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Carbonia (pronounced [karˈbɔːnja] About this soundlisten  is a town and comune in the Province of South Sardinia, Sardinia, Italy. Along with Iglesias it was a co-capital of the former province of Carbonia-Iglesias, now suppressed. It is located in the south-west of the island, at about an hour by car or train from the regional capital, Cagliari.

Carbonia
Comune di Carbonia
panorama
panorama
Location of Carbonia
Carbonia is located in Italy
Carbonia
Carbonia
Location of Carbonia in Sardinia
Carbonia is located in Sardinia
Carbonia
Carbonia
Carbonia (Sardinia)
Coordinates: 39°10′2″N 8°31′20″E / 39.16722°N 8.52222°E / 39.16722; 8.52222
CountryItaly
RegionSardinia
ProvinceSouth Sardinia
FrazioniBacu Abis, Barbusi, Cannas, Corongiu, Cortoghiana, Genna Corriga, Flumentepido, Is Gannaus, Is Meis, Medadeddu, Medau Desogus, Serbariu, Sirai, Sirri
Government
 • MayorPaola Massidda
Area
 • Total145.54 km2 (56.19 sq mi)
Elevation
111 m (364 ft)
Population
(31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total28,265
 • Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Carboniesi or Carboniensi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
09013
Dialing code0781
Patron saintSt. Pontian
Saint dayThird Thursday of May
WebsiteOfficial website

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Piazza Roma.

Carbonia was founded on the 18 December 1938 by the Fascist regime. Benito Mussolini ordered the building of the city and was present at its inauguration. The city was built to provide housing for the workforce of the nearby mines. The name Carbonia comes from the Italian word for coal, abundant in the area.

The city has grown since its founding in 1938 due to immigration from elsewhere on the island and from mainland Italy (in particular from the regions of Veneto, Sicily, Abruzzo, Marche, Basilicata and Campania), reaching about 45,000 residents in 1951. Currently it has a population of over 28,000.

Since the closing of the mines in the 1970s, Carbonia has had a high unemployment rate. After the closure of the mines the town's economy was converted to the metallurgical industry. Today most Carbonians are employed in heavy industry, and in the tertiary sector.

Main sightsEdit

  • Monte Sirai, a hill in the surroundings of the city that hosts the ruins of a Phoenician-Carthaginian built-up area
  • Domus de janas in the surroundings of Sirri and Monte Crobu
  • Romanesque church of Santa Maria di Flumentepido (11th century)
  • Former Serbariu coal mine, now turned into a museum and a site of industrial archaeology

International relationsEdit

Carbonia is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Population data from Istat

External linksEdit