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List of rulers of Mecklenburg

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This list of dukes and grand dukes of Mecklenburg dates from the origins of the German princely state of Mecklenburg's royal house in the High Middle Ages to the monarchy's abolition at the end of World War I. Strictly speaking, Mecklenburg’s princely dynasty was descended linearly from the princes (or kings) of a Slavic tribe, the Obotrites, and had its original residence in a castle (Mecklenburg) in Dorf Mecklenburg (Mikelenburg) close to Wismar.[1] As part of a feudal union under German law from 1160—at first under the Saxons—Mecklenburg was granted imperial immediacy in 1348 and its princely rulers styled Dukes of Mecklenburg.[2] Despite several partitions, Mecklenburg remained an integral state until the end of the monarchy. The First Partition of Mecklenburg came in 1234, causing the principality to lose land. Thus arose the partial principalities (lordships) of Werle, Parchim-Richenberg, Rostock and Mecklenburg.[3] In modern times it was divided into the two (partial) duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (I) and Mecklenburg-Stargard (1348–1471), Mecklenburg-Schwerin (II) and Mecklenburg-Güstrow (1555–1695), and with the Treaty of Hamburg (1701) into Mecklenburg-Schwerin (III) and Mecklenburg-Strelitz.[1][4] However, the dynasty always retained feudal rights to the entire fief and the rulers of both parts of the country always had identical titles,[4] which led to diplomatic confusion.

Monarchy of Mecklenburg
Provincial/State
Coat of Arms of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg - Schwerin.svg
Grand ducal coat of arms
of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Friedrich Franz IV.jpg
Frederick Francis IV of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Details
StyleHis Royal Highness
First monarchNiklot
Last monarchFrederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Formation1130
Abolition1918
AppointerHereditary
Pretender(s)Borwin, Duke of Mecklenburg

Seven-section coat of arms of Mecklenburg. Each field symbolises one of the seven high lordly dominions of the state of Mecklenburg: the Duchy of Mecklenburg, the Principalities (formerly Dioceses) of Schwerin and Ratzeburg, the County of Schwerin as well as the Dominions of Rostock, Werle and Stargard.

The Congress of Vienna in 1815 granted the ruling dukes an adjustment in rank with the title Grand Duke of Mecklenburg and the personal style Royal Highness.[1] Both parts of the country were henceforth designated Grand Duchies. Besides both rulers, each heir to the throne, their respective wives and all other members of the princely family used the title of Duke (or Duchess) of Mecklenburg, notwithstanding the customary name of Princes and Princesses. The rulers of Mecklenburg were styled Duke of (from 1815 Grand Duke of) Mecklenburg, Prince of the Wends, Schwerin and Ratzeburg, and Count of Schwerin, Lord of the Lands of Rostock and Stargard (Herzog zu / Großherzog von Mecklenburg, Fürst zu Wenden, Schwerin und Ratzeburg, auch Graf zu Schwerin, der Lande Rostock und Stargard Herr).[5]

At the end of the monarchy in 1918, the House of Mecklenburg was the oldest ruling princely dynasty in Germany. During the Weimar Republic, the former princely title was turned into a commoner’s surname, Herzog zu Mecklenburg ("Duke of Mecklenburg").[5]

Contents

The Land of the ObotritesEdit

See also: Obotrites

As allies of the Carolingian kings and the empire of their Ottonian successors, the Obotrites fought from 808 to 1200 against the kings of Denmark, who wished to rule the Baltic region independently of the empire. When opportunities arose, for instance upon the death of an emperor, they would seek to seize power; and in 983 Hamburg was destroyed by the Obotrites under their king, Mstivoj. At times they levied tribute from the Danes and Saxons. Under the leadership of Niklot, they resisted a Christian assault during the Wendish Crusade.

 
The Limes Saxoniae forming the border between the Saxons to the west and the Obotrites to the east

German missionaries such as Vicelinus converted the Obotrites to Christianity. In 1170 they acknowledged the suzerainty of the Holy Roman Empire, leading to Germanisation and assimilation over the following centuries. The ruling clan of the Obotrites kept its power throughout the Germanisation and ruled their country (except of a short interruption in Thirty Years' War) as House of Mecklenburg until the end of monarchies in Germany in November Revolution 1918.

List of Obotrite leadersEdit

 
Niklot (1090 – 1160) chief of the Obotrite confederacy
Ruler Reign Notes
Witzlaus ?–ca. 795
Thrasco ?–ca. 795-810
Slavomir (de) ?–810-819 Ally of the Frankish Empire. In 816, he joined the rebellion of the Sorbs. Eventually captured and abandoned by his own people, being replaced by Ceadrag in 818.
Ceadrag (de) 819 - after 826 Ally of the Frankish Empire. He rebelled against the Franks with alliance with the Danes, but later was reconciled with Franks.
Selibur
Nako 954-966 Nako and his brother Stoigniew were defeated at the Raxa river (955) by Otto I, after which Stoigniew was beheaded and Nako accepted Christianity, resulting in thirty years of peace.
Mstivoj and Mstidrag 966 - 995 Sons of Nako. They abandoned Christianity and revolted against the Germans (Great Slav Rising).
Mieceslas III 919 - 999 in 995 defeated by Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor.
Mstislav 996 - 1018
Udo or Przybigniew 1018 - 1028
Ratibor 1028 - 1043
Gottschalk 1043 to 1066
Budivoj 1066 and 1069
Kruto 1066-1069 and 1069-1093
Henry 1093 - 1127
Niklot 1131–1160 Born around 1090. Also ruled the subdued Polabian Slav tribes of Kessinians and Circipanians.
Pribislav 1160–1167 Last Obotrite prince. Accepted Saxon suzerainty in 1167.

The rulers of Obotrite lands were later the Dukes and Grand Dukes of Mecklenburg.

The Saxon suzerainty and the land of MecklenburgEdit

See also: Mecklenburg

From the 7th through the 12th centuries, the area of Mecklenburg was taken over by Western Slavic peoples, most notably the Obotrites and other tribes that Frankish sources referred to as "Wends". The 11th century founder of the Mecklenburgian dynasty of Dukes and later Grand Dukes, which lasted until 1918, was Nyklot of the Obotrites.

In the late 12th century, Henry the Lion, Duke of the Saxons, conquered the region, subjugated its local lords, and Christianized its people, in a precursor to the Northern Crusades. From 12th to 14th century, large numbers of Germans and Flemings settled the area (Ostsiedlung), importing German law and improved agricultural techniques. The Wends who survived all warfare and devastation of the centuries before, including invasions of and expeditions into Saxony, Denmark and Liutizic areas as well as internal conflicts, were assimilated in the centuries thereafter. However, elements of certain names and words used in Mecklenburg speak to the lingering Slavic influence. An example would be the city of Schwerin, which was originally called Zuarin in Slavic. Another example is the town of Bresegard, the 'gard' portion of the town name deriving from the Slavic word 'grad', meaning city or town.

Partitions of MecklenburgEdit

Like many German territories, Mecklenburg was sometimes partitioned and re-partitioned among different members of the ruling dynasty. The division started in 1227.

Partition of 1227Edit

In 1227, Henry Borwin II divided his lands of Mecklenburg among his sons: John received the area called Mecklenburg; Nicholas received Werle; Henry Borwin III Rostock and Pribislaus Parchim-Rinchenberg. In 1256, the latter showed incapacity for government and his brothers deposed him, dividing his lands among themselves.

In 1314 the land of Nicholas the Child of Rostock died without heirs; his lands were annexed to Mecklenburg-Mecklenburg.

In 1348 Mecklenburg-Mecklenburg and its possessions were elevated as an unified duchy, with seat at Schwerin. The line of Mecklenburg-Mecklenburg then took the seat's name for their branch: from 1348, when elevated, the line of Mecklenburg-Mecklenburg changed to Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

In 1352 the duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was again divided: from Schwerin grew a new line of dukes, called Mecklenburg-Stargard.

In 1436 the Werle line, and in 1471 the Stargard line were annexed to Mecklenburg-Schwerin, reuniting all the lands of Mecklenburg.

Partition of 1520Edit

In 1520 the united Mecklenburg, bearing the name Mecklenburg-Schwerin, was redivided. The line of Mecklenburg-Güstrow splits off from the elder line of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. In 1695 Mecklenburg-Schwerin-Güstrow was reabsorbed in Mecklenburg, reuniting the duchy one more time.

Partition of 1701Edit

In 1701 the united Mecklenburg, bearing the name Mecklenburg-Schwerin, was redivided. The line of Mecklenburg-Strelitz splits off from the elder line of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. In 1918, at the end of World War I, the monarchy was abolished, with the duchy still divided.

Rulers of Mecklenburg: the House of MecklenburgEdit

Partitions of Mecklenburg under Mecklenburg ruleEdit

1167-1227 Duchy of Mecklenburg
1227-1256 Rostock Mecklenburg Werle Parchim-Rinchenberg
1256-1314 Rostock Mecklenburg Werle
1314-1329 Mecklenburg Werle
1329-1352 Schwerin Werle
1352-1436 Stargard Schwerin Werle
1436-1471 Stargard Schwerin
1471-1520 Duchy of Mecklenburg
(Schwerin line)
1520-1695 Schwerin Güstrow
1695-1701 Duchy of Mecklenburg
(Schwerin line)
1701-1918 Schwerin Strelitz

Table of rulersEdit

(Note: Here the numbering of the princes is the same for all duchies, as all were titled Dukes of Mecklenburg, despite of the different parts of land and its particular numbering of the rulers. The princes are numbered by the year of their succession.)

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
Pribislaus I   ? 1167-1178 30 December 1178 Mecklenburg Woizlava of Pomerania
before 1178
at least one child
First lord of Mecklenburg. (Son of Niklot), Prince of the Obotrites, Lord of Mecklenburg
Henry Borwin I   ? 1178-1227 28 January 1227 Mecklenburg Matilda of Saxony
c.1170
two children

Adelaide
before 1227
one child
Henry Borwin ruled jointly with his cousin Nicholas I (son of Warcislaus of Rostock) and his own sons Nicholas II and Henry Borwin II.
Nicholas I   1164 1178-1200 25 May 1200 Mecklenburg Unmarried
Henry Borwin II   1170 1219-1226 5 June 1226 Mecklenburg Christina of Sweden
c.1200
six children
Nicholas II 1180 1219-1225 28 September 1225 Mecklenburg Unmarried
John I the Theologian c.1211 1227-1264 1 August 1264 Mecklenburg Luitgard of Henneberg
c.1230
seven children
Son of Henry Borwin II. Received the land of Mecklenburg.
Nicholas III c. 1210 1227-1277 14 May 1277 Werle Judith of Anhalt
1231
seven children
Son of Henry Borwin II. Received the land of Werle.
Henry Borwin III c. 1220 1227-1278 1 August 1278 Rostock Sophia of Sweden
1237
four children
Son of Henry Borwin II. Received the land of Rostock.
Pribislaus II 1224 1227-1256 after 12 February 1275 Parchim-Richenberg Unmarried Son of Henry Borwin II. Received the land of Parchim-Richenberg, but he hadn't the capacity for rule, and was deposed by his brothers, who divided his land between them.
Henry I the Pilgrim c.1230 1264-1271
(1299-1302 probably only titular)
2 January 1302 Mecklenburg Anastasia of Pomerania
c.1259
three children
In 1271, he made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. Along the way, he was taken prisoner and deported to Cairo, where he was held in captivity by the Arabs for 27 years. During his absence, Mecklenburg was ruled by his brothers John II and Nicholas IV, after a fight between his brothers and cousins about the regency and the guardianship of his children. After John II died in 1283, Nicholas IV ruled with his nephew John III until the latter's death in 1289. Nicholas died that year. Henry I returned to Mecklenburg via Morea and Rome in 1298. In 1299, he formally resumed his reign, although he probably left the business of government mostly to his son Henry IV.
Albert I c.1230 1264-1265 15 May or 17 May 1265 Mecklenburg Unknown
Nicholas IV c.1230 1264-1289 8 June 1289 or 1290 Mecklenburg Unknown
John II c.1250 1264-1299 12 October 1299 Mecklenburg Unknown
John III c.1250 1287-1289 27 May 1289 Mecklenburg Helena of Rügen
3 November 1288
one child
Henry II c. 1245 1277-1291 8 October 1291 Werle (until 1281)

Werle-Güstrow (from 1281)
Richeza of Sweden
1262
three children

Matilda of Brunswick-Lüneburg I
1291
no children
Henry II, John IV and Bernard I were sons of Nicholas III, and ruled jointly until 1281. Henry kept Güstrow, John Parchim and Bernard Prisannewitz. Bernard left no descendants, and his lands were divided between Parchim and Güstrow.
John IV c. 1245 1277-1283 15 October 1283 Werle (until 1281)

Werle-Parchim (from 1281)
Sophia of Lindow-Ruppin
before 1275
six children
Bernard I c. 1245 1277-1286 c.1286 Werle(until 1281)

Werle-Prisannewitz (from 1281)
Unmarried
Valdemar before 1241 1278-1282 9 November 1282 Rostock Agnes of Holstein-Kiel
before 1262
three children
Agnes of Holstein-Kiel (regent) before 1241 1282-1284 9 November 1282 Rostock Valdemar
before 1262
three children
Regent in name of her minor sons.
Nicholas V the Child before 1262 1284-1314 25 November 1314 Rostock Margaret of Pomerania-Wolgast
1299
one child
Died without male heirs. His inheritance went to Henry IV of Mecklenburg-Mecklenburg.
Rostock was definitely annexed to Mecklenburg
Nicholas VI before 1283 1283-1316 15 October 1283 Werle-Parchim
(until 1294)

Werle (from 1294)
Richeza of Denmark
1292
two children

Matilda of Brunswick-Lüneburg II
after 1308
no children
Henry III the Lion after 14 April 1266 1290-1329
(with his father as titular duke 1299-1302)
21 January 1329 Mecklenburg Beatrix of Brandenburg
c.1290
one child

Anna of Saxe-Wittenberg
after 6 July 1315
seven children

Agnes of Lindow-Ruppin
After 1324
no children
Son of Henry I, ruled from 1287 under regency of his uncles Nicholas III and John II, as his father Henry I was taken prisoner in the Holy Land. In 1298, he returned and Henry IV became co-ruler. Ruled alone from 1302.
Henry IV before 1283 1291-1294 1307 Werle-Güstrow Beatrice of Pomerania
before 1290
two children
After his death with no descendants, Güstrow was annexed to Parchim.
Werle-Güstrow was definitely annexed to Werle-Parchim, which became Werle (1294-1316)
John V the Bald after 1250 1316-1337 27 August 1337 Werle-Güstrow Matilda of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
1311
four children
Brother of Nicholas VI. In 1316 there was a new subdivision of Werle in Goldberg and Güstrow, this last subdivided again in -Gustrow and -Waren in 1337.
John VI Ruoden before 1300 1316-1350 1352 Werle-Goldberg Richeza of Denmark
1292
two children

Matilda of Pomerania
1317
three children

Richardis
before 1350
two children
In 1316 there was a subdivision of Werle in two districts, Goldberg and Güstrow
Albert II the Great   c.1318 1329-1379 18 February 1379 Mecklenburg

Mecklenburg-Schwerin I
Euphemia of Sweden
10 April 1336
five children

Adelheid of Hohenstein
after 1370
no children
Was raised to duke in 1348. In that year he moved the seat of government to Schwerin, and his branch took the name Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Nicholas VII Staveleke after 1311 1337-1360 1360/1361 Werle-Güstrow Agnes of Mecklenburg-Mecklenburg
6 January 1338
two children

Matilda of Holstein-Plön
after 1341
one child
In 1337 Werle-Gustrow was subdivided again in -Gustrow and -Waren in 1337.
Bernard II c.1320 1337-1382 between 16 January and 13 April 1382 Werle-Güstrow-Waren Elisabeth of Holstein-Plön
1341
three children
Nicholas VIII the Pig-Eyed after 1311 1350-1354 1360/1361 Werle-Goldberg Agnes of Lindow-Ruppin
before 1350
three children
John VII c.1326 1352-1392/93 9 August 1392/9 February 1393 Mecklenburg-Stargard Rixa
no children

Anna of Holstein-Pinneberg
before 1358
one child

Agnes of Lindow-Ruppin
1358
five children
First of his line in a duchy that split off from Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
John VIII before 1350 1354-1374 1374 Werle-Goldberg Unmarried Under regency of Albert II and Nicholas VII until 1360. His part of Goldberg went to Werle-Gustrow after his death.
Werle-Goldberg was definitely annexed to Werle-Güstrow
Lorenz between 1338 and 1340 1360-1393/94 between 24 February 1393 and 6 May 1394 Werle-Güstrow Matilda of Mecklenburg-Werle-Goldberg
c.1375
three children
Ruled in Werle-Gustrow with his brother John V.
John IX between 1338 and 1340 1360-1378 before 9 September 1378 Werle-Güstrow Euphemia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
before 1378
no children
Ruled in Werle-Gustrow with his brother Lorenz.
Henry V c.1337 1379-1383 24 April 1383 Mecklenburg-Schwerin I Ingeborg of Denmark
1362
four children

Matilda of Mecklenburg-Werle
26 February 1377
no children
Magnus I   c.1345 1379-1384 1 September 1384 Mecklenburg-Schwerin I Elizabeth of Pomerania-Wolgast
after 1362
two children
Ruled jointly with his brother Henry III.
John X c.1320 1382-1395 c. 1395 Werle-Güstrow-Waren Agnes of Mecklenburg-Werle-Goldberg
before 1395
four children
John XI   before 1370 1384-1422 16 October 1422 Mecklenburg-Schwerin I Jutta von Hoya
before 1415
no children

Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg
1416
two children
Ruled jointly with Albert III, Albert IV, Eric I and Albert V.
Albert III   c.1338 1384-1412 March 1412 Mecklenburg-Schwerin I Richardis of Schwerin
1365
two children

Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
12/13 February 1396
Schwerin
one child
His maternal Swedish descendance allowed him to succeed as King of Sweden between 1364 and 1389.
Albert IV   before 1363 1384-1388 between 24 and 31 December 1388 Mecklenburg-Schwerin I Elisabeth of Holstein-Rendsburg
before 1388
no children
Ruled jointly with his uncle Albert III.
Eric I after 1359 1396-1397 16 July 1397 Mecklenburg-Schwerin I Sophie of Pomerania-Wolgast
12/13 February 1396
Schwerin
no children
Ruled jointly with his father Albert III.
Albert V 1397 1412-1423 between 1 June and 6 December 1423 Mecklenburg-Schwerin I Margaret of Brandenburg
1423
no children
Ruled jointly with his father Albert III.
John XII before 1370 1392/93-1416 6 July/9 October 1416 Mecklenburg-Stargard Wilheida-Catherine of Lithuania
1388
three children
Ruled jointly with his brothers, Ulrich I and Albert I.
Ulrich I before 1382 1392/93-1417 8 April 1417 Mecklenburg-Stargard Margaret of Pomerania-Stettin
before 1400
three children
Ruled jointly with his brothers, John II and Albert I.
Albert VI before 1377 1392/93-1397 between 11 February and 15 July 1397 Mecklenburg-Stargard Unmarried Ruled jointly with his brothers, John II and Ulrich I.
Nicholas IX between 1341 and 1385 1395-1408 after 21 January 1408 Werle-Güstrow-Waren(-Güstrow-Waren) Sophie of Pomerania-Wolgast
after 1397
no children
Sons of John X, ruled jointly. After Christopher's death, Wele-Gustrow-Waren went to Werle-Gustrow.
Christopher before 1385 1385

1395-1425
25 August 1425 Mecklenburg-Werle (-Güstrow-Waren) Unmarried
Werle-Güstrow-Waren was definitely annexed to Werle-Güstrow
Balthasar I c.1375 1393/4-1421 5 April 1421 Werle-Güstrow Euphemia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
18 October 1397
no children

Helvig of Holstein-Rendsburg
18 April 1417
no children
Ruled in Werle-Gustrow with his brothers William and John VII.
John XIII ca. 1375 1393/4-1414 between 14 August and 17 December 1414 Werle-Güstrow Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg
before 1414
no children
Ruled in Werle-Gustrow with his brothers William and Balthasar.
William before 1398 1401-1436 8 September 1436 Werle-Güstrow (until 1425)
Werle (from 1425)
Anna of Anhalt
1422
no children

Sophia of Pomerania
after 1426
one child
Ruled in Werle-Gustrow with his brothers Balthasar and John VII. Reunited Werle, but left no descendants. Werle went to Mecklenburg.
Werle was definitely annexed to Mecklenburg
John XIV 1389 1416-1438 after 11 November 1438 Mecklenburg-Stargard Luttrud of Anhalt-Köthen
before 1438
no children
Son of John II. Ruled jointly with his cousins, Albert II and Henry.
Albert VII before 1400 1417-1421/23 between 11 February 1421 and 4 October 1423 Mecklenburg-Stargard Unmarried Son of Ulrich I. Ruled jointly with his brother Henry and cousin John III.
Henry VI Gaunt before 1412 1417-1466 between 26 May and 20 August 1466 Mecklenburg-Stargard Judith of Mecklenburg-Werle-Gustrow-Waren
before 1427
no children

Ingeborg of Pomerania-Stolp
after 1427
two children

Margaret of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1452
two children
Son of Ulrich I. Ruled jointly with his brother Albert II and cousin John III.
Ulrich II before 1428 1466-1471 13 July 1471 Mecklenburg-Stargard Catherine of Mecklenburg-Werle-Gustrow
between 24 February and 15 September 1454
no children
Son of Henry I. After his death Stargard was reunited to Mecklenburg.
Stargard was definitely annexed to Mecklenburg
Henry VII the Fat   before 1417 1423-1471 9 March 1477 Mecklenburg-Schwerin I Dorothea of Brandenburg
May 1432
seven children
Sons of John XI, Henry VII and John XV ruled jointly. Henry survived to reunite Mecklenburg in 1471. Since 1451 he also associated his son John XVI to rule, and together they reunited Mecklenburg. However John XV didn't survive to replace his father.
1471-1477 Mecklenburg
John XV 1418 1423-1442/43 1 November 1442/13 January 1443 Mecklenburg-Schwerin I Anna of Pomerania-Stettin
17 September 1436
no children
John XVI 1439 1451-1471 1472 Mecklenburg-Schwerin I Unmarried
1471-1472 Mecklenburg
Magnus II   before 1417 1477-1503 20 November 1503 Mecklenburg Sophia of Pomerania-Stettin
29 May 1478
seven children
Magnus II, Albert VIII and Balthasar, as sons of Henry VII, ruled jointly. Balthasar was also Bishop of Schwerin in 1479-1482, and ruled with his nephews Albert IX and Henry VIII from 1503. In 1520 a new division was made: Henry kept Schwerin and Albert Güstrow.
Albert VIII 1438 1477-1483 before 27 April 1483 Mecklenburg Catherine of Lindow-Ruppin
1466 or 1468
no children
Balthasar II 1451 1477-1507 16 March 1507 Mecklenburg Unmarried
Eric II 3 September 1483 1503-1508 22 December 1508 Mecklenburg Unmarried
Henry VIII the Peaceful   3 May 1479 1503-1520 6 February 1552 Mecklenburg Sophia of Pomerania-Stettin
29 May 1478
seven children
1520-1552 Mecklenburg-Schwerin II
Albert IX the Handsome   25 July 1486 1503-1520 7 January 1547 Mecklenburg Anna of Brandenburg
17 January 1524
Berlin
ten children
1520-1547 Mecklenburg-Güstrow
John Albert I   23 December 1525 1547-1552 12 February 1576 Mecklenburg-Güstrow Anna Sophia of Prussia
24 February 1555
Wismar
three children
Son of Albert IX, left Güstrow to his brother Ulrich, to rule in Schwerin with his cousin Philip. His son inherited Schwerin., as Philip died without heirs.
1552-1576 Mecklenburg-Schwerin II
Philip I 12 September 1514 1552-1557 4 January 1557 Mecklenburg-Schwerin I Unmarried
Ulrich III   5 March 1527 1555-1603 14 March 1603 Mecklenburg-Güstrow Elizabeth of Denmark
14 February 1556
one child

Anna of Pomerania-Wolgast
9 December 1588
no children
John XVII 7 March 1558 1576-1592 22 March 1592 Mecklenburg-Schwerin II Sophia of Holstein-Gottorp
17 February 1588
three children
Adolf Frederick I   15 December 1588 1592-1658 27 February 1658 Mecklenburg-Schwerin II Anna Maria of East Frisia
4 September 1622
eight children

Maria Katharine of Brunswick-Dannenberg
1635
eleven children
In 1628, the Emperor Ferdinand II deposed him and took his fiefs from him, but he was reinstated in 1631. In the period 1628-1631 the duchy was ruled by Albrecht von Wallenstein.
Charles I 28 December 1540 1603-1610 22 July 1610 Mecklenburg-Güstrow Unmarried Brother of Ulrich and John Albert I.
John Albert II   5 May 1590 1610-1636 23 April 1636 Mecklenburg-Güstrow Margaret Elizabeth of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
9 October 1608
four children

Elizabeth of Hesse Kassel
25 March 1618
Kassel
no children

Eleonore Marie of Anhalt-Bernburg
7 May 1626
Güstrow
five children
In 1628, the Emperor Ferdinand II deposed him and took his fiefs from him, but he was reinstated in 1631. In the period 1628-1631 the duchy was ruled by Albrecht von Wallenstein.
Gustav Adolph I   26 February 1633 1636-1695 6 October 1695 Mecklenburg-Güstrow Magdalene Sibylle of Holstein-Gottorp
28 December 1654
eleven children
Until 1654, under regendy of Adolf Frederick I of Mecklenburg. His male heirs predeceased him, and his lands rejoined Mecklenburg.
Christian Louis I   1 December 1623 1658-1692 21 June 1692 Mecklenburg-Schwerin II Christine Margaret of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
21 February 1640
no children

Elisabeth Angelique de Montmorency
3 March 1664
no children
Left no heirs.
Frederick William I   28 March 1675 1692-1695 31 July 1713 Mecklenburg-Schwerin III Sophie Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel
2 January 1704
Kassel
no children
Son of Frederick, brother of Christian Louis I. Founded the 3rd line of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. In 1695, with the end of the Gustrow line, Mecklenburg was reunited again. However, in 1701 was again divided between Frederick William and his uncle, Adolf Frederick, son of Adolf Frederick I and brother of Christian Louis I.
1695-1701 Mecklenburg
1701-1713 Mecklenburg-Schwerin III
Adolf Frederick II   19 October 1658 1701-1708 12 May 1708 Mecklenburg-Strelitz Maria of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
1684
five children

Joanna of Saxe.Gotha-Altenburg
20 June 1702
no children

Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
10 June 1705
Neustrelitz
two children
Son of Adolf Frederick I. First of the line of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Adolf Frederick III   7 June 1686 1708-1752 11 December 1752 Mecklenburg-Strelitz Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön
16 April 1709
Reinfeld
two children
Left no male heirs.
Charles Leopold I   26 November 1678 1713-1728 28 November 1747 Mecklenburg-Schwerin III Sophia Hedwig of Nassau-Dietz
27 May 1709
Leeuwarden
no children

Christine von Lepel
7 June 1710
Doberau
(annulled 2 October 1711)
no children

Catherine Ivanovna of Russia
19 April 1716
Danzig
one child
Brother of Frederick William I, was deposed in 1728 by the Aulic Council in Vienna in favour of his brother Christian Louis II.
Christian Louis II   15 November 1683 1728-1756 30 May 1756 Mecklenburg-Schwerin III Gustave Caroline of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
13 November 1714
five children
Adolf Frederick IV   5 May 1738 1752-1794 2 June 1794 Mecklenburg-Strelitz Unmarried Son of Charles Frederick, son of Adolf Frederick II. Left no heirs.
Frederick I the Pious   9 November 1717 1756-1785 24 April 1785 Mecklenburg-Schwerin III Louise Frederica of Württemberg
2 March 1746
Schwedt
four children
His heirs died in infancy and was succeeded by his nephew.
Frederick Francis I   10 December 1756 1785-1837 1 February 1837 Mecklenburg-Schwerin III Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
1 June 1775
Gotha
six children
Son of Louis, brother of Frederick I. In 1815 was raised to Grand Duke.
Charles II   10 October 1741 1794-1816 6 November 1816 Mecklenburg-Strelitz Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt
18 September 1768
Darmstadt
ten children

Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt
28 September 1784
Darmstadt
one child
Brother of Adolf Frederick IV.
George I   12 August 1779 1816-1860 6 September 1860 Mecklenburg-Strelitz Marie of Hesse-Kassel
12 August 1817
Kassel
four children
Paul Frederick   15 September 1800 1837-1842 7 March 1842 Mecklenburg-Schwerin III Alexandrine of Prussia
25 May 1822
Berlin
no children
Grandson of Frederick Francis I.
Frederick Francis II   28 February 1823 1842-1883 15 April 1883 Mecklenburg-Schwerin III Augusta Reuss of Köstritz
3 November 1849
Ludwigslust
six children

Anne of Hesse and by Rhine
4 July 1864
Darmstadt
one child

Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
4 July 1868
Rudolstadt
four children
Frederick William II   17 October 1819 1860-1904 30 May 1904 Mecklenburg-Strelitz Augusta of the United Kingdom
28 June 1843
London
two children
Frederick Francis III   19 March 1851 1883-1897 10 April 1897 Mecklenburg-Schwerin III Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia
24 January 1879
Saint Petersburg
three children
John Albert of Mecklenburg (regent)   8 December 1857 1897-1901 16 February 1920 Mecklenburg-Schwerin III Elisabeth Sybille of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
6 November 1886
Weimar
no children

Elisabeth of Stolberg-Rossla
15 December 1909
Brunswick
no children
Frederick Francis IV   9 April 1882 1901-1918 17 November 1945 Mecklenburg-Schwerin III Alexandra of Hanover and Cumberland
7 June 1904
Gmunden
five children
Forced to abdicate in 1918, after the end of World War I
Adolf Frederick V   22 July 1848 1904-1914 11 June 1914 Mecklenburg-Strelitz Elisabeth of Anhalt
17 April 1877
Dessau
four children
Adolf Frederick VI   17 June 1882 1914-1918 23 February 1918 Mecklenburg-Strelitz Unmarried Committed suicide in 1918, before the end of World War I.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Fürsten und Gutsherren..."
  2. ^ Wigger, p.121
  3. ^ (in German) Die Ortsgeschichte von Dobbertin
  4. ^ a b "Von der Reformation..."
  5. ^ a b House Laws of Mecklenburg

BibliographyEdit

  • Friedrich Wigger: Stammtafeln des Großherzoglichen Hauses von Meklenburg. In: Jahrbücher des Vereins für Mecklenburgische Geschichte und Altertumskunde 50 (1885), p. 111ff. (Digitalised)

External linksEdit