Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies (Maria Antonietta Giuseppa Anna; 19 December 1814 – 7 November 1898) was the Grand Duchess of Tuscany from 1833 to 1859 as the consort of Leopold II. In signature, she used Maria Antonietta.
|Grand Duchess of Tuscany|
|Tenure||7 June 1833 – 21 July 1859|
|Born||19 December 1814|
Royal Palace of Palermo, Kingdom of Sicily, Italy
|Died||7 November 1898 (aged 83)|
|Spouse||Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany|
(m. 1833 - 1870; his death)
|Issue||Archduchess Maria Isabella, Countess of Trapani|
Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Archduke Karl Salvator
Maria Luisa, Princess of Isenburg-Büdingen
Archduke Ludwig Salvator
Archduke John Salvator
|Father||Francis I of the Two Sicilies|
|Mother||Maria Isabella of Spain|
Maria Antonia was born at the Royal Palace of Palermo on 19 December 1814, daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Isabella of Spain, she was baptised Maria Antonia in honor of Maria Antonia-Anna's great-aunt Marie Antoinette, deceased sister of her grandmother Maria Carolina of Austria.
When she was born, the Neapolitan court had already moved to Sicily because Napoleonic troops had invaded the continental part of the realm. After a few months the royal family returned to Naples thanks to the Congress of Vienna.
Marriage and issueEdit
In 1833, when she was eighteen, Maria Antonia married her first cousin Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, who was seventeen years older. Marie Antoinette and Leopold had ten children:
- Archduchess Maria Isabella, who wed her maternal uncle Prince Francis, Count of Trapani, youngest son of Francis I of the Two Sicilies.
- Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany (10 June 1835 – 17 January 1908).
- Archduchess Maria Theresa (29 June 1836 – 5 August 1838).
- Archduchess Maria Christina (5 February 1838 – 1 September 1849).
- Archduke Karl Salvator (30 April 1839 – 18 January 1892)
- Archduchess Maria Anna (9 June 1840 – 13 August 1841).
- Archduke Rainer (1 May 1842 – 14 August 1844).
- Archduchess Maria Luisa (31 October 1845 – 27 August 1917), who wed Karl, Prince of Isenburg-Büdingen.
- Archduke Ludwig Salvator (4 August 1847 – 12 October 1915).
- Archduke Johann Salvator (25 November 1852 – reported lost at sea in 1890, amidst speculation that he survived, subsequently using the alias "Johann Orth").
The Piazza Maria Antonia – today Piazza dell'Indipendeza, the railway line Maria Antonia and the Maria Antonia train station, now called Firenze Santa Maria Novella, were named in her honour.
In April 1859, before the Franco-Piedmont war against Austria, Leopold II proclaimed neutrality, but the Grand Ducal government was collapsing. People used vulgar insults towards the Grand Duchess and the troops gave signs of insubordination. On the afternoon of 27 April, Leopold II left the Palazzo Pitti through the Boboli door, stepping before an enraged mob on the streets and troops in open rebellion, heading toward Bologna. Shortly beforehand he had refused to abdicate in favour of his son, Ferdinand.
Titles, styles, honours and armsEdit
Titles and stylesEdit
- 19 December 1814 – 12 December 1816 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily
- 12 December 1816 – 7 June 1833 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Antonia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
- 7 June 1833 – 21 July 1859 Her Imperial and Royal Highness the Most Serene Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria, etc.
- 21 July 1859 – 7 November 1898 Her Imperial and Royal Highness the Most Serene Dowager Grand Duchess of Tuscany
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Navarrete Martínez, Esperanza Navarrete Martínez. "María de la O Isabel de Borbón". Diccionario biográfico España (in Spanish). Real Academia de la Historia.
- Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 9.
- Genealogie ascendate, p. 1
- Genealogie ascendate, p. 96
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Kaiserthumes Österreich (1868), p 110, Sternkreuz-Orden
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Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
Cadet branch of the House of BourbonBorn: 19 December 1814 Died: 3 January 1865
Title last held byMaria Anna of Saxony
| Grand Duchess consort of Tuscany
7 June 1833 – 21 July 1859
|Titles in pretence|
|Loss of title
|— TITULAR —
Grand Duchess consort of Tuscany
21 July 1859 – 3 January 1865
Title next held byAlice of Parma