Istriot is a Romance language spoken by about 400 people in the southwestern part of the Istrian peninsula in Croatia, particularly in Rovinj and Vodnjan. It should not be confused with the Istrian dialect of the Venetian language.
|bumbaro, vallese, rovignese, sissanese, fasanese, gallesanese|
L2 speakers: 900 (2007)
Istriot is a Romance language related to the Ladin populations of the Alps. According to the Italian linguist Matteo Bartoli, the Ladin area used to extend – until the year 1000 AD – from southern Istria to Friuli and eastern Switzerland.
Its classification remained mostly unclear, in 2017 it was classified by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History with the Dalmatian language in the Dalmatian Romance subgroup, yet due to the specificities of the language, which has always had a very limited number of speakers. Istriot was also viewed:
- as an independent Northern Italian language, belonging neither to the Venetian language nor to the Gallo-Italic group (opinion shared by linguists Tullio De Mauro and Maurizio Dardano);
- as a variety of the Rhaeto-Romance languages by the Istriot Antonio Ive
- as an independent language of the Italo-Dalmatian group
- as an autochthonous Romance language heavily influenced by Venetian, Friulian and Slavic superstrates by Mirko Deanović
Historically, its speakers never referred to it as "Istriot"; it had six names after the six towns where it was spoken. In Vodnjan it was named "Bumbaro", in Bale "Vallese", in Rovinj "Rovignese", in Šišan "Sissanese", in Fažana "Fasanese" and in Galižana "Gallesanese". The term Istriot was coined by the 19th-century Italian linguist Graziadio Isaia Ascoli.
There are about 1,000 speakers left, making it an endangered language.
Below is a comparison of Istriot with several closely related Romance languages and Latin:
La nostra zì oûna longa cal da griebani:
La nostra è una lunga strada irta di sassi:
- Istriot at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Istriot". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Bartoli, Matteo. Le parlate italiane della Venezia Giulia e della Dalmazia. Tipografia italo-orientale. Grottaferrata 1919.
- "Glottolog 3.1 - Istriot". glottolog.org. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
- Stammerjohann, Harro (2009). Lexicon Grammaticorum. Tübingen.
- Ethnologue entry for Istriot
- Tagliavini, Carlo. Le origini delle lingue neolatine. Patron Ed. Bologna 1982.
- There is an article on the poet in Italian Wikipedia.