Gmunden (German: [ˈɡmʊndn̩] (listen)) is a town in Upper Austria, Austria in the district of Gmunden. It has 13,204 inhabitants (estimates 2016 [3]). It is much frequented as a health and summer resort, and has a variety of lake, brine, vegetable and pine-cone baths, a hydropathic establishment, inhalation chambers, whey cure, etc. It is also an important centre of the salt industry in Salzkammergut.

Gmunden
Lakeside
Lakeside
Coat of arms of Gmunden
Gmunden is located in Austria
Gmunden
Gmunden
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°55′05″N 13°47′58″E / 47.91806°N 13.79944°E / 47.91806; 13.79944Coordinates: 47°55′05″N 13°47′58″E / 47.91806°N 13.79944°E / 47.91806; 13.79944
CountryAustria
StateUpper Austria
DistrictGmunden
Government
 • MayorStefan Krapf (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total63.52 km2 (24.53 sq mi)
Elevation
425 m (1,394 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total13,191
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
4810
Area code07612
Vehicle registrationGM
Websitewww.gmunden.ooe.gv.at

GeographyEdit

Gmunden covers an area of 63.49 square kilometres (24.51 sq mi) and has a median elevation of 425 metres (1,394 ft). It is situated next to the lake Traunsee on the Traun River and is surrounded by high mountains, including the Traunstein (mountain) (5,446 feet or 1,660 metres), the Erlakogel (5150 ft), the Wilder Kogel (6,860 feet or 2,090 metres) and the Höllengebirge.

Municipal arrangementEdit

Gmunden is divided into the following boroughs: Gmunden, Gmunden-Ort, Schlagen, Traundorf, Unterm Stein.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Ohlsdorf Gschwandt
Pinsdorf   Sankt Konrad
Altmünster Ebensee

PopulationEdit

As of 2001, Gmunden had a population of 13,336; Approximately 88.4% were Austrian by nationality, 1.5% are from other European Union states, and 10.2% are other foreigners. Largest non-EU minorities were from Bosnia and Herzegovina (3.6%) and the former FR Yugoslavia (i.e. present-day Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo; 2.7%), followed by Turks (1.2%) and Germans (1.1%).

The majority (69.3%) are Roman Catholic by faith. Evangelicals make up the largest minority at 7.3%, followed by 5.9% Muslims and 3.3% Eastern Orthodox. Approximately 10.3% are irreligious.

Gmunden's population
Year Population Year Population
1869 c. 6,500 1951 12,894
1880 6,857 1961 12,518
1890 7,521 1971 12,331
1900 8,451 1981 12,653
1910 8,451 1991 13,133
1923 9,633 2001 13,184
1934 9,838 2011 13,086
1939 10,792 2016 13,204

HistoryEdit

In 1000 BCE the Illyrians were mining salt here.[4] A settlement was already in existence in the fifth century CE. By 1186 Gmunden was a fortified place surrounded by walls, although it did not receive a church until about 1300. In 1278 Gmunden became a town. On November 14, 1626, an army of rebellious peasants was completely defeated at Gmunden by General Pappenheim, who had been ordered by Maximilian I to suppress the peasant rebellion in Upper Austria.[5] The dead peasant insurgents were buried in nearby Pinsdorf, where an obelisk styled memorial known as the Bauernhügel in their honour can still be seen.

Gmunden supplied naval ships to Austria during the 17th century and helped wounded soldiers in hospitals in World War I. During World War II, an SS maternity home was located here, "to insure racial purity" in accordance with Nazi racial theories.[6]

 
Gmunden in the 16th century

PoliticsEdit

The local council consists of 37 members. In the last municipal election in 2021, the following are seats won by the political parties: 16 ÖVP, 7 GRÜNE, 5 SPÖ, 5 FPÖ und 4 NEOS.

Mayors:

  • 1946–1955: Fritz Eiblhuber
  • 1955–1956: Alfred Klimesch
  • 1956–1973: Karl Piringer
  • 1973–1979: Karl Sandmeier (1917-2000)
  • 1979–1997: Erwin Herrmann
  • 1997–2014: Heinz Köppl
  • 2014– ... Stefan Krapf (ÖVP)[8]

Main sightsEdit

 
Schloss Ort
 
Town hall of Gmunden
 
Schloss Cumberland, built as exile seat for Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, in 1882
 
Villa Toscana, 1870-1912 exile seat of Maria Antonia, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, and her family

There are a great number of excursions and points of interest round Gmunden, specially worth mentioning being the Traun Fall, 10 miles (16 km) north of Gmunden, a castle called Schloss Ort, and a ceramic factory producing Gmundner Keramik branded pottery. The town hall is also a popular tourist destination.

EducationEdit

In Gmunden there are four kindergartens, four elementary schools and three Hauptschulen. The three high schools are BG/BRG Gmunden, BRG Schloss Traunsee, and Gymnasium Ort.

PeopleEdit

Famous residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. ^ Statistik Austria - Gmunden's population.
  4. ^ Mountain, Harry (1998). The Celtic Encyclopedia. Universal-Publishers. ISBN 9781581128901.
  5. ^ Oberösterreichischer Bauernkrieg (German Wikipedia link)
  6. ^ Christine O'Keefe, Concentration Camps.
  7. ^ "Alle Ergebnisse und Visualisierungen zu den Wahlen in Oberösterreich 2021".
  8. ^ "Politik > Bürgermeister Mag. Stefan Krapf" (in German). 2022. Retrieved 2022-01-24.
  9. ^ hu:Szörényi Levente
  10. ^ de:Horaz Krasnopolski

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Gmunden at Wikimedia Commons