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Gradačac (Bosnian pronunciation: [gradǎt͡ʃat͡s]) is a city located in Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in the northeastern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, roughly 40 km (25 mi) south of the Sava river. As of 2013, it has a population of 41,836 inhabitants. The city is well known for its castle.
City of Gradačac
Location of Gradačac within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Mayor||Edis Dervišagić (SDP BiH)|
|• Total||218 km2 (84 sq mi)|
|• Density||192/km2 (500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+387 35|
• Avramovina • Biberovo Polje • Blaževac • Cetnica • Donja Međiđa • Donja Tramošnica • Donje Krečane • Donje Ledenice • Donji Lukavac • Donji Skugrić • Gornja Međiđa • Gornja Tramošnica • Gornje Krečane • Gornje Ledenice • Gornji Lukavac • Gradačac • Hrgovi Donji • Jasenica • Jelovče Selo • Kerep • Krčevljani • Mionica • Njivak • Orlovo Polje • Škorići • Pelagićevo • Porebrice • Rajska • Samarevac • Sibovac • Srnice Donje • Srnice Gornje • Tolisa • Turić • Vida • Vučkovci • Zelinja Donja • Zelinja Gornja i Zelinja Srednja.
- Bosniaks – 26,905 (55.60%)
- Serbs – 12,455 (25.74%)
- Croats – 8,447 (17.45%)
- Yugoslavs – 321 (0.66%)
- others – 256 (0.55%)
In the census of 1991, the municipality of Gradačac had 56,378 residents of which there were:
- 60.2% Bosniaks
- 19.8% Serbs
- 15.1% Croats
- 4.9% others
The župa of Gradačac was first mentioned in 1302, while the town's first written mention dates from 1465 (also as Gračac). The town became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1512, its nahija (municipality) was first recorded in the defter of 1533, while its kadiluk (county) was recorded in 1634.
In 1701 the settlement was given the status of a palanka (city), and it became the headquarters of a military captaincy in 1710. The captains of the Gradaščević family led the development of the city, and the most famous of them, Husein-kapetan Gradaščević or Zmaj od Bosne ("Dragon of Bosnia"), led an uprising that raised to arms most of the Bosnian captains in 1831.
The town has a fort with 18-meter high walls built between 1765 and 1821, and a 22-meter high watchtower, built in 1824 by Husein-kapetan Gradaščević on foundations made originally by the Romans. Husejnija Mosque was built in 1826.
It was severely bombed during the Bosnian war 1992–1995. It is located at the narrow northern corridor that connects two major portions of the Bosnian Serb entity Republika Srpska, near Brčko. Gradačac became part of the Tuzla Canton in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina after the war.
The first spa facility, Ilidža Spa Treatment Centre was built on the thermal springs in Gradačac in 1882. The water temperature is 29.30˚C found at depth of 286 meters. In the area nearby are also two lakes Hazna and Vidara. Both lakes were built as part of project for protecting city from floods who took final stoke in 1964. and 1967. when cities industrial part was underwater due to extensive floods.
The most important industries in Gradačac are textile, chemical, mechanical and food processing. Gradačac is the place where the traditional international fair for plums "Sajam šljive" (also known as "Šljivarevo") is held. In August 2015. 42. traditional international plum fair "Sajam šljive" was held. It was attended by 250 presenters from Bosnia&Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Germany, Turkey and Hungary. One of the more notable local firms is "Kula" who was founded in 1960 as a small local factory producing clothing. Today Kula is modern and respective company in Eastern Europe with 700 employees and annual production of 300.000 pieces. Kula visits fashion fairs in country and Europe. Kula's models were seen in fashion fairs in Brussel, Leipzig, Düsseldorf and Brno.
In the municipality there are 2 high schools, 7 elementary and 14 regional schools.
Birth house of Captain Husein Gradaščević