Grand Order of Mugunghwa
The Grand Order of Mugunghwa (Korean: 무궁화대훈장) is the highest order awarded by the government of South Korea. It is awarded to the President of South Korea, and it may be awarded to their spouse, heads or former heads of state of South Korean allies, and their spouses. The order is presented for, "Outstanding meritorious services in the interest of promoting the development and security of the Republic of Korea."
|Grand Order of Mugunghwa|
Rendering of the order insignia.
|Awarded by South Korea|
|Type||Order of merit|
|Established||August 13, 1949|
|Awarded for||Outstanding meritorious services in the interest of promoting the development and security of the Republic of Korea.|
Sash riband of the order
|Revised Romanization||Mugunghwa Daehunjang|
The Grand Order of Mugunghwa takes its name from South Korea's national flower, the rose of Sharon. The rose of Sharon is a cultivar native to the Korean peninsula and has great cultural significance in Korean history.
The Grand Order of Mugunghwa consists of "an insignia worn around the neck, a badge affixed to sash worn over the shoulder and a star, with a ribbon and a lapel badge as necessary," according to law. The Grand Order of Mugunghwa may be made of gold, silver, ruby and amethyst. As of 2013, the cost to produce it was approximately 20 million won, or $19,000 USD.
The Grand Order of Mugunghwa is traditionally awarded to the incoming President of South Korea shortly after their inauguration. However, Former President Roh Moo-hyun opted to accept the award upon his departure from office in 2008.
After their conviction for treason in 1996, former president Chun Doo-hwan and Roh Tae-woo were ordered to return the Grand Order of Mugunghwa along with other state decorations. While Chun agreed to return the awards, he and Roh have yet to actually return them.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- "Awards and Decorations Act". Act No. 11690 of March 23, 2013. (in English and Korean) Korea Legislation Research Institute. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
- Umoh, Kingsley (2014). Taekwondo Poomsae: The Fighting Scrolls: Guiding Philosophy and Basic Applications. Strategic Book Publishing & Rights Agency. pp. 233–234. ISBN 9781612048017.
- "Will Pres. Lee accept top gov`t honor before retiring?". The Dong-A Ilbo. 2013-01-11. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
- Images of Grand Order of Mugunghwa (in Korean with some English)