Gradiška, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Gradiška (Serbian Cyrillic: Градишка; formerly Bosanska Gradiška / Босанска Градишка)[1][2][3] is a city and municipality located in the northwestern region of Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, it has a population of 51,727 inhabitants, while the city of Gradiška has a population of 14,368 inhabitants.

Gradiška

Градишка
Gradiska.jpg
Gradiška.jpg
Savski most u Gradišci.JPG
Zdravofest Gradiška.jpg
Dvoranaservitium.jpg
City of Gradiška
Coat of arms of Gradiška
Coat of arms
Location of Gradiška within Republika Srpska
Location of Gradiška within Republika Srpska
Location of Gradiška
Coordinates: 45°08′45″N 17°15′14″E / 45.14583°N 17.25389°E / 45.14583; 17.25389
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Government
 • MayorZoran Adžić (SNSD)
 • Municipality761.74 km2 (294.11 sq mi)
Elevation
163 m (535 ft)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Municipality
51,727
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
78400
Area code(s)+387 51
Websitewww.gradgradiska.com
Gradiška municipality by population proportional to the settlement with the highest and lowest population

It is geographically located in eastern Krajina region, and the town is situated on the Lijevče plain, on the right bank of the Sava river across from Stara Gradiška, Croatia, and about 40 km (25 mi) north of Banja Luka.

HistoryEdit

In the Roman period this town was of strategic importance; a port of the Roman fleet was situated here. Among notable archaeological findings are a viaduct.

Gradiški Brod is mentioned for the first time as a town in c. 1330. It had a major importance as the location where the Sava river used to be crossed. By 1537, the town and its surroundings came under Ottoman rule.

The Ottoman built a fortress, which served as the Bosnia Eyalet's northern defense line. The town was also called Berbir because of the fortress.

Following the outbreak of the First Serbian Uprising (1804), in the Sanjak of Smederevo (modern Central Serbia), the Jančić's Revolt broke out in the Gradiška region against the Ottoman government in the Bosnia Eyalet, following the erosion of the economic, national and religious rights of Serbs. Hajduks also arrived from Serbia, and were especially active on the Kozara. Jovan Jančić Sarajlija organized the uprising with help from Metropolitan Benedikt Kraljević. The peasants took up arms on 23 September 1809, in the region of Gradiška, beginning from Mašići. The fighting began on 25 September, and on the same night, the Ottomans captured and executed Jančić. The rebels retreated to their villages, except those in Kozara and Motajica who continued, and offered strong resistance until their defeat in mid-October, after extensive looting and burning of villages by the Ottomans.[4] Another revolt broke out in 1834, in Mašići.[5]

Ottoman rule ended with the Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1878), following the Herzegovina Uprising (1875–77). Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina ended in 1918, when the South Slavic Austro-Hungarian territories proclaimed the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, which subsequently joined the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

From 1929 to 1941 Gradiška was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

During Yugoslavia, the town was known as Bosanska Gradiška (Босанска Градишка). During the Bosnian War, the town was incorporated into Republika Srpska (RS). After the war, the RS National Assembly changed the name, omitting bosanska ("Bosnian"), as was done with many other towns (Kostajnica, Dubica, Novi Grad, Petrovo, Šamac).

SettlementsEdit

Aside from the town of Gradiška, the municipality includes total of 74 other settlements:

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Population of settlements – Gradiška municipality
Settlement 1885. 1895. 1910. 1921. 1931. 1948 1953. 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 29,962 37,797 41,868 45,190 57,235 46,013 48,056 50,143 53,581 58,095 59,974 51,727
1 Berek 482 412
2 Bistrica 795 432
3 Bok Jankovac 754 1,161
4 Brestovčina 360 1,027
5 Bukovac 349 371
6 Čatrnja 768 697
7 Cerovljani 604 367
8 Čikule 369 255
9 Cimiroti 331 202
10 Donji Karajzovci 600 548
11 Donji Podgradci 957 758
12 Dubrave 2,581 1,534
13 Elezagići 561 528
14 Gašnica 443 324
15 Gornja Lipovača 992 500
16 Gornji Karajzovci 537 484
17 Gornji Podgradci 2,378 1,656
18 Gradiška 5,590 9,932 6,363 9,585 13.475 16,841 14,368
19 Grbavci 991 594
20 Jablanica 745 438
21 Kijevci 381 212
22 Kočićevo 631 463
23 Kozinci 908 1,661
24 Krajišnik 528 617
25 Kruškik 1,074 1,119
26 Laminci Brezici 1,415 1,847
27 Laminci Dubrave 591 438
28 Laminci Jaružani 394 287
29 Laminci Sređani 574 456
30 Liskovac 1,467 1,080
31 Lužani 275 238
32 Mačkovac 476 266
33 Mašići 1,359 1,153
34 Miloševo Brdo 439 241
35 Nova Topola 2,191 2,324
36 Orahova 2,479 1,185
37 Petrovo Selo 358 329
38 Rogolji 741 668
39 Romanovci 1,199 976
40 Rovine 1,016 1,422
41 Seferovci 502 504
42 Sovjak 307 208
43 Trebovljani 425 348
44 Trošelji 550 559
45 Turjak 415 268
46 Vakuf 416 342
47 Vilusi 887 736
48 Vrbaška 1,057 779
49 Žeravica 335 482

Ethnic compositionEdit

Ethnic composition – Gradiška city
Nationality 2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 14,368 (100,0%) 16,841 (100,0%) 13,475 (100,0%) 9,585 (100,0%)
Serbs 11,122 (77,41%) 6,502 (38,61%) 4,251 (31,55%) 2,911 (30,37%)
Bosniaks 2,408 (16,76%) 7,188 (42,68%) 5,033 (37,35%) 5,377 (56,10%)
Croats 294 (2,046%) 781 (4,637%) 730 (5,417%) 808 (8,430%)
Unaffiliated 214 (1,489%)
Others 174 (1,211%) 582 (3,456%) 99 (0,735%) 121 (1,262%)
Yugoslavs 38 (0,264%) 1,788 (10,62%) 3 218 (23,88%) 306 (3,192%)
Roma 34 (0,237%) 42 (0,312%) 9 (0,094%)
Albanians 29 (0,202%) 44 (0,327%) 25 (0,261%)
Ukrainians 17 (0,118%)
Unknown 16 (0,111%)
Montenegrins 14 (0,097%) 29 (0,215%) 12 (0,125%)
Slovenes 5 (0,035%) 20 (0,148%) 14 (0,146%)
Macedonians 3 (0,021%) 9 (0,067%) 2 (0,021%)
Ethinc composition – Gradiška Municipality
Nationality 2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 51,727 (100,0%) 59,974 (100,0%) 58,095 (100,0%) 53,581 (100,0%)
Serbs 41,863 (80,93%) 35,753 (59,61%) 32,825 (56,50%) 35,038 (65,39%)
Bosniaks 7,580 (14,65%) 15,851 (26,43%) 13,026 (22,42%) 12,688 (23,68%)
Croats 826 (1,597%) 3,417 (5,697%) 3,544 (6,100%) 4,415 (8,240%)
Unaffiliated 416 (0,804%)
Roma 395 (0,764%) 232 (0,399%) 29 (0,054%)
Others 340 (0,657%) 1,642 (2,738%) 660 (1,136%) 849 (1,585%)
Ukrainians 111 (0,215%)
Yugoslavs 76 (0,147%) 3,311 (5,521%) 7,638 (13,15%) 415 (0,775%)
Unknown 43 (0,083%)
Albanians 30 (0,058%) 70 (0,120%) 56 (0,105%)
Montenegrins 29 (0,056%) 57 (0,098%) 61 (0,114%)
Slovenes 14 (0,027%) 31 (0,053%) 25 (0,047%)
Macedonians 4 (0,008%) 12 (0,021%) 5 (0,009%)

CultureEdit

 
Serbian Orthodox church in Gradiška.

The town has a Serbian Orthodox cathedral dedicated to the Mother of God.

EconomyEdit

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[6]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 320
Mining and quarrying 4
Manufacturing 2,916
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 171
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 234
Construction 267
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 1,956
Transportation and storage 452
Accommodation and food services 543
Information and communication 71
Financial and insurance activities 114
Real estate activities 24
Professional, scientific and technical activities 323
Administrative and support service activities 77
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 581
Education 840
Human health and social work activities 661
Arts, entertainment and recreation 62
Other service activities 222
Total 9,838

Notable residentsEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ the official web site of the municipality Gradiška/Градишка.
  2. ^ "Systemic census of municipalities and populated places of Bosnia and Herzegovina" (PDF). Sarajevo: Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 2013. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Preliminary results of the 2013 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Bosnia and Herzegovina" (PDF). bhas.ba. Sarajevo: Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 5 November 2013. p. 8. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  4. ^ Стојан Бијелић. Машићка буна. Врбаске новине бр. 107 ст. 5, 1933. (извор)
  5. ^ :: Www.Gradiskasela.Net :: Archived 2009-09-25 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba. Republika Srspka Institute of Statistics. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 45°08′45″N 17°15′14″E / 45.14583°N 17.25389°E / 45.14583; 17.25389