The Hyundai Stellar (Hangul: 현대 스텔라) was a mid-size rear-wheel drive automobile produced by the Hyundai Motor Company to succeed the soon to be replaced Ford Cortina that Hyundai were building under licence. The Stellar was launched in July 1983. The Stellar was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro, but the chassis from the Cortina Mk V was kept.

Hyundai Stellar
1988 Hyundai Stellar Prima (11795455925).jpg
Overview
ManufacturerHyundai
Production1983–1992
DesignerGiorgetto Giugiaro at Italdesign
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size
LayoutFR layout
RelatedFord Cortina
Ford Taunus
Powertrain
Engine1.4 L Mitsubishi 4G33 I4 (1983-1987)
1.6 L Mitsubishi 4G32 I4 (1983-1989)
2.0 L Mitsubishi 4G63 I4 (1987-1992)
Transmission4-speed Mitsubishi KM119 manual
5-speed Mitsubishi KM119 manual
3-speed Borg-Warner 03-55L automatic
4-speed Borg-Warner 03-71 automatic with overdrive (1987 only)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,579 mm (101.5 in)
Length4,416 mm (173.9 in)
Width1,716 mm (67.6 in)
Height1,372 mm (54.0 in)
Curb weight1,000 kg (2,204 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorFord Cortina
SuccessorHyundai Sonata (Canada, Europe)
Hyundai Elantra (South Korea)

TechnologyEdit

 
1985 Hyundai Stellar
 
1986 Hyundai Stellar with larger bumpers (Europe).
 
1987 Hyundai Stellar CXL (Canada)
 
1989 GSL exported to Sri Lanka

The engine and transmission were licensed from Mitsubishi Motors. Engines available were 1.4 L (4G33, same as the Hyundai Pony) and 1.6 L (4G32) inline-fours until 1986, using either a KM119 4- or 5-speed manual or a Borg-Warner 03-55L 3-speed automatic) and a 2.0 L engine for 1987. Trim levels included L (base), GL/CL/SL, and CXL/GSL. The CXL/GSL featured power windows, locks and mirrors; remote fuel door, remote trunk, premium sound system, full instrumentation (speed, tach, fuel, water temp, volts, and oil pressure), headlamp washers and available air conditioning, a rather surprising list of features for the year and type of car. The Stellar's Ford genes and conventional design led many British observers to compare it with the then recently discontinued Cortina - where conservative buyers were scared off by the Sierra's radical styling,[1] a fact played upon by Hyundai's advertising agency with print advertisements depicting a jelly/jello mold shaped like the Sierra, above a picture of the Stellar. Like the Cortina, the Stellar also has wishbone suspension up front with a coil sprung live rear axle.[1]

As well as being comparable to the Cortina, which had been Britain's best selling car, it also found favour with buyers due to its competitive asking price, which meant that it was priced comparably to a smaller Escort rather than a Sierra. It was sold in Britain from June 1984 until the arrival of the Lantra during 1991. It was the second Hyundai model to be imported to Europe, two years after the launch of the smaller Pony.

For 1987, the Stellar II (or Stellar 2.0 in Canada) was refreshed. Changes included a 2-way catalytic converter, new instrument cluster, larger 2.0 L Mitsubishi 4G63 engine (SOHC with eight valves) with a feedback two-barrel carburetor, higher output alternator, larger headlights and restyled taillights. The front double wishbone suspension was changed to a MacPherson strut design, along with larger brake calipers, as well as a two-piece driveshaft. The Stellar had the option of riding on several types of aluminum alloy wheels, and was equipped standard with Michelin all-season tires (Canada). Also that year, an automatic transmission (Borg Warner 03-71) with overdrive was available as an option. In the domestic Korean market, this was the first of their cars to be sold as the Sonata. In Europe, the Stellar II is sometimes referred to as the Stellar Prima. This was only limited to the new 2.0 GSL model, thus differing from the continued 1.6 models. The 2.0 GSL "Prima" received new, larger bumpers, restyled lights and updated dashboard, while the 1.6 GSL kept the original design which was also continued for the 1.6 SL and 1.6 L. The 1.4 models were discontinued for the 1987 model year.

The Stellar was not available in the United States due to strict emission standards there, but it was available in Canada and other countries. In addition, the Stellar was the only inexpensive four-cylinder powered rear-wheel drive sedan after the Toyota Corolla shifted to front-wheel drive in 1984 and the Daihatsu Charmant was discontinued in 1987. The Stellar was replaced in Canada and Europe by the Hyundai New Sonata for 1992. In the Korean domestic market, the lower end of the Stellar lineup can be considered as having been replaced by the Sonata. The Stellar (along with the Pony) would be Hyundai's last rear-wheel drive cars for North America until the 2009 Genesis.

LineupEdit

  • Prima (1983~1986)
  • TX (1983~1992)
  • FX (1983~1986)
  • GX (1987~1992)
  • GSL (1983~1986)
  • SL (1983~1986)
  • CXL (Canada Export Limited, 1984~1987)
  • Apex (1987)
  • GXL (1989~1991)
  • 1.8 i (1990~1992)

Europe:

  • 1.4 L 4-speed manual (1983-1987)
  • 1.6 L 4-speed manual (1983-1987)
  • 1.6 L 5-speed manual (1987-1989)
  • 1.6 SL 5-speed manual (1983-1989)
  • 1.6 SL automatic (1983-1987)
  • 1.6 GSL 5-speed manual (1983-1989)
  • 1.6 GSL automatic (1983-1989)
  • 2.0 GSL "Prima" 5-speed manual (1987-1989)
  • 2.0 GSL "Prima" automatic (1987-1989)

Major specificationsEdit

  • Overall length: 4416 mm (173.9 in) (2.0 GSL: 4578 mm (180.2 in))
  • Overall width: 1716 mm (67.6 in)
  • Overall height: 1372 mm (54.0 in)
  • Wheelbase: 2579 mm (101.5 in)
  • Front track: 1445 mm (56.89 in)
  • Rear track: 1425 mm (56.10 in)
  • Curb weight: 1000 kg (2204 lb) (2.0 GSL: 1164 kg (2566 lb))
  • Gross weight: 1475 kg (3251 lb) (2.0 GSL: 1610 kg (3549 lb))
  • Wheel dimensions: 13 x 4.5 in or 13 x 5.5 in
  • Steering type: Rack and pinion
  • Front brakes: Disc
  • Rear brakes: Drum

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Green, Gavin (September 1984). Cropley, Steve (ed.). "Hyundai right Cortina wrongs". Car. London, UK: FF Publishing: 91–92.