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Logo of Samsung Exynos
An Exynos 4 Quad (4412), on the circuit board of a Samsung Galaxy S III smartphone

Exynos (from the Greek words exypnos meaning smart and prasinos meaning green) is a series of ARM-based System-on-Chips (SoCs) developed by Samsung Electronics' System LSI division and manufactured by Samsung Electronics' Foundry division. It is a continuation of Samsung's earlier S3C, S5L and S5P line of SoCs.

HistoryEdit

In 2010, Samsung launched the Hummingbird S5PC110 (now Exynos 3 Single) in its Samsung Galaxy S smartphone, which featured a licensed ARM Cortex-A8 CPU.[1] This ARM Cortex-A8 was code-named Hummingbird. It was developed in partnership with Intrinsity using their FastCore and Fast14 technology.[2]

In early 2011, Samsung first launched the Exynos 4210 SoC in its Samsung Galaxy S II mobile smartphone. The driver code for the Exynos 4210 was made available in the Linux kernel[3] and support was added in version 3.2 in November 2011.[4][5]

On 29 September 2011, Samsung introduced Exynos 4212[6] as a successor to the 4210; it features a higher clock frequency and "50 percent higher 3D graphics performance over the previous processor generation".[7] Built with a 32 nm high-κ metal gate (HKMG) low-power process; it promises a "30 percent lower power-level over the previous process generation".

On 30 November 2011, Samsung released information about their upcoming SoC with a dual-core ARM Cortex-A15 CPU, which was initially named "Exynos 5250" and was later renamed to Exynos 5 Dual. This SoC has a memory interface providing 12.8 GB/s of memory bandwidth, support for USB 3.0 and SATA 3, can decode full 1080p video at 60 fps along with simultaneously displaying WQXGA-resolution (2560 × 1600) on a mobile display as well as 1080p over HDMI.[8] Samsung Exynos 5 Dual has been used in a 2015 prototype supercomputer,[9] while the end-product will use a chip meant for servers from another vendor.

On 26 April 2012, Samsung released the Exynos 4 Quad, which powers the Samsung Galaxy S III and Samsung Galaxy Note II.[10] The Exynos 4 Quad SoC uses 20% less power than the SoC in Samsung Galaxy S II. Samsung also changed the name of several SoCs, Exynos 3110 to Exynos 3 Single, Exynos 4210 and 4212 to Exynos 4 Dual 45 nm,[11] and Exynos 4 Dual 32 nm[12] and Exynos 5250 to Exynos 5 Dual.

On 2010 Samsung founded a design center in Austin called Samsung's Austin R&D Center (SARC). Samsung has hired many ex-AMD, ex-Intel, ex-ARM and various other industry veterans.[13] The SARC develop high-performance, low-power, complex CPU and System IP (Coherent Interconnect and memory controller) architectures and designs. In 2012, Samsung began development of GPU IP called "S-GPU".[14] After a three-year design cycle, SARC's first custom core called the M1 was released in the Exynos 8890 in 2016.[15] On 2017 the San Jose Advanced Computing Lab (ACL) was opened to continue custom GPU IP development.[13]

On 3 June 2019, AMD and Samsung announced a multi-year strategic partnership in mobile graphics IP based on AMD Radeon GPU IP.[16][14] NotebookCheck reported that Samsung are targeting 2021 for their first SoC with AMD Radeon GPU IP.[17] However, AnandTech reported 2022.[18] In August 2019, during AMD's Q2 2019 earnings call, AMD stated that Samsung plans to launch SoCs with AMD graphics IP in roughly two years.[19]

On October 1, 2019, rumors emerged that Samsung had laid off their custom CPU teams at SARC.[20][21][22] On November 1, 2019, Samsung filed a WARN letter with the Texas Workforce Commission, notifying of upcoming layoffs of their SARC CPU team and termination of their custom CPU development.[23] SARC and ACL will still continue development of custom SoC, AI, and GPU.[24]

List of ARMv7 Exynos SoCsEdit

SoC CPU GPU Memory technology Released Devices using
Model number fab Die Size (mm2) Instruction set Microarchitecture Cores Frequency (GHz) Microarchitecture Frequency

(MHz)

Performance GFLOPS
Exynos 3 Single 3110[25]
(previously Hummingbird S5PC110)
45 nm ARMv7 "Hummingbird" FastCore Cortex-A8 1 1.0–1.2 PowerVR SGX540 200 3.2[26] 32-bit Dual-channel 200 MHz LPDDR, LPDDR2, or DDR2 2010
Exynos 2 Dual 3250 28 nm HKMG Cortex-A7 2 1.0 Mali-400 MP2 400 7.2 ? 2014
Exynos 3 Quad 3470[27] 28 nm 4 1.4 Mali-400 MP4 450 16.2 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel LPDDR3 2014
Exynos 3 Quad 3475 28 nm HKMG 1.3 Mali-T720 600 10.2 LPDDR3 2015
Exynos 4 Dual 4210[28][11] 45 nm Cortex-A9 2 1.2–1.4 Mali-400 MP4 266 9.6 LPDDR2, DDR2 or DDR3 (6.4 GB/s)[29][30] 2011
Exynos 4 Dual 4212[28][12] 32 nm HKMG 1.5 400[32] 14.4 2011
Exynos 4 Quad 4412[34][35] 4 1.4 ~ 1.6 400 ~ 533[36] 15.84 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 400 MHz LPDDR, LPDDR2, DDR2 or DDR3 (6.4 GB/s)[35][37] 2012
Exynos 4 Quad 4415[34][35] 28 nm HKMG 1.5 533[50] 19.2 2014[50]
Exynos 5 Dual 5250[51][52] 32 nm HKMG Cortex-A15 2 1.7 Mali-T604 MP4[53] 533 68.224[citation needed] 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 800 MHz LPDDR3/DDR3 (12.8 GB/s) or 533 MHz LPDDR2 (8.5 GB/s) Q3 2012[51]
Exynos 5 Hexa 5260[58][59] 28 nm HKMG Cortex-A15+
Cortex-A7
(big.LITTLE with GTS)
2+4 1.7
1.3
Mali-T624 MP4 600 76.8 (FP32) 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 800 MHz LPDDR3 (12.8 GB/s) Q2 2014
Exynos 5 Octa 5410[60][61][62][63] Cortex-A15+
Cortex-A7[64]
big.LITTLE[65]
4+4 1.6
1.2
PowerVR SGX544 MP3 480 ~ 532[66] 49 Q2 2013
Exynos 5 Octa 5420[70] 136.96 Cortex-A15+
Cortex-A7
(big.LITTLE with GTS)
1.9
1.3
Mali-T628 MP6 533 102.4 (FP32) 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 933 MHz LPDDR3e (14.9 GB/s) Q3 2013
Exynos 5 Octa 5422[73][74] 2.1 max
1.5
Q2 2014
Exynos 5 Octa 5430[76][77] 20 nm HKMG 110.18 1.8
1.3
600 115.2 (FP32) 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 1066 MHz LPDDR3e/DDR3 (17.0 GB/s) Q3 2014
Exynos 5 Octa 5800[79] 28 nm HKMG 2.0
1.3
? ? 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 933 MHz LPDDR3/DDR3 (14.9 GB/s) Q2 2014

List of ARMv8 Exynos SoCsEdit

SoC CPU GPU Memory technology AI accelerator Wireless Released Devices using
Model number fab Die Size (mm2) Instruction set Microarchitecture Cores Clock Speed Microarchitecture Frequency (MHz) Performance GFLOPS (FP32) Type Bus width (bit) Bandwidth (GB/s) Cellular WLAN PAN
Exynos 7 Octa 5433[81][82][83] 20 nm HKMG 113.42[84] ARMv8-A Cortex-A57 +
Cortex-A53 (GTS)
4+4 1.9 GHz Cortex-A57 + 1.3 GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-T760 MP6 700 142 LPDDR3 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 825 MHz (13.2 GB/s)[81] NA Paired with Samsung M303/Intel XMM 7260 LTE Cat 6 (300Mbit/s) or Ericsson M7450 LTE Cat 4[85] Q4 2014
Exynos 7 Octa 7420[86][87][88] 14 nm LPE 78.23[84] 2.1 GHz Cortex-A57 + 1.5 GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-T760 MP8 772 210 LPDDR4 1553 MHz (24.88 GB/s)[89] Paired with Shannon 333

LTE Cat 9 (450Mbit/s)

Q2 2015
Exynos 7 Quad 7570[92][93][94] 14 nm LPP Cortex-A53 4 1.4 GHz Mali-T720 MP1[95] Unknown Unknown LPDDR3 Unknown Unknown LTE Cat.4 2CA 150Mbit/s (DL) /

50Mbit/s (UL)

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n Bluetooth 4.2 Q3 2016
Exynos 7 Octa 7580[96][97] 28 nm HKMG 8 1.6 GHz Mali-T720 MP2 668 22.7 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 933 MHz (14.9 GB/sec) LTE Cat.6 2CA 300Mbit/s (DL) /

50Mbit/s (UL)

Q2 2015
Exynos 7 Octa 7870[99][100] 14 nm LPP Mali-T830 MP1[101] 700 23.8 32-bit Single-channel [102] 933 MHz Q1 2016
Exynos 7 Octa 7880[107][108][109] 1.9 GHz Mali-T830 MP3 950 71.4 LPDDR4 64-bit (2×32-bit) Dual-channel 1033 MHz (16.5 GB/sec) LTE Cat.7 3CA 300Mbit/s (DL) /

2CA 100Mbit/s (UL)

Q1 2017
Exynos 5 Hexa 7872 Cortex-A73 + Cortex-A53 (GTS) 2+4 2.0 GHz Cortex-A73 + 1.5 GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-G71 MP1 1200 LPDDR3 LTE Cat.7 2CA 300Mbit/s (DL) /

Cat.13 2CA 150Mbit/s (UL)

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n Bluetooth 4.2 Q1 2018
Exynos 7 Octa 7884A 2+6 1.3 GHz Cortex-A73 + 1.3 GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-G71 MP2 ? LPDDR3 LTE Cat.4 2CA 150Mbit/s (DL) /

2CA 50Mbit/s (UL)

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n Bluetooth 4.2 Q3 2018
Exynos 7 Octa 7884 2+6 1.6 GHz Cortex-A73 + 1.3 GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-G71 MP2 ? LPDDR4 LTE Cat.12 3CA 600Mbit/s (DL) /

Cat.13 2CA 150Mbit/s (UL)

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Bluetooth 5.0 Q2 2018
Exynos 7 Octa 7885[110][111] 2+6

2.2 GHz Cortex-A73 + 1.6 GHz Cortex-A53

Mali-G71 MP2 1300 LPDDR4 LTE Cat.12 3CA 600Mbit/s (DL) /

Cat.13 2CA 150Mbit/s (UL)

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Bluetooth 5.0 Q1 2018
Exynos 7 Octa 7904[112] 2+6

1.8 GHz Cortex-A73 + 1.6 GHz Cortex-A53

Mali-G71 MP2 LTE Cat.12 3CA 600Mbit/s (DL) /

Cat.13 2CA 150Mbit/s (UL)

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Bluetooth 5.0 Q1 2019
Exynos 8 Octa 8890

[113]

14 nm LPP Exynos M1 "Mongoose"+
Cortex-A53 (GTS)
4+4 2.3 GHz Exynos M1 (up to 2.6 GHz in single-core load) + 1.6 GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-T880 MP12 650 265.2 Shannon LTE

DL: LTE Cat 12 600Mbit/s, 3CA
UL: LTE Cat 13 150Mbit/s, 2CA

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Bluetooth 4.2 Q1 2016
2.0 GHz Exynos M1 + 1.5 GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-T880 MP10 (Lite) 650 221
Exynos 7 Dual 7270[115] ? Cortex-A53 2 1.0 GHz Mali™-T720 MP1 ? ? LPDDR3 ? LTE Cat.4

DL: 150Mbit/s UL: 50Mbit/s

Wi-Fi Bluetooth 4.2 Q3 2016 List

Samsung Galaxy Sport

Samsung Galaxy Gear S3 Frontier

Samsung Galaxy Gear S3 Classic

Exynos 9 Octa 8895

[116][117][118]

10 nm LPE[119] 103.64[120] Exynos M2 "Mongoose"+
Cortex-A53 (GTS)
4+4 2.314 GHz Exynos M2 + 1.69 GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-G71 MP20 546[121] 375 LPDDR4X 1794 MHz (28.7 GB/s)[122][123] Shannon 355 LTE

DL: LTE Cat 16 1050Mbit/s, 5CA, 256-QAM)
UL: LTE Cat 13 150Mbit/s, 2CA, 64-QAM

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Bluetooth 5.0 Q2 2017
Exynos 7 Octa 9609[124] Cortex-A73 +

Cortex-A53

4+4 2.2 GHz Cortex-A73 + 1.6 GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-G72 MP3 LPDDR4X LTE Cat.12 3CA 600Mbit/s (DL) /

Cat.13 2CA 150Mbit/s (UL)

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Bluetooth 5.0 Q2 2019 Motorola One Vision
Exynos 7 Octa 9610[125] Cortex-A73 +

Cortex-A53

4+4 2.3 GHz Cortex-A73 + 1.7 GHz Cortex-A53 Mali-G72 MP3 LPDDR4X LTE Cat.12 3CA 600Mbit/s (DL) /

Cat.13 2CA 150Mbit/s (UL)

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Bluetooth 5.0 Q4 2018 Samsung Galaxy A50
Exynos 9 Series 9810[126][127] 10 nm LPP 118.94[128] ARMv8.2-A Exynos M3 "Meerkat" [120] + Cortex-A55 4+4 2.9 GHz Exynos M3 + 1.9 GHz Cortex-A55 Mali-G72 MP18 572 370[129] LPDDR4X 64-bit (4×16-bit) Quad-channel 1794 MHz (28.7GB/s)[122] Shannon 360 LTE

DL: LTE Cat 18 1200 Mbit/s, 6CA, 256-QAM
UL: LTE Cat 13 200 Mbit/s, 2CA, 256-QAM

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Bluetooth 5.0 Q1 2018
Exynos 9 Series 9110[130] 10 nm LPP ARMv8-A Cortex-A53 2 1.15 GHz Mali™-T720 MP1? 3G/LTE Wi-Fi 802.11b/g/n Bluetooth 4.2 Q3 2018
Exynos 9 Series 9820[131] 8 nm LPP 127mm²[132] ARMv8.2-A Exynos M4 "Cheetah" +

Cortex-A75 +

Cortex-A55

2+2+4 Exynos M4 @ 2.73 GHz +

Cortex A75 @ 2.31 GHz +

Cortex A55 @ 1.95 GHz

Mali G76MP12 702 607 LPDDR4X 64-bit (4×16-bit) Quad-channel 2093 MHz (33.488GB/s)

[132]

Dual-core NPU

1024 MAC units @ 933 MHz[132] (1.86 TOPs)

Shannon 5000 LTE

DL: Cat.20 2000 Mbit/s, 8CA, 256-QAM UL: Cat.13 316 Mbit/s, 3CA, 256-QAM

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ax Bluetooth 5.0 Q1 2019
Exynos 9 Series 9825[133] 7 nm

LPP (EUV)

ARMv8.2-A Exynos M4 "Cheetah" +

Cortex-A75 + Cortex-A55

2+2+4 Exynos M4 @ 2.73 GHz +

Cortex A75 @ 2.4 GHz + Cortex A55 @ 1.95 GHz

Mali G76MP12 LPDDR4X 64-bit (4×16-bit) Quad-channel 2093 MHz (33.488GB/s)

[132]

Dual-core NPU

1024 MAC units @ 933 MHz[132] (1.86 TOPs)

Shannon 5000 LTE

DL: Cat.20 2000 Mbit/s, 8CA, 256-QAM UL: Cat.13 316 Mbit/s, 3CA, 256-QAM

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ax Bluetooth 5.0 Q3 2019
Exynos 980[134] 8 nm LPP ARMv8.2-A Cortex-A77 + Cortex-A55 2 + 6 Cortex-A77 @ 2.2 GHz + Cortex-A55 @ 1.8 GHz Mali G76MP5 LPDDR4X NPU

? MAC units @ ?

Shannon 5G

LTE DL: Cat.16 1000 Mbit/s, 5CA, 256-QAM UL: Cat.18 200 Mbit/s, 2CA, 256-QAM

5G NR Sub-6 GHz DL: 2.55Gbit/s UL: 1.28Gbit/s

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ax Bluetooth 5.0 2020?
Exynos 990[135] 7 nm

LPP

ARMv8.2-A Exynos M5 +

Cortex-A76 + Cortex-A55

2+2+4 Exynos M5 @

?GHz +

Cortex A76 @ ?GHz +

Cortex A55 @ ?GHz

Mali G77MP11 LPDDR5 64-bit (4×16-bit) Quad-channel 2750 MHz (44GB/s) Dual-core NPU

? MAC units @ ?

DSP

(>10 TOPs)

Paired with Exynos Modem 5123

LTE DL: Cat.24 3000 Mbit/s, 8CA, 1024-QAM UL: Cat.22 422 Mbit/s, 2CA, 256-QAM

5G NR Sub-6 GHz DL: 5.1Gbit/s UL: ?Gbps

5G NR mmWave DL: 7.35Gbit/s UL: ?Gbps

Wi-Fi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac/ax? Bluetooth 5.0? 2020?

List of Exynos ModemsEdit

Exynos Modem 303

Exynos Modem 333

Exynos Modem 5100

  • Supported Modes: 5G NR Sub-6 GHz, 5G NR mmWave, LTE-FDD, LTE-TDD, HSPA, TD-SCDMA, WCDMA, CDMA, GSM/EDGE[138]
  • Downlink Features:
    • 8CA (Carrier Aggregation) in 5G NR
    • 8CA 1.6Gbit/s in LTE Cat. 19
    • 4x4 MIMO
    • FD-MIMO
    • Up to 256-QAM in sub-6 GHz, 2Gbit/s
    • Up to 64-QAM in mmWave, 6Gbit/s
  • Uplink Features:
    • 2CA (Carrier Aggregation) in 5G NR
    • 2CA in LTE
    • Up to 256-QAM in sub-6 GHz
    • Up to 64-QAM in mmWave
  • Process: 10 nm FinFET Process
  • Paired with: Exynos 9 Series 9820

Exynos Modem 5123

  • Downlink Features:
    • 8CA 3.0Gbit/s in LTE Cat. 24
    • Up to ?-QAM in sub-6 GHz, 5.1Gbit/s
    • Up to ?-QAM in mmWave, 7.35Gbit/s
  • Uplink Features:
    • 2CA 422 Mbit/s in LTE Cat. 22
    • Up to ?-QAM in sub-6 GHz
    • Up to ?-QAM in mmWave
  • Process: 7 nm FinFET Process
  • Paired with: Exynos 990[135]

List of Exynos IoT SoCsEdit

Exynos i T200[139]

  • CPU: Cortex-M4 @ 320 MHz, Cortex-M0+ @ 320 MHz
  • WiFi: 802.11b/g/n Single band (2.4 GHz)
  • On-chip Memory: SRAM 1.4MB
  • Interface: SDIO/ I2C/ SPI/ UART/ PWM/ I2S
  • Front-end Module: Integrated T/R switch, Power Amplifier, Low Noise Amplifier
  • Security: WEP 64/128, WPA, WPA2, AES, TKIP, WAPI, PUF (Physically Unclonable Function)

Exynos i S111[140]

  • CPU: Cortex-M7 200 MHz
  • Modem: LTE Release 14 NB-IoT
    • Downlink: 127 kbit/s
    • Uplink: 158 kbit/s
  • On-chip Memory: SRAM 512KB
  • Interface: USI, UART, I2C, GPIO, eSIM I/F, SDIO(Host), QSPI(Single/Dual/Quad IO mode), SMC
  • Security: eFuse, AES, SHA-2, PKA, Secure Storage, Security Sub-System, PUF
  • GNSS: GPS, Galileo, GLONASS, BeiDou

List of Exynos Auto SoCsEdit

Exynos Auto V9[141]

Similar platformsEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit