February 1960

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February 8, 1960: The Hollywood Walk of Fame dedicated
February 1, 1960: The Greensboro Four stage the first "sit-in" against segregation
February 3, 1960: France's President De Gaulle authorized to rule by decree
February 11, 1960: The crew of Lady Be Good located after 16 years

The following events occurred in February 1960:

February 1, 1960 (Monday)Edit

February 2, 1960 (Tuesday)Edit

February 3, 1960 (Wednesday)Edit

  • Before a session of the Parliament of South Africa in Cape Town, Britain's Prime Minister Harold Macmillan made the "Wind of Change" speech, telling the all-white assembly that "The wind of change is blowing through this continent, and whether we like it or not, this growth of national consciousness is a political fact. We must all accept it as a fact, and our national policies must take account of it." [4]
  • The Senate of France voted 226–39 to allow President Charles De Gaulle to rule by decree in order to dismantle the power of French settlers in Algeria. The National Assembly had approved the measure the day before, 441–75. "We almost saw a collapse of the state last week", Prime Minister Michel Debre told the Senators, in urging passage of the measure.[5]
  • U.S. President Eisenhower announced at a news conference that the United States should be able to make nuclear weapons available to its allies. Eisenhower urged that the Atomic Energy Act be amended in order to permit the U.S. to transfer weapons to the arsenals of other nations.[6]
  • Born: Joachim Löw, coach of German National Team in soccer football, in Schönau im Schwarzwald; and Kerry Von Erich, American professional wrestler, in Niagara Falls, New York (d. 1993)
  • Died: Fred Buscaglione, 38, Italian singer and actor, in an auto accident

February 4, 1960 (Thursday)Edit

  • After a brief interview, France's President De Gaulle fired Jacques Soustelle from the post of Deputy Prime Minister for Algeria. Soustelle, the highest ranking French government official in the overseas Department, was the first of the European Algerians to be dismissed as part of De Gaulle's rule by decree.[7]
  • The Soviet Union's support of Cuba as a Communist ally was forged as Soviet Deputy Premier Anastas Mikoyan was welcomed in Havana by Fidel Castro.[8]
  • Jordan offered citizenship to any Palestinian (defined as a person who "used to have the Palestinian Nationality before May 1948, excluding Jews") living abroad.[9]

February 5, 1960 (Friday)Edit

  • All 59 persons on board a Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano DC-4 were killed when the plane crashed shortly after takeoff from Cochabamba, Bolivia.[10]
  • Amon Ndoffou II, King of Sanwi, one of the leaders of the Anyi people of Côte d'Ivoire (Côte d'Ivoire), declared an independent kingdom, six months before the colony was scheduled to become independent from France. Ivorian troops arrested the King and his Prime Minister, Ehoumou Bile, and ended the secession attempt without bloodshed.[11]
  • The CERN particle accelerator was inaugurated in Geneva, Switzerland.

February 6, 1960 (Saturday)Edit

  • In the first elections in Burma since a 1958 military coup, former Prime Minister U Nu's party captured 150 of the 250 contested seats. He took office on April 4.[12]
  • Died: Jesse Belvin, 27, African-American singer/songwriter, in an auto accident, four hours after performing a concert with Sam Cooke and Jackie Wilson.

February 7, 1960 (Sunday)Edit

  • Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy was introduced by Frank Sinatra to Judith Campbell Exner.[13] JFK and Exner had their first sexual encounter on March 7 at Room 1651 of the Plaza Hotel in New York.[14]
  • Twenty-five people were killed and 50 more injured in a railroad derailment near Sewell, Chile. The train was transporting employees of the Braden Copper Mining Company, and their families, on a Sunday outing.[15]
  • Laurence Slattery and Lesley Wasley, both volunteers, permitted a team of Australian doctors at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital in Sydney to administer curare to stop their breathing, in order to demonstrate the effectiveness of various forms of artificial respiration. Among the findings were that a drowning victim's head should be placed upright, rather than to the side, to aid breathing.[16]
  • Born: James Spader, American TV actor, in Boston.
  • Died:

February 8, 1960 (Monday)Edit

February 9, 1960 (Tuesday)Edit

February 10, 1960 (Wednesday)Edit

February 11, 1960 (Thursday)Edit

  • The bodies of five crewmembers of the B-24 Liberator Lady Be Good were located by exploration worker James Backhaus, in the Libyan desert, 16 years after the airplane had vanished on April 4, 1943, during the Second World War. The men had walked 85 miles in hopes of finding help before running out of water.[22]
 
Gen. Trudeau
  • Jack Paar quit his job as host of The Tonight Show on NBC, a day after the network had censored a joke in his monologue. Paar later returned, but in 1962, the show was turned over to Johnny Carson.[23]
  • Lt. Gen. Arthur G. Trudeau, Chief of Research for the United States Army, inadvertently revealed classified information during a press conference, when he disclosed that an atomic explosion could neutralize a hydrogen bomb through the principle of neutron flux. General Trudeau said that it would be better to have "a small explosion a hundred miles over Hartford, Connecticut, than a large explosion in New York City."[24]

February 12, 1960 (Friday)Edit

February 13, 1960 (Saturday)Edit

February 14, 1960 (Sunday)Edit

  • Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan of Pakistan was confirmed as its President through a limited referendum that he had called as a test of his theory of "basic democracy". The 80,000 village councilmen who had been elected locally were called upon to vote "yes" or "no" on Ayub's continuance in office, and 75,283 of them voted in the affirmative.[29]
  • The United Kingdom signed a new treaty of protection with the Maldives, which had been a British protectorate since 1887. The Indian Ocean island group was granted independence in 1965.[30]
  • Born: Jim Kelly, American pro football quarterback for the Buffalo Bills and the USFL Houston Gamblers, in Pittsburgh

February 15, 1960 (Monday)Edit

  • War threatened to break out between Israel and the Egypt (at that time partners with Syria in the United Arab Republic), after the UAR's President Nasser received inaccurate information that Israeli troops were massing at Israel's border with Syria. Nasser then sent a major portion of the Egyptian army to Israel's border with Egypt, and Israel then began Operation Rottem. The two sides halted war preparations after discovering the misunderstanding, and both sides stood down on March 1.[31]
  • Died: Cho Pyong-ok, 65, the leading opposition candidate in South Korea's upcoming presidential election, died while receiving medical treatment in the United States. With no opponent, President Syngman Rhee was re-elected for a fourth term as South Korea's president.[32]

February 16, 1960 (Tuesday)Edit

  • The nuclear submarine USS Triton submerged upon departure from New London, Connecticut, and, with 184 people on board, began "Operation Sandblast", an underwater voyage around the world that would end 83 days later on May 10. Though forced to broach its sail above the surface on March 5 in order to transfer a seriously ill sailor to another ship, USS Triton would spend the rest of the circumnavigation entirely undersea.[33]

February 17, 1960 (Wednesday)Edit

February 18, 1960 (Thursday)Edit

  • The 1960 Winter Olympics were opened in Squaw Valley, California, by U.S. Vice-President Richard M. Nixon, despite severe winter weather that kept away most of the spectators. The Games attracted 740 athletes from 30 nations.[35]
  • Pilot Charles Hayes and two passengers were killed when their twin engine plane crashed near the St. Gertrude School in the Indian Hill, Ohio, a suburb of Cincinnati. Hayes was credited posthumously with applying a final thrust to the engines to avoid crashing into the school.[36]

February 19, 1960 (Friday)Edit

February 20, 1960 (Saturday)Edit

  • Following a month-long conference in Brussels, Belgium, the date of June 30 was set for granting independence to its African colony of the Belgian Congo. Under an agreement between the Belgian government and Congolese leaders, elections would be held on May 16 for provincial legislatures and a 137-member national Chamber of Representatives, and the provinces would then select a Senate.[12]
  • Died: Leonard Woolley, 79, British archaeologist and excavator of Ur ruins

February 21, 1960 (Sunday)Edit

February 22, 1960 (Monday)Edit

February 23, 1960 (Tuesday)Edit

  • Demolition began at Brooklyn's Ebbets Field, home of baseball's Dodgers until their move to Los Angeles in 1958. A crowd of 200 fans and former Brooklyn players watched as Lucy Monroe sang the National Anthem at Ebbets for the last time, and a band played Auld Lang Syne. The wrecking ball, painted white and painted to resemble a giant baseball, began its work with the destruction of the visitors' dugout.[44]
  • Born: Naruhito, grandson of Japan's Emperor Hirohito, and son of future Emperor Akihito and the future Empress Michiko, in Tokyo. Crown Prince of Japan since 1989, Naruhito is in line to become the 126th Emperor of Japan.

February 24, 1960 (Wednesday)Edit

  • The United States tested its first intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). Launched from Cape Canaveral, the Titan missile traveled 5,000 miles and ejected a data capsule before crashing into the South Atlantic.[12]
  • Final approval was given by Pakistan's President Ayub Khan for the construction of a new capital city on the site of the villages of Saidpur and Nurpur. The new city would be called Islamabad.[45][46]
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the prescription use of the tranquilizer chlordiazepoxide, developed by Hoffmann-La Roche and marketed under the tradename Librium.[47]
  • Argentina called off its search for an "unidentified submerged object" in Golfo Nuevo. Since January 30, when a sonar picked up evidence of a trapped foreign submarine, the Argentine Navy had been searching the gulf. At one point, it appeared that there were two subs below the surface, but after more than three weeks, the Buenos Aires government concluded that if there had been a foreign sub, it had escaped.[48]
  • Four people were killed and five others injured by a pipeline worker turned sniper. Dan Raymond, who lived near Ohiopyle, Pennsylvania, shot two county workers who were spreading cinders, then fired from his home at other vehicles until police killed him nine hours later.[49]

February 25, 1960 (Thursday)Edit

February 26, 1960 (Friday)Edit

February 27, 1960 (Saturday)Edit

  • At the 1960 Winter Olympics, Hjallis Andersen's eight-year-old world record for the men's 10,000 meter speed skating event (16:32.6) was bested by five different skaters on the same day. Kjell Bäckman of Sweden set a new world's record of 16:14.2 and qualified for the bronze. Minutes later, Knut Johannesen of Norway broke Bäckman's record with a time of 15:46.6, more than 45 seconds faster than the 1952 mark, and won the gold medal. A few minutes after that, Viktor Kosichkin of the USSR finished at 15:49.2, within 2.7 seconds of beating Johannesen, winning the silver medal. The fourth and fifth-place finishers (Ivar Nilsson of Sweden at 16:26.0 and Terence Monaghan of the UK at 16:31.6) also beat Andersen's mark.[55][56]
  • Born: Andrés Gómez, Ecuadorian tennis player, winner, French Open, 1990; in Guayaquil
  • Died: Adriano Olivetti, 58, Italian entrepreneur who built the Olivetti company into a leading manufacturer of office machines

February 28, 1960 (Sunday)Edit

  • A tip from a Soviet player helped the United States ice hockey team win the gold medal in the 1960 Winter Olympics. Exhausted from a 3–2 victory over the Soviet Union's team the day before, the Americans were losing to Czechoslovakia, 4–3, with one period left. Nikolai Sologubov suggested whiffs of bottled oxygen for quick energy, and the U.S. responded with six goals, winning 9–4.[57]
  • Born: Dorothy Stratten, Canadian Playboy magazine model who was murdered in 1980; in Vancouver
  • Died: Dr. Tom Douglas Spies, 57, nutritionist who reduced cases of pellagra

February 29, 1960 (Monday)Edit

  • At 11:47 p.m., the city of Agadir in Morocco was shaken for 15 seconds by an earthquake measuring 5.7 on the Richter scale, followed by another tremor an hour later. At least 12,000 people were killed in the collapse of unreinforced stone buildings.[58]
  • The Family Circus made its debut. Initially syndicated by the Des Moines Register and Tribune, the comic panel was created by Bil Keane, whose TV-themed Channel Chuckles was already a newspaper feature.[59] On the first day's strip, the three children had placed a sled on top of their sleeping father, and "Billy"'s line was "Guess what it's doing out."[60]
  • St. Louis radio station KMOX revolutionized radio with the debut of a live call-in program called At Your Service.
  • Born:
  • Died:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Five-and-Ten Bastille", by Lerone Bennett, Jr., Ebony Magazine, May 1980, pp. 111–122
  2. ^ "Australia", in Heads of States and Governments Since 1945, by Harris M. Lentz (Routledge, 2014) p47
  3. ^ Norris McWhirter, Guinness Sports Record Book, 1978 (Bantam Books, 1979), p9
  4. ^ Elizabeth Hallam and Andrew Prescott, editors, The British Inheritance: A Treasury of Historic Documents (University of California Press, 1999), p140; text of speech
  5. ^ "De Gaulle Gets Power to Rule by Decree", Oakland Tribune, February 3, 1960, p1
  6. ^ "Ike Blasts Generals on Defense Challenge", Oakland Tribune, February 3, 1960, p1
  7. ^ "De Gaulle Kicks Out Soustelle", Oakland Tribune, February 4, 1960, p1
  8. ^ Thomas M. Leonard, Fidel Castro: A Biography (Greenwood Press, 2004), p55
  9. ^ Martin Sicker, The Middle East in the Twentieth Century (Praeger, 2001), p188
  10. ^ "Airliner Crashes in Bolivia – 59 Killed", Oakland Tribune, February 5, 1960, p1
  11. ^ "Anyi", in Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World by James Minahan (Greenwood Press, 2002), pp149–150
  12. ^ a b c d e The World Almanac and book of facts 1961 (New York World-Telegram, 1960), pp157–161
  13. ^ Michael John Sullivan, Presidential Passions: The Love Affairs of America's Presidents (Shapolsky Publishers, 1992)
  14. ^ David Pietrusza, 1960-- LBJ vs. JFK vs. Nixon: The Epic Campaign That Forged Three Presidencies (Sterling Publishing Company, 2008) p153
  15. ^ "25 Killed When Train Jumps Rails", Spokane Spokesman-Review, February 8, 1960, p1
  16. ^ "Medics 'Kill' 2 Men, Then Revive Them", Oakland Tribune, February 7, 1960, p1
  17. ^ "Price of Fame in Hollywood? $15,000", AP June 30, 2006, by Sandy Cohen
  18. ^ "Elizabeth Acts to Alter Family Name", Oakland Tribune, February 8, 1960, p1
  19. ^ "Millionaire Brewer Feared Kidnaped", Oakland Tribune, February 10, 1960, p2
  20. ^ Douglas County (CO) History Archive Archived 2010-09-21 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Sultan Crowned", Oakland Tribune, February 10, 1960, p2
  22. ^ "Bodies of War Plane Crew Discovered in African Desert", Oakland Tribune, February 13, 1960, p1
  23. ^ "Jack Paar Quits Show 'For Good' Over Censorship", Oakland Tribune, February 12, 1960, p1
  24. ^ "A-Blast to 'Neutralize' H-Attack", Oakland Tribune, February 12, 1960, p1
  25. ^ Nina Mjagkij, Organizing Black America: An Encyclopedia of African American Associations (Taylor and Francis, 2001), p160
  26. ^ Mark Vail, The Hammond Organ: Beauty in the B (Hal Leonard Corporation, 2002), p58
  27. ^ "FRENCH TRIGGER A-BOMB; DE GAULLE HAILS EVENT", Tucson Daily Citizen, February 13, 1960, p1
  28. ^ "Russ, Cuba Sign Sugar, Loan Pact", Oakland Tribune, February 13, 1960, p1
  29. ^ Rafiq Dossani and Henry S. Rowen, Prospects for Peace in South Asia (Stanford University Press, 2005), p55
  30. ^ Jerry Dupont, The Common Law Abroad: Constitutional and Legal Legacy of the British Empire (F.B. Rothman Publications, 2001), pp659–660
  31. ^ Hemda Ben-Yehuda and Shmuel Sandler, The Arab-Israeli Conflict Transformed: Fifty Years of Interstate and Ethnic Crises (State University of New York Press, 2002), p185
  32. ^ Andrew C. Nahm and James Hoarein, Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Korea (Scarecrow Press 2004), pp21–22
  33. ^ Norman Polmar and K.J. Moore, Cold War Submarines: The Design and Construction of U.S. and Soviet Submarines (Brassey's, 2004) p68
  34. ^ "U.S., Britain Plan Super Radar Site", The Stars and Stripes, February 18, 1960, p1
  35. ^ "Snow Snarls Olympics Start, Stalls Nixon's Games Arrival", Oakland Tribune, February 18, 1960, p
  36. ^ "Pilot Dies But Keeps Plane From Crashing Into School", Oakland Tribune, February 18, 1960, p1
  37. ^ "Launching success bases on previous trials", China Daily, October 16, 2003
  38. ^ Roberta Ann Johnson, Whistleblowing: When it Works and Why (Rienner, 2003) pp 79–80
  39. ^ "Houston Holding Up New League", Oakland Tribune, February 19, 1960, p48
  40. ^ "The Republic of Sudan", in Middle East Record (1960) p419
  41. ^ Scopas S. Poggo, The First Sudanese Civil War: Africans, Arabs, and Israelis in the Southern Sudan, 1955-1972 (Springer, 2008) p96
  42. ^ Carnegie Hall website
  43. ^ Afrika Heute, (Deutsche Afrika-Gesellschaft, 1960), p94
  44. ^ Michael D'Antonio, Forever Blue: The True Story of Walter O'Malley, Baseball's Most Controversial Owner, and the Dodgers of Brooklyn and Los Angeles (Riverhead Books, 2009), p285
  45. ^ Ian Talbot, Pakistan: A Modern History (St. Martin's Press, 1998), p163
  46. ^ "Pakistan Capital Named Islamabad", Wilmington (DE) Morning News, February 25, 1960, p20
  47. ^ Andrea Tone, The Age of Anxiety: A History of America's Turbulent Affair with Tranquilizers (Basic Books, 2009), pp133–134; http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,894726,00.html
  48. ^ "Argentina Ends Sub Hunt", San Antonio Light, February 25, 1960, p4
  49. ^ "Why Sniper Killed 4 Is Mystery", Press-Telegram (Long Beach, California), February 25, 1960, p2; TIME Magazine, March 7, 1960
  50. ^ Robin Moore, Hunting Down Saddam: The Inside Story of the Search and Capture (St. Martin's Press, 2004), pp3–4
  51. ^ Bernard F. Dick, Hellman in Hollywood (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1982), pp119–120
  52. ^ "Nearly 100 Die in 3 Plane Crashes", Oakland Tribune, February 26, 1960, p1
  53. ^ "Accident Synopsis » 02261960". Accident Database. AirDisaster.Com. Retrieved 3 Oct 2010.
  54. ^ "Princess Meg Will Wed Photographer"
  55. ^ David Wallechinsky, The Complete Book of the Olympics (Penguin Books, 1984), p595
  56. ^ "Norwegian Smashes World Record For 10,000 Meters In Great Race— Johannesen And Four Others Shatter 8-Year-Old Record", UPI report in Anderson (IN) Sunday Herald, February 28, 1960, p20
  57. ^ "Tip From Russian Leads to American Victory: U.S. Hockey Team Takes Title", Charleston Gazette, February 29, 1960, p23
  58. ^ Darren Humphrys, Frommer's Morocco (Wiley, 2008), p360
  59. ^ Toonopedia.com; a promotional ad from the syndicate noted "A New Comic Feature Begins Monday", e.g., The Charleston (WV) Gazette, February 28, 1960, p6
  60. ^ Charleston (WV) Gazette, February 29, 1960, p3