I, Tonya is a 2017 American biographical film directed by Craig Gillespie and written by Steven Rogers. It follows the life of figure skater Tonya Harding and her connection to the 1994 attack on her rival Nancy Kerrigan. The film states that it is based on "contradictory" and "true" interviews with Tonya Harding and her ex-husband Jeff Gillooly, suggesting they are unreliable narrators. It features darkly comedic interviews with the characters in mockumentary-style, set in the modern day, and breaks the fourth wall. Margot Robbie (who also co-produced) stars as Harding, Sebastian Stan plays Harding's husband Jeff Gillooly, and Allison Janney plays Harding's mother LaVona Golden; Julianne Nicholson, Caitlin Carver, Paul Walter Hauser, and Bobby Cannavale also star.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Craig Gillespie|
|Written by||Steven Rogers|
|Music by||Peter Nashel|
|Edited by||Tatiana S. Riegel|
|Box office||$53.9 million|
I, Tonya premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 8, 2017, and was theatrically released in the United States on December 8, 2017, and grossed $53.9 million worldwide on an $11 million budget. It received critical acclaim, with major praise drawn towards Robbie and Janney's performances.
At the 90th Academy Awards, Janney won for Best Supporting Actress, while the film also earned nominations for Best Actress for Robbie and Best Film Editing. It earned three nominations at the 75th Golden Globe Awards, winning Best Supporting Actress for Janney, and at the 24th Screen Actors Guild Awards, it won Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role for Janney and was nominated for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role (Robbie). At the 71st British Academy Film Awards, the film earned five nominations, winning Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Janney.
In 1970s Portland, Oregon, four year-old Tonya Harding is forced to ice skate by her abusive mother, LaVona Golden. As Tonya grows up, her parents take her out of school to focus on her skating career, as she trains under coach Diane Rawlinson. Tonya rapidly becomes one of the best figure skaters in the United States, but is held back by her "white trash" reputation, home-made costumes and unconventional choice of performance music (ZZ Top). At 15, she begins dating 18-year-old Jeff Gillooly. They marry, but Jeff becomes abusive. When LaVona scorns Tonya for putting up with it, Tonya blames LaVona for her raising her badly.
After a dispute with Diane, Tonya fires her and hires Dody Teachman as her new coach. Tonya becomes the first female figure skater to complete two triple Axel jumps in competition. At the 1992 Winter Olympics, Tonya fails to stick her landings and finishes fourth. Defeated, she moves in again with Jeff and takes a job as a waitress, but Diane convinces her to train for the 1994 Winter Olympics. On the day of her November 1993 competition at the Northwest Pacific Regional Championships in Portland, Tonya receives a death threat and chooses not to compete. In retaliation, Jeff instructs his friend Shawn Eckardt to send death threats to Tonya's rival Nancy Kerrigan. Tonya makes a phone call trying to locate Kerrigan's training arena and her practice times. Eckardt hires two inept crooks to attack Kerrigan after a practice session in Detroit. On January 6, 1994, Eckardt's henchmen strike Kerrigan's knee; she cannot compete at the next day's National competition. The hired henchmen are arrested.
Eckardt's bragging quickly leads the FBI to him. He blames Jeff, who is horrified to learn that Eckardt gave orders beyond sending the letters. Tonya qualifies for the Olympic team but realizes she will be found guilty by association. She goes to the FBI and tells them what Jeff and Eckardt did, but they show her interview transcript to Jeff after his arrest, and he races home to confront her. She briefly speaks to Jeff, then climbs out the window, leaving him for good. Jeff later implicates Tonya, saying she knew about the attack.
LaVona visits Tonya and offers her kind words; however, when LaVona asks if Tonya knew anything about the crime, Tonya realises she is wearing a wire and throws her mother out. Jeff, Eckardt, and the henchmen are charged, with Tonya's hearing postponed until after the Olympics. Tonya finishes eighth and Nancy Kerrigan wins the silver medal. Tonya avoids jail but is banned from competitive figure skating for life. Heartbroken, she begs the judge to give her jail time but not to take away the one thing she knows how to do; the judge refuses.
Jeff acknowledges that he ruined Tonya's career. He changes his name, remarries, opens a hair salon, divorces, and remarries. LaVona moves to Washington state and has no contact with Tonya either. Tonya remarries, divorces, takes up professional boxing, and becomes a landscaper, house painter and deck builder. She now lives happily with her seven-year-old son and third husband.
- Margot Robbie as Tonya Harding
- Sebastian Stan as Jeff Gillooly, Harding's lover and friend, later husband
- Allison Janney as LaVona Golden, Harding's mother
- Julianne Nicholson as Diane Rawlinson, Harding's skating coach and Bob's wife
- Caitlin Carver as Nancy Kerrigan, Harding's skating rival and Olympic teammate, and the victim of the 1994 attack
- Bojana Novakovic as Dody Teachman, another of Harding's coaches
- Paul Walter Hauser as Shawn Eckardt, a bodyguard and friend of Gillooly
- Bobby Cannavale as Martin Maddox, a former reporter
- Dan Triandiflou as Bob Rawlinson, Diane's husband and Tonya's attorney
- Ricky Russert as Shane Stant, hired by Jeff and Shawn to attack Nancy
- Anthony Reynolds as Derrick Smith, Stant's uncle, previous friend of Eckardt, first hired to attack Nancy before recruiting Shane himself to injure her
Screenwriter Steven Rogers was inspired to write the film after watching a documentary about ice skating which mentioned Tonya Harding. Rogers arranged separate interviews with Harding and her ex-husband Jeff Gillooly. They remembered the events of the 1994 scandal very differently. Rogers decided, "Well, that's my way in - to put everyone's point of view out there, and then let the audience decide." He later said that the film was really about "things we tell ourselves in order to…live with ourselves…how we change the narrative, and then want that to be the narrative."
Regarding Gillooly, Rogers stated "What's curious about Jeff is that he refused to take any money for life rights, for his interview, for anything." He remembered Jeff Gillooly saying that Harding was a great figure skater. According to Rogers, Gillooly also said that it was his own idea to threaten Nancy Kerrigan's ability to perform and took responsibility for his part in Harding's 1994 ruin: "he doesn't want to profit from it."
Margot Robbie, who played Harding and co-produced the film, did not realize the screenplay was based on a real event until after she finished reading it. Immediately prior to filming, Robbie flew from Los Angeles to Portland, Oregon to meet Harding. To prepare for the skating scenes, Robbie trained for four months. Heidi Munger and Anna Malkova served as skating doubles and Sarah Kawahara provided coaching and choreography.
Rogers wrote the role of Tonya's mother LaVona for Allison Janney; she is a longtime friend of Rogers, but the "stars had [not] aligned" for them to work together until he completed the script for I, Tonya. Janney said the part was one of the most challenging of her career. Shortly after the film premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival, she said "I think LaVona was actually a very smart woman, very articulate….She was not messing around and didn't want [Tonya] distracted….She wanted [Tonya] to know that it was going to be hard work, and knowing her daughter needed to be told she couldn't do it in order to do it was LaVona's way of saying, 'I was there to inspire her'."
Director Craig Gillespie was interested in the project because "I realized it was a great opportunity to revisit the story and make a commentary about how the media treats people." He did add that "I don't feel great about having to drag Nancy's name back into this". Gillespie said that he tried, in the film, to present Harding "in a very honest way" without "trying to pull those heartstrings…just showing you why she is the way she is."
Principal photography began in late January 2017 in Macon, Georgia, where Macon Coliseum was used as a set. Throughout the shoot, Robbie suffered from a herniated disc in her neck and had routine MRIs to ensure it was safe for her to continue filming skating scenes. Filming wrapped in late February of that year, with pickups in Atlanta on May 16.
Some of the songs of the soundtrack were used in Harding's real routines, such as ZZ Top's "Sleeping Bag". Others were selected by music supervisor Susan Jacobs: tracks from 1970s such as Fleetwood Mac's "The Chain" or Supertramp's "Goodbye Stranger" came from an era when music was "powerful and full" and "warm." Jacobs felt the "classic rock songs filled the picture without getting in the way of the story." Critic Emily Manning found that others, such as En Vogue's "Free Your Mind" and Heart's "Barracuda", created "an interesting parallel between Tonya's tenacity and ambition." The film ends with Siouxsie and the Banshees' cover of "The Passenger"; Manning wrote: "There was something really right about seeing Tonya skate to Siouxsie." Jacobs said that "The Passenger" was "something obviously female and the lyrics [resonated]". The lyrics of Dire Straits' "Romeo and Juliet" were also important as "they felt like the story".
|I, Tonya (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)|
|Soundtrack album by |
|Released||December 8, 2017|
|1.||"Fair to Love Me"||Mark Batson||2:08|
|2.||"Devil Woman"||Cliff Richard||3:34|
|3.||"Shooting Star"||Bad Company||6:15|
|4.||"Romeo and Juliet"||Dire Straits||6:01|
|5.||"A Fair Shot "||Peter Nashel||1:52|
|6.||"Free Your Mind"||En Vogue||4:53|
|8.||"How Can You Mend a Broken Heart"||Chris Stills||4:00|
|9.||"The Chain"||Fleetwood Mac||4:29|
|10.||"The Incident "||Peter Nashel||2:51|
|13.||"Gone Daddy Gone"||Violent Femmes||3:06|
|14.||"Dream a Little Dream of Me"||Doris Day||3:43|
|15.||"The Passenger"||Siouxsie and the Banshees||4:09|
|16.||"Tonya Suite "||Peter Nashel||5:04|
original score track
Additional songs featured in the filmEdit
- "Hey Mama Keep Your Mouth Shut" by Dr. Feelgood
- "Shining Star" by Fun Lovin' Criminals
- "Spirit in the Sky" by Norman Greenbaum
- "Can't You See" by The Marshall Tucker Band
- "Sleeping Bag" by ZZ Top
- "Mysterious Night" by Damon Criswell
- "Feels Like the First Time" by Foreigner
- "Little Girl Bad" by Joanie Sommers
- "Every 1's a Winner" by Hot Chocolate
- "People Are Still Having Sex" by LaTour
- "25 or 6 to 4" by Chicago
Note: Additional songs adapted from film credits
I, Tonya premiered at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival on September 8, 2017. Shortly after, Neon and 30West acquired domestic distribution rights to the film. It was theatrically released on December 8, 2017.
In January 2018, Dan Shaughnessy, columnist for The Boston Globe, asked Nancy Kerrigan in a telephone interview if she had seen the film – she had not. When Shaughnessy posited that Kerrigan was once "a victim of Harding's dysfunctional life", she agreed but emphasized that she was occupied with living her own life. Shaughnessy also asked Kerrigan to comment on whether she was "bothered by Hollywood's portrayal of Tonya"; she replied that the issue was no longer her business. Nancy Kerrigan said that her only "role" in the 1994 scandal was recovering from an attack, "That's it", she finished. She went on, during the interview, to speak about how she remembered the scandal as "A bizarre thing. The whole thing was crazy, being that it's a story. I mean, come on."
I, Tonya has grossed $30 million in the United States and Canada, and $23.9 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $53.9 million.
After making $11.6 million over a month in limited release, the film made $2.9 million from 799 theaters in its wide weekend. After the film earned its three Oscar nominations, it was added to 161 theaters the following week and made $3 million.
On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, I, Tonya holds an approval rating of 89% based on 353 reviews, with an average rating of 7.74/10. The website's critical consensus reads: "Led by strong work from Margot Robbie and Alison Janney, I, Tonya finds the humor in its real-life story without losing sight of its more tragic -- and emotionally resonant -- elements." On Metacritic, which assigns a rating to reviews, the film has a weighted average score of 77 out of 100, based on 47 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
Christy Lemire of RogerEbert.com described it as "an irresistible, soapy mix of jealousy, competition and class warfare, fortified by powerful performances and unexpected emotional resonance." Lemire also complimented Gillespie for "what would seem to be an impossible high-wire act: He's made a movie that's affectionately mocking—of this theatrical sport, of the idiots who surrounded Harding, of this hideous moment in fashion and pop culture—without actually mocking Harding herself." In Rolling Stone, Peter Travers wrote that the film holds "a mirror up to the class-conscious America most of us tend to ignore or dismiss – and makes us see ourselves reflected in it, too. I, Tonya is funny as hell, but the pain is just as real. You'll laugh till it hurts." Vulture praised Robbie's performance, feeling she had found a new "weight".
Ty Burr of The Boston Globe wrote that it was one of the most surprising films of the year - a "multi-layered saga of talent and class resentment". He praised Rogers' script as "sympathetic but clear-eyed, foul-mouthed but fair-minded". Burr wrote that the domestic abuse scenes are presented effectively because of the film's style of "ironic as-told-to comedy that intentionally curdles when the extent of [violence]...and Harding's grim acceptance...of it become obvious". However, when writing of the scene where Harding voices how she has internalized a victim-like identity, Burr believed the filmmakers failed to appreciate the scope of what that really means to her. He considered whether the filmmakers had an obligation not to be among "the many vultures picking at [Tonya's] pop-culture corpse". Burr did not think the filmmakers properly addressed the predicament of making a film about Harding's media over-exposure.
Richard Brody of The New Yorker felt the film failed to find an original depiction of the working class, and "treats Tonya's background, her tastes, her habits, her way of talking, as a joke... The result is a film that's as derisive and dismissive toward Tonya Harding as it shows the world at large to have been". In The Guardian, Jean Hannah Eldestein felt that the film was "played for laughs" at the expense of its subject.
Allison Janney was widely lauded for her performance as LaVona Golden, singled out for praise by critics. Christy Lemire of RogerEbert.com said: "Janney absolutely tears it up as the profane, chain-smoking LaVona Harding, constantly insulting Tonya and messing with her mind in the name of making her a champion. It's a showy, scenery-chewing performance but it's not one-note; Janney brings an undercurrent of sorrow to the part in revealing LaVona's twisted methodology." Michael O'Sullivan of The Washington Post wrote that: 'Janney steals every scene she's in, playing LaVona, a harridan whose nodding goes beyond tough love.' Helen O'Hara from Empire called Janney's performance flawless and flamboyant, and an unforgettable one. USA Today said; "Janney is magnificent as Tonya Harding's villainous and abusive mommy dearest. No curse word goes unused and no scenery is left unchewed by the actress, who takes over whenever she's onscreen, whether dealing with a pesky parakeet or breaking the fourth wall."
The movie received criticism for twisting the facts in order to make Harding sympathetic.
Reviewing the movie in the USA Today, Christine Brennan, who covered the real story in 1994, wrote that "the movie certainly doesn't worry about letting facts get in the way of a good story or bother to tell you that the only person Tonya has to blame...is herself."
In The Oregonian, J.E. Vader, who covered Harding's rise as a local up-and-coming hero, wrote a scathing review titled "I, Nauseated", in which he calls Harding an "unrepentant felon", and "habitually 'truth challenged', and added that "this fantasy film is Harding's dream come true".
I, Tonya earned various awards and nominations following its release. At the 7th AACTA International Awards, Robbie won Best Actress, while Janney won Best Supporting Actress. I, Tonya received five nominations at the 71st British Academy Film Awards, including Best Actress in a Leading Role for Robbie, Best Original Screenplay for Rogers and winning Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Janney. The film also garnered five Critics' Choice Movie Awards, with Robbie winning Best Actress in a Comedy and Janney winning Best Supporting Actress. At the 75th Golden Globe Awards, Janney received the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture, while the film was nominated for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and Robbie was nominated for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy I, Tonya gathered three Independent Spirit Awards nominations, and a Producers Guild of America Award nomination. Robbie and Janney were nominated for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role and Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role respectively at the 24th Screen Actors Guild Awards. Rogers earned a nomination for Best Original Screenplay from the Writers Guild of America. Tatiana S. Riegel won the American Cinema Editors Award for Best Edited Film (Comedy or Musical).
- Lang, Brent (September 11, 2017). "Toronto: Neon, 30WEST Land 'I, Tonya' With Margot Robbie". Variety. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
- "I, TONYA (15)". British Board of Film Classification. November 30, 2017. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
- Ford, Rebecca (December 1, 2017). "How Margot Robbie Nailed Her Landing for 'I, Tonya'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
- "I, Tonya (2017)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- Olsen, Mark (September 9, 2017). "'I, Tonya' blends humour and pathos at TIFF premiere with Margot Robbie as Tonya Harding". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- "Mockumentary hasn't killed comedy – it perfectly skewers how we live now". The Guardian. April 5, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- Bell, Elizabeth S. (2008). Theories of Performance. Sage. p. 203. ISBN 978-1-4129-2637-9.
- Wallis, Mick; Shepherd, Simon (1998). Studying plays. Arnold. p. 214. ISBN 0-340-73156-7.
- Rubin, Rebecca (December 11, 2017). "Golden Globe Nominations: Complete List". Variety. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
- "SAG Award Nominations: The Complete List". The Hollywood Reporter. December 13, 2017. Retrieved December 13, 2017.
- "The Shape of Water leads Bafta nominations". BBC News. January 9, 2018. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- Robbie, Margot; Rogers, Steven; Gillespie, Craig; Janney, Allison; et al. (December 5, 2017). "Conversations with I, Tonya [Cast and Crew]". SAG-AFTRA Foundation (Interview). YouTube. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
- Miller, Julie (December 6, 2017). "The Surreal Story of How Tonya Harding Inspired Awards Season's Scrappiest Contender". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
- Beresford, Trilby (March 26, 2018). "In Conversation: Steven Rogers Chose the Indie Route for "I, Tonya"". The screenwriter reflects on the messiness of truth and memory, and how he worked to build a story that encompassed everyone's point of view. Flood Magazine. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Miller, Julie (December 6, 2017). "The Surreal Story of How Tonya Harding Inspired Awards Season's Scrappiest Contender". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Robbie, Margot (January 12, 2018). "Conversations with Margot Robbie". SAG-AFTRA Foundation (Interview). Interviewed by Jenelle Riley. YouTube. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- Elfman, Lois (December 14, 2017). "Kawahara crafts skating magic for 'I, Tonya'". IceNetwork.com.
- Marotta, Jenna (December 13, 2017). "Training Margot Robbie to Be 'I, Tonya': Skating Choreographer Sarah Kawahara Tells All". IndieWire.
- Jacobs, Matthew (September 11, 2017). "Allison Janney's New Favorite Co-Star Is The Bird That Sits On Her Shoulder In 'I, Tonya'". HuffPost. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Eisner, Ken (January 9, 2018). "Director Craig Gillespie takes out the trash with I, Tonya". The Georgia Straight. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
- Gray, Peter (January 25, 2018). "DIRECTOR CRAIG GILLESPIE ON TAKING NO PRISONERS WHEN FILMING I, TONYA". The Iris. Iris.theAUreview.com. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
- "Georgia: I, Tonya" (PDF). Directors Guild of America. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
- "The Tonya Harding movie starring Margot Robbie is filming in Macon, GA next week". On Location Vacations. January 25, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
- Corley, Laura (February 1, 2017). ""I, Tonya" films in Macon, bringing '90s vibe to Macon Coliseum". Macon. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
- "Sebastian Stan updates his Instagram – I, Tonya finishes filming! – SebastianStanZone.com – Fansite for Sebastian Stan". Sebastianstanzone.com. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
- "Margot Robbie's 'I, Tonya' Reshoots Casting Call in Atlanta". Projectcasting.com. May 10, 2017. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
- ""I, Tonya" Casting for Reshoots in Atlanta -". 2018auditions.com. May 11, 2017. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
- Manning, Emily (January 17, 2018). "'I, Tonya' sets figure skating to siouxsie & the banshees (and it works)". i-d.vice.com. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
- Rosen, Christopher (December 11, 2017). "Best of 2017 (Behind the Scenes): The stories behind the best songs on the I, Tonya soundtrack". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
- "I, Tonya (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)". iTunes. Apple. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- "Toronto Film Festival 2017 Unveils Strong Slate". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
- Fleming Jr, Mike (September 11, 2017). "Neon & 30WEST Land 'I, Tonya' For $5 Million – Toronto". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 11, 2017.
- Kohn, Eric (September 11, 2017). "'I, Tonya' Sells to Neon: Why Tonya Harding's Story Is Taking Margot Robbie and Allison Janney Into Oscar Season". Indiewire. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
- Feinberg, Scott (September 22, 2017). "'I, Tonya' Sets 2017 Awards-Qualifying Release Date (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- Shaughnessy, Dan (January 11, 2018). "Nancy Kerrigan Has Very Little to Say About I, Tonya". Boston Globe. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
- "Academy Award Nominee I, TONYA Available on Blu-Ray and DVD March 13". Broadway World. March 2, 2018. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (January 21, 2018). "January Slows As 'Jumanji' Takes No. 1 For 3rd Weekend With $19M To $20M; Older Guy Pics '12 Strong' & 'Den Of Thieves' In Mid-Teens". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (January 28, 2018). "Fox Controls Close To 40% Of Weekend B.O. Led By 'Maze Runner' & Oscar Holdovers; 'Hostiles' Gallops Past $10M". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
- "I, Tonya". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
- "I, Tonya". Metacritic. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
- Lemire, Christy. "I, Tonya". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
- "'I, Tonya' Review: Tonya Harding Biopic Is the Movie We Need Right Now". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
- Bastién, Angelica Jade. "In Praise of Margot Robbie's Performance in I, Tonya". Vulture. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
- Burr, Ty (December 20, 2017). "'I, Tonya' bedazzles". The Boston Globe. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
- Brody, Richard (December 7, 2017). "'I, Tonya,' Reviewed: A Condescending Bio-pic of Tonya Harding". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
- Edelstein, Jean Hannah (December 11, 2017). "How I, Tonya betrays its tragicomic ice-skating protagonist". The Guardian. London. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
- Kilday, Gregg (January 5, 2018). "'Three Billboards' Named Best Film at Australian Academy's International Awards". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
- Ritman, Alex (January 8, 2018). "BAFTA Awards: 'Shape of Water,' 'Three Billboards,' 'Darkest Hour' Lead Pack of Nominations". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 8, 2018.
- Pedersen, Erik; Hammond, Pete (December 6, 2017). "Critics' Choice Awards Nominations: 'The Shape Of Water' Leads With 14 Nods; Netflix Tops TV Contenders". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 6, 2017.
- Lewis, Hilary (November 21, 2017). "2018 Independent Spirit Award Nominations Revealed". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
- Lewis, Hilary (January 5, 2018). "PGA Awards: 'Wonder Woman,' 'The Post,' 'Three Billboards' Up for Top Film Prize". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- McNary, Dave (January 4, 2018). "Writers Guild Awards: 'Get Out,' 'Call Me by Your Name,' 'Lady Bird' Nab Nominations". Variety. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
- Blair, Iain (February 16, 2018). "'I, Tonya' Editor Blended Pop-Culture Infamy With Dark Humour". Variety. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- "Oscar nominations 2018: The complete list of nominees for the 90th Academy Awards". Los Angeles Times. January 23, 2018. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
- Smith, Patrick; Hawkes, Rebecca; Robey, Tim (March 5, 2018). "Live Oscars 2018: The nominees, winners and speeches - Best Supporting Actor goes to Sam Rockwell - live". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved March 5, 2018.