Nancy Kerrigan (born October 13, 1969) is an Irish-American actress and former figure skater. She won bronze medals at the 1991 World Championships and the 1992 Winter Olympics, silver medals at the 1992 World Championships and the 1994 Winter Olympics, and she was the 1993 US National Figure Skating Champion.
Kerrigan in 2006
|Full name||Nancy Ann Kerrigan|
|Country represented||United States|
October 13, 1969|
Stoneham, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Height||1.62 m (5 ft 4 in)|
Mary Scotvold Jr.
In January 1994, Kerrigan was attacked with a police baton by an assailant hired by the ex-husband of her rival Tonya Harding. The attack injured Kerrigan and led to Harding being permanently banned from competitive figure skating. She recovered in time to compete at 1994 Winter Olympics, where she won a silver medal. She then started touring, performing with several ice skating troupes including Champions on Ice and Broadway on Ice. In 2017, she was a contestant on season 24 of Dancing with the Stars.
Kerrigan was born in Stoneham, Massachusetts, the youngest child and only daughter of welder Daniel Kerrigan (1939–2010) and homemaker Brenda (née Schultz) Kerrigan (b. 1939). Her ancestry includes English, Irish and German. She has stated: "There's very little Irish in me, just my name." While her brothers Michael and Mark played hockey, she took up figure skating at age six. She did not start private lessons until age eight and won her first competition, the Boston Open, at age nine.
Kerrigan's family was of modest means. Kerrigan's father sometimes worked three jobs to fund her skating career; he also drove the ice resurfacer at the local rink in exchange for Nancy's lessons. Kerrigan was coached by Theresa Martin until she was 16, then began working with Evy and Mary Scotvold after a brief period with Denise Morrissey. The Scotvolds remained her coaches through the rest of her competitive career.
Kerrigan began to reach prominence at the national level when she placed fourth at the junior level at the 1987 U.S. Figure Skating Championships. She made an early impression as a strong jumper, but was comparatively weak in compulsory figures. She made her senior debut the following season, moving up the national rankings each year: 12th in 1988, fifth in 1989, and fourth in 1990. She continued to be held back by compulsory figures until they were eliminated from competitions after the 1990 season.
Kerrigan's rise at the national level continued when she placed third at the 1991 U.S. Figure Skating Championships. She qualified for the 1991 World Figure Skating Championships, where she won the bronze medal. Her medal was part of the first-ever sweep of the women's podium by a single country at the World Championships, as her teammates Kristi Yamaguchi and Tonya Harding won gold and silver, respectively.
In the 1992 season, Kerrigan again improved on her placement at the previous year's national championships by finishing second. She won a bronze medal (Yamaguchi took the gold) in the 1992 Winter Olympics and earned the silver medal at the 1992 World Championships.
The following season—with Yamaguchi retired from eligible competition—Kerrigan became United States champion, even though her performance was flawed. She admitted that she would have to improve her skating in time for the World Championships. She won the short program at the World Championships in Prague, but had a disastrous free skate that resulted in her tumbling to fifth in the standings. This was followed by an even worse performance at a televised pro-am event, where Kerrigan fell three times, botched the landing of another jump, and appeared dazed and depressed, losing to 1988 Olympian Caryn Kadavy.
Before and after the 1992 Olympics, she had many corporate sponsorship contracts (with companies such as Campbell's Soup, Evian, Reebok, and Seiko) and opportunities to perform professionally, which were permitted after the International Skating Union abolished the earlier strict amateur status rules that had governed eligibility for the sport. In preparation for the 1994 Winter Olympics, she curtailed these activities to focus on her training, instead. She also began working with a sports psychologist to better handle her nerves in competition.
1994 Cobo Arena attackEdit
On January 6, 1994, at the U.S. Figure Skating Championships in Detroit, a criminal incident caused Kerrigan to gain international fame far beyond the skating world. As she was walking through a corridor at Cobo Arena immediately after a practice session, Kerrigan was bludgeoned on the right lower thigh with a police baton by an assailant who was later apprehended and identified as Shane Stant. The assault was planned by rival Tonya Harding's ex-husband Jeff Gillooly and co-conspirator Shawn Eckardt (1967–2007). The goal of the conspirators was to prevent Kerrigan from competing in both the National Championships and the Lillehammer 1994 Olympics.
The immediate aftermath of the attack was recorded on a TV camera and broadcast around the world. The initial footage shows the attendants helping Kerrigan as she grabbed at her knee, wailing: "Why, why, why?" Kerrigan is also seen being carried away by her father Daniel. Although Kerrigan's injury forced her to withdraw from the U.S. Championships, her fellow skaters agreed that she merited one of the two spots on the Olympic team. The USFSA chose to name her to the Olympic team rather than second-place finisher Michelle Kwan, who was sent to Lillehammer as an alternate in the event that Harding was removed from the team.
Kerrigan recovered quickly from her leg injury and resumed her intensive training. She practiced by doing complete back-to-back, double run-throughs of her programs until she felt completely confident in her ability to compete under pressure. The fame she had acquired from the attack led to further opportunities; she was reported to have already signed endorsement contracts for $9.5 million before the Olympics began.
Harding denied any involvement in the planning of the attack, but pleaded guilty to conspiring to hinder the prosecution. She received three years probation, was ordered to perform 500 hours of community service, and was given a $160,000 fine. In late 2005, Kerrigan expressed objections to Shane Stant's wishes to have the attack removed from his record so he could join the Navy SEALs, which do not allow anyone with a felony conviction to join. Kerrigan stated in a letter dated November 25, 2005, that "to allow Stant to have the attack removed from his record would not only be an insult to her, but it [also] would send the message that a crime like that can ultimately be swept under the rug". Stant's request had already been denied by a judge, saying that it is against the law to expunge an assault conviction. Stant was 34 when he tried to remove the attack from his record.
1994 Winter OlympicsEdit
The ladies single skating event at the 1994 Lillehammer Winter Olympics at the Hamar Olympic Amphitheatre took place seven weeks after the attack, and Kerrigan skated what she considered to be the best two performances of her life in the short program and free skate. She won the silver medal, finishing second to Oksana Baiul and ahead of Chen Lu, who took the bronze medal, as Tonya Harding finished in eighth place amid controversy. Harding had trouble with the laces on her skates and was given a reskate by the judges. Kerrigan was in first place after the short program, but lost the free skate and the gold medal to Baiul in a close and controversial 5–4 decision. CBS Television played up the controversy by portraying it as a Cold War East-West split, singling out German judge Jan Hoffmann in particular for supposed biased judging.
Kerrigan appeared to display dissatisfaction and disappointment with her second-place finish. While Kerrigan and Lu waited over 20 minutes for Olympic officials to find a copy of the Ukrainian national anthem, someone mistakenly told Kerrigan the delay in the presentation was because Baiul had cried off her make-up and was getting it retouched. Kerrigan, with obvious frustration, was caught on-camera saying, "Oh, come on. So she's going to get out here and cry again. What's the difference?" CBS chose to air the undiplomatic comment. This marked a distinct shift in the way Kerrigan was portrayed in the media, which had been somewhat protective of her image up to that point because of the attack against her.
Kerrigan elected not to attend the closing ceremonies at the Olympics. Her agent claimed this was because Norwegian security had advised her to leave due to death threats that had been made against her, but this was later denied. Instead, she left Norway early to take part in a prearranged publicity parade at Walt Disney World, her $2-million sponsor.
1994 Walt Disney World paradeEdit
During the Walt Disney World parade in which she participated following the 1994 Winter Olympics, she was caught on microphone saying to Mickey Mouse, "This is dumb. I hate it. This is the corniest thing I have ever done." She later claimed her remark was taken out of context and that she was not commenting on being in the parade but rather on her agent's insistence that she wear her silver medal in the parade. She said that her parents had always taught her not to show off or brag about her accomplishments. She added that she had nothing against Disney or Mickey Mouse: "Who could find fault with Mickey Mouse? He's the greatest mouse I've ever known."
Commenting on the media backlash, Mike Barnicle of The Boston Globe said, "Now the thing is over so we've got to kill her. That's us [the media], not her." Either because of the bad publicity or her own inclinations, some of Kerrigan's previously announced endorsements and television deals were dropped after the Olympics.
|U.S. Champ.||9th N.||11th J.||4th J.||12th||5th||4th||3rd||2nd||1st||WD|
|U.S. Olympic Festival||3rd||1st|
Vera Wang skating outfitsEdit
Kerrigan's Olympic skating outfits were designed by noted fashion designer Vera Wang. Along with Christian Lacroix's designs for Surya Bonaly in 1992, Wang's designs marked a new trend toward couture in figure skating. Kerrigan's white 1992 free-skating costume resembled a wedding dress with sheer illusion sleeves and a basketweave design on the bodice. Kerrigan's 1994 Olympic dresses were also designed by Wang. She wore another white dress trimmed with black velvet bands and sheer black sleeves for the original program and a champagne-colored dress set with 11,500 rhinestones for the free skate. Wang donated those two dresses to Kerrigan, the values of which were estimated at $9,600 and $13,000, respectively.
Post-Olympic skating careerEdit
Kerrigan retired from amateur competition after the Olympics. She appeared in a few professional competitions such as Ice Wars, but focused her career on performing in a variety of ice shows. She has appeared in Champions on Ice, Broadway on Ice, and an ice show adaptation of the musical Footloose, among other productions.
Television and moviesEdit
Kerrigan appeared in the Fox television program Skating with Celebrities (2006) and played a small part in the ice-skating comedy feature film Blades of Glory (2007) with Will Ferrell. She hosted Nancy Kerrigan's World of Skating on the Comcast Network starting in 2005, and has done commentary work for other skating broadcasts.
In 2014, ESPN aired The Price of Gold, a 30 for 30 documentary about the 1994 attack. On February 23, 2014, NBC aired a documentary during the 2014 Winter Olympics on the incident called Nancy & Tonya.
On March 1, 2017, Kerrigan was named as one of the contestants who would compete on season 24 of Dancing with the Stars. She was paired with professional dancer Artem Chigvintsev. Despite receiving higher judges' scores than Bonner Bolton and David Ross, Kerrigan and Chigvintsev were eliminated during a double elimination in the seventh week of the competition.
Kerrigan created the Nancy Kerrigan Foundation, which aims to raise awareness and support for the vision-impaired. Her mother, Brenda, is legally blind.
On September 9, 1995—the year after she retired from competition—Kerrigan married her agent, Jerry Solomon. The marriage was his third. They have three children together: Matthew (b. 1996), Brian (b. 2005), and Nicole (b. 2008). Solomon also has a son from his second marriage. In April 2017, Kerrigan said that she had had six miscarriages while attempting to have her three children. She said the miscarriages were "devastating" and "a strain on [my] marriage".
Kerrigan's father died at age 70 on January 24, 2010. Prosecutors charged Kerrigan's brother, Mark, with her father's death, alleging that the death occurred as a result of a violent struggle between the two over the use of a telephone. Kerrigan called the allegation of homicide unjustified and backed the family's assertion that the death was a result of a long-standing heart condition. On May 25, 2011, Mark was acquitted of manslaughter but found guilty of assault and battery by a Middlesex County jury. He was sentenced to 2½ years in prison with six months suspended.
- Kubatko, Justin. "Nancy Kerrigan Biography and Olympic Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "Nancy Kerrigan Biography" Ice Skater, Athlete (1969–)". Biography.com (FYI / A&E Networks). Retrieved March 22, 2016.
- "Daniel Kerrigan Obituary – Boston, MA | Boston Globe". Legacy.com. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
- Harvey, Randy (January 13, 1992). "Coach's Remarks Put Kerrigan on Thin Ice". Los Angeles Times.
- "Nancy Kerrigan", Skating, December 1990, p. 34.
- Nancy Kerrigan Releases a Statement Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Nancy Kerrigan", Skating, December 1990, p. 33.
- "Excitement Under the Dome", Skating, April 1987, p. 42.
- "Nancy Kerrigan", Skating, December 1990, p. 35.
- "Compulsory Figures Skate Into History". Chicago Tribune. February 9, 1990. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
- "Victory in Munich", Skating, June 1991, pp. 29–31.
- "Yamaguchi Caps Her Year With World Title". The New York Times. March 30, 1992. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- "Kerrigan's chase ends", The Arizona Republic, January 24, 1993.
- Longman, Jere. "Picking Herself Up Off the Ice; Bronze Medalist Kerrigan Seeks Top After Hitting Bottom".
- "Hershey's Kisses Pro-Am Championships Point to the Future with a Past", Skating, May 1993, p. 14.
- "Reaching for Gold". Skating. December 1993. p. 22.
- Harvey, Randy (June 24, 1992). "Olympics Are Opened to Professional Skaters". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
- Finn, Robin (October 25, 1992). "FIGURE SKATING; Money Is Music To Their Ears". The New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
- Longman, Jere (February 25, 1994). "Baiul Is Injured In Skating Collision". The New York Times.
- "Jeff Gillooly". geni_family_tree. Retrieved 2018-02-10.
- "Flashback: Kerrigan and Harding". ESPN. November 19, 2003.
- Longman, Jere (February 6, 1994). "FOCUS ON SPORTS; The Whole World Is Watching". The New York Times.
- Swift, E. M. (February 14, 1994). "Anatomy of a Plot". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
- "Nancy Kerrigan Attack – Raw Footage and Interviews – January 6, 1994". YouTube. January 6, 1994. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
- Longman, Jere (January 8, 1994). "Rivals Agree Kerrigan Rates Olympic Spot". The New York Times. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- Poisoned Ice, People, January 24, 1994.
- The Official Book of Figure Skating, ISBN 0-684-84673-X, p. 174.
- Smith, Beverley. Figure Skating: A Celebration, ISBN 0-7710-2819-9, p. 5.
- "Tonya Harding-Nancy Kerrigan: Harding found guilty of hindering investigation". OregonLive.com. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
- McNamara, Melissa (December 2, 2005). "Kerrigan Attacker's Record To Stay". CBS News. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
- "Tonya Harding Would Like Her Apology Now".
- "Ukraine's Baiul Edges Kerrigan For Gold Medal". The New York Times. February 26, 1994.
- Scott Hamilton, Landing It, ISBN 1-57566-466-6, pp. 262–264.
- Kerrigan's Latest Foe: Her Image, AP, March 2, 1994.
- Kerrigan's Off-Ice Spins Create 'Image Meltdown', Chicago Tribune, December 11, 1994.
- "Harding, Kerrigan are linked forever by skating incident". Retrieved July 11, 2006.
- "More Will Be Heard From Kerrigan". Courant.com (March 7, 1994).
- Nancy Kerrigan Looks Back on "Sad" Tonya Harding Scandal, Defends Herself: I Wasn't Whining, TVGuide.com, February 23, 2014.
- "The Souring of America's Sweetheart", The Washington Post, March 4, 1994.
- "Olympic Results – Medalists" (PDF). usfigureskating.org. U.S. Figure Skating. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 2, 2007. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "Worlds results" (PDF). isu.org. International Skating Union. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 3, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2006.
- "Skate Canada Results Book Volume 2: 1974–current" (PDF). Skate Canada. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 20, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
- "1990 Goodwill Games". Goodwill Games. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
- "US National Ladies' freeskating final standings 1991–1993". Skate Central. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
- Kerrigan, Nancy; Woodward, Steve (1996). ISBN 9780786810420. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
Kansas City, Missouri, in 1985 to compete in my first U.S. Championships. I was fifteen, skating in the novice division. I only finished ninth, but it was exciting to be with skaters from all over the country, performing in a big arena. Hyperion Books. p. 19.
- "1986 U.S. Figure Skating Championships Results". Junior Ladies Final Standings. United Press International (UPI). February 8, 1986. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
Nancy Kerrigan ranked 11th
- "Notable Sports Figures - Nancy Kerrigan: American Figure Skater". Winning Ways. Encyclopedia.com. Gale. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
[In] 1987 she placed fourth at the National Junior Championships...In 1988...she finished twelfth in her first appearance at the U.S. Figure Skating Championships. In 1989 she...finished fifth at the U.S. Championships...Continuing her ascent up the rankings, Kerrigan finished fourth...at the U.S. Championships in 1990
- "Notable Sports Figures - Nancy Kerrigan: American Figure Skater". Winning Ways. Encyclopedia.com. Gale. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
Winning a bronze medal at the 1989 U.S. Olympic Festival, Kerrigan returned to take the gold in 1990.
- Anderson, Dave (February 20, 1992). "Sports of The Times; 'I Never Can See Her Face'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
- "Hall of Fame Members". World Figure Skating Museum and Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 5, 2007. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
- "Nancy Kerrigan and Ice Theatre of New York celebrate new season", Lifeskate.com, December 1, 2008.
- "Two skaters give couture a twirl". The New York Times. February 16, 1992.
- Louie, Elaine (February 16, 1992). "Two Skaters Give Couture a Whirl". The New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
- Smith, Beverley. Figure Skating: A Celebration (ISBN 0-7710-2819-9), p. 70.
- Hamilton, Scott. Landing It, ISBN 1-57566-466-6, p. 270.
- Brown, Jessica (2001). "On the Ice With Nancy Kerrigan". Parents.
- "Correction: Nancy Kerrigan to appear in "Broadway on Ice"". The Daily Courier (Arizona). December 7, 2007.
- Lidz, Franz; Cazeneuve, Brian; Swift, E.M. (June 30, 2003). "The Ice Storm". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on November 18, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- Loynd, Ray (1994-04-29). "Tonya & Nancy: The Inside Story". Variety. Retrieved 2018-02-10.
- Venable, Nick. "9 Goofy Boy Meets World Cameos Where The Celebrities (Mostly) Played Themselves". CinemaBlend. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- "Newsmaker: Nancy Kerrigan". The Forum of Fargo-Moorhead. March 24, 2004. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
- Ibanga, Imaeyen; Brady, Jonann (February 24, 2009). "The Ice Storm". ABC News.
- Nancy Kerrigan Parties at the 2010 Olympics, Entertainment Tonight, ETOnline.com, February 15, 2010 (retrieved February 24, 2010).
- The Price of Gold at ESPN.com
- Ostrow, Joanne (February 20, 2014). "Tonya Harding vs. Nancy Kerrigan: NBC documentary recalls an early TV tabloid story". The Denver Post. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
- Deitsch, Richard (February 21, 2014). "Nancy Kerrigan opens up about 'the whack heard 'round the world'". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
- "'Dancing With the Stars' 2017: Season 24 celebrity cast and partners revealed on 'GMA'". ABC News. March 1, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
- "Kerrigan Talks About DWTS". thetomorrowshow.com. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Kubicek, John (May 1, 2017). "'Dancing with the Stars' Recap: One Couple Gets Immunity and Two Go Home". BuddyTV. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- N'Duka, Amanda (23 January 2017). "'I, Tonya' Finds Its Nancy Kerrigan In Caitlin Carver; Mckenna Grace & Bojana Novakovic Also Cast". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- Nancy Kerrigan Joins Inside Edition as 2018's Super Bowl Special Correspondent, retrieved 2018-01-26
- "TV tonight: Nancy Kerrigan skates by 'Fresh Off the Boat'". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2018-02-10.
- "Nancy Kerrigan Biography". biography.com. November 9, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
- "Newsmaker: Nancy Kerrigan Biography". inforum.com. March 24, 2004. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
- "Marriages: Nancy Kerrigan, Jerry L. Solomon". The New York Times. September 10, 1995.
- "Passages". PEOPLE.com. Archived from the original on October 26, 2013. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
- Silverman, Stephen M. (April 18, 2005) Skater Kerrigan Gives Birth to Baby Boy – Birth, Nancy Kerrigan. People.com.
- Nancy Kerrigan Welcomes Third Child, Icenetwork.com, May 14, 2008.
- Brannen, Sarah S.; Meekins, Drew (August 25, 2011). "The Inside Edge: Bradley takes mound for Royals". Icenetwork. Archived from the original on September 25, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
- Green, Michelle (November 28, 1994). "Skating on Thin Ice". People. 42 (22).
- Deerwester, Jayme (April 12, 2017). "Nancy Kerrigan goes public with six miscarriages; 'It's devastating ... You think, 'What's wrong with me?'". USA Today.
- "Daniel Kerrigan's Obituary on Boston Globe". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2018-02-10.
- "Kerrigan's dad dies, brother accused of assault". USA Today. Stoneham, Massachusetts. Associated Press. January 26, 2010. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Nancy Kerrigan's Brother Charged With Manslaughter in Dad's Death. Foxnews.com.
- "Nancy Kerrigan may testify at brother's trial". UniversalSports.com. Associated Press. March 28, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
- "Jury acquits Nancy Kerrigan's brother in father's death". USA Today. Associated Press. May 25, 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- "Nancy Kerrigan's brother sentenced to 2½ years". CBC News. Associated Press. May 26, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
- Nancy Kerrigan on IMDb
- "Skate Canada Results Book – Volume 2 – 1974 – current" (PDF). Skate Canada. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2008.
- Washington Post article on the 1994 attack
- People Magazine article 1994 entitled "Poisoned Ice"