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Labin (Italian: Albona) is a town in Istria, Croatia, with a town population of 6,893 (2011) and 11,642 in the greater municipality (which also includes the small towns of Rabac and Vinež, as well as a number of smaller villages).[1]

Labin

Albona
Grad Labin
Town of Labin
Labin Old Town
Labin Old Town
Flag of Labin
Flag
Coat of arms of Labin
Coat of arms
Labin is located in Croatia
Labin
Labin
Location of Labin within Croatia
Coordinates: 45°05′N 14°07′E / 45.083°N 14.117°E / 45.083; 14.117Coordinates: 45°05′N 14°07′E / 45.083°N 14.117°E / 45.083; 14.117
Country Croatia
CountyZastava Istarske županije.svg Istria
Government
 • MayorValter Glavičić (IDS)
 • City Council
Area
 • Town72 km2 (28 sq mi)
Elevation
230 m (750 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Town11,642
 • Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
 • Urban
6,893
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
52220
Area code(s)052
Websitewww.labin.hr

HistoryEdit

 
Streets of Labin
 
View over the town

Labin developed from the site of the Roman settlement of Albona. Its name predates classical antiquity and is derived from Proto-Indo-European *alb- ("eminence", "hill").[2] Before and under the Roman occupation, Albona was an important commune. On a marble tablet the Roman inscription we read that under the Emperor Marco Iulio Severo Filippo noble Caesar noble Prince made Albona a Republic. To be a republic it had to have two joined Magistrates called Duumviri and Public officers called Aediles which took care of Public buildings and other official duties.[3]

From 1295 it was under the rule of the dukes of Pazin, and from 1381 it found itself under the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Aquileia. From 1420 until 1797 it was ruled from Venice and after that belonged to Austria. Labin, as a Croatian-speaking town, was for a long time the centre of Croatia's largest coal mining district, with four mines operating at the height of its production. In March and April 1921, the town was the scene of a miners' strike which quickly grew into an anti-fascist rebellion, considered to be the first of its kind, and the declaration of the short-lived Labin Republic (also known as the Albona Republic).[4] The mine in downtown Labin closed in the 1989. The large, coal-fired power plant in nearby Fianona now has its coal imported from outside sources once the mines were closed.

The famous Lutheran reformer Matthias Flacius Illyricus (3 March 1520 – 11 March 1575), was born in Albona and a small exhibition in what was once his house, commemorates this. Unfortunately, due to the counter-reformation, he was forced to live most of his life in exile in Germany where he became the undisputed leader of the conservative wing of the Lutheran movement after the death of Luther. His chief literary legacy was in the area of biblical exegesis.

YearPop.±%
1880 3,722—    
1890 4,231+13.7%
1900 4,369+3.3%
1910 4,564+4.5%
1921 4,495−1.5%
1931 3,531−21.4%
1948 7,958+125.4%
1953 9,851+23.8%
1961 10,253+4.1%
1971 10,778+5.1%
1981 12,014+11.5%
1991 13,144+9.4%
2001 12,426−5.5%
2011 11,642−6.3%
Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Labin". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  2. ^ Šimunović 2013, pp. 167–168.
  3. ^ Labin, Yugoslavia (1870). Societa del Gabinetto di Minerva (ed.). Statuto municipale della città di Albona dell'a. 1341 (in Italian). Trieste: Società del Gabinetto di Minerva. pp. III–XVI. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  4. ^ G. Scotti - L. Giuricin. La Repubblica di Albona e il movimento dell'occupazione delle fabbriche in Italia

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit