Ellis Park Stadium
Ellis Park Stadium (known as Emirates Airline Park for sponsorship reasons) is a rugby union and association football stadium in the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. It hosted the final of the 1995 Rugby World Cup, which was won by the country's national team, the Springboks. The stadium was the country's most modern when it was upgraded in 1982 to accommodate almost 60,000 people. Today, the stadium hosts both football and rugby and is also used as a venue for other large events, such as open-air concerts. It has become synonymous with rugby as the only time when rugby was not played at Ellis Park was during 1980 and 1981, when the stadium was under construction during the upgrade.
Emirates Airline Park
|Former names||Coca-Cola Park (2008–12)|
|Location||47 N. Park Lane Doornfontein, Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, 2028|
|Owner||City of Johannesburg|
|Operator||Ellis Park World of Sport|
|Capacity||62,567 (Rugby union and Soccer)|
55,686 (2010 FIFA World Cup)
|Construction cost||R40 Million|
The stadium was originally named after Mr J.D. Ellis, who made the area for the stadium available. A five-year ZAR 450 million (US$58 million/£30 million) naming rights deal was signed in 2008 with The Coca-Cola Company, resulting in the stadium being named Coca-Cola Park between 2008 and 2012.
League, provincial, and international football games have all been played at the stadium, and it has seen such teams as Brazil, Manchester United and Arsenal play. Ellis Park Stadium is the centerpiece of a sporting sector in the south-east of Johannesburg, where it neighbours Johannesburg Stadium (athletics), Standard Bank Arena, Ellis Park Tennis Stadium, and an Olympic-class swimming pool.
Ellis Park is home to the following teams:
- Lions (Cats until September 2006), Super Rugby Southern Hemisphere rugby competition
- Golden Lions, Currie Cup domestic rugby competition
Cricket matches were held at the stadium in the past. Ellis Park hosted six Test matches between 1948 and 1954, but it has not been used for first-class cricket since New Wanderers Stadium opened in 1956 and is now only used for rugby and football.
In 1889 when after a long and hard-fought battle the Transvaal Rugby Football Union (now the Golden Lions Rugby Union) was formed and established a domain. The first games were played at the Wanderers Club's stadium whose grounds were situated where Johannesburg Park Station is today. Rows between the different rugby clubs as well as the Wanderers Club's claim of the field for the use of cricket games, forced the Transvaal Rugby Football Union to look for an alternative.
An area with a quarry and garbage dumps in Doornfontein was identified in, 1927 as the possible alternative. The Transvaal Rugby Football Union negotiated with the Johannesburg City Council's, Mr. J.D. Ellis, (after whom Ellis Park was named) for the availability of these grounds and 13 acres (53,000 m2) was made available. On 10 October 1927 the final rental agreement was signed. A quote of £600 was accepted for the grass and with a loan from the city council to the amount of £5,000, the building of the new stadium could commence. The stadium was built in eight months and in June 1928 the first test was played against the All Blacks. Thus was born Ellis Park which became internationally renowned and synonymous with rugby. Crowds of between 38,000 and a record crowd of 100,000 against the British and Irish Lions (in 1955) attended the matches.
Ellis Park played the host for cricket matches after an agreement was reached between Transvaal Rugby Football Union and The Transvaal Cricket Union. From 1947 when the cricket pitch was laid until 1956, Ellis Park was host to various cricket matches with the final games played in the 1953/54 series against New Zealand. Cricket then moved to its new venue where the current Wanderers still is today.
On 28 April 1969 the Transvaal Rugby Football Union formed a stadium committee to investigate the possibilities of a new stadium since the one in use did not meet all the modern requirements. Fifteen years later, after the game between Transvaal and the World Team on 31 March 1979, the old Ellis Park was demolished. Games were played at the Wanderers while the stadium was being rebuilt.
A new Transvaal Rugby Football Union management was elected in 1984 with Dr Louis Luyt as Chairman and Prof Joe Poolman as his deputy. The decision was taken to place Ellis Park Stadium under the management of a trust. In 1987 after the Ellis Park Stadium was listed on the stock exchange and due to sound financial management by Dr Luyt, Ellis Park could announce that the debt to the amount of R53 million was fully paid and a further 86 suites could be erected.
Today the Golden Lions Rugby Union (Transvaal Rugby Union before) and Ellis Park Stadium (Pty) Ltd are debt free and have cash resources of more than all the other Unions and South African Rugby Union combined as well as borrowing powers of a similar amount.
In 2005 Ellis Park made history by becoming the first black-owned stadium in South Africa. The Golden Lions Rugby Football Union passed the management of the Ellis Park Precinct to a company with 51% black ownership. Interza Lesego, Orlando Pirates F.C. and Ellis Park Stadium (Pty) Ltd make up the new management of the Ellis Park Precinct.
The stadium was witness to an incident during a Premier Soccer League football match between Orlando Pirates and Black Leopards on 17 January 2007, when high winds blew several sideline advertising boards onto the pitch, striking a linesman and three players. Play resumed 7 minutes later, but the match was ultimately abandoned 6 minutes before full-time due to sudden torrential rains and lightning. The game's kickoff previously had been delayed 15 minutes by a power failure.
Disaster of 11 April 2001Edit
In 2001 a stampede occurred during a soccer game between Orlando Pirates and Kaizer Chiefs. With 43 people killed, the Ellis Park Stadium disaster is to date the biggest of its kind in South Africa.
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On 12 January 1985, Ellis Park Stadium was the venue for Concert in the Park, a benefit concert organised by Hilton Rosenthal. 22 artists played the benefit, which raised money for Operation Hunger, a South African non-profit organisation.
Among the touring artists who have performed at the Stadium are:
|Whitney Houston||12 November 1994||The Bodyguard World Tour|
|Roxette||15 January 1995||Crash! Boom! Bang! World Tour|
|Rolling Stones||24 & 25 February 1995||Voodoo Lounge Tour|
|Janet Jackson||21 November 1998||Velvet Rope Tour|
|Eminem||1 March 2014||Rapture Tour|
Whitney Houston's concert was recorded and released as a home video titled: Whitney: The Concert for a New South Africa). A year later also Roxette's concert during the Crash! Boom! Bang! World Tour was recorded and released on VHS home video.
1995 Rugby World CupEdit
In 1995, South Africa hosted the Rugby World Cup, and the final was held at Ellis Park on 24 June in front of 65,000 spectators. South Africa beat New Zealand 15–12 in extra time.
|Date||Team 1||Res.||Team 2||Round||Attendance|
|27 May 1995||Ireland||19–43||New Zealand||Pool C||38,000|
|31 May 1995||New Zealand||34–9||Wales||Pool C||38,000|
|4 June 1995||Ireland||24–23||Wales||Pool C||35,000|
|10 June 1995||South Africa||42–14||Western Samoa||Quarter-finals||52,000|
|24 June 1995||South Africa||15–12 (aet)||New Zealand||Final||65,000|
2009 FIFA Confederations CupEdit
Ellis Park was one of the host venues for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup.
|Date||Time (SAST)||Team 1||Res.||Team 2||Round||Attendance|
|14 June 2009||16.00||South Africa||0–0||Iraq||Group A||48,837|
|18 June 2009||20.30||Egypt||1–0||Italy||Group B||52,150|
|20 June 2009||20.30||Iraq||0–0||New Zealand||Group A||23,295|
|25 June 2009||20.30||Brazil||1–0||South Africa||Semi-finals||48,049|
|28 June 2009||20.30||USA||2–3||Brazil||Final||52,291|
2010 FIFA World CupEdit
Ellis Park hosted five group games, one second-round game and one quarter-final of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, for which its capacity was increased by 5,000 seats on the northern side only, to 62,000. Areas like the Presidential suite also received a facelift. There was also a hospitality room and new changing rooms. The total cost of renovations was R500 million and were completed in June 2008, two years before the World Cup.
|Date||Time (SAST)||Team 1||Res.||Team 2||Round||Attendance|
|12 June 2010||16:00||Argentina||1–0||Nigeria||Group B||55,686|
|15 June 2010||20:30||Brazil||2–1||North Korea||Group G||54,331|
|18 June 2010||16:00||Slovenia||2–2||United States||Group C||45,573|
|21 June 2010||20:30||Spain||2–0||Honduras||Group H||54,386|
|24 June 2010||16:00||Slovakia||3–2||Italy||Group F||53,412|
|28 June 2010||20:30||Brazil||3–0||Chile||Round of 16||54,096|
|3 July 2010||20:30||Paraguay||0–1||Spain||Quarter-finals||55,359|
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- More than 30,000 square metres of concrete was poured into the structure's shutters.
- More than 4,500 tons of reinforcement was used in the floor area of 48,000 square metres – and this does not include the seating areas.
- Nearly 500,000 pockets of cement went into the work done over 3.2 million man hours.
- There are about 3.1 million bricks laid at the stadium, 1,372 windows of various sizes, more than 4.1 km of handrails and a total of 70 km piping for chairs.
- There are fifty 200-watt speakers, thirty 30-watt speakers and 245 speakers clustered around the stadium.
A total of 13 Test match centuries were scored on the ground.
|1||Len Hutton||158||27 December 1948||England||South Africa||1||Drawn|
|2||Cyril Washbrook||195||27 December 1948||England||South Africa||1||Drawn|
|3||Denis Compton||114||27 December 1948||England||South Africa||1||Drawn|
|4||Eric Rowan||156*||27 December 1948||South Africa||England||3||Drawn|
|5||Allan Watkins||111||12 February 1949||England||South Africa||1||Drawn|
|6||Dudley Nourse||129*||12 February 1949||South Africa||England||2||Drawn|
|7||Len Hutton||123||12 February 1949||England||South Africa||3||Drawn|
|8||Lindsay Hassett||112||24 December 1949||Australia||South Africa||1||Australia won|
|9||Sam Loxton||101||24 December 1949||Australia||South Africa||1||Australia won|
|10||Arthur Morris||111||10 February 1950||Australia||South Africa||1||Australia won|
|11||Jack Moroney[A]||118||10 February 1950||Australia||South Africa||1||Australia won|
|12||Jack Moroney[A]||101*||10 February 1950||Australia||South Africa||3||Australia won|
|13||Neil Harvey||100||10 February 1950||Australia||South Africa||3||Australia won|
Test match five-wicket haulsEdit
Eight five-wicket hauls were taken in Test matches on the ground.
|1||Cuan McCarthy||12 February 1949||South Africa||England||1||35.7[a]||114||5||Drawn|
|2||Keith Miller[B]||24 December 1949||Australia||South Africa||2||15[a]||40||5||Australia won|
|3||Bill Johnston[B]||24 December 1949||Australia||South Africa||3||20.1[a]||44||6||Australia won|
|4||Michael Melle[C]||10 February 1950||South Africa||Australia||1||33[a]||113||5||Drawn|
|5||David Ironside[D]||24 December 1953||South Africa||New Zealand||2||19[a]||51||5||South Africa won|
|6||Neil Adcock||24 December 1953||South Africa||New Zealand||4||19[a]||43||5||South Africa won|
|7||Hugh Tayfield||29 January 1954||South Africa||New Zealand||2||14[a]||13||6||South Africa won|
|8||Neil Adcock||29 January 1954||South Africa||New Zealand||3||26[a]||45||5||South Africa won|
- Eight-ball overs were used in this match.
- Moroney scored two centuries in the match.
- Miller took his five-wicket haul in the second innings of the match and Johnston his in the third after South Africa were asked to follow on.
- Melle took his five-wicket haul on his Test match debut.
- Ironside took his five-wicket haul on his Test match debut.
- "Ellis Park". FIFA. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
- "Ellis Park Stadium renamed to Coca-Cola Park". Ellis Park Stadium (Pty) Limited. 4 July 2008. Archived from the original (Microsoft Word) on 3 December 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 March 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Johanesburg Stadium
- "The History of Ellis Park". Ellis Park Stadium (Pty) Limited. Archived from the original on 2 August 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
- "Ellis Park: Test Matches". ESPN Cricinfo. 17 June 2011. Archived from the original on 16 December 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
- "Strong wind causes chaos at Ellis Park". The Mercury. 18 January 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
- "Final Report" (PDF). Commission of Inquiry into the Ellis Park Stadium Soccer Disaster of 11 April 2001. Government of South Africa. 29 August 2002. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
- Mojapelo, Max (2008). "Into the Vibrant Eighties". In Galane, Sello (ed.). Beyond Memory: Recording the History, Moments and Memories of South African Music. African Minds. p. 75. ISBN 978-1-920299-28-6. OCLC 966015704. Retrieved 25 July 2018 – via Google Books.
- Durbach, Dave (30 July 2018). "A Peaceful Riot". Mahala. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
- Statistics - Statsguru - Test Matches - Batting Records, CricInfo. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- 2nd Test, England (Marylebone Cricket Club) tour of South Africa at Johannesburg, Dec 27-30 1948, CricInfo. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- 4th Test, England (Marylebone Cricket Club) tour of South Africa at Johannesburg, Feb 12-16 1949, CricInfo. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- 1st Test, Australia tour of South Africa at Johannesburg, Dec 24-28 1949, CricInfo. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- 4th Test, Australia tour of South Africa at Johannesburg, Feb 10-14 1950, CricInfo. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- 2nd Test, New Zealand tour of South Africa at Johannesburg, Dec 24-29 1953, CricInfo. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- 4th Test, New Zealand tour of South Africa at Johannesburg, Jan 29 - Feb 2 1954, CricInfo. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
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