupirip.

TransportationEdit

Highways through Itogon:

EducationEdit

Public schoolsEdit

As of 2014, Itogon has 39 public elementary schools and 7 public secondary schools.[35][36][37]

 
School buildings and quadrangle of the Fianza Elementary School in Dalupirip, Itogon, Benguet.

Private schoolsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Died on December 18, 2019.[31]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Itogon | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2020). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  5. ^ a b c Cabreza, Vincent (October 20, 2012). "Country's first mine town should have been richest in PH". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d "Municipality of Itogon, Benguet". Department of the Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  7. ^ a b c Pungayan, Morr Tadeo. "History of Itogon: Chronology of Itogon History". Official Website of the Municipality of Itogon. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  8. ^ a b c "Binga Dam". National Power Corporation. NAPOCOR. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2014. Binga Dam forms an impoundment on the Agno River, approximately 19 km downstream of the Ambuklao dam, in Benguet province, northern Luzon.
  9. ^ Gimenez, Lulu A. (1996). On the Basis of Custom and History: Land Resource Ownership and Access Rights Among the Igorot of the Itogon Mining Area. Mining Communities Development Center. p. 49. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  10. ^ "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region. Archived from the original on May 17, 2007. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c "History: Benguet Province". Province of Benguet (official website). Archived from the original on October 19, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  12. ^ "Weighing the cost of gold rush in Benguet". ABS-CBN News. ABS-CBN Corporation. October 16, 2008. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  13. ^ "R.A. No. 616: An Act to Convert the Municipal District of Itogon, Sub-province of Benguet, Mountain Province, into a Regular Municipality to be Known as the Municipality of Itogon". LawPH.com. Archived from the original on November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  14. ^ "Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. June 18, 1966. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Municipal: Itogon". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  17. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  18. ^ "Itogon: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
  19. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  20. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  21. ^ a b "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  22. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  23. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  24. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  25. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  26. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  27. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  28. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  29. ^ "Brief Profile of the Municipality of Itogon". Official Website of the Municipality of Itogon. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  30. ^ "2019 National and Local Elections" (PDF). Commission on Elections. Retrieved March 12, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  31. ^ Cimatu, Frank (December 19, 2019). "Benguet Representative Nestor Fongwan dies at 68". Rappler.com. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  32. ^ "House names party-list solon as Benguet caretaker". Philippine News Agency. January 22, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  33. ^ "Tourism". Municipality of Itogon, Official Website. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  34. ^ "Local Attractions: Itogon". Province of Benguet website. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  35. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013". Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Archived from the original (XLSX) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  36. ^ a b "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)". Department of Education (Philippines), 4 July 2013. Archived from the original (XLSX) on July 1, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  37. ^ a b "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014". Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Archived from the original (XLSX) on April 21, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2014.

External linksEdit