Istrian Democratic Assembly
The Istrian Democratic Assembly (Croatian: Istarski demokratski sabor, Italian: Dieta democratica istriana or IDS-DDI) is a centre-left regionalist liberal political party in Croatia primarily operating in Istria County.
|Founded||14 February 1990|
|National affiliation||Kukuriku coalition (2011–2015)|
|European affiliation||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|International affiliation||Liberal International (observer)|
|European Parliament group||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
3 / 151
1 / 11
1 / 21
9 / 128
|Assembly of Istria County|
17 / 45
IDS was founded on the 14 February 1990 by the writer Ivan Pauletta. IDS embraces principles of respect for human rights and freedoms, regionalism and historical characteristics of Istria, protection of private property and anti-fascism. Party advocates greater regional autonomy, particularly in Istria, decentralization of Croatia and the establishment of a transnational and cross-border euro-region encompassing the whole of Istria. The party president is currently Boris Miletić, Mayor of Pula and one of 3 IDS's representatives in the Croatian Parliament. IDS held the Ministry of European Integration between 2000 and 2001 in the Cabinet of Ivica Račan and Ministry of Tourism between 2011 and 2016 in the Cabinet of Zoran Milanović. IDS member Valter Flego serves as current County Prefect of the Istrian County, while former IDS president Ivan Jakovčić serves as a member of the European Parliament. 3 out 4 prefects of Istria County were members of IDS. In addition, out of 10 towns in Istria county, IDS rules over 9.
The three rams on the party coat of arms represent a historical symbol of the region, which is also represented by the ram in the fourth of the five parts of the crown resting atop the Croatian coat of arms (25-field white and red chequerboard) on the Croatian flag.
The party was founded in 1990 by Ivan Pauletta, Elio Martinčić and Mario Sandrić, on the eve of the first multi-party elections in Croatia after communism. The party decided not to participate, thus allowing the post-communist Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDP) to sweep the region's votes.
The party was led by Ivan Jakovčić between 1991 and 2014.
IDS instead made its electoral debut in the 1992 elections and used the collapse of the SDP to take all three Istrian constituencies.
This result turned Istria into an area of significant concern for Croatian President Franjo Tuđman and his Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), which had dominated every other region in Croatia. For the first elections for Croatian Chamber of Counties, which also coincided with the first election for newly formed Istria County, state-controlled media launched an unprecedented media blitz directed almost exclusively at Istria. This effort spectacularly backfired as Istrian voters gave almost three quarters of their votes to IDS. After that no party challenged IDS supremacy in Istria, at least not directly.
The main policy of the IDS is intercession of cultural and economical identity of Istria and equal status for Italian and Croatian in Istria. This was in opposition to Tuđman and his hard-line nationalism. Other Croatian political parties were more pragmatic, and IDS cooperated with them in the Croatian Parliament and during elections. In Istria, however, IDS is bitterly opposed by local branches of SDP, as well as their former member and first Istrian prefect Luciano Delbianco who had defected and formed a new party called Istrian Democratic Forum.
IDS was briefly part of the national government following 2000 parliamentary and presidential elections. One year later, IDS, dissatisfied with the way Ivica Račan and his coalition partners treated Istria, left the government, although they continued to support it in Parliament.
In 2006, IDS joined the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) Party.
From 2010-2015 IDS was a member of the Kukuriku coalition. Its member Darko Lorencin served as the minister of tourism in the Croatian government; he is a cousin of Beatrice Lorenzin: they are of a same Italian-Croat family.
In the Croatian Parliament, Damir Kajin most frequently acted as the party's spokesperson, and he headed the party list in the 2007 elections where the party gained 3 representatives. Kajin was however removed from the party's membership on 3 January 2013 after forming his own coalition for the 2013 local elections in Istria. This reduced the IDS from three to two representatives in the Croatian Sabor, and forced the party's parliamentary club to dissolve due to insufficient membership.
|Election||In coalition with||Votes won||Percentage||Seats won||Change||Government|
|(Coalition totals)||(IDS only)|
|1992 (August)||DA-PGS||83,623||3.18 (#7)||
4 / 138
|1995 (October)||HSS-HNS-HKDU-SBHS||441,390||18.26 (#2)||
3 / 127
|2000 (January)||HSS-HNS-LS-SDA||432,527||14.70 (#3)||
4 / 151
|2003 (November)||SDP-LIBRA–LS||560,593||22.6 (#2)||
4 / 151
|2007 (November)||None||38,267||1.5 (#4)||
3 / 151
|2011 (December)||SDP-HNS–HSU||958,312||40.4 (#1)||
2 / 151
|2015 (November)||PGS-RI||42,193||1.83 (#4)||
3 / 151
|2016 (September)||PGS-RI||43,180||2.27 (#5)||
3 / 151
|Election||In coalition with||Votes won
|Percentage||Total seats won
0 / 12
1 / 11
- "Istarski Demokratski Sabor" (PDF) (in Croatian). HIDRA. Retrieved 23 October 2011.[permanent dead link]
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Croatia". Parties and Elections in Europe.
- Janusz Bugajski (1995). Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations, and Parties. M.E. Sharpe. p. 461. ISBN 978-0-7656-1911-2.
- LUCIEN ELLINGTON (2004). Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Land, and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 443. ISBN 978-1-57607-800-6.
- PREKRŠIO STRANAČKA PRAVILA Statut ga nije volio: Damir Kajin večeras izbrisan iz članstva IDS-a Archived 2013-01-06 at the Wayback Machine.
- Official website (in Croatian)