Choi Kyu-hah (Korean: 최규하; Hanja: 崔圭夏; Korean pronunciation: [tɕʰø.ɡju.ɦa] or [tɕʰø] [kju.ɦa]; July 16, 1919 – October 22, 2006), also spelled Choi Kyu-ha or Choi Gyu-ha, was President of South Korea between 1979 and 1980.
|4th President of South Korea|
October 26, 1979 – August 16, 1980
Acting to December 6, 1979
|Prime Minister||Shin Hyun-hwak|
|Preceded by||Park Chung-hee|
|Succeeded by||Chun Doo-hwan|
|Prime Minister of South Korea|
December 18, 1975 – December 12, 1979
|Preceded by||Kim Jong-pil|
|Succeeded by||Shin Hyun-hwak|
|Born||July 16, 1919|
Wonju-myeon, Wonju County, Gangwon, Japanese Korea
|Died||October 22, 2006 (aged 87)|
Mapo-gu, Seoul, South Korea
|Resting place||Daejeon National Cemetery|
|Alma mater||University of Tsukuba|
|Revised Romanization||Choe Gyu-ha|
After the assassination of Park Chung-hee in 1979, Choi became acting president; the prime minister stood next in line for the presidency under Article 48 of the Yushin Constitution. Due to the unrest resulting from Park's authoritarian rule, Choi promised democratic elections, as under Park elections had been widely seen as rigged. Choi also promised a new constitution to replace the highly authoritarian Yushin Constitution. Choi was the sole candidate in an election on 6 December for the balance of Park's term, becoming the country's fourth president.
Coup d'etat and forced resignationEdit
In December 1979, Major General Chun Doo-hwan and close allies within the military staged a coup d'état against Choi's government. They quickly removed the army chief of staff and virtually controlled the government by early 1980.
In April 1980, due to increasing pressure from Chun and other politicians, Choi appointed Chun head of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency. In May, Chun declared martial law and dropped all pretense of civilian government, becoming the de facto ruler of the country. By then, student protests were escalating in Seoul and Gwangju. The protests in Gwangju resulted in the Gwangju uprising in which about 987 civilians were killed within a five-day period by Chun's military.
- "Daejeon National Cemetery Timeline". Daejeon National Cemetery. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- President Choi Kyu-ha
- Nils M. Solsvik Jr. (Oct 23, 2006). "Choi Kyu-hah". South Korean President. Find a Grave. Retrieved Aug 19, 2011.
| President of South Korea
October 26, 1979–August 16, 1980
| Prime Minister of South Korea
December 18, 1975–October 26, 1979