Jesse Lorenzo Belvin (December 15, 1932 – February 6, 1960) was an American Rock & Roll singer, pianist and songwriter popular in the 1950s, whose success was cut short by his death in a car crash aged 27.
Compilation CD cover
|Birth name||Jesse Lorenzo Belvin|
|Born||December 15, 1932|
San Antonio, Texas, U.S.
|Died||February 6, 1960 (aged 27)|
Hope, Arkansas, U.S.
|Labels||Modern Records, Dot, Impact, RCA, Recorded In Hollywood|
|Associated acts||Big Jay McNeely, The Hollywood Flames, The Shields|
In 1950 he joined saxophonist Big Jay McNeely's backing vocal quartet, Three Dots and a Dash, and featured prominently on their record releases. In 1952, he joined Specialty Records. Although his early solo records were unsuccessful, his fourth record, "Dream Girl", credited to Jesse & Marvin and featuring Marvin Phillips on saxophone, reached No. 2 on the R&B charts in 1953.
He was then drafted into the army but continued to write songs. His composition "Earth Angel", eventually co-credited to Belvin and Hollywood Flames singers Curtis Williams and Gaynel Hodge after a legal dispute, was recorded by The Penguins, and became one of the first R&B singles to cross over onto the pop charts, selling a million copies in 1954/55.
In 1956, he signed a contract with Modern Records, but also continued to sing for other labels under different names. His biggest hit was "Goodnight My Love" which reached No. 7 on the R&B chart. The piano on the session was reportedly played by 11-year-old Barry White. The song became the closing theme to Alan Freed's rock and roll radio shows.
Belvin’s other recordings for Modern were less successful, and in 1958 he recorded on Dot Records with a group, the Shields, who included lead singer Frankie Ervin and guitarist Johnny "Guitar" Watson. Their record, "You Cheated", reached No. 15 on the US pop chart and No. 11 on the R&B chart. He also recorded with Eugene Church as the Cliques on a less successful single, "The Girl in My Dreams", which was covered by the Four Lovers (two of whose members, including Frankie Valli, would later become The Four Seasons).
Inspired by his wife and manager Jo Ann to develop his style, Belvin signed to RCA Records in 1959, and immediately had a Top 40 hit with "Guess Who", written by his wife. This song originally started as a love letter from her to him, and Belvin turned it into the hit song it became. He also recorded an album, Just Jesse Belvin, developing a more mature and sophisticated sound on ballads. His style was influenced by Nat "King" Cole and Billy Eckstine, and became a model for Sam Cooke and others. He acquired the nickname "Mr. Easy", and the record company began moulding him as a potential crossover star for white audiences, as well as a professional rival to Capitol Records' recording star Nat "King" Cole.
Belvin recorded a further series of tracks later in the year, with arranger Marty Paich and an orchestra including saxophonist Art Pepper. The songs included soulful covers of standards such as "Blues in the Night", "In the Still of the Night", and "Makin' Whoopee", and were issued on the album Mr. Easy.
However, before the album was issued, and shortly after finishing a performance in Little Rock on a bill with Sam Cooke, Jackie Wilson, and Marv Johnson, on February 6, 1960, Belvin and his wife were killed in a head-on collision at Hope, Arkansas. The concert was the first concert played before an integrated audience in the history of Little Rock, and was stopped twice by interruptions from whites in the audience, shouting racial epithets and urging the white teenagers in attendance to leave at once. There had also been several death threats on Belvin prior to the concert, which led to speculation that his car had been tampered with prior to the accident. The 2019 Netflix documentary Remastered: The Two Killings of Sam Cooke includes statements attributing the cause of Belvin's car accident to a slashed tire(s). Belvin was buried in Los Angeles.
- Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues - A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara: Praeger Publishers. p. 373. ISBN 978-0313344237.
- Jesse Belvin Texas Birth Certificate #92586
- on YouTube
- Jesse Belvin at Allmusic
- Jesse Belvin at Soulwalking
- Arnold Shaw, Honkers and Shouters: The Golden Years of Rhythm & Blues. Crowell-Collier Press, New York, 1978, p. 210.
- "Rock-N-Roll Singer Jessie Belvin, Wife Die in Crash", Jet Magazine, February 25, 1960, p. 59.