Quagliarella playing for Torino in 2015
|Full name||Fabio Quagliarella|
|Date of birth||31 January 1983|
|Place of birth||Castellammare di Stabia, Italy|
|Height||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|2002–2003||→ Fiorentina (loan)||12||(1)|
|2003–2004||→ Chieti (loan)||43||(19)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 12:20, 4 June 2019 (UTC)|
‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 11 June 2019
Throughout his career, he has played for eight different Italian clubs, winning three consecutive Serie A titles from the 2011–2012 to 2013–14 season with Juventus. With the Turin-based club he also won two Supercoppa Italiana in 2012 and 2013. He also won the 2002–03 Serie C2 with Florentia Viola.
At international level, he represented Italy from under-18 to under-21 youth levels before his debut for the senior national team in 2007. He was part of the UEFA Euro 2008, 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup, and 2010 FIFA World Cup squads.
Individually, he was awarded the Serie A Goal of The Year in 2009, achieved during his time at Udinese; and in 2018, he obtained the Scirea Career Award while playing for Sampdoria, which pertains to both personality and playing ability. During the 2018–19 season he scored for 11 consecutive games, a record previously achieved in Serie A only by Gabriel Batistuta.
In 2002, given his limited playing opportunities, Quagliarella was sent on loan to Fiorentina, at that time in Serie C2. In Florence, he scored just one goal in 12 games. In January, head coach Alberto Cavasin decided to cease the loan, whereupon Torino then sent him on loan to Chieti in Serie C1. He also remained in Abruzzo the following season, and scored 17 goals in 32 games during the 2003–04 Serie C1 season. His time in Chieti ended with a total of 19 goals in 43 games; at the end of the season he returned to Torino, in view of the 2004–05 season in Serie B.
At Torino, Quagliarella was an occasional starter, and with seven goals in 34 games, contributed to the club's promotion to Serie A. However, as a result of the bankruptcy of Torino Calcio, in August 2005, he was released on a free transfer and accepted a contract with Ascoli. With Ascoli, he was ensured a starting spot in the lineup during the 2005–06 season, scoring his first goal in Serie A on 21 December 2005, a 1–0 home win over Treviso.
Udinese, Ascoli and SampdoriaEdit
Quagliarella signed with Udinese in the summer of 2005. However, Udinese immediately sold half of his registration rights to newly promoted Ascoli as part of a co-ownership deal. He stayed at Ascoli for just one season, scoring just three times in 33 appearances, and his rights were bought back in full by Udinese in June 2006 for an undisclosed fee.
On 7 July 2006, he was sold in co-ownership to Sampdoria, in exchange for the transfer of Salvatore Foti. During the 2006–07 season with the Blucerchiati, Quagliarella scored 13 goals in league play and earned attention worldwide due to the spectacular nature of many of his goals. His breakout season at Sampdoria led to a call-up to the Italian national team and numerous rumors of a high-profile transfer abroad.
Following his breakout 2006–07 season, both Udinese and Sampdoria were unable to comes to terms on his co-ownership deal and went to a blind auction on 21 June 2007. In the auction, Sampdoria bid €6.5 million, but were outbid by Udinese, who paid €7.15 million. At Udinese, he started the 2007–08 season slowly, scoring just once in the season's first 11 games. However, he soon found his footing at the club, forming a dangerous strike partnership with Antonio Di Natale and scoring a total of 12 goals in the 2007–08 season. This led to Quagliarella securing a place in the Italian squad for the UEFA Euro 2008 competition. Fabio continued his goal scoring at Udinese in the 2008–09 season, reaching 21 goals in all competitions, including eight goals in the UEFA Cup, where Udinese reached the quarter-finals.
On 1 June 2009, Quagliarella moved to his hometown club Napoli for a transfer fee of €18 million, where he signed a 5-year deal. At Napoli, he was partnered with Ezequiel Lavezzi and attacking midfielder Marek Hamšík, and managed to score 11 goals in Serie A to help Napoli qualify for the 2010–11 UEFA Europa League with a sixth-place finish in the league. He played his last match for Napoli in the Europa League, in a 1–0 win over IF Elfsborg. He was an unused bench in the second leg, which Walter Mazzarri used new signing Edinson Cavani partnered with Lavezzi, who the former scored a brace to help the team qualify.
On 27 August 2010, Quagliarella signed for Juventus on loan for a fee of €4.5 million, with the Bianconeri having the option to sign him permanently for €10.5 million. Before the winter break, he was the team's top scorer with nine league goals in 17 appearances. However, he injured his right anterior cruciate ligament on 6 January 2011, in the first match after the winter break, losing to Parma 1–4. He would miss the rest of season.
On 22 June 2011, his contract was redeemed by Juventus for €10.5 million. Quagliarella signed a three-year contract extension to stay with Juventus until 2014. On 1 April 2012, he scored his third goal of the season against former club Napoli and refused to celebrate due to his Neapolitan roots. On 30 April 2012, Quagliarella signed a 12-month extension that would keep him tied to the club until the summer of 2015.
On 22 September 2012, Quagliarella scored his first brace of the 2012–13 season against Chievo. On 10 November 2012, Quagliarella scored his first hat-trick of the season against Pescara in a match Juventus won 6–1. In the Champions League, he scored his first goal in the competition in the club's opening 2–2 away draw against defending champions Chelsea.
Return to TorinoEdit
On 17 July 2014, Torino purchased Quagliarella outright for €3.5 million, payable over three years. This signalled his return to Torino after nine years, signing a three-year contract. Upon his return, Quagliarella scored the 3–0 goal on 7 August 2014 from a penalty kick in the third round of the 2014–15 Europa League against Brommapojkarna.
In his first Serie A match back at the club, he won a penalty after being fouled by Inter's Nemanja Vidić, but Marcelo Larrondo missed it and the game finished goalless. The following round, Quagliarella scored his first goal in Serie A for Torino against Cagliari on 24 September 2014 to secure a 2–1 win. He then scored his first goal in Europe with Torino on 2 October 2014 against Copenhagen, with a penalty in the 93rd minute to secure a 1–0 win for the Granata. On 1 February 2015, he scored his first hat-trick for Torino in Serie A against Sampdoria, ending 5–1. On 26 April 2015, he scored the decisive goal against Juventus, 2–1, which handed a victory to Torino in the Turin derby after exactly 20 years.
Return to SampdoriaEdit
After a series of controversies with Torino's fans, resulting from Quagliarella's failure to celebrate after a goal scored against his former club Napoli, on 1 February 2016 he was loaned to Sampdoria with an obligation to buy. He scored his first goal upon his return on 20 February against Inter Milan in the 92nd minute, in a 3–1 away loss.
On 20 November, Quagliarella scored his 100th Serie A goal in the 84th minute of his 343th league appearance, and subsequently set up a goal for teammate Luis Muriel, as Sampdoria came from behind to defeat Sassuolo 3–2 at home.
On 13 January 2017, he signed a new contract with Sampdoria that would keep him with the club until June 2019.
On 21 January 2018, Quagliarella scored a hat-trick in a 3–1 home win over Fiorentina, but was later substituted in the 75th minute after picking up a knock; his hat-trick saw him set a new personal career seasonal best in Serie A, with 15 goals. He finished the 2017–18 Serie A championship with 19 goals in 35 appearances, among the best scorers of the championship.
During the 2018–19 Serie A season, on 2 September 2018, Quagliarella scored the final goal of a 3–0 home win against Napoli, with what was described by the BBC as a "sensational" backheel volley. He later cited the goal as the best of his career. During the same match, he had previously also set up Gregoire Defrel's second goal.
On 26 January 2019, Quagliarella scored two goals from penalties – his 13th and 14th league goals in the past 11 games – in a 4–0 home win over his former club Udinese, also setting up Manolo Gabbiadini's final goal; as a result, he equalled Gabriel Batistuta's all-time record of scoring in 11 consecutive Serie A matches in a single season, which the Argentine had set in 1994, with Fiorentina, during the 1994–95 season. With his 143rd Serie A goal, Quagliarella also overtook Christian Vieri in 28th place in the Serie A all-time goalscoring charts. By the end of the season, he scored 26 Serie A goals for Sampdoria, achieving the Capocannoniere title.
Quagliarella played for the Italian youth sides, known as the Azzurrini, from the 2000–01 season up until the 2004–05 season. He made his debut for the Italy U17 team (equivalent to the current Italy U18 side) on 5 September 2000 against Slovakia. The following season, he was a member of the Italy U19 team during their 2002 UEFA European Under-19 Championship qualifying campaign.
Following his impressive performances with Sampdoria in the 2006–07 season, Quagliarella was called up to the Italian senior squad, known as the Azzurri, for a friendly against Romania in February 2007. However, his senior international debut was delayed, as the match was cancelled as a result of fan riots in Serie A that weekend.
Quagliarella finally made his senior debut for Italy on 28 March 2007, in a Euro 2008 qualifier against Scotland in Bari, coming on as a substitute for Luca Toni in the final minutes of the 2–0 win. In Kaunas on 6 June 2007, he made his first start for Italy in a vital Euro 2008 qualifier against Lithuania, also scoring his first two goals for the national side in the eventual 2–0 win. On 6 February 2008, he scored his third goal for Italy, and his nation's third goal of the match, in their 3–1 triumph over Portugal in an international friendly in Zurich; this was also the 1200th goal scored by the Italian national side. Quagliarella was subsequently included in the Italian UEFA Euro 2008 squad by manager Roberto Donadoni; he made his only appearance of the tournament in Italy's second group match, a 1–1 draw against Romania, coming on as a second-half substitute for Alessandro Del Piero. Italy then bowed out of the tournament on penalties to eventual champions Spain in the quarter-finals.
Quagliarella was subsequently called up to Italy's 23-man squad for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup in South Africa under returning manager Marcello Lippi; his only appearance throughout the tournament came in Italy's second group match, a 1–0 defeat to Egypt. Italy were disappointingly eliminated from the tournament in the group stage following a 3–0 defeat to eventual champions Brazil in their final group match.
Quagliarella was also included in the final 23-man Italian 2010 FIFA World Cup squad by coach Marcello Lippi; on 5 June 2010, he scored a header in a 1–1 away draw against Switzerland in Italy's final friendly before the tournament. In Italy's final match of Group F at the 2010 World Cup against Slovakia, Quagliarella came on at the beginning of the second half for Gennaro Gattuso, with Italy trailing 1–0, and in the space of 45 minutes, he contributed to teammate Antonio Di Natale's goal, who scored from a rebound, and subsequently executed a beautiful 25-yard chip in injury time to bring the score to 3–2; furthermore, throughout the match, he also had a volley cleared off the line by Slovak defender Martin Škrtel, and had an equalising goal controversially ruled offside, although he was ultimately unable to prevent the Italians from losing 3–2, resulting in one of Italy's most shocking World Cup eliminations. The match was his 21st cap for Italy, while his goal was his seventh overall. Although the Italian team was widely criticised in the media, Quagliarella was praised for his performance.
Under Italy's new manager Cesare Prandelli, Quagliarella scored Italy's fourth goal in a 5–0 home win in a Euro 2012 qualifying match against the Faroe Islands on 7 September 2010. He later also appeared in a friendly against Romania held in Klagenfurt on 17 November, scoring the equalising goal in the 1–1 draw; although some sources cite Italy's goal as an own goal, the Italian Football Federation recognises the goal as Quagliarella's.
On 2 September 2014, Quagliarella was recalled to the national team for a friendly match against the Netherlands and UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying matches against Azerbaijan and Norway under new Italy manager Antonio Conte, although he did not appear during the matches.
On 3 October 2015, Quagliarella earned another call-up, once again for Italy's Euro 2016 qualifying matches against Azerbaijan and Norway; once again, he did not appear during the matches.
On 15 March 2019, he received a call up from Roberto Mancini for UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying matches against Finland and Liechtenstein. On 23 March 2019, Quagliarella came off the bench in the 80th minute for Italy, in a 2–0 home win over Finland; this was 3,048 days since his last appearance, which had come in November 2010. On 26 March, Quagliarella was handed his first international start since 5 June 2010, and his first competitive start since 14 October 2009 (a 3–2 home victory over Cyprus in a 2010 World Cup qualifier, which was also held at the Stadio Ennio Tardini in Parma), scoring twice from the penalty spot in a 6–0 home win over Liechtenstein to become Italy's all-time oldest goalscorer, at the age of 36 years and 54 days; he also set-up Moise Kean's goal during the match.
Style of playEdit
An opportunistic yet hard-working forward, with an eye for goal, good off-the-ball movement, and a strong positional sense, Quagliarella is primarily known for his accurate and powerful striking ability from distance, as well as his ability in the air – both with his head and acrobatically –, and his penchant for scoring spectacular goals from volleys and shots anywhere outside the area. Usually a striker, he is a versatile forward, capable of playing anywhere along the front line, and has also been deployed as a winger, as a second striker, and even as an attacking midfielder, due to his technical skills and ability to create space and provide assists for teammates, in addition to scoring goals himself. He is also an accurate penalty taker.
In February 2017, Quagliarella revealed in an interview with Mediaset that during his time at Napoli he and his family were threatened by a stalker over a period of five years, which eventually led to his departure from the club.
- As of 11 June 2019
|Italy national team|
- Scores and results list Italy's goal tally first.
|1.||6 June 2007||Darius and Girėnas Stadium, Kaunas, Lithuania||Lithuania||1–0||2–0||UEFA Euro 2008 qualification|
|3.||6 February 2008||Letzigrund, Zürich, Switzerland||Portugal||3–1||3–1||Friendly|
|4.||5 June 2010||Stade de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland||Switzerland||1–1||1–1||Friendly|
|5.||24 June 2010||Ellis Park Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa||Slovakia||2–3||2–3||2010 FIFA World Cup|
|6.||7 September 2010||Stadio Artemio Franchi, Florence, Italy||Faroe Islands||4–0||5–0||UEFA Euro 2012 qualification|
|7.||17 November 2010||Wörthersee Stadion, Klagenfurt, Austria||Romania||1–1||1–1||Friendly|
|8.||26 March 2019||Stadio Ennio Tardini, Parma, Italy||Liechtenstein||3–0||6–0||UEFA Euro 2020 qualification|
- "FIFA World Cup South Africa 2010 – List of Players" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- "Quagliarella, record come Batistuta: in gol per 11 partite di fila" (in Italian). Il Corriere dello Sport. 26 January 2019.
- "De Angelis: "Quagliarella mi ha portato fortuna"" (in Italian). stabiachannel.it. 10 August 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- Susy Campanale (20 November 2016). "Serie A Week 13: Did You Know?". Football Italia. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
- "Calciomercato: arrivano Pieri e Quagliarella". UC Sampdoria (in Italian). 7 July 2006. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- UC Sampdoria Report and Accounts on 31 December 2007 ‹See Tfd›(in Italian)
- "United 'bid £10m for Quagliarella'". The Guardian. 15 June 2007. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- "MAROTTA:"PER QUAGLIARELLA ABBIAMO FATTO IL MASSIMO"". UC Sampdoria (in Italian). 21 June 2007. Archived from the original on 9 May 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- whoscored.com. "Udinese 2007–2008".
- "Inside the Stalker Hell of Italian Footballer Fabio Quagliarella". Bleach Report. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
- "Quagliarella, season over; Three match ban for Felipe Melo". La Gazzetta dello Sport. 7 January 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- "Quagliarella, il gol dell'ex senze esultanza" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 1 April 2012.
- "Quagliarella pens new contract with Juventus". Goal.com. 30 April 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Rzouki, Mina (30 March 2013). "Juventus' character allows them a win in the Derby d'Italia". ESPN FC. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- "Quagliarella al Toro" (in Italian). Torino FC. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
- "Torino 0–0 Inter: Vidic sees red as Mazzarri's men are held". Goal.com. 31 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- OMINI, ROBERTO. "Torino-Juventus 2-1: Darmian e Quagliarella, tripudio granata - Calcio - Sportmediaset". Sportmediaset.it.
- "Torino, Quagliarella insultato ed escluso Ventura: "Ci facciamo del male da soli"" (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. 10 January 2016.
- "Torino, Quagliarella: "Chiedo scusa ai tifosi granata. Quanti malintesi col Napoli"" (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. 7 January 2016.
- "Ufficiale: Quagliarella si riveste di blucerchiato" (in Italian). U.C. Sampdoria. 1 February 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- "Quagliarella completes Samp return". Football Italia. 1 February 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- Andrea Turano (21 February 2016). "Quagliarella: "Gran prestazione, Samp! Gol Inter? Evitabili"" (in Italian). Inter-News. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
- "What You Might Have Missed: Quagliarella ton-up, Dolberg shines and Leipzig lead the way". FourFourTwo.com. 21 November 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
- "Fabio Quagliarella signs new contract with Sampdoria until June 2019". ESPN FC. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Quagliarella: 'Hat-trick down to fun'". Football Italia. 21 January 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- Giuseppe Di Giovanni (21 January 2018). "Samp, Quagliarella ha numeri da top player: meglio di Dybala e Higuain" (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- "Sampdoria 3-0 Napoli". BBC Sport. 2 September 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.; "Sampdoria, Quagliarella: "This was my best goal ever..."". www.calciomercato.com. 4 September 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.; Serie A (3 September 2018). "Fabio Quagliarella Scores Insane Back-heel Volley! | Sampdoria 3-0 Napoli | Top Moment | Serie A". Youtube. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- "Sampdoria 4 - 0 Udinese". Football Italia. 26 January 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- "Twitter reactions: After tying Batistuta, Quagliarella surpasses Vieri". www.calciomercato.com. 26 January 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- "Sampdoria 4-0 Udinese FT: Quagliarella surpasses Vieri and ties Batistuta on the night". www.calciomercato.com. 26 January 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- "Sampdoria: Quagliarella capocannoniere, Cr7, Zapata e Piatek restano sotto". genovatoday.it. 27 May 2019.
- "Nazionale in cifre (Quagliarella, Fabio, U17)" [Internationals in figure] (in Italian). Italian Football Federation (FIGC). Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "Nazionale in cifre (Quagliarella, Fabio, U19)" [Internationals in figure] (in Italian). Italian Football Federation (FIGC). Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "Toni segna un gol per tempo con la Scozia missione compiuta" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 28 March 2007. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
- "Quagliarella, Fabio" (in Italian). italia1910.com. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- Gaetano De Stefano (6 June 2007). "Quagliarella fa il fenomeno L'Italia torna a convincere Stampa Articolo" (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Toni, Cannavaro e Quagliarella l'Italia supera il Portogallo" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 6 February 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Italy squad for Euro 2008". The Guardian. 28 May 2008. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- Gaetano De Stefano (13 June 2008). "Non basta san Buffon E l'Olanda ci inguaia" (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Spain 0 – 0 Italy". ESPNsoccernet. ESPN. 22 June 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
- "Santon in Sud Africa Pazzini resta fuori" [Santon in South Africa Pazzini remains excluded] (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. 4 June 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
- LUIGI PANELLA (18 June 2009). "L' Italia s'arrende ai Faraoni" (in Italian). La Repubblica. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Il Brasile vince 3-0: Italia travolta ed eliminata" (in Italian). Tuttosport. 21 June 2009. Archived from the original on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- "Pronta la squadra azzurra: ecco la lista dei 23 per il Mondiale" (in Italian). FIGC. 1 June 2010.
- "Azzurri held by Swiss". Sky Sports. 5 June 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- Fletcher, Paul (24 June 2010). "Slovakia 3–2 Italy". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- "Le lacrime di Fabio Quagliarella. Reuters". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 24 June 2010. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- "Quagliarella, gol e rabbia "Era il sogno di una vita"" (in Italian). Il Corriere dello Sport. 24 June 2010. Archived from the original on 9 September 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Italy 5 Faroe Islands 0: match report". The Telegraph. 7 September 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Nazionale in cifre (Quagliarella, Fabio)" [Internationals in figure] (in Italian). Italian Football Federation (FIGC). Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "Romania - Italy (1-1)". Sky Sports. 17 November 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Quagliarella recalled to Italy". Football Italia. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- "Quagliarella in but no Balotelli for Italy". FourFourTwo. 3 October 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Italy: Pavoletti & Quag in, Balotelli out". Football Italia. 15 March 2019.
- "Italy: Kean and Barella take down Finland". Football Italia. 23 March 2019.
- "Quagliarella is oldest ever Italy scorer". Football Italia. 26 March 2019.
- "Euro 2020: Italy hit Liechtenstein for six". Football Italia. 26 March 2019.
- "Fabio Quagliarella" (in Italian). AreaNapoli.it. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
- Gianni Verschueren (2 December 2012). "Juventus: Solving the Bianconeri's Striker Conundrum". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- Quagliarella: The Once and Present Great Scorer of Goals Archived 20 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "E Quagliarella si scopre uomo assist" (in Italian). AreaNapoli.it. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
- "REVEALED: Each Serie A team's penalty-taker". www.calciomercato.com. 18 August 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "A Quagliarella la maglia 27". solonapoli.com (in Italian). 2 June 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
- Ed Malyon (14 March 2017). "Policemen, bomb threats and the mafia: How Fabio Quagliarella got his life and love back after stalker ordeal". The Independent. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- "Fabio Quagliarella » Club matches". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- Fabio Quagliarella at Soccerway
- "CALCIO, OSCAR AIC 2009: IBRAHIMOVIC MIGLIOR GIOCATORE" [Football, AIC Oscars 2009: Ibrahimovic Best Player]. La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 16 December 2015.
- "Premio Gentleman a Fabio Quagliarella" (in Italian). Il Corriere dello Sport. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- Francesco Velluzzi (22 May 2017). "A Quagliarella il Premio Gentleman 2017: "Totti non si tratta così"" (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- "Quagliarella Vince il premio Scirea" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 28 July 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Ronaldo MVP in Serie A Awards". Football Italia. 18 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.