The D-segment is the 4th category of the European segments for passenger cars, and is described as "large cars".[1][2]

2020 Best-Selling
BMW 3 Series 7th generation (2018–present)
Volkswagen Passat 8th generation (2015–present)
Mercedes-Benz C-Class 5th generation (2021–present)

It is equivalent to the Euro NCAP "large family car" size class,[3] and the present-day definition of the mid-size car category used in North America.[4][5] Compact executive cars are part of the D-segment size category.

D-segment sales represent approx. 7% of the market in 2010s. [6][7]

CharacteristicsEdit

Most D-segment cars are sedans/saloons or wagons/estates but hatchbacks, and coupes have been common.

Pricing and specification of D-segment cars can vary greatly, from basic low-cost transport to more luxurious and expensive models.

Current modelsEdit

In 2020 the fifteen highest selling D-segment cars in Europe were the BMW 3 Series, Volkswagen Passat, Tesla Model 3, Mercedes-Benz C-Class, Audi A4/S4/RS4, Škoda Superb, Volvo S60/V60, Peugeot 508, Audi A5/S5/RS5, Ford Mondeo, Opel/Vauxhall Insignia, BMW 4 Series, Volkswagen Arteon, Toyota Camry and Polestar 2. [8]

100.000 – 200.000 sales (Best-Selling)

50.000 – 100.000 sales

10.000 – 50.000 sales

Less than 10.000 sales

Sales figures in EuropeEdit

2020
rank
Brand Model 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 % change
(2019–2020)
1 BMW 3 Series 168,275 143,023 144,561 129,053 106,991 124,537 118,369   –5%
2 Volkswagen Passat 153,677 226,127 206,813 183,288 154,074 124,650 115,363   –7%
3 Tesla Model 3 95,168 85,979   –10%
4 Mercedes-Benz C-Class 136,474 173,011 176,038 176,915 150,995 143,293 81,909   –43%
5 Audi A4/S4/RS4 124,170 124,466 162,655 146,006 112,484 102,994 77,515   –25%
6 Škoda Superb 46,149 50,533 85,879 81,410 74,697 67,488 59,925   –11%
7 Volvo S60/V60 54,663 54,354 53,268 45,335 46,945 65,917 58,003   –12%
8 Peugeot 508 41,797 43,301 37,104 22,842 13,378 41,329 29,011   –30%
9 Audi A5/S5/RS5 47,591 45,202 43,686 61,619 49,799 41,812 28,525   –32%
10 Ford Mondeo 45,405 79,673 70,900 56,173 49,596 39,555 21,222   –46%
11 Opel/Vauxhall Insignia 92,694 88,544 73,161 72,347 67,424 45,925 21,133   –54%
12 BMW 4 Series 53,948 72,769 67,983 64,710 52,248 35,908 18,139   –49%
13 Volkswagen Arteon 0 9,798 21,495 19,048 13,582   –29%
14 Toyota Camry 0 7,640 9,119   +19%
15 Polestar Polestar 2 0 8,746 New
16 Renault Talisman 1,824 34,344 32,163 19,784 16,405 8,025   –51%
17 Alfa Romeo Giulia 0 10,475 24,679 17,075 10,932 7,436   –32%
18 Mazda Mazda6 31,032 30,519 29,226 23,090 23,090 22,048 6,950   –68%
19 Kia Optima 3,409 3,263 9,515 16,152 14,404 12,202 6,086   –50%
20 Subaru Legacy/Outback 6,415 10,806 8,242 7,016 7,460 7,504 3,844   –49%
21 Jaguar XE 0 16,535 24,461 18,999 10,877 7,978 3,780   –53%
22 Lexus IS 9,610 7,729 6,234 5,649 5,413 3,282 1,855   –43%
23 Kia Stinger 0 1,143 3,820 3,600 1,387   –61%
24 Subaru Levorg 2,437 4,689 2,865 1,748 1,395 825   –41%
25 Lexus RC 30 526 1,815 1,390 1,334 1,082 710   –34%
26 Hyundai i40 25,016 25,045 20,253 15,251 9,144 3,445 305   –91%
27 Infiniti Q50 2,426 3,020 2,698 1,777 1,471 563 71   –87%
28 Infiniti Q60 99 507 368 83 1   –99%
Mainstream 527,783 619,474 625,185 542,947 450,035 - -
Premium 613,234 662,738 709,754 694,030 584,091 - -
Segment total 1,046,829 787,815   -25%
Source [9][10] [11][12] [13][14] [15][16] [17][18] [19] [20]

Notes:

Jump in segment total sales after 2019. year is because premium cars are included.

From 2014-2018 premium cars are not included in total segment sales.

Premium brands and models are marked italic.

Electric cars are included in D-segment from 2019. year.

Market share in EuropeEdit

2019 - After years of decline, the midsized car segment is actually up 1% in 2019 to 1.05 million sales, maintaining a 6.7% share of the overall car market. [21]

2020 - The midsized car segment is down 25% in 2020 to just under 790,000 sales, as its share of the European car market drops to 6.6%, slightly down from 6.7% last year. And luxury brands have now officially taken over control of this class, improving their share to 62.3% from 60.5% last year and claiming four of the top-5 positions. The top-3 players all gain share, outperforming not only the class but also the overall market. [22]

Historic modelsEdit

Note: this list includes cars from these decades which carried a different nameplate or numeric designation to the modern day equivalent, and in some cases there is no modern day direct equivalent

1960sEdit

1970sEdit

1980sEdit

1990sEdit

2000sEdit

2010sEdit

2020sEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Regulation (EEC) No 4064/89 - Merger Procedure" (PDF). www.europa.eu. exact market definition was left open .. boundaries between segments are blurred by factors other than the size or length of cars
  2. ^ "Impact on the Competitiveness of the European Automotive Industry of Potential FTA with India and ASEAN" (PDF). www.europa.eu. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 April 2013.
  3. ^ "Latest Safety Ratings". www.euroncap.com. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  4. ^ "2019 Nissan Altima Proves Midsize Sedans Aren't Dead Yet". www.wardsauto.com. 8 October 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  5. ^ "America's D-Segment Flab". www.thetruthaboutcars.com. 9 October 2008. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  6. ^ "European sales 2019 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  7. ^ "European sales 2020 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  8. ^ "European sales 2020 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  9. ^ "European sales 2014 Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  10. ^ "European sales 2014 Premium Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  11. ^ "European sales 2015 Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  12. ^ "European sales 2015 Premium Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  13. ^ "European sales 2016 Midsized car segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  14. ^ "European sales 2016 Premium Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  15. ^ "European sales 2017 Midsized car segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  16. ^ "European sales 2017 Premium Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  17. ^ "European sales 2018 Midsized car segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  18. ^ "European sales 2018 Premium Midsize segment". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  19. ^ "European sales 2019 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  20. ^ "European sales 2020 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  21. ^ "European sales 2019 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  22. ^ "European sales 2020 Midsized cars". www.carsalesbase.com. March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.