|• Mayor||Stefan Krapf (ÖVP)|
|• Total||63.52 km2 (24.53 sq mi)|
|Elevation||425 m (1,394 ft)|
|• Density||210/km2 (540/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Gmunden covers an area of 63.49 square kilometres (24.51 sq mi) and has a median elevation of 425 metres (1,394 ft). It is situated next to the lake Traunsee on the Traun River and is surrounded by high mountains, including the Traunstein (mountain) (5,446 feet or 1,660 metres), the Erlakogel (5150 ft), the Wilder Kogel (6,860 feet or 2,090 metres) and the Höllengebirge.
Municipal arrangement edit
Gmunden is divided into the following boroughs: Gmunden, Gmunden-Ort, Schlagen, Traundorf, Unterm Stein.
Neighboring municipalities edit
As of 2001, Gmunden had a population of 13,336; Approximately 88.4% were Austrian by nationality, 1.5% are from other European Union states, and 10.2% are other foreigners. Largest non-EU minorities were from Bosnia and Herzegovina (3.6%) and the former FR Yugoslavia (i.e. present-day Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo; 2.7%), followed by Turks (1.2%) and Germans (1.1%).
In 1000 BCE the Illyrians were mining salt here. A settlement was already in existence in the fifth century CE. By 1186 Gmunden was a fortified place surrounded by walls, although it did not receive a church until about 1300. In 1278 Gmunden became a town. On November 14, 1626, an army of rebellious peasants was completely defeated at Gmunden by General Pappenheim, who had been ordered by Maximilian I to suppress the peasant rebellion in Upper Austria. The dead peasant insurgents were buried in nearby Pinsdorf, where an obelisk styled memorial known as the Bauernhügel in their honour can still be seen.
Gmunden supplied naval ships to Austria during the 17th century and helped wounded soldiers in hospitals in World War I. During World War II, an SS maternity home was located here, "to insure racial purity" in accordance with Nazi racial theories.
In later years, it was much frequented as a health and summer resort, and had a variety of lake, brine, vegetable and pine-cone baths, a hydropathic establishment, inhalation chambers, whey cure, etc. It was also an important centre of the salt industry in Salzkammergut.
The local council consists of 37 members. In the last municipal election in 2021, the following are seats won by the political parties: 16 ÖVP, 7 GRÜNE, 5 SPÖ, 5 FPÖ und 4 NEOS.
- 1946–1955: Fritz Eiblhuber
- 1955–1956: Alfred Klimesch
- 1956–1973: Karl Piringer
- 1973–1979: Karl Sandmeier (1917-2000)
- 1979–1997: Erwin Herrmann
- 1997–2014: Heinz Köppl
- 2014– ... Stefan Krapf (ÖVP)
Main sights edit
There are a great number of excursions and points of interest round Gmunden, notably the Traun Fall, 10 miles (16 km) north of Gmunden, a castle called Schloss Ort, and a ceramic factory producing Gmundner Keramik branded pottery. The town hall is also a popular tourist destination.
In Gmunden there are four kindergartens, four elementary schools and three Hauptschulen. The three high schools are BG/BRG Gmunden, BRG Schloss Traunsee, and Gymnasium Ort.
- Caspar Erasmus Duftschmid, born in Gmunden
- Heinrich Schiff, cellist and conductor, born in Gmunden
- Duchess Maria Amalia of Württemberg, born in Gmunden; see Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg and Georg, Crown Prince of Saxony
- Johannes von Gmunden astronomer and mathematician
- Helmut Trawöger (1948-) conductor and flautist, born in Gmunden
- Andreas Berger, born in Gmunden
- Princess Marie Louise of Hanover, born in Gmunden
- Princess Alexandra of Hanover (1882–1963), born at the Schloss Ort, Gmuden
- Prince Otto Heinrich of Hanover, born in Gmuden
- Levente Szörényi, lead singer of Hungarian rock band Illés, born in Gmunden
Famous residents edit
- Conchita Wurst, drag queen and winner of Eurovision Song Contest 2014
- Thomas Bernhard, playwright and novelist
- George V of Hanover, exiled here
- Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, exiled and died in Gmunden
- Princess Thyra of Denmark, lived and died in Gmunden
- Princess Marie of Hanover, lived and died in Gmunden
- Ludwig Bemelmans, grew up in Gmunden
- Gabi Burgstaller, went to high school in Gmunden
- Walter Reder, buried in Gmuden
- Betty Haag, worked near in Gmunden as a professor
- Jory Vinikour, worked as a teacher at the Austrian Baroque Academy of Gmunden
- Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, exiled and died in Gmunden
- Princess Frederica of Hanover, lived in Gmunden
- Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg, married in Gmunden
- Christoph Ransmayr, grew up near in Gmunden
- Carl Rahl, lived here
- Christian Griepenkerl, lived here
- John Haswell, worked here
- Horaz Krasnopolski, died here
- Matthias von Schönerer, worked here
- Count Richard Belcredi, died here
- Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria, died here
- Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies, died here
- Prince Ludwig Rudolph of Hanover, died in Gmunden
See also edit
- Gmunden Straßenbahn, the town tramway.
- "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- Statistik Austria - Gmunden's population.
- Mountain, Harry (1998). The Celtic Encyclopedia. Universal-Publishers. ISBN 9781581128901.
- Oberösterreichischer Bauernkrieg (German Wikipedia link)
- Christine O'Keefe, Concentration Camps.
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gmunden". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 148. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the
- "Alle Ergebnisse und Visualisierungen zu den Wahlen in Oberösterreich 2021".
- "Politik > Bürgermeister Mag. Stefan Krapf" (in German). 2022. Retrieved 2022-01-24.
- hu:Szörényi Levente
- de:Horaz Krasnopolski
- Media related to Gmunden at Wikimedia Commons