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Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Gračanica is a town and a municipality located in Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, east of Doboj and west of Tuzla. As of 2013, it has a population of 45,220 inhabitants.

Gračanica

Грачаница
Skyline of Gračanica
Location of Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityThe Federation
CantonTuzla Canton
Government
 • Municipality presidentNusret Helić (SDP)
Area
 • Total216 km2 (83 sq mi)
Population
(2013 census)
 • Total45,220
 • Density209.35/km2 (542.2/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)+387 35
Websitewww.opcina-gracanica.ba

Contents

GračanicaEdit

Gračanica is located in the lower valley of the River Spreča along the main road from Tuzla to Doboj, about 50 km west of Tuzla.

MunicipalityEdit

The Gračanica municipality is currently the home of about 49,000 people. Villages around the town are:

BabićiBoljanićBosansko Petrovo SeloDoborovciDonja LohinjaDžakuleGornja Lohinja • Gračanica • KakmužKaranovacLendićiLukavicaMalešićiMiričinaOrahovica DonjaOrahovica GornjaPiskavicaPorječinaPribavaPrijeko BrdoRašljevaSkipovac DonjiSkipovac GornjiSočkovacSokoStjepan PoljeŠkahovicaVranovići

The Gračanica municipality covers 219 square kilometers.

HistoryEdit

First writings about Gračanica were found in Turkish archives from 1528, in which Gračanica was known by its iron mine. Some 4 km (2.5 mi) away from the town was a middle age fortress named Sokol. Gračanica got the status of a town in 1548. It grew bigger during the 17th century, with the help of Ahmed-paša Budimlija, who built the White Mosque, a public bath and a clock tower. Through the time of Austrian Empire, Gračanica experienced huge economic, urban and culture development. From 1929-41, Gračanica was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

ClimateEdit

The average temperature during January is 1.8 °C (35.2 °F), and during July 23.3 °C (73.9 °F).

This area is characteristic for small quantity of downfalls, which average year amount is 830mm/m2. Maximum quantity of downfalls is in May (121mm) and June (101mm), and minimum in March (41mm). Snowfalls are most often at January, February and March (Average: 50 days in a year). Gračanica is area with continental climate type.

DemographicsEdit

Ethnic Composition
Year Serbs  % Bosniaks  % Croats  % Yugoslavs  % others  % Total
1961 8,543 28.29% 20,726 68.62% 171 0.57% 686 2.27% 77 0.25% 30,203
1971 13,135 27.97% 33,135 70.57% 199 0.42% 184 0.39% 297 0.65% 46,950
1981 13,226 24.35% 38,189 70.32% 135 0.25% 2,359 4.34% 402 0.74% 54,311
1991 13,566 22.97% 42,628 72.19% 135 0.23% 1,501 2.54% 1,220 2.07% 59,050

ReferencesEdit

  • Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine - Bilten no.234, Sarajevo 1991.

Twin townsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

PicturesEdit

External linksEdit