Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Gračanica is a city located in Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, east of Doboj and west of Tuzla. As of 2013, it has a population of 45,220 inhabitants.

Gračanica

Грачаница
Grad Gračanica
City of Gračanica
Gračanica Aerial.jpg
Location of Gračanica within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Gračanica within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityThe Federation
CantonTuzla Canton
Government
 • MayorNusret Helić (SDP BiH)
Area
 • City216 km2 (83 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • City45,220
 • Density209.35/km2 (542.2/sq mi)
 • Urban
13,400
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)+387 35
Websitewww.opcina-gracanica.ba

GračanicaEdit

Gračanica is located in the lower valley of the River Sokoluša along the main road from Tuzla to Doboj, about 50 km west of Tuzla.

SettlementsEdit

BabićiBoljanićBosansko Petrovo SeloDoborovciDonja LohinjaDžakuleGornja Lohinja • Gračanica • KakmužKaranovacLendićiLukavicaMalešićiMiričinaOrahovica DonjaOrahovica GornjaPiskavicaPorječinaPribavaPrijeko BrdoRašljevaSkipovac DonjiSkipovac GornjiSočkovacSokoStjepan PoljeŠkahovicaVranovići

HistoryEdit

First writings about Gračanica were found in Turkish archives from 1528, in which Gračanica was known by its iron mine. Some 4 km (2.5 mi) away from the town was a middle age fortress named Sokol. Gračanica got the status of a town in 1548. It grew bigger during the 17th century, with the help of Ahmed-paša Budimlija, who built the White Mosque, a public bath and a clock tower. Through the time of Austrian Empire, Gračanica experienced huge economic, urban and culture development. From 1929-41, Gračanica was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

ClimateEdit

The average temperature during January is 1.8 °C (35.2 °F), and during July 23.3 °C (73.9 °F).

This area is characteristic for small quantity of downfalls, which average year amount is 830mm/m2. Maximum quantity of downfalls is in May (121mm) and June (101mm), and minimum in March (41mm). Snowfalls are most often at January, February and March (Average: 50 days in a year). Gračanica is area with continental climate type.

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Population of settlements – Gračanica municipality
Settlement 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 30,203 46,950 54,311 59,134 45,220
1 Babići 1,831 1,897
2 Doborovci 1,999 1,854
3 Donja Lohinja 1,091 1,149
4 Džakule 2,306 1,929
5 Gračanica 9,477 12,103 12,712 13,400
6 Lendići 318 237
7 Lukavica 3,231 2,762
8 Malešići 2,964 2,853
9 Miričina 2,517 2,266
10 Orahovica Donja 4,304 3,966
11 Orahovica Gornja 2,035 1,771
12 Piskavica 808 720
13 Pribava 1,682 2,096
14 Prijeko Brdo 464 386
15 Rašljeva 758 691
16 Škahovica 1,423 1,400
17 Soko 1,920 1,746
18 Stjepan Polje 3,347 3,466
19 Vranovići 1,074 1,001

Ethnic compositionEdit

Ethnic composition – Gračanica city
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 13,400 (100,0%) 12,712 (100,0%) 12,103 (100,0%) 9,477 (100,0%)
Bosniaks 10,282 (80,88%) 9,604 (79,35%) 8,225 (86,79%)
Serbs 1,169 (9,196%) 1,000 (8,262%) 934 (9,855%)
Yugoslavs 900 (7,080%) 1,284 (10,61%) 98 (1,034%)
Others 314 (2,470%) 104 (0,859%) 71 (0,749%)
Croats 47 (0,370%) 67 (0,554%) 99 (1,045%)
Montenegrins 31 (0,256%) 34 (0,359%)
Macedonians 6 (0,050%) 6 (0,063%)
Albanians 5 (0,041%) 7 (0,074%)
Slovenes 1 (0,008%) 2 (0,021%)
Hungarians 1 (0,008%) 1 (0,011%)
Ethnic composition – Gračanica municipality
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971. 1961.
Total 45,220 (100,0%) 59,134 (100,0%) 54,311 (100,0%) 46,950 (100,0%) 30,203 (100,0%)
Bosniaks 43,857 (96,99%) 42,599 (72,04%) 38,189 (70,32%) 33,135 (70,58%) 20,726 (68,62%)
Others 1,134 (2,508%) 1,315 (2,224%) 288 (0,530%) 219 (0,466%) 77 (0,250%)
Serbs 157 (0,347%) 13,558 (22,93%) 13,226 (24,35%) 13 135 (27,98%) 8,543 (28,29%)
Croats 72 (0,159%) 132 (0,223%) 135 (0,249%) 199 (0,424%) 171 (0,570%)
Yugoslavs 1,530 (2,587%) 2,359 (4,344%) 184 (0,392%) 686 (2,270%)
Montenegrins 50 (0,092%) 45 (0,096%)
Roma 24 (0,044%) 1 (0,002%)
Albanians 20 (0,037%) 10 (0,021%)
Macedonians 13 (0,024%) 9 (0,019%)
Slovenes 5 (0,009%) 7 (0,015%)
Hungarians 2 (0,004%) 6 (0,013%)

Twin towns - sister citiesEdit

Gračanica is twinned with:[1]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Grad (Menu) → Bratimljeni gradovi". gracanica.gov.ba (in Bosnian). Gračanica. Retrieved 2019-12-23.
  • Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine - Bilten no.234, Sarajevo 1991.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 44°41′21″N 18°18′08″E / 44.68917°N 18.30222°E / 44.68917; 18.30222