Order of Merit for National Foundation
The Order of Merit for National Foundation (Hangul: 건국훈장) is one of South Korea's orders of merit. It is awarded by the President of South Korea for "outstanding meritorious services in the interest of founding or laying a foundation for the Republic of Korea." The Order was originally established under a slightly different name 건국공로훈장 (建國功勞勳章) by Presidential Decree #82, on Apr. 27, 1949, and is the oldest Order of the Republic of Korea. On Jan. 16, 1967, there were major changes made to the Order of National Foundation under Presidential Decree #2929. The name of the Order was shortened from 건국공로훈장 (建國功勞勳章) to 건국훈장 (建國勳章), and all three classes got new names and designs.
|Order of Merit for National Foundation|
|Awarded by South Korea|
|Type||Order of merit|
|Awarded for||Outstanding meritorious services in the interest of founding or laying a foundation for the Republic of Korea.|
|Grades||Republic of Korea Medal|
|Next (higher)||Grand Order of Mugunghwa|
|Revised Romanization||Geon-guk Hunjang|
The Order of Merit for National Foundation is awarded in five grades.
|1st||Republic of Korea Medal (대한민국장)|
|2nd||Presidential Medal (대통령장)|
|3rd||Independence Medal (독립장)|
|4th||Patriotic Medal (애국장)|
|5th||National Medal (애족장)|
By 2005 about 8,000 people had received the Order. Many of its recipients have only been awarded the Order posthumously, often because they died before it was established; these include Kim Gu, An Jung-geun, and Cho Man-sik.
- "Awards and Decorations Act". Act No. 11690 of March 23, 2013.(in English and Korean) Korea Legislation Research Institute. Retrieved 2018-02-14.
- "훈장과 포장" [Orders and Medals]. Decorations of the Republic of Korea (in Korean). Ministry of Interior and Safety. 2015. Retrieved 2018-02-14.
- "[보훈처] 3·1절 계기 독립유공자 포상 보도자료". Webzine Korean History (웹진 현대사). Retrieved 2006-04-22.
- Images of the Order of Merit for National Foundation (in Korean with some English)