Sadanga

Sadanga, officially the Municipality of Sadanga is a 5th class municipality in the province of Mountain Province, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 8,799 people. [3]Sadanga boundaries both provinces are Abra to the northwest & west and Kalinga to the north & northeast.

Sadanga
Municipality of Sadanga
Flag of Sadanga
Flag
Official seal of Sadanga
Seal
Map of Mountain Province with Sadanga highlighted
Map of Mountain Province with Sadanga highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Sadanga is located in Philippines
Sadanga
Sadanga
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 17°10′N 121°02′E / 17.17°N 121.03°E / 17.17; 121.03Coordinates: 17°10′N 121°02′E / 17.17°N 121.03°E / 17.17; 121.03
Country Philippines
RegionCordillera Administrative Region
ProvinceMountain Province
District Lone district
Barangays8 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorGabino P. Ganggangan
 • Vice MayorAlbert T. Ayao-ao
 • RepresentativeMaximo Y. Dalug Jr.
 • Electorate6,060 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total83.30 km2 (32.16 sq mi)
Elevation
1,205 m (3,953 ft)
Highest elevation
1,980 m (6,500 ft)
Lowest elevation
632 m (2,073 ft)
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total8,799
 • Density110/km2 (270/sq mi)
 • Households
1,764
Economy
 • Income class5th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence37.43% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱48,908,329.19 (2016)
Service provider
 • ElectricityMountain Province Electric Cooperative (MOPRECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2617
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)74
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Native languagesBalangao
Bontoc
Ilocano
Tagalog
Websitewww.sadanga.gov.ph

The municipality is the only place in the world where the Sinadanga language is used. The language is highly significant in the Sinadanga culture, making its conservation an utmost importance to the survival of the Sinadanga people's traditions.

BarangaysEdit

Sadanga is politically subdivided into 8 barangays.

  • Anabel
  • Belwang
  • Betwagan
  • Bekigan
  • Poblacion
  • Sacasacan
  • Saclit
  • Demang

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Sadanga, Mountain Province
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
21
(70)
23
(73)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
20
(68)
23
(73)
Average low °C (°F) 13
(55)
14
(57)
15
(59)
17
(63)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
16
(61)
15
(59)
14
(57)
16
(61)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 35
(1.4)
46
(1.8)
63
(2.5)
117
(4.6)
402
(15.8)
400
(15.7)
441
(17.4)
471
(18.5)
440
(17.3)
258
(10.2)
94
(3.7)
68
(2.7)
2,835
(111.6)
Average rainy days 9.9 19.5 13.9 18.9 26.0 27.3 28.9 28.5 26.1 19.7 14.5 12.8 246
Source: Meteoblue [5]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Sadanga
YearPop.±% p.a.
1918 3,956—    
1939 2,933−1.41%
1948 3,930+3.30%
1960 5,967+3.54%
1970 5,115−1.53%
1975 5,909+2.94%
1980 6,650+2.39%
1990 7,302+0.94%
1995 8,373+2.60%
2000 8,596+0.57%
2007 9,706+1.69%
2010 9,181−2.00%
2015 8,799−0.81%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

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EconomyEdit


CultureEdit

The town has its indigenous council of elders who make decisions for the indigenous Sinadanga people. The Sinadanga have their own language, called the Sinadanga, which is preserved by the people themselves by using it in homes, schools, and everyday life more than the national language. The Sinadanga language is one of the hardest languages to learn from the Cordilleras. The people also have their own back-strap loom weaving culture, epic chants for planting and harvesting rice, rice terracing practices, indigenous rituals to the gods such as the pumatay (ritual where pawid stalks are burnt while cooking meat, then the food is served to the gods), and vernacular house architecture. The most prominent tradition of the Sinadanga people is the enforcement of the teer (day of rest) and closure of the village from visitors. The tradition begins with a meeting of the council of elders within the center of the town. The council negotiates with its members on whether they should close the village or not and when. Once a truce has been made, the elders will drink their traditional wine and one of the elders will announce the decision via public statement, which can be heard throughout the village valley. The tradition is made so that for a period of time, the Sinadanga townsfolk can rest from their traditional work, and can manage to converse and strengthen their bonds with each other through public engagement with their neighbors. The next step after the announcement is made is to establish the faya uy (long tree stalks) at both sides of the road entrance of the town. The establishment of the faya uy directly puts the town closure in effect, and thus, negates all visitors from visiting the town. The council of elders inputs a guard at the town's entrance and the faya uy to protect the town from unwanted visitors. The faya uy is also the main symbol of the Sindanga's teer. On the imposition of the faya uy, the people are usually seen within the taur or place of public engagement. The faya uy is disestablished on a certain day and time as agreed upon by the council of elders.[15]

EnvironmentEdit

The environment of Sinadanga is serene and clear from garbage as cleanliness for the environment is a norm in Sidanga culture. Sinadanga is home to the Fowa-As falls, a sacred water source. Littering and any other form of destruction within the site, and the entire valley in general, is strictly prohibited.[16]

Sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Sadanga | (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Mountain Province". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ "Sadanga: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  6. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of Mountain Province". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  10. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  11. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  12. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gQ-7GxufsGw
  16. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gQ-7GxufsGw
  17. ^ "Sister Cities". The Local Government of Quezon City. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2019.

External linksEdit