Philippine Broadcasting Service

Philippine Broadcasting Service (PBS) (Filipino: Paglilingkod Panghimpapawid ng Pilipinas), also known by its government agency Bureau of Broadcast Services (BBS) (Filipino: Kawanihan ng mga Serbisyong Pambrodkast[1]), is a state radio network owned by the Philippine government under the Presidential Communications Office (PCO).

Bureau of Broadcast Services (BBS)
Philippine Broadcasting Service (PBS)
TypeState agency
IndustryState media
PredecessorBureau of Broadcasts (1972–1986)
FoundedSeptember 12, 1947 (1947-09-12)
HeadquartersQuezon City, Philippines
Key people
  • Cheloy Velicaria-Garafil (Secretary, Presidential Communications Office)
  • Rowena "Ina" Reformina (PCO Undersecretary for Broadcast Media Services and Related GOCCs and Attached Agencies)
  • Rizal Giovanni "Bong" Aportadera, Jr. (Director General)
OwnerGovernment of the Philippines
(Presidential Communications Office)
Number of employees
530
Websitepbs.gov.ph
Radyo Pilipinas
TypeBroadcast radio network
Broadcast area
Philippines
Programming
Language(s)Filipino
English
FormatNews, Public Affairs, Talk, Government Radio
AffiliationsPTV
History
Launch dateInternational: 1995
National: June 5, 2017 (2017-06-05)
ReplacedRadyo ng Bayan (1995–2017)
Coverage
AvailabilityNationwide (AM/FM, affiliate stations, and G Sat)
Worldwide (shortwave)
StationsSee list
Links
Websiteradyopilipinas.ph
Republika FM1
TypeFM radio network
Broadcast area
Philippines
Programming
Language(s)English
FormatTop 40 (CHR), OPM
History
Launch dateNovember 1, 2017 (2017-11-01)
Former names
FM1
(2017–2020)
Coverage
AvailabilityNationwide
Links
Websitepbs-fm.com
Capital FM2
TypeFM radio network
Broadcast area
Philippines
Programming
Language(s)English
FormatAdult Contemporary, OPM
History
Launch dateFebruary 2, 2017 (2017-02-02)
Former names
FM2
(2017–2020)
Coverage
AvailabilityNationwide
Links
Websitepbs-fm.com

PBS operates national radio brands: Radyo Pilipinas 1, Radyo Pilipinas 2, Radyo Magasin, Republika FM1 and Capital FM2, as well as international shortwave station Radyo Pilipinas Worldwide. PBS, along with its television network counterparts People's Television Network and Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation, which forms the media arm of the PCO.

As one of the attached agencies of the OPS, the PBS-BBS receives funding from the General Appropriations Act (Annual National Budget) and sales from blocktimers and advertisers, among others.

HistoryEdit

Commonwealth and Third RepublicEdit

On May 8, 1933, the United States-sponsored Insular Government established and operated radio station DZFM (then KZFM) in the Philippines on the frequency of 710 kilohertz with a power of 10,000 watts through the United States Information Service. In 1944, during the liberation campaign. In September 1946, two months after the Philippines became a republic, KZFM was turned over to the Philippine government. With the transfer was born the Philippine Broadcasting Service (PBS), the second broadcasting organization after Manila Broadcasting Company.

KZFM first operated under the Department of Foreign Affairs until it was transferred to the Radio Broadcasting Board (RBB), created by President Manuel Quezon on September 3, 1937. In 1947, an International Telecommunications Conference in Atlantic City, New Jersey, assigned the letter "D" to replace "K" as the first call letter for all radio stations in the Philippines. On January 1, 1952, the RBB was abolished to give way to the establishment of the Philippine Information Council (PIC) which assumed the function of the RBB, including the operation of DZFM. On July 1, 1952, after the PIC was abolished, DZFM and the Philippine Broadcasting Service (PBS) operated under the Office of the President. In 1959, the both were placed under the newly-created Department of Public Information (DPI).

Years hence, the PBS acquired 13 more radio stations, one TV station, DZFM-TV Channel 10 which it time-shared with two other organizations, and changed its name to Bureau of Broadcast Services. September 13 is marked as the anniversary of the PBS.

In the 1960s, PBS expanded to the key provinces with DZEQ in Baguio, DYMR in Cebu, DYCI in Iloilo, DXRP in Davao and DZMQ in Dagupan.

Martial law and into the Fifth RepublicEdit

At the same time that the BBS creating its network, another government organization was building up its broadcast capability to rival, or in some instances, complement, that of the BBS. The National Media Production Center (NMPC) had acquired the facilities of Voice of America in Malolos, Bulacan in 1965 and steadily brought the old complex up to standards by a steady overhaul, fine-tuning, and outright replacement of outmoded equipment and machines. The NMPC operated the “Voice of the Philippines” (VOP), on both medium wave-920 kHz and shortwave 9.810 mHz transmissions. In 1975, the NMPC obtained DZRB-FM. With this new station and some provincial stations that came under its wings earlier, the NMPC was a network and effectively covered a wide range of the Philippine listenership.

In the 1970s, public broadcasting in the Philippines was thus represented by the BBS and the NMPC and catered to the educational and cultural needs of its audiences while endeavoring to keep it entertained with fare from indigenous material. Public service features were the keystone of its programs.

During the final months of Martial Law, both the BB and the NMPC were brought under one administrative roof in 1980 when the Office of Media Affairs was created to provide a loose union for both networks within the Broadcast Plaza along Bohol (now Sgt. Esguerra) Avenue in Diliman, Quezon City. It was not an ideal situation, since, as there had been no clear guidelines on the proper implementation of their respective operational strategies, the BB and the NMPC often squabbled, to the detriment of public broadcasting goals. Unification had created more problems for the OMA to overcome.

After the EDSA Revolution, the Office of Media Affairs was abolished, followed by both the NMPC and the BB. Under Executive Order No. 297, on the basis of the OMA, President Corazon Aquino reestablished the Bureau of Broadcast Services (BBS) and reinstated PBS as the network under the Office of the Press Secretary's control, which led to the formation of a national radio service based on the stations in which both the NMPC and BBS had, with the PBS hosting two national AM stations and a national FM station in Manila and a number of provincial owned-and-operated and affiliate stations in the country's administrative regions.

 
PBS logo from 1987 to 2017

During the last months of the Aquino administration, PBS along with its TV counterpart, People's Television Network transferred its offices from ABS-CBN Broadcasting Center complex to PIA/Media Center Building in Visayas Avenue, Quezon City on January 22, 1992.

On January 2, 1995, PBS relaunched its flagship station (DZFM) as Radyo ng Bayan.

During the first years in the administration of President Benigno Aquino III, the PBS-BBS was transferred to the newly created Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO), after the OPS was abolished.

In the beginning of 2017, PBS relaunched its FM radio service with the relaunch of FM2 and the debut of FM1 as well, forming the basis of the national FM radio division under the agency, which was later reinforced by the launch of FM1 Davao, the first state-owned regional FM radio station serving Metro Davao.

On June 5, 2017, as part of the network's 70th anniversary, PBS relaunched its flagship brand Radyo ng Bayan as Radyo Pilipinas. Three months later, on September 18, sports station DZSR merged its programming with infotainment/cultural station DZRM and became Radyo Pilipinas Dos.

On July 16, 2018, PBS-BBS and the Global Satellite Technology Services Inc. (G Sat) signed a Memorandum of agreement allowing PBS-BBS to add its channels to its G Sat radio channel line up.[2]

In October 2019, China donated over PHP130 million worth of radio broadcast equipment to the PCOO's Philippine Broadcasting Service (PBS). The donation includes live broadcast room equipment, FM broadcast transmitter equipment, and medium wave transmitter equipment. The Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO) will soon begin the rehabilitation of at least 14 (10 AM and four FM station) PBS Radyo Pilipinas stations nationwide.[3][4][needs update] In 2021, the PBS welcomed a new network into the ranks - Radio Kidlat, a community radio network owned and operated by provincial electric cooperatives.

During his first State of the Nation Address, President Rodrigo Duterte announced that Congress would pass a proposed law merging the PBS with its TV counterpart, People's Television Network to form the "People's Broadcasting Corporation (PBC)", which serves a unified broadcasting entity of the republic encompassing radio, television, print and online media.

PlatformsEdit

Radyo PilipinasEdit

Radyo Pilipinas (formerly known as Radyo ng Bayan), the flagship AM radio station of PBS-BBS, is situated at 738 kHz on the AM band in Metro Manila with a power of 50 kW, and a network of over 32 local/regional stations in the provinces. The station is on-the-air each Monday to Friday from 6:00 AM to 9:00 PM and Saturday and Sunday from 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM. As the government's flagship radio station, it serves as a medium of development communication, a conduit between the government and the people, aiming to mobilize all sectors of society towards development and nationalism. Live, up-to-the-minute government news, live coverages of press conferences, as well as relevant information from different government sectors are featured here on this station.

Radyo Pilipinas Dos (formerly known as Sports Radio and Radyo Magasin) is situated at 918 kHz on the AM band with a power of 50 kW. The station operates daily from 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM. RP2 mainly airs sports talk programming and a few non-sports content such as morning simulcasts of RP1 and music-oriented shows every weekend. Since 2023, the coverage of live PBA games are also broadcast here.

Radyo Pilipinas [Worldwide] (DZRP) is the network's official external radio station broadcasting on both shortwave and internet streaming, which caters to the Overseas Filipino Workers and Filipino communities around the world. The station operates daily from 11:30 PM to 12:00 NN PST (15:30–04:00 UTC). RP Worldwide's main programming consists of 2–3 hours of broadcast in Filipino and English languages, and is transmitted via shortwave through the facilities of Voice of America in Tinang, Tarlac.

The current station manager of Radyo Pilipinas is Alan Allanigue, while the current station manager of Radyo Pilipinas Dos is Cecille Quimlat, and the current station manager of Radyo Pilipinas Worldwide is Rey Sampang.

FM divisionEdit

In 2016, radio veteran Rizal "Sonny B" Aportadera, Jr. was appointed by then-PCOO Secretary Martin Andanar as the Director General of the Philippine Broadcasting Service (PBS). Aportadera spearheaded the establishment of its FM networks: FM1 and FM2.

Republika FM1 is PBS' music station, focused on contemporary hit radio (Top 40) and the local music. The station is situated at 87.5 MHz in Metro Manila and 87.9 MHz in Davao City, and is planning to expand in major cities in the country including: Cebu, Cagayan de Oro, Bacolod, Iloilo, Baguio, Bohol, Boracay, General Santos, Laoag, Butuan and Zamboanga. Republika FM1 Manila and Davao are both led by Hariett "Joe Fisher" Saniel as station manager.

Capital FM2 is PBS' music station focused on classic hits from the 80s and 90s, as well as 2000s. It is situated at 104.3 MHz in Metro Manila, and is recognized as the number one niche radio station in the A/B/C market based on Nielsen Ratings. Capital FM2 is led by Nigel "Nigel Grey" Gamalong as station manager.

New Media UnitEdit

As of 2022, the FM division's stations are becoming more and more active in the social media spaces. In line with this, the New Media Unit was formed headed by Deputy Director General Joan Marie Sy-Domingo. The New Media Unit is the in-house graphic design and social media marketing group for Republ1ka FM1 and Capital FM2. They are the dynamic group responsible for consistently and constantly releasing relevant and engaging social media content.

The New Media Unit is also the group that produces the Republikast shows aired on Republ1ka FM1's social media channels on Facebook, Instagram and YouTube. The shows are Fresh 1, Juan On 1 and FM1 Spotlight published weekly. There is also FM1 Spotlight: Livecast Edition broadcast live on Facebook and YouTube. Its schedule varies according to artists' availability.

At the beginning of imposed community quarantines due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, the New Media Unit were engaged in delivering and posting relevant content to inform its audience of minimum health standards and other government announcements in relation to the quarantines and other health protocols.[citation needed]

PBS StationsEdit

The following is a list of radio stations owned and affiliated by PBS.[5][6]

Radyo PilipinasEdit

Branding Call-Sign Frequency Power (kW) Location
Radyo Pilipinas 1 DZRB 738 kHz 50 kW Metro Manila
Radyo Pilipinas 2 DZSR 918 kHz 50 kW Metro Manila
Radyo Magasin DZRM 1278 kHz 10 kW Metro Manila
Radyo Pilipinas Batanes DWBT 1134 kHz 5 kW Basco
Radyo Pilipinas Baguio DZEQ 93.7 MHz 5 kW Baguio
Radyo Pilipinas Tabuk DZRK 837 kHz 5 kW Tabuk
Radyo Pilipinas Bontoc DWPW 107.3 MHz 5 kW Bontoc
Radyo Pilipinas Laoag DWFB 954 kHz 5 kW Laoag
Radyo Pilipinas Agoo DZAG 97.1 MHz 5 kW Agoo
Radyo Pilipinas Dagupan DZMQ 576 kHz 10 kW Dagupan
Radyo Pilipinas Tayug DWCC 756 kHz 5 kW Tayug
Radyo Pilipinas Tuguegarao DWPE 729 kHz 10 kW Tuguegarao
Radyo Pilipinas Lucena DWLC 1017 kHz 10 kW Lucena
Radyo Pilipinas Palawan DWRM 648 kHz 10 kW Puerto Princesa
Radyo Pilipinas Naga DWRB 549 kHz 10 kW Naga
Radyo Pilipinas Albay DWJS 621 kHz 5 kW Legazpi
Radyo Pilipinas Virac DWDF 94.3 MHz 5 kW Virac
Radyo Pilipinas Iloilo DYLL 585 kHz 15 kW Iloilo City
Radyo Pilipinas Cebu DYMR 576 kHz 15 kW Cebu City
Radyo Pilipinas Sogod DYDD 104.7 MHz 5 kW Sogod
Radyo Pilipinas Calbayog DYOG 882 kHz 5 kW Calbayog
Radyo Pilipinas Borongan DYES 657 kHz 5 kW Borongan
Radyo Pilipinas Zamboanga DXMR 1170 kHz 10 kW Zamboanga City
Radyo Pilipinas Cagayan de Oro DXIM 936 kHz 10 kW Cagayan de Oro
Radyo Pilipinas Gingoog DXRG 882 kHz 10 kW Gingoog
Radyo Pilipinas Iligan DXDX 105.5 MHz 5 kW Iligan
Radyo Pilipinas Davao DXRP 675 kHz 15 kW Davao City
Radyo Pilipinas Butuan DXBN 792 kHz 5 kW Butuan
Radyo Pilipinas Tandag DXJS 837 kHz 5 kW Tandag
Radyo Pilipinas Jolo DXSM 774 kHz 5 kW Jolo
Radyo Pilipinas Tawi Tawi DXAS 104.7 MHz 1 kW Bongao

FM StationsEdit

Branding Call-Sign Frequency Power (kW) Location
Republika FM1 Manila DWFO 87.5 MHz 25 kW Metro Manila
Capital FM2 DWFT 104.3 MHz 25 kW Metro Manila
Republika FM1 Davao 87.9 MHz 10 kW Davao City

Affiliate stationsEdit

The following stations are owned by their perspective local government units or organizations. Though PBS is listed by the NTC as their owners, it acts as their affiliates.

Branding Call-Sign Frequency Power (kW) Location Owner
Radyo Pilipinas Abra DWAZ 102.9 MHz 5 kW Bangued Provincial Government of Abra
Adjo FM DWCI 105.1 MHz 5 kW Piddig Municipal Government of Piddig
Radyo Pangkaunlaran DZDA 105.3 MHz 1 kW Tuguegarao Department of Agriculture
Radyo Pilipinas Quirino DWQP 92.1 MHz 5 kW Cabarroguis Provincial Government of Quirino
Subic Bay Radio DWSB 89.5 MHz 10 kW Subic Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority
RCFM DZRG 104.7 MHz 10 kW San Antonio Rainbow Connection Civic Group
Radyo Guagua 99.9 MHz 1 kW Guagua Municipal Government of Guagua
Radyo Serbisyo DWGQ 93.3 MHz 1 kW Gumaca Gumaca Communications and Management Services
Sibol Radio DWLP 90.5 MHz 5 kW Capalonga Municipal Government of Capalonga
Radyo Pilipinas Camarines Norte DWCN 96.9 MHz 5 kW Daet Provincial Government of Camarines Norte
El Oro Radyo DWPA 97.5 MHz 5 kW Aroroy Municipal Government of Aroroy
Radio Boracay 106.1 FM2 DYJV 106.1 MHz 10 kW Boracay One Media Boracay
DYDC FM 104.7 DYDC 104.7 MHz 1 kW Baybay Visayas State University
Radyo Todo Aklan DYCF 88.5 MHz 2 kW Boracay Todo Media Services
Radyo Todo Roxas DYCL 97.7 MHz 5 kW Roxas
Radyo Kahilwayan DYIS 106.7 MHz 1 kW Santa Barbara Municipality of Santa, Barbara
Radyo Timbo-ok DYTC 92.1 MHz 1 kW Carles Municipal of Carles
DYPJ 100.1 DYPJ 100.1 MHz 5 kW Jagna Municipal Government of Jagna
Savior Radio 106.9 MHz 1 kW El Salvador City Government of El Salvador
Mystical FM DXPH 98.9 MHz 5 kW San Jose Dinagat Islands Provincial Information Office
Davao City Disaster Radio DXQQ 87.5 MHz 10 kW Davao City City Government of Davao
Dream FM Kidapawan DXGO 103.1 MHz 5 kW Kidapawan DepEd Kidapawan
Kool FM Kabacan DXVL 94.9 MHz 1 kW Kabacan Municipal Government of Kabacan
Upi for Peace DXUP 105.5 MHz 3 kW Upi Community Media Education Council
Lake Buluan DXLB 104.9 MHz 1 kW Buluan
Radyo Pilipinas Marawi DXSO 99.7 MHz 5 kW Marawi City Government of Marawi
Dimataling FM DXPV 97.7 MHz 1 kW Dimataling Municipal Government of Dimataling
MRadio (Molave Radio) DXPB 106.9 MHz 5 kW Molave Municipal Government of Molave
Marino News FM DXCP 106.7 MHz 5 kW Zamboanga City Zamboanga State College of Marine Sciences and Technology

Radyo Kidlat stationsEdit

The following stations are owned by their perspective local electrical cooperatives. It was launched in 2021.[7]

Branding Call-Sign Frequency Power (kW) Location Owner
Radyo Kidlat Aparri DWBI 103.9 MHz 1 kW Aparri Cagayan 2 Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Isabela DWBH 91.9 MHz 1 kW Alicia Isabela 1 Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Palauig DWOR 98.1 MHz 1 kW Palauig Zambales 1 Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Castillejos DWCQ 98.3 MHz 1 kW Castillejos Zambales 2 Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Tarlac 87.7 MHz 1 kW Capas Tarlac 2 Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Dumaguete DYPN 99.7 MHz 1 kW Dumaguete Negros Oriental 2 Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Calbayog 91.3 MHz 5 kW Calbayog Samar 1 Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Ormoc 94.3 MHz 5 kW Ormoc Leyte 5 Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Tolosa DYAL 90.3 MHz 5 kW Tolosa Don Orestes Romualdez Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Laguindingan DXCR 98.5 MHz 1 kW Laguindingan Misamis Oriental 1 Rural Electric Service Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Butuan 87.9 MHz 1 kW Butuan Agusan del Norte Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Siargao DXQA 98.5 MHz 1 kW Dapa Siargao Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Digos DXPL 87.9 MHz 1 kW Digos Davao del Sur Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Tacurong DXQD 88.1 MHz 1 kW Tacurong Sultan Kudarat Electric Cooperative
Radyo Kidlat Pagadian DXPY 103.1 MHz 5 kW Pagadian Zamboanga del Sur 1 Electric Cooperative

Overseas Broadcast (Shortwave)Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Direktoryo ng mga Ahensiya at Opisyal ng Pamahalaan ng Pilipinas (PDF) (in Filipino). Department of Budget and Management. 2018. Retrieved December 22, 2021.
  2. ^ "PBB-BBS and G Sat signed a Memorandum of agreement". Radyo Pilipinas Facebook. July 16, 2018. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
  3. ^ Gita-Carlos, Ruth Abbey (October 25, 2019). "China donation a 'huge boost' to PH-owned radio stations: PCOO". Philippine News Agency.
  4. ^ Gita-Carlos, Ruth Abbey (October 27, 2019). "PCOO to start upgrade of 14 state-owned radio stations". Philippine News Agency.
  5. ^ "NTC AM Radio Stations via FOI website" (PDF). foi.gov.ph. August 23, 2022.
  6. ^ "NTC FM Stations via FOI website" (PDF). foi.gov.ph. August 23, 2022.
  7. ^ "Radio station a first for PH cooperatives". The Manila Times. Retrieved August 29, 2022.

External linksEdit