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Liga I

  (Redirected from Divizia A)

The Liga I (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈliɡa ɨnˈtɨj]; English: First League), also spelled Liga 1 (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈliɡa ˈunu]; English: League One), is a Romanian professional league for men's association football clubs. It is currently sponsored by betting company Casa Pariurilor, and thus officially known as the Casa Liga 1.[1] At the top of the Romanian football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. Contested by 14 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Liga II. The teams play 26 matches each in the regular season, and then enter the championship play-off or the relegation play-out according to their position in the regular season.

Liga I
The official logo for Liga I during 2019-20 season.png
Organising bodyLiga Profesionistă de Fotbal
Founded1909
CountryRomania
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams14 (from 2015–16)
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toLiga II
Domestic cup(s)Cupa României
Supercupa României
International cup(s)UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current championsCFR Cluj (5th title)
(2018–19)
Most championshipsFCSB (26 titles)
Most appearancesIonel Dănciulescu (515)
Top goalscorerDudu Georgescu (252 goals)
TV partnersDigi Sport
LookSport
Look Plus
Telekom Sport
Websitelpf.ro
2019–20 Liga I

Liga I was established in 1909 and commenced play for the 1909–10 campaign, being currently on the 29th place in UEFA's league coefficient ranking list. It is administered by the Liga Profesionistă de Fotbal (LPF). Before the 2006–07 season, the competition was known as Divizia A, but the name had to be changed following the finding that someone else had registered that trademark.[2]

The best performer is FCSB with 26 titles, followed by cross-town rival Dinamo București with 18 trophies. Of the remaining 21 clubs which came victorious in the competition, eight have won it on at least three occasions—Venus București, UTA Arad, Chinezul Timișoara, Universitatea Craiova, Petrolul Ploiești, Ripensia Timișoara, Rapid București and CFR Cluj. The latter has only been remarkably successful in the 21st century.

HistoryEdit

Early championships (1909–1921)Edit

The first official national football tournament was organized in 1909 by the recently founded Romanian Football Federation, then called the Association of Athletic Societies in Romania (Romanian: Asociațiunea Societăților Atletice din România). The final matches of the first Romanian Football Championship were held between December 1909 and January 1910 in Bucharest.[3][4] The three pioneer clubs were Olympia and Colentina from Bucharest and United from Ploiești. Each team played a fixture against the other two clubs, totalizing a number of three matches disputed, with Olympia București being crowned as champions of the first Romanian Football Championship.[3][5] In the following years, the tournament was structured into regional groups with the winners of each group participating in a playoff with the eventual winners being declared champions. From 1909 until 1921, the championship was organized as a cup with the winner being crowned as Champions of Romania,[3][5] except for between 1916–1919, when the competition was suspended due to World War I.[6] The champions of this period were Olympia, Colentina and Venus, each with two titles, and United, Prahova and Româno-Americana, with one title each.[3][5]

Divizia A (1921–2006)Edit

 
Olympia București, the 1909 champions.

The 1921–22 season marked the first time when a league consisting of seven teams was formed. The championship, which had been confined to several regional leagues, became a national competition in 1921 with the foundation of Divizia A and Divizia B. The inaugural Divizia A season was won by Chinezul Timișoara.[7] Before the 1931–32 season, the competition was dominated by Chinezul and Venus București, with Chinezul winning six championships and Venus two championships during the eleven seasons.[3][7] The 1932–33 season saw the rise of another successful team, Ripensia Timișoara, which alongside rivals Venus, won eight of the following nine championships, before the competition was suspended in 1940 due to World War II.[3][7]

The post-war years were dominated by CCA București, UTA Arad and Petrolul Ploiești. The 1960s saw the gradual emergence of Dinamo București, with the help from strikers Gheorghe Ene and Florea Dumitrache—both of whom became some of Divizia A's top all-time scorers. The 1970s saw the rise of Dudu Georgescu, from Dinamo București, who was Divizia A's leading scorer for four seasons between 1974 and 1978. He scored an impressive 156 goals and won the European Golden Shoe award for the top scorer in Europe twice, in 1975 and 1977.[8][9] Dinamo București also had two more European Golden Shoe winners in the 1986–87 season in the name of Rodion Cămătaru and in the 1988–89 season in the name of Dorin Mateuţ, with the latter being the last Romanian winner of the trophy.[8] From the 1959–60 season all the way to the 1999–2000 season all the league championships were won by only seven teams: Steaua (16 titles), Dinamo (14 titles), Universitatea Craiova (4 titles), Rapid București, FC Argeș and UTA Arad (2 titles each), and Petrolul Ploiești (one title).[3]

Dinamo București was the first Romanian team to qualify into the European Champions Cup in the 1956–57 season of the competition and Universitatea Craiova was the last team from Romania to qualify in the 1991–92 season, before the competition changed its name to the UEFA Champions League. Romanian teams qualified to 35 of the 37 seasons of the European Champions Cup, with Dinamo București having thirteen appearances, Steaua București having ten appearances, Universitatea Craiova having four appearances, Petrolul having three appearances, UTA Arad and FC Argeş having two appearances and Rapid București having one appearance. The most important results for a Romanian team in this competition were achieved by Steaua București which won the trophy in the 1985–86 season, and reached the semi-finals in the 1987–88 season and another final in the 1988–89 season.[10][11][12] Other important achievements include Universitatea Craiova which reached the quarter-finals in the 1981–82 season and Dinamo București which reached the semi-finals in the 1983–84 season.[13][14] However, after the change of the format in 1992–93 to the current Champions League format, Romanian champions have achieved limited successes, with Steaua only reaching the group stage three times before the 21st century.

The beginning of the 2000s were dominated by teams from the capital, with Steaua, Dinamo and Rapid winning all the league titles between 2000 and 2007.[3]

Liga I (2006–present)Edit

 
CFR Cluj won five championships in the new format of the Liga I.

At the beginning of the 2006–07 season the competition was forced to change its name from Divizia A to Liga I due to a trademark dispute over the name.[15] The change was made on 15 May 2006, and the Romanian Football Federation decided to also rename the lower leagues; thus Divizia B became Liga II, Divizia C became Liga III, and so on.[15] The 2006–07 season marked the 16th straight time a team from Bucharest won the championship, with Dinamo winning the title. Both 2007–08 and 2008–09 saw new title winners as CFR Cluj and Unirea Urziceni were crowned champions for the first time.[3][16][17] CFR Cluj won their second championship in 2009–10, while the 2010–11 saw another new winner, Oțelul Galați. Oțelul is the first and only club from the region of Moldavia to win a national title.

CFR Cluj, the 2007–08 winner became the first Romanian team to qualify directly into the 2008–09 group stage of the UEFA Champions League, and the first team other than Steaua to qualify to this stage since the beginning of the new Champions League format in 1992–93.[18] The 2009–10 champions as well as 2010–11 ones were guaranteed a direct qualification spot into the group stage as well.[19] The best results in the group stage was obtained by CFR Cluj in the 2012–13 UEFA Champions League with ten points and third place in a group with Manchester United, Braga and Galatasaray.

The 2010s also brought new league winners in Liga I, with Astra Giurgiu,Oțelul Galați and Viitorul Constanța clinching the titles in 2016 and 2017 respectively.[20]

Competition formatEdit

Since 2014, the Liga I has been reduced to a 14-team format. From July to the start of the following year, each team plays the others twice for 26 fixtures. They are ranked by total points, and then divided according to their position in order to enter either the championship play-off or the relegation play-out. After this stage, the points are halved in two and criteria such as goal difference, goals scored etc. are erased completely.

The clubs which enter the championship play-off play ten games, while the ones in the relegation play-out play an additional four. The championship play-off winner is also crowned winner of the season's Liga I. The two lowest placed teams in the relegation play-out are directly relegated to the Liga II, while the third-lowest plays a relegation/promotion play-off with the third-best ranked team in the second tier.

ClubsEdit

Wins by clubEdit

Bold indicates clubs currently playing in 2019–20 Liga I. Teams in italics no longer exist. Teams in neither bold or italics are existing past winners of the championship that relegated to Romania's lower leagues.

Club Wins Winning years
FCSB  
26
1951, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1967–68, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1997–98, 2000–01, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15
Dinamo București 
18
1955, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1970–71, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1999–00, 2001–02, 2003–04, 2006–07
Venus București
8
1919–20, 1920–21, 1928–29, 1931–32, 1933–34, 1936–37, 1938–39, 1939–40
UTA Arad
6
1946–47, 1947–48, 1950, 1954, 1968–69, 1969–70
Chinezul Timișoara
6
1921–22, 1922–23, 1923–24, 1924–25, 1925–26, 1926–27
CFR Cluj
5
2007–08, 2009–10, 2011–12, 2017–18, 2018–19
Universitatea Craiova
4
1973–74, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1990–91
Petrolul Ploiești
4
1929–30, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1965–66
Ripensia Timișoara
4
1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1937–38
Rapid București
3
1966–67, 1998–99, 2002–03
Argeș Pitești
2
1971–72, 1978–79
Prahova Ploiești
2
1911–12, 1915–16
Colentina București
2
1912–13, 1913–14
Olympia București
2
1909–10, 1910–11
Unirea Tricolor București
1
1940–41
Club Atletic Oradea
1
1948–49
Colțea Brașov
1
1927–28
CSM Reșița
1
1930–31
Unirea Urziceni
1
2008–09
Astra Giurgiu
1
2015–16
Româno-Americană București
1
1914–15
Oțelul Galați
1
2010–11
Viitorul Constanța
1
2016–17

2019–20 seasonEdit

The following 14 clubs are competing in the Liga I during the 2019–20 season.

Club Position
in 2018–19
First season in
Liga I
Number of seasons
Liga I
First season of
current spell in
Liga I
Top division
titles
Last Liga I title
Academica Clinceni 0022nd in Liga II 2019–20 0 2019–20 0 n/a
Astra Giurgiu 0055th 1998–99 16 2009–10 1 2015–16
Botoșani 0088th 2013–14 6 2013–14 0 n/a
CFR Cluj 0011st 1947–48 24 2004–05 5 2018–19
Chindia Târgoviște 0011st in Liga II 2019–20 0 2019–20 0 n/a
Dinamo București 0099th 1948–49 71 1948–49 18 2006–07
Gaz Metan Mediaș 0077th 1947–48 13 2016–17 0 n/a
Hermannstadt 01212th 2018–19 1 2018–19 0 n/a
Politehnica Iași 01010th 2012–13 6 2014–15 0 n/a
Sepsi Sfântu Gheorghe 0066th 2017–18 2 2017–18 0 n/a
FCSB 0022nd 1947–48 72 1947–48 26 2014–15
Universitatea Craiova 044th 1964–65 33 2014–15 4 1990–91
Viitorul Constanța 0033rd 2012–13 7 2012–13 1 2016–17
Voluntari 01111th 2015–16 4 2015–16 0 n/a

SponsorshipEdit

On 19 December 1998, SABMiller bought the naming rights for four and a half seasons, becoming the first sponsor in the history of the competition. SABMiller changed the name of the competition to "Divizia A Ursus", in order to promote their Ursus beer.[21]

Starting with the 2004–05 season, European Drinks & Foods, a Romanian $1.3 billion USD revenue company, took over as main sponsor and changed the league's name to "Divizia A Bürger", to promote their Bürger beer.[22]

On 11 May 2008, Realitatea Media bought the naming rights and changed the name of the competition to "Liga I Realitatea", to promote their Realitatea TV station.[23]

In late 2008, European Drinks & Foods again bought the rights and the league was renamed as the "Liga I Frutti Fresh", after one of their soft drinks brand.[24]

For the 2009–10 season, the online betting firm Gamebookers purchased the league naming rights and renamed the division "Liga 1 Gamebookers.com".[25]

In July 2010, Bergenbier, a StarBev Group company, bought the naming rights for four seasons and changed the name of the competition to "Liga I Bergenbier", in order to promote their Bergenbier beer.[26]

From the 2015-16 season, the French telecommunications corporation Orange became the main sponsor of the Romanian first league, after purchasing the league naming rights, for two years, and renamed the league in Liga 1 Orange.[27]

From the 17-18 season, the international online gaming operator Betano became the main sponsor of the Romanian first league, after purchasing the league naming rights, for two years, and renamed the league in 'Liga 1 Betano'.

For the 19–20 season, the national online gaming operator Casa Pariurilor became the main sponsor of the Romanian first league, after purchasing the league naming rights, and renamed the league in 'Casa Liga 1'.

Media coverageEdit

In 2004, Telesport, a small TV network, bought the broadcasting rights for $28 million. The four seasons contract ended in the summer of 2008. Telesport sold some of the broadcasting rights for matches to other Romanian networks, including, TVR1, Antena 1, Național TV and Kanal D.

On 31 March 2008, Antena 1 with RCS & RDS outbid Realitatea Media and Kanal D in the broadcasting rights auction with a bid of 102 million for a three seasons contract.[28]

In 2011, the broadcasting rights were bought by RCS & RDS for their channels Digi Sport 1, Digi Sport 2 and Digi Sport 3. This channels aired broadcasting of seven of the nine matches from each stage of the championship. The other two matches were broadcast by Antena 1 (an Intact Media Group channel) and Dolce Sport (a channel owned by Telekom Romania).

In March 2014, LPF announced that the rights were sold for a five-year period to a company from the European Union, without specifying the company's name.[29] A month later, Look TV and Look Plus were revealed as the TV stations that would broadcast the games from Liga I and Cupa Ligii between 2014 and 2019.[30]

eSportsEdit

On 27 August 2019 Liga I signed a contract with EA Sports for the rights of the league for FIFA 20. It will be the first time Liga I will features in a sports game.

RecordsEdit

PlayersEdit

Top Ten Players With Most Appearances
As of 2 June 2019[31][32][33]
Player Period Club Games
1   Ionel Dănciulescu 1993–14 Electroputere Craiova, Dinamo, Steaua 515
2   Costică Ștefănescu 1968–88 Steaua, Craiova, Brașov 490
3   Florea Ispir 1969–88 ASA Târgu Mureș 485
4   László Bölöni 1971–88 ASA Târgu Mureș, Steaua 484
5   Costel Câmpeanu 1987–05 Bacău, Dinamo, Bistrița, Național, Ceahlăul 470
6   Petre Marin 1993–12 Sportul, Național, Rapid, Steaua, Urziceni, Chiajna 468
7   Paul Cazan 1972–88 Sportul 465
8   Cornel Dinu 1966–83 Dinamo 454
9   Constantin Stancu 1976–90 Argeș 447
10   Ion Dumitru 1967–88 Rapid, Steaua, Timișoara, Craiova 442
Top Ten Highest Goalscorers
As of 2 June 2019[31][34]
Player Period Club Goals
1   Dudu Georgescu 1970–87 Progresul, Reșița, Dinamo, Bacău, Buzău, Moreni 252 (Ø 0,68)
2   Ionel Dănciulescu 1993–14 Electroputere Craiova, Dinamo, Steaua 214 (Ø 0,41)
3   Rodion Cămătaru 1974–89 Craiova, Dinamo 198 (Ø 0,52)
4   Marin Radu 1974–89 Argeș, Olt Scornicești, Steaua, Sibiu 190 (Ø 0,49)
5   Florea Dumitrache 1966–83 Dinamo, Jiul, Corvinul 170 (Ø 0,47)
5   Ion Oblemenco 1963–77 Rapid, Craiova 170 (Ø 0,62)
7   Mircea Sandu 1970–87 Național, Sportul 167 (Ø 0,41)
8   Victor Pițurcă 1975–89 Olt Scornicești, Steaua 166 (Ø 0,55)
9   Mihai Adam 1962–76 U Cluj, Vagonul Arad, CFR 160 (Ø 0,45)
10   Titus Ozon 1947–64 Unirea Tricolor, Dinamo, Brașov, Național, Rapid 157 (Ø 0,58)
Top Ten Foreign Players With Most Appearances
As of 2 June 2019[35]
Player Period Club Games
1   Takayuki Seto 2009–18 Astra 263
2   Júnior Morais 2010–19 Astra, Steaua 247
3   Mario Camora 2011–00 CFR 240
4   Filipe Teixeira 2010–19 Brașov, Rapid, Petrolul Ploiești, Astra, Steaua 209
5   Tha'er Bawab 2010–19 Gloria Bistrița, Gaz Metan, U Craiova, Steaua, Dinamo, Chiajna 207
6   Ricardo Cadu 2006–14 CFR 202
7   Nuno Viveiros 2008–16 Politehnica Iași, Brașov, Vaslui, U Cluj 199
7   Eric 2008–00 Gaz Metan, Pandurii, Viitorul Constanța 199
9   Bojan Golubović 2011–18 Ceahlăul, Politehnica Iași, Steaua, Gaz Metan, FC Botoșani 197
10   Pablo Brandan 2007–17 Urziceni, Steaua, U Craiova, ASA Târgu Mureș, Viitorul Constanța 186
Top Ten Highest Foreign Players Goalscorers
As of 2 June 2019[36][37]
Player Period Club Goals
1   Wesley 2008–15 Vaslui, Politehnica Iași 64 (Ø 0,53)
1   Eric 2008–00 Gaz Metan, Pandurii, Viitorul 64 (Ø 0,29)
3   Bojan Golubović 2011–18 Ceahlăul, Politehnica Iași, Steaua, Gaz Metan, FC Botoșani 55 (Ø 0,27)
4   Harlem Gnohéré 2015–00 Dinamo, Steaua 52 (Ø 0,43)
5   Pantelis Kapetanos 2008–14 Steaua, CFR 48 (Ø 0,38)
6   Tha'er Bawab 2010–19 Gloria Bistrița, Gaz Metan, U Craiova, Steaua, Dinamo, Chiajna 42 (Ø 0,20)
7   Kehinde Fatai 2007–15 Farul, Astra 41 (Ø 0,28)
8   Mike Temwanjera 2006–14 Vaslui 39 (Ø 0,22)
9   Azdren Llullaku 2012–19 Gaz Metan, Politehnica Iași, Astra 37 (Ø 0,25)
10   Sulejman Demollari 1991–95 Dinamo 36 (Ø 0,36)
Top Ten Youngest Debutants
As of 2 June 2019. The teams written in bold are the ones the players debuted at [38][39][40]
Player Age Match Season
1   Nicolae Dobrin 14 years, 10 months and 5 days Știința Cluj - Dinamo Pitești 5–1 1961–62
2   Rareș Lazăr 15 years, one month and 19 days Ceahlăul Piatra Neamț - FC Vaslui 2–0 2013–14
3   Răzvan Popa 15 years, 2 months and 13 days Dinamo - Sportul Studențesc 1–3 2011–12
4   Codrin Epure 15 years, 2 months and 21 days FC Vaslui - Astra 1-4 2013–14
5   Marius Niculae 15 years, 6 months and 6 days Dinamo - Farul Constanța 5-2 1996–97
6   Ion Geolgău 15 years, 8 months and 18 days Universitatea Craiova - UTA 3–1 1976–77
7   Constantin Gângioveanu 15 years, 8 months and 21 days Dinamo - Universitatea Craiova 5–0 2004–05
8   Roberto Hașnaș 15 years, 9 months and 21 days SR Brașov - Gloria Bistrița 4–1 2012–13
9   Marian Drăghiceanu 15 years, 10 months and 10 days Oțelul Galați - Ceahlăul Piatra Neamț 4–1 2014–15
10   George Mareș 15 years, 10 months and 15 days Sportul Studențesc - CS Mioveni 0–0 2011–12

ManagersEdit

Top Ten Managers With Most Appearances
As of 2 June 2019[41]
Manager Period Matches Victories Draws Losses Victory percentage
1   Florin Halagian 1972–11 878 432 176 270 59%
2   Ilie Oană 1952–79 572 232 124 216 51%
3   Nicolae Dumitru 1962–93 558 250 120 188 55%
4   Ion V. Ionescu 1967–94 496 194 89 213 48%
5   Viorel Hizo 1990–13 488 221 85 182 53%
6   Ioan Andone 1994–17 456 207 80 169 45%
7   Valentin Stănescu 1962–84 455 206 101 148 56%
8   Sorin Cârțu 1989–13 454 175 114 165 51%
9   Angelo Niculescu 1953–82 445 196 101 148 55%
10   Constantin Cârstea 1985–09 428 170 69 189 47%

International competitionsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Romanian champions". Romanian Professional Football League. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
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  17. ^ "Unirea Urziceni, campioană!". Evenimentul Zilei (in Romanian). 11 June 2009. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
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  20. ^ "2015-16 Liga I Championship Round". soccerway.com. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
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  22. ^ "Cum au ajuns Bergenbier, Timișoreana și Bürger titulari pe terenul de fotbal". Ziarul Financiar (in Romanian). 4 June 2007. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-10.
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  25. ^ "Liga 1 Gamebookers.com, noul nume al întrecerii interne". prosport.ro (in Romanian). 5 November 2009.
  26. ^ "Bergenbier este noul sponsor al Ligii I". Gazeta Sporturilor (in Romanian). 19 July 2010.
  27. ^ "Orange este noul partener principal al Ligii 1 de fotbal!". Orange. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  28. ^ "Antena 1 dă 85 milioane de euro plus TVA și câștigă licitația pentru drepturile de televizare ale partidelor din Liga 1". Hotnews.ro (in Romanian). 31 March 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
  29. ^ "LPF a cedat drepturile TV pe cinci ani către o companie din Uniunea Europeană". Mediafax (in Romanian). 4 March 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  30. ^ "OFICIAL. Unde se vede LIGA I la TV în perioada 2014-2019". obiectiv.info (in Romanian). 2 April 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  31. ^ a b "FOTO&VIDEO Dănciulescu a împlinit 37 de ani! Mesajul fostului atacant dinamovist" [PHOTO & VIDEO Dănciulescu celebrates 37 years! The message of the former Dinamo striker] (in Romanian). Digisport.ro. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
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  34. ^ "Danciu, atacantul care se ia la trîntă cu recordurile: prima pentru cota 200!" [Danciu, the striker who tries to break the records: the first for the 200 share!] (in Romanian). Gsp.ro. 25 October 2010. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  35. ^ "Rei Mario? Camora poate deveni in acest sezon stranierul cu cele mai multe meciuri in Liga 1" [King Mario? Camora can become this season the foreigner with the most matches in Liga 1] (in Romanian). Sport.ro. 17 September 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
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  37. ^ "TOP 10 - Cei mai buni marcatori străini" [TOP 10 - The best 10 foreign goalscorers] (in Romanian). Lpf.ro. 29 July 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  38. ^ "Top 10 cei mai tineri debutanti in Liga 1" [Top 10 youngest debutants in Liga 1] (in Romanian). Gsp.ro. 18 May 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  39. ^ "Mesaj de suflet al perlei Craiovei pentru fanii olteni: "Idolul meu e Ion Oblemenco"" [A message from the soul of Craiova's pearl for the Oltenian fans: "My idol is Ion Oblemenco"] (in Romanian). Gsp.ro. 5 January 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  40. ^ "Marian Drăghiceanu, al patrulea cel mai tânăr debutant din Liga 1. Tânărul jucător al Ceahlăului a fost trimis pe teren în minutul 89 al meciului cu Oțelul" [Marian Drăghiceanu, the fourth youngest starter in Liga 1. The young player from Ceahlăul was sent on the field in the 89th minute of the match with Oțelul] (in Romanian). Prosport.ro. 17 May 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  41. ^ "Top 60 antrenori" [Top 60 coaches] (in Romanian). RomanianSoccer.ro. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  42. ^ "UEFA Association Club Coefficient 2018/2019". UEFA Country Coefficients. Retrieved 12 June 2019.

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