William Aloysius Keane (October 5, 1922 – November 8, 2011), better known as Bil Keane, was an American cartoonist most notable for his work on the newspaper comic The Family Circus. It began in 1960 and continues in syndication, drawn by his son Jeff Keane.
Keane at work in his studio in 1990
|Born||William Aloysius Keane|
October 5, 1922
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||November 8, 2011 (aged 89)|
Paradise Valley, Arizona, U.S.
Early life and educationEdit
Keane was born in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania neighborhood of Crescentville and attended parochial school at St. William Parish and Northeast Catholic High School. While a schoolboy, he taught himself to draw by mimicking the style of the cartoons published in The New Yorker. His first cartoon was published on May 21, 1936 on the amateur page of the Philadelphia Daily News. While in high school, his in-comic signature was spelled "Bill Keane", but early in his career, he omitted the second L from his first name "to be distinctive".
Keane worked for the Philadelphia Bulletin as a staff artist from 1946 to 1959, where he launched his first regular comic strip Silly Philly. His first syndicated strip, Channel Chuckles, a series of jokes related to television, premiered in 1954 and ran until 1977. In 1959, the Keane family moved to Paradise Valley, Arizona. Keane's daily newspaper panel The Family Circus premiered on February 29, 1960. Keane was the president of the National Cartoonists Society from 1981 to 1983 and was the emcee of the Society's annual awards banquet for 16 years.
From 1981 to 1983, Keane published the gag strip Eggheads in collaboration with his son Jeff, who now draws and writes The Family Circus and continues the strip with his own insight and humor. Like his father, Jeff Keane has been president of the National Cartoonists Society (NCS), serving two consecutive terms (four years). The NCS is the organizing body that honors cartoonists with the Reuben Awards.
Bil Keane died on November 8, 2011, at his home in Paradise Valley, Arizona (near Phoenix), at age 89. The cause of death was given as congestive heart failure. He was buried, alongside his wife, in the Holy Redeemer Cemetery of Phoenix, Arizona.
While stationed in Australia he met Thelma "Thel" Carne. Bil and Thel were married in Brisbane, Queensland in 1948 and settled in Roslyn, Pennsylvania. Thel, the inspiration for the "Mommy" character in his long-running strip, died on May 23, 2008, from complications of Alzheimer's Disease. They had five children, Gayle, Neal, Glen, Christopher and Jeff. Glen is an animator and has most notably worked for Walt Disney Animation Studios. Jeff is a cartoonist, having taken over his father's comic strip.
Keane was a four-time recipient of the National Cartoonists Society's Award for Best Syndicated Panel, winning in 1967, 1971, 1973 and 1974. In 1982, Keane was named the Society's Cartoonist of the Year and received its top honor, the Reuben Award. He also received the Elzie Segar Award in 1982 for his unique contribution to the cartooning profession. Keane was honored with the Silver T-Square Award from the National Cartoonist Society in 2002 for "outstanding dedication" to the Society and the cartooning profession. In 1998, he became the tenth recipient of the Arizona Heritage Award, joining—among others—Barry Goldwater, Sandra Day O'Connor, Mo Udall and Erma Bombeck.
Keane had a close friendship with humorist and newspaper columnist Erma Bombeck. Keane provided illustrations for Bombeck's book Just Wait Until You Have Children of Your Own! (1972), and considered himself instrumental in convincing Bombeck and her family to move to Arizona near his home. In 1996, he was a pall bearer at Bombeck's funeral.
Stephan Pastis, creator of Pearls Before Swine, acknowledged he was good friends with Keane and Keane's son, Jeff. Pastis has notably parodied The Family Circus in his own strip a number of times, and Keane wrote a satirical "attack" on these jokes as a foreword for Pastis' Pearls collection Macho Macho Animals.
Keane switched with Scott Adams of Dilbert in the 1997 comic strip switcheroo. Adams said, "Bil was a misunderstood creative genius who knew how to write for his target audience. He was also a great guy. I was a big fan."
In 1994, the characters from The Family Circus made a "guest appearance" in Bill Griffith's Zippy the Pinhead comic strip. Griffith sad, "I remembered Bil’s affection for Zippy, so I decided to bite the bullet and call him to ask if, instead of me parodying his strip, he’d agree to jam with me..." The characters were drawn into the strip by Keane, but the dialog was written by Griffith. Then, on March 7, 1995, Zippy made an appearance in a Family Circus panel, drawn in by Bill Griffith. Griffith said Family Circus was "the last remaining folk art strip." Griffith said, "It's supposed to be the epitome of squareness, but it turns the corner into a hip zone."
Family Circus collectionsEdit
- The Family Circus (1961)
- The Family Circus Vol. 1 (1965)
- The Family Circus Vol. 2 (1966)
- Sunday with the Family Circus (1966)
- The Family Circus (1967)
- I Need a Hug. (1968)
- Peace, Mommy, Peace! (1969)
- Wanna Be Smiled At? (1970)
- Peekaboo! I Love You! (1971)
- Look Who's Here! (1972)
- Can I Have a Cookie? (1973)
- Hello, Grandma? (1973)
- At Home with the Family Circus (1973)
- I’m Taking a Nap (1974)
- When's Later, Daddy? (1974)
- I Can't Untie My Shoes! (1975)
- Dolly Hit Me Back! (1975)
- Mine: And Yours, Too! (1975)
- Jeffy's Lookin' at Me (1976)
- Smile! (1976)
- Not Me! (1976)
- Quiet! Mommy's Asleep! (1977)
- Sunday with the Family Circus (1977)
- For This I Went to College? (1977)
- Where's PJ? (1978)
- Any Children? (1979)
- Dolly Hit Me Back! (1979)
- Not Me. (1980)
- Daddy's Little Helpers (1980)
- Good Morning, Sunshine! (1980)
- On Vacation with the Family Circus (1980)
- Kittycat’s Motor is Running! (1981)
- Who Invented Rain? (1981)
- My Turn Next! (1981)
- Pasghetti and Meat Bulbs! (1981)
- That Family Circus Feeling (1982)
- Go to Your Room! (1982)
- It’s Not Easy Bein’ the Littlest (1982)
- We’ll Help You Get Better (1982)
- Mommy, God’s Here (1982)
- PJ’s Barefoot All Over! (1989)
- I'm Already Tucked In (1983)
- Pick Up What Things? (1983)
- Grandma Was Here (1983)
- My Turn Next! (1984)
- Love, The Family Circus (1984)
- The Family Circus Parade (1984)
- It's My Birthday Suit (1984)
- I Dressed Myself! (1984)
- How Do You Turn It on? (1985)
- Unquestionably the Family Circus (1985)
- Wanna Be Smiled at? (1985)
- PJ's Still Hungry (1986)
- Heart of the Family Circus (1986)
- He Followed Me Home (1987)
- The Family Circus's Colorful Life (1987)
- We're Home! (1987)
- Where Did the Summer Go? (1987)
- I Could Hear Chewing (1988)
- It's Muddy Out Today (1988)
- Oops! We’re Out of Juice (1988)
- The Family Circus is Very Keane (1988)
- Granddad! It's Morning! (1989)
- We Didn't Do It! (1989)
- Baby on Board (1989)
- The Family Circus Memories (1989)
- Behold the Family Circus (1989)
- Quiet, Sam! (1990)
- I Had a Frightmare! (1990)
- I Just Dropped Grandma! (1990)
- I’m Wearin’ a Zucchini! (1991)
- The Sky's All Wrinkled (1991)
- It's Up and Let 'Em at Me (1991)
- Through the Year with the Family Circus (1992)
- Look! A Flutterby! (1992)
- Are You Awake, Daddy? (1992)
- I'll Shovel the Cards (1992)
- Sam's Takin' a Catnap! (1992)
- Enjoy Yourselves! (1993)
- What Does This Say? (1994)
- Stay! (1994)
- Count Your Blessings (1995)
- Sing Me a Loveaby? (1995)
- Daddy's Cap Is on Backwards (1996)
- The Family Circus by Request (1998)
- The Family Circus Treasury, foreword by Erma Bombeck (1977)
- The Family Circus Album, foreword by Charles Schulz (1984)
- The Family Circus is Us (1990)
- Family Circus Library, Vol. 1 by The Library of American Comics (2009)
- Family Circus Library, Vol. 2 by The Library of American Comics (2010)
Other cartoon collectionsEdit
- Channel Chuckles (1964)
- Jest in Pun (1966)
- Pun-Abridged Dictionary (1968)
- More Channel Chuckles (1971)
- It's Apparent You're a Parent (1971)
- Deuce and Don'ts of Tennis (1975)
- Eggheads written by Bil Keane and Jeff Keane (1983)
- Just Wait Till You Have Children of Your Own! written by Erma Bombeck and Bil Keane (1971)
- Hey, Father! written by Jeanne Marie Lortie, illustrated by Bil Keane (1973)
- Daddy’s Surprise Day written by Gale Wiersum, illustrated by Bil Keane (1980)
- Ask Any Mother written by Jean B. Boyce, illustrated by Bil Keane (1991)
- Just Ask Mom written by Jean B. Boyce, illustrated by Bil Keane (1996)
- Just Like Home written by Jean B. Boyce, illustrated by Bil Keane (2001)
- "The Associated Press: 'Family Circus' creator Bil Keane dies at 89". Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2011-11-09.
- "CNN The Marquee Blog: 'Family Circus' creator Bil Keane dies". CNN. 2011-11-10. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
- "Bil Keane, creator of 'Family Circus' comic strip, dies at age 89". The Catholic Review. November 12, 2011. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- Nelson, Valerie J. (November 10, 2011). "Cartoonist chronicled the lighter moments of family life for more than 50 years through gentle, heartfelt humor". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-12-12. Retrieved 2007-01-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Keane's high school work". Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
- Wolfe, Kathi (November 2003). "The Gospel according to Bil Keane" (PDF). Baptist Life. 87 (10): 5. Retrieved 1 November 2010.
- (Keane, p.8-9)
- (Keane, p.21)
- Richmond, Tom (November 9, 2011). "Bil Keane, 1922-2011". News From The NCS. National Cartoonist Society. Retrieved 2011-11-09.
- Gardner, Alan (June 17, 2011). "Jeff Keane Reflects of Four Years as NCS President". The Daily Cartoonist.
- Keane, Christopher, Family Circus: The Next Generation, Cartoon Profiles, Issue No. 127, pg. 11, September 2000, Retrieved 2008-05-26
- Meyers, Amanda Lee (May 27, 2008). "Thelma Keane; Wife Of Cartoonist Bil Keane". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-05-29.
- Meyers, Amanda Lee (May 25, 2008). "Inspiration for 'Family Circus' Mommy dies at 82". Houston Chronicle. Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-05-26.
- "NCS Newspaper Panel Awards". National Cartoonist Society Website. Archived from the original on 28 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
- "The Reuben Award". National Cartoonist Society. Archived from the original on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
- "NCS Elzie Segar Award". National Cartoonist Society Website. Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
- "The Gold & Silver T-Squares". National Cartoonist Society Website. Archived from the original on 28 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
- Grady, Michael (December 29, 1998). "Family Circus artist still draws: Arizona Heritage Award notes contributions". Dallas Morning News.
- "Bil Keane's Family Circus". St. Anthony Messenger. November 2001. Archived from the original on 2008-06-25. Retrieved 2007-01-28.
- "Erma Bombeck remembered with respect and humor". The Daily Courier. 114 (104). Prescott, Arizona. p. 5A. Retrieved September 6, 2018 – via Google Newspapers.
- Pastis, Stephan "And Now a Few Words From the Creator of One of the World’s Most Beloved Family Comics", Official Pearls Before Swine Blog, stephanpastis.wordpress.com, 28 July 2009
- Pastis, Stephan (April 13, 2010). Pearls Sells Out: A Pearls Before Swine Treasury. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 13. ISBN 978-0740798641.
- Zitz, Michael (April 1, 1997). "April Fools: This is some funny business". The Free Lance-Star. Fredericksburg, Virginia. p. D1.
- Harvey, R.C. (November 16, 2011). "A Ringmaster Dies Bil Keane 1922-2011". The Comics Journal. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Myers, Amanda Lee (November 9, 2011). "'Family Circus' creator Bil Keane dies at 89". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Cavna, Michael (November 21, 2012). "'Lio's' artful Bil Keane tribute". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Griffith, Bill (November 14, 2011). "Bil Keane: An Appreciation". The Comics Journal. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
- Curland, Richard (December 3, 2011). "Historically Speaking: 'Family Circus' cartoonist respected by his peers". Norwich Bulletin. Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Seremet, Pat (July 11, 2002). "Zippy and The Family Circus--Together again!!". The Hartford Courant.
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