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Dagupan, officially the City of Dagupan (Pangasinan: Siyudad na Dagupan, Tagalog: Lungsod ng Dagupan), or simply Dagupan City, is a 1st Class independent component city[5] in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 171,271 people.[4]

Dagupan
City of Dagupan
Dagupan Pangasinan 1.JPG
Dagupan Church facade.JPG
Dagupan344.JPG
CSIjf347.JPG
Clockwise from top-left: Dagupan City Welcome Arch, Metropolitan Cathedral of Saint John the Evangelist, CSI Supermarket, Dagupan Train Museum
Nickname(s): 
Bangus (Milkfish) Capital of the Philippines[1]
Map of Pangasinan with Dagupan highlighted
Map of Pangasinan with Dagupan highlighted
Dagupan is located in Philippines
Dagupan
Dagupan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°02′N 120°20′E / 16.03°N 120.33°E / 16.03; 120.33Coordinates: 16°02′N 120°20′E / 16.03°N 120.33°E / 16.03; 120.33
Country Philippines
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
ProvincePangasinan (geographically only)
District4th district
Founded1590
Cityhood20 June 1947
Barangays31 (see Barangays)
Government
[2]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorMarc Brian C. Lim
 • Vice MayorDean Bryan L. Kua
 • CongressmanChristopher George Martin P. De Venecia
 • Electorate119,164 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total44.47 km2 (17.17 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[4]
 • Total171,271
 • Density3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Dagupeño (masculine)
Dagupeña (feminine)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2400
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)75
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Income class1st City Income Class[5]
Revenue (₱)756,078,443.25[6]
Poverty incidence5.96% (2012)[7]
Websitedagupan.gov.ph

Located on the Lingayen Gulf on the northwest-central part of the island of Luzon, Dagupan is a major commercial and financial center north of Manila. Also, the city is one of the centers of modern medical services, media and communication in North-Central Luzon. The city is situated within the fertile Agno River Valley.

The city is among the top producers of milkfish (locally known as bangus) in the province. From 2001-2003, Dagupan's milkfish production totaled to 35,560.1 metric tons (MT), contributing 16.8 percent to the total provincial production. Of its total production in the past three years, 78.5 percent grew in fish pens/cages while the rest grew in brackish water fishponds.[8]

Dagupan is administratively and politically independent from the provincial government of Pangasinan and is only represented by the province's legislative district.

Dagupan City is one of the proposed metropolitan area in the Philippines.[9] Metro Dagupan is proposed to include the independent component city of Dagupan, as well as the towns of Lingayen, Binmaley, Calasiao, Mangaldan, Manaoag, Mapandan, San Fabian, San Jacinto, and Santa Barbara.

Etymology

The city's name was derived from the local Pangasinan word pandaragupan, meaning "gathering place" as the city has been a regional market center for centuries.

History

Kaboloan

During the 15th century, Pangasinan had been the site of an ancient polity called the Kaboloan. the Wangdom of Pangasinan sent emissaries to China in 1406-1411.[10]

Spanish occupation

The area that is now known as Dagupan was described as marshland thickly covered with mangrove and nipa palm trees.[11] The natives lived along the shoreline and riverbanks of Calmay, Pantal, and Bonuan. But there were also communities in Malued, Lasip, Pogo, and Bacayao. The natives called the area Bacnotan which would later be incorporated into the encomienda of Lingayen that was established in 1583.[12]

The first long distance railroad in the Philippines connecting Manila and Dagupan was opened on November 24, 1892.

Japanese Occupation

The Japanese planes bombed in Dagupan on December 1941; Dagupan was occupied by Japanese forces starting in 1942.[13]

Allied liberation

On January 8–January 9, 1945, U.S. General Douglas MacArthur landed his amphibious liberation force in the city's "Blue Beach" section along the Lingayen Gulf.[14][15] From his beachhead in Dagupan, along with those in neighboring towns Lingayen, Binmaley and San Fabian, MacArthur's forces under General Walter Krueger together with the Philippine Commonwealth troops under the Philippine Army and Philippine Constabulary units were able to penetrate Japanese defenses in Luzon island and liberate Filipino and allied prisoners of war near Cabanatuan in the province of Nueva Ecija, and in Manila's University of Santo Tomas, among others.

Dagupan's cityhood

 
Perez Boulevard

Dagupan became a city by virtue of Republic Act No. 170, authored by Speaker Eugenio Pérez. It was signed into law by President Manuel Roxas on June 20, 1947.[16]

The westward expansion of the city went as far as Lucao, which was also swampland. Local historian Restituto Basa surmised that the name Lucao may have been derived from the shellfish called lukan that used to abound in the swampy area.[citation needed]

In June 1962, Dagupan was shaken by a series of strong earthquakes which occurred at irregular intervals for about three weeks. The quakes toppled the belfry of the Roman Catholic Church. Many people from Calmay, Carael and island barrios evacuated to other towns.[citation needed]

In 1968, the national government agencies opened offices in Dagupan and other key cities across the country. The daytime population increased substantially, causing congestion in the city that began to see the appearance of public utility tricycles.[citation needed]

On July 16, 1990, a magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck northern Luzon, causing liquefaction, which made buildings tilt and sink due to their heavy weight and the looseness of the ground, which turned into sediment-rich mud. The Magsaysay Bridge, one of the two bridges especially spanning the Pantal River, collapsed, delaying people from crossing to the other banks and vice versa. Major damage caused businesses to be permanently transferred to the neighbouring towns of Mangaldan and Calasiao, but somehow, Dagupan and its inhabitants managed to recover from the earthquake.[17]

Geography

Dagupan City covers a total land area of 4,447.10 hectares (10,989.0 acres),[1] bounded by the Lingayen Gulf in the north, San Fabian in the northeast, Mangaldan in the east, Calasiao in the south and Binmaley in the west. Land use is primarily for agriculture with 35.98% of the total land area, fishpond, cropland, residential with 22.88%; others uses are commercial, industrial, institutional, government private, parks and roads.

Panoramic view of Dagupan river

Barangays

Dagupan City is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.[18]

Barangay Population (2010)[19]
Bacayao Norte 3,283
Bacayao Sur 2,632
Barangay I (T. Bugallon) 673
Barangay II (Nueva) 2,824
Barangay IV (Zamora) 841
Bolosan 3,862
Bonuan Binloc 8,246
Bonuan Boquig 13,686
Bonuan Gueset 22,042
Calmay 6,706
Carael 4,732
Caranglaan 6,459
Herrero 2,428
Lasip Chico 1,370
Lasip Grande 2,622
Lomboy 1,367
Lucao 9,748
Malued 9,406
Mamalingling 1,456
Mangin 3,700
Mayombo 7,937
Pantal 17,174
Poblacion Oeste 4,523
Pogo Chico 4,603
Pogo Grande 2,112
Pugaro Suit 4,757
Salapingao 2,890
Salisay 2,134
Tambac 2,328
Tapuac 4,391
Tebeng 2,744
Population distribution (2010)[19]
Bacayao Norte: 3,283 (2.0%)Bacayao Sur: 2,632 (1.6%)Barangay I (''T. Bugallon''): 673 (0.4%)Barangay II (''Nueva''): 2,824 (1.7%)Barangay IV (''Zamora''): 841 (0.5%)Bolosan: 3,862 (2.4%)Bonuan Binloc: 8,246 (5.0%)Bonuan Boquig: 13,686 (8.4%)Bonuan Gueset: 22,042 (13.5%)Calmay: 6,706 (4.1%)Carael: 4,732 (2.9%)Caranglaan: 6,459 (3.9%)Herrero: 2,428 (1.5%)Lasip Chico: 1,370 (0.8%)Lasip Grande: 2,622 (1.6%)Lomboy: 1,367 (0.8%)Lucao: 9,748 (6.0%)Malued: 9,406 (5.7%)Mamalingling: 1,456 (0.9%)Mangin: 3,700 (2.3%)Mayombo: 7,937 (4.8%)Pantal: 17,174 (10.5%)Poblacion Oeste: 4,523 (2.8%)Pogo Chico: 4,603 (2.8%)Pogo Grande: 2,112 (1.3%)Pugaro Suit: 4,757 (2.9%)Salapingao: 2,890 (1.8%)Salisay: 2,134 (1.3%)Tambac: 2,328 (1.4%)Tapuac: 4,391 (2.7%)Tebeng: 2,744 (1.7%) 
Total population: 163,676

Climate

Dagupan City has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification: Am).

Climate data for Dagupan City (1981–2010, extremes 1903–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
38.7
(101.7)
39.9
(103.8)
39.6
(103.3)
38.7
(101.7)
38.2
(100.8)
36.4
(97.5)
36.6
(97.9)
37.2
(99.0)
36.9
(98.4)
36.9
(98.4)
39.9
(103.8)
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
31.8
(89.2)
33.2
(91.8)
34.7
(94.5)
34.1
(93.4)
33.1
(91.6)
32.0
(89.6)
31.3
(88.3)
31.6
(88.9)
31.9
(89.4)
31.8
(89.2)
30.9
(87.6)
32.3
(90.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
26.5
(79.7)
27.9
(82.2)
29.5
(85.1)
29.4
(84.9)
28.9
(84.0)
28.2
(82.8)
27.8
(82.0)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
27.4
(81.3)
26.2
(79.2)
27.8
(82.0)
Average low °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
21.2
(70.2)
22.6
(72.7)
24.4
(75.9)
24.8
(76.6)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
24.3
(75.7)
24.2
(75.6)
24.0
(75.2)
23.0
(73.4)
21.4
(70.5)
23.3
(73.9)
Record low °C (°F) 14.3
(57.7)
16.3
(61.3)
16.7
(62.1)
19.7
(67.5)
19.0
(66.2)
20.2
(68.4)
20.4
(68.7)
19.0
(66.2)
20.5
(68.9)
19.5
(67.1)
17.2
(63.0)
15.2
(59.4)
14.3
(57.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 6.7
(0.26)
10.7
(0.42)
22.2
(0.87)
60.4
(2.38)
209.8
(8.26)
337.9
(13.30)
499.6
(19.67)
581.3
(22.89)
368.4
(14.50)
215.9
(8.50)
53.9
(2.12)
14.1
(0.56)
2,380.9
(93.74)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1 1 2 5 12 17 21 22 20 11 5 2 119
Average relative humidity (%) 79 78 77 77 79 83 86 87 86 84 82 80 82
Source: PAGASA[20][21]

Demographics

YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 20,357—    
1918 22,441+0.65%
1939 32,602+1.79%
1948 43,838+3.35%
1960 63,191+3.09%
1970 83,582+2.83%
1975 90,092+1.52%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 98,344+1.77%
1990 122,247+2.20%
1995 126,214+0.60%
2000 130,328+0.69%
2007 149,554+1.92%
2010 163,676+3.34%
2015 171,271+0.87%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][19][22][23]

In Dagupan, the Pangasinans are the predominant people and the Pangasinan language is predominantly used in the city and environs, followed by English and Filipino, as well as Ilocano. Chinese is mainly spoken only by a few city individuals of Chinese descent.

  • Number of Registered Voters (2016): 105,183[18]

Transportation

Dagupan is connected with other cities by networks of national roads. Romulo Highway and Pangasinan - La Union Road (N55) and Urdaneta - Dagupan Road (N56) are the principal highways that serve the city.

The Philippine National Railways (PNR) once served Dagupan through Dagupan station, that went defunct in the late 1980s. The first railroad in the Philippines, the Manila-Dagupan Railway, terminated at the city.

Intercity/interprovincial buses from Manila serve the city, and are usually operated by Dagupan Bus Company, Victory Liner, Five Star, and Pangasinan Solid North. Jeepneys provide intracity travel, as well as for towns and cities of close proximities.

Economy

 
A.B. Fernandez Avenue

Dagupan is the economic center of Pangasinan and the rest of North-Central Luzon.[citation needed] As a hub, many people in Pangasinan commute to the city during the day. This causes the city's daytime population to rise and cause traffic to parts of the city, especially the downtown area. The city is a vital financial center housing numerous banks, non-bank financial institutions and offices of some of the government agencies.

Historically, Dagupan was a center for salt making in numerous salt evaporator beds in the low-lying swampy areas close to the Lingayen Gulf, Beginning in the 19th Century, some of the salt making operations gave way to pond culture of fish, most prominently the milkfish or as it is known locally ad bangus for which the city has become famous. Fisheries, aquaculture and processed fisheries products are an important mainstay of the city's economy.[24]

Manila based developers have also set shop in this bustling city due to its strategic location and growing population.

▪ Santa Lucia Land Inc. (Almeria Verde Subdivision)[25]

▪ Double Dragon Properties (CityMall Mayombo)

▪ SM Prime Holdings (SM Center Dagupan [u/c], planned SM Savemore Dagupan, and planned SM City Dagupan)[25]

▪ 11 story Allied Care Experts Medical Center[25]

▪ Green Sun Management Inc. & Megaworld Construction and Development Corporation (5 story Green Sun Hotel)[26]

▪ Filinvest (Fora Dagupan - a 6.3 hectare Townscape development)[27]

Local businessmen have also went with the trend in developing their properties in different locations which further boosts the city's construction activities and secures the city's title as the economic hub of Pangasinan.

Another part of Dagupan's economy is the motor vehicle industry.[citation needed] Many automotive companies have a dealership in the city's metropolitan area. Existing car dealerships from major companies including Ford, Hyundai, Chevrolet, Mazda and Izuzu are all found in Dagupan, while other companies such as Toyota, Honda, Mitsubishi, Nissan and many more are found at the neighbouring town of Calasiao.

Education

Since the colonial era, Dagupan has always been the center of education in Ilocos Region (Region 1). The private sector-driven centers of education University of Pangasinan, University of Luzon and Lyceum-Northwestern University lead, 14 colleges and 18 vocational schools and 3 technical learning centers, 19 secondary schools and 53 elementary schools both in public and private.

Health

Medical and health service centers abound in Dagupan. Out of 51 hospitals in Pangasinan, 12 are located in the city. The largest of these is the Region 1 Medical Center with hospital bed capacity of 600.

Media

Dagupan City is home to regional television stations of GMA Network, CNN Philippines, TV5, IBC 13 and ABS-CBN, sixteen radio broadcasting stations, at least seventeen local newspapers and three cable television companies. There are two news programs TV Patrol North Luzon (ABS-CBN TV-32 Dagupan) and Balitang Amianan (GMA Dagupan).

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ Visperas, Eva (29 January 2017). "Dagupan makes strides in bangus deboning". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on 28 January 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  2. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  3. ^ https://www.dagupan.gov.ph
  4. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. ^ a b http://pangasinan.gov.ph/the-province/cities-and-municipalities/dagupan-city/
  6. ^ "Pangasinan : Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index". Makati City, Philippines: National Competitiveness Council (Philippines). Archived from the original on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  7. ^ "PSA Releases the 2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  8. ^ "Dagupan City: The Home of the World’s Longest Barbecue" Archived 2014-07-26 at the Wayback Machine. National Statistical Coordination Board Profile. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.
  9. ^ Dagupan Metropolitan Area or Metro Dagupan (DMA) is a metropolitan area in north central Luzon http://wowdagupantoday.blogspot.com/2011/01/new-metropolis-rising-in-pangasinan.html
  10. ^ Scott, William Henry (1989). "Filipinos in China in 1500" (PDF). China Studies Program. De la Salle University. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-24. Retrieved 2015-07-24.
  11. ^ "Dagupan City in Pangasinan Luzon PhilippinesPhilippines". www.philippine-islands.ph. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
  12. ^ "Physiographic Setting of Affected Areas". Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. Retrieved 27 July 2019. In 1590, the house clusters were resettled into compact communities and converted into a town named initially as Bacnotan and renamed later in 1720 as Dagupan.
  13. ^ "Reporter Predicted Japanese Attack - Pearl Harbor - Hector C. Bywater". www.lindseywilliams.org. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
  14. ^ "MacArthur landed in Dagupan, not Lingayen". The Philippine Star. 10 January 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  15. ^ Cosgrove, Ben (10 November 2014). "LIFE With MacArthur: The Landing at Luzon, the Philippines, 1945". Time. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  16. ^ "Republic Act No. 170 - An Act Creating the City of Dagupan". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  17. ^ Gabriel Cardinoza (July 24, 2012). "Dagupan Rises From 1990 Nightmare". The Philippine Daily Inquirer.
  18. ^ a b "Municipality/City: Dagupan City" Archived 2012-05-10 at the Wayback Machine. PSGC Interactive. Retrieved on 2012-05-29.
  19. ^ a b c Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  20. ^ "Dagupan City, Pangasinan Climatological Normal Values". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 11 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  21. ^ "Dagupan City, Pangasinan Climatological Extremes". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 11 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  22. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  23. ^ "Province of Pangasinan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  24. ^ "Aquaculture in Dagupan City, Philippines". World Aquaculture 29(1):18-24. March 1998. Retrieved 3 Jul 2018.
  25. ^ a b c https://punch.dagupan.com/articles/news/2019/01/major-estate-developers-bullish-on-pangasinan-dagupan/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  26. ^ https://wwwmortzcortigoza.blogspot.com/2019/02/more-investors-coming-in-dagupan-city.html?m=1. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  27. ^ https://www.dagupan.gov.ph/filinvest-unveils-fora-dagupan-project/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  28. ^ "Sister Cities, Public Relations". Guadalajara municipal government. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  29. ^ "30th year of Dagupan-Iwata sisterhood pact celebrated". Sunday Punch Line. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  30. ^ "Dagupan, Milpitas renew sisterhood pact – Sunday Punch". punch.dagupan.com. Retrieved 2016-07-04.
  31. ^ www.taoti.com, Taoti Creative, Washington DC / May 2012 /. "Interactive City Directory". www.sister-cities.org. Retrieved 2016-07-04.

Further reading

  • Basa, Restituto (1972). Story of Dagupan. Manaois Press.

External links