Treaty of Peace with Italy, 1947

The Treaty of Peace with Italy (one of the Paris Peace Treaties) was signed on 10 February 1947 between Italy and the victorious powers of World War II, formally ending hostilities. It came into general effect on 15 September 1947.[1]

Treaty of Peace with Italy
France-Italy Boundary - 1947.jpg
France-Italy Boundary after the Treaty of Peace
Signed10 February 1947
LocationParis, France
SignatoriesItaly Italy
France France
Kingdom of Greece Greece
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Albania Albania
United States United States
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Soviet Union Soviet Union
DepositaryFrench Government
LanguagesFrench (primary), English, Italian

Territorial changesEdit

 
A frontier marker on the 1947 – settled Franco-Italian border in the Col de la Lombarde

Italian Somaliland was under British administration until 1949 when it became a United Nations Trust Territory under Italian administration. Italian Somaliland combined with British Somaliland on 1 July 1960 and together they became the Somali Republic.

ReparationsEdit

Italy was obliged to pay the following war reparations (article 74):

$125,000,000 US to Yugoslavia
$105,000,000 US to Greece
$100,000,000 US to the Soviet Union
$25,000,000 US to Ethiopia
$5,000,000 US to Albania

The amounts were valued in the US dollar at its gold parity on 1 July 1946 ($35 for one ounce of gold). The reparations were to be paid in goods and services over a seven-year period.

Military clausesEdit

Articles 47 and 48 called for the demolition of all permanent fortifications along the Franco-Italian and Yugoslav-Italian frontier. Italy was banned from possessing, building or experimenting with atomic weapons, guided missiles, guns with a range of over 30 km, non-contact naval mines and torpedoes as well as manned torpedoes (article 51).

The military of Italy was limited in size. Italy was allowed a maximum of 200 heavy and medium tanks (article 54). Former officers and non-commissioned officers of the Blackshirts and the National Republican Army were barred from becoming officers or non-commissioned officers in the Italian military (except those exonerated by the Italian courts, article 55).

The Italian navy was reduced. Some warships were awarded to the governments of the Soviet Union, the United States, the United Kingdom and France (articles 56 and 57). Italy was ordered to scuttle all its submarines (article 58) and was banned from acquiring new battleships, submarines and aircraft carriers (article 59). The navy was limited to a maximum force of 25,000 personnel (article 60). The Italian army was limited to a size of 185,000 personnel plus 65,000 Carabinieri for a maximum total of 250,000 personnel (article 61). The Italian air force was limited to 200 fighters and reconnaissance aircraft plus 150 transport, air-rescue, training and liaison aircraft and was banned from owning and operating bomber aircraft (article 64). The number of air force personnel was limited to 25,000 (article 65). Most of the Military restrictions were lifted for Nato in 1949.

Political clausesEdit

Article 17 of the treaty banned fascist organisations ("whether political, military, or semi-military") in Italy.

AnnexesEdit

A subsequent annex to the treaty provided for the cultural autonomy of the German minority in South Tyrol.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Grant, John P.; J. Craig Barker, eds. (2006). International Criminal Law Deskbook. Routledge: Cavendish Publishing. p. 130. ISBN 9781859419793.
  2. ^ United Nations Treaty Series 1956; No. 3297.

External linksEdit