Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Frederick Francis III (German: Friedrich Franz Paul Nikolaus Ernst Heinrich; 19 March 1851 – 10 April 1897) was the penultimate Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

Grand Duke Frederick Francis III
Friedrich Franz III.jpg
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Reign15 April 1883 – 10 April 1897
PredecessorFrederick Francis II
SuccessorFrederick Francis IV
Born19 March 1851 (1851-03-19)
Ludwigslust Palace, Ludwigslust, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, German Confederation
Died10 April 1897 (1897-04-11) (aged 46)
Cannes, French Third Republic
SpouseGrand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia
IssueAlexandrine, Queen of Denmark
Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Cecilie, German Crown Princess
FatherFrederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
MotherPrincess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz


He was born in Schloss Ludwigslust the son of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and his first wife Princess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz. He succeeded his father as Grand Duke on 15 April 1883.

From an early age Frederick Francis suffered from asthma and severe breathing difficulties. He could not live in the north of Europe and lived instead on the shores of the Mediterranean, where the mild climate agreed with him. His homosexuality was an open secret.[1]

Frederick Francis' death in Cannes on 10 April 1897 is shrouded in mystery, as he was originally reported to have committed suicide by throwing himself off a parapet of a bridge.[2] According to the official account of his death, however, he was in his garden when he experienced breathing difficulties and staggered around before falling over a low wall.[3] He was succeeded by his son Frederick Francis IV, who would be the last Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

Marriage and childrenEdit

Frederick Francis married Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia in Saint Petersburg on 24 January 1879. They had three children:


He received the following orders and decorations:[4][5]

German honours
Foreign honours



  • Bernd-Ulrich Hergemöller, Mann für Mann, pages 253
  • Hans von Tresckow, Von Fürsten und anderen Sterblichen, Erinnerungen eines Kriminalkommisars, 1922, Berlin, page 89


  1. ^ Bernd-Ulrich Hergemöller, Mann für Mann, pages 253
  2. ^ "The Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Shown to Have Committed Suicide" (PDF). New York Times. 1897-04-13. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
  3. ^ "The Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Schwerin Did Not Commit Suicide" (PDF). New York Times. 1897-04-15. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
  4. ^ Grossherzoglich Mecklenburg-Schwerinscher Staatskalendar, 1895 p. 1
  5. ^ Grossherzoglich Mecklenburg-Schwerinscher Staatskalendar, 1897 pp. 1-2
  6. ^ Daniel Corston. "Unofficial website dedicated to the Grand Ducal House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz".
  7. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1888), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 61, 73
  8. ^ Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg: 1879. Schulze. 1879. p. 34.
  9. ^ a b Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), 1, Berlin, 1886, pp. 7, 1003
  10. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 11
  11. ^ Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1896), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 14
  12. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1896), "Königliche Orden" p. 28
  13. ^ "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Jørgen Pedersen (2009). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559–2009 (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. p. 466. ISBN 978-87-7674-434-2.
  15. ^ Italia : Ministero dell'interno (1898). Calendario generale del Regno d'Italia. Unione tipografico-editrice. p. 54.
  16. ^ 刑部芳則 (2017). 明治時代の勲章外交儀礼 (PDF) (in Japanese). 明治聖徳記念学会紀要. p. 144.
  17. ^ Sveriges statskalender (PDF) (in Swedish), 1897, p. 413, retrieved 10 March 2021 – via

External linksEdit

  Media related to Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin at Wikimedia Commons

Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Cadet branch of the House of Mecklenburg
Born: 19 March 1851 Died: 10 April 1897
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Succeeded by

<--- Honors --->