The Polestar 2 is a battery electric 5-door liftback produced by the Swedish automaker Volvo under its Polestar sub-brand. Based on the CMA platform, production began in March 2020[8] at the Luqiao CMA Super Factory in Luqiao, Zhejiang, China.[9]

Polestar 2
Overview
ManufacturerPolestar (Volvo)
Production2020–present
AssemblyChina: Luqiao, Zhejiang (Luqiao CMA Super Factory)[1]
DesignerThomas Ingenlath
Body and chassis
ClassCompact executive car (D)
Body style5-door liftback[2]
LayoutFront-motor, front-wheel-drive or Dual-motor, all-wheel-drive[3]
PlatformCompact Modular Architecture
Related
Powertrain
Electric motor
  • EFAD + ERAD
  • Combined power: 300 kW (400 hp)[3]
  • Combined torque: 660 N⋅m (487 lb⋅ft)[4]
Battery
  • 78 kW⋅h (280 MJ)[3] (long range)
  • 72 kW⋅h (260 MJ)[3] (China)
Electric range
Plug-in charging
  • Offboard: 150 kW[3]
  • Onboard: 11 kW[3]
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,735 mm (107.7 in)
Length4,606 mm (181.3 in)
Width1,859 mm (73.2 in)
Height1,482 mm (58.3 in)
Curb weight1,940 kg (4,280 lb) - 2,113 kg (4,658 lb)[7]

Overview edit

 
Rear view

The concept car that precedes its design was called the Volvo Concept 40.2. It was designed by Thomas Ingenlath alongside the Volvo Concept 40.1, which later became the basis of the XC40. These two concept cars were both unveiled in 2016. However, Volvo decided to shift their focus to small crossovers later that year.[10] Therefore, Polestar picked the 40.2 as the basis for their Polestar 2 design.[11] Volvo's exterior design chief Maximilian Missoni tweaked the car's taillights, grille, and wheels in order to differentiate it as a standalone vehicle.[12] The Polestar 2 is also the first car with Google's Android Automotive operating system built in.

Polestar 2 is the second car under the Polestar brand after the Polestar 1. Polestar 1 is however a plug-in hybrid and limited production vehicle, making the Polestar 2 the first battery electric vehicle and mass production Polestar vehicle in the Volvo Car Group.[citation needed]

The production version was officially unveiled on 27 February 2019 during an internet livestream and made its first public appearance at the 2019 Geneva Motor Show that month.[13] The car has a starting suggested retail price of US$49,900 as of October 2021.[14] For the 2022 model year, Polestar announced that additional options would be available for the Polestar 2.

2024 facelift edit

 
Polestar 2 2024 facelift

An updated Polestar 2 was revealed in January 2023 for the 2024 model year, with rear-wheel drive becoming the standard drivetrain for the entry-level model instead of the previous front-wheel drive. The single motor model was upgraded to produce 299 hp (303 PS; 223 kW) and 361 lb⋅ft (489 N⋅m) of torque, an increase of 68 hp (69 PS; 51 kW) and 118 lb⋅ft (160 N⋅m), resulting in a 1.1 second faster 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) time - now 5.9 seconds. The long range trim's battery was also upgraded to a capacity of 82 kWh. The powertrain of the dual-motor model's output was raised by 13 hp (13 PS; 9.7 kW) and 79 lb⋅ft (107 N⋅m) for a total of 421 hp (427 PS; 314 kW) and 546 lb⋅ft (740 N⋅m), enabling a 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) time of 4.3 seconds. Dual-motor models, now using an asynchronous motor in the front, will be able to disengage the front axle to increase efficiency and range.[15]

The front end also received an update, exchanging its grid-like grille for a more covered version, with an array of sensors and a camera in the center. In addition, the Pilot Pack will come standard for dual-motor models in the North American market.[15]

BST edition 270 / 230 edit

 
BST edition 270
 
2023 Polestar 2 BST Edition 230

Launched in March 2023, the BST edition 230 is similar to the BST edition 270 introduced in June 2022,[16] with changes including different colors and the grille insert coming from the facelifted Polestar 2.[17]

Technical upgrades include a suspension lowered by 25 mm (0.98 in), manually adjustable Öhlins dampers and improved performance, with the two electric motors having been tuned to produce a combined output of 470 hp (480 PS; 350 kW).[18]

Safety edit

 
Interior

The Polestar 2 is designed to protect the battery pack during an impact and automatically disconnect it after a collision. On both front ends a SPOC (Severe Partial Overlap Crash) block is attached to mitigate the crash forces and prevent any material entering the occupant compartment. The Polestar 2 also features a centre airbag to protect from far-side impacts.[19]

The Polestar 2 obtained a 5-star 2021 Euro NCAP rating with a 92% score for protection of adults, 89% for protection of children, 80% for protection of vulnerable road users and 86% for safety assist.[20]

A seatbelt reminder system is fitted as standard equipment to the front and rear seats.

A driver-monitoring system monitors steering inputs and warns the driver if it detects those which are characteristic of drowsy driving. A speed assistance system is fitted as standard. The speed limitation information system did not meet Euro NCAP's requirements. The speed limiter can be set manually, and points were awarded for that part of the speed assistance system. A lane assistance system gently steers the car if it is drifting out of lane and also intervenes more aggressively in some critical situations.

In tests of its reaction to other vehicles, the AEB system performed well, with collisions avoided in almost all test situations.

— Euro NCAP[20]

Recalls edit

In October 2020, Polestar issued a recall on all Polestar 2 models due to a software defect that caused loss of power to the vehicle whilst driving. As the vehicles were not capable of OTA software updates at that time it required all of the vehicles to be recalled to a service centre for a manual software update.[21]

Later the same month a second recall was issued due to faulty inverters.[22]

Specifications edit

Standard Range – Single Motor Long Range – Single Motor Long Range – Dual Motor
Markets Europe North America, Europe North America, Europe
Powertrain FWD AWD
Range WLTP: 473 km (294 mi) EPA: 435 km (270 mi)

WLTP: 540 km (340 mi)

EPA: 401 km (249 mi)

WLTP: 481 km (299 mi)

Efficiency WLTP: 171–180 Wh/km (275–290 Wh/mi) EPA: 193 Wh/km (311 Wh/mi)

WLTP: 171–183 Wh/km (275–295 Wh/mi)

EPA: 236 Wh/km (380 Wh/mi)

WLTP: 194–203 Wh/km (312–327 Wh/mi)

Battery capacity 64 kWh (usable)

69 kWh (gross)

75 kWh (usable)

78 kWh (gross)

DC charging 130 kW 155 kW
AC charging 11 kW
Charging time[23] 100%: 420 minutes (AC 3-phase Wallbox/charging station 11.0 kW); 80%: 35 minutes (DC charging station 116.0 kW) 100%: 420 minutes (AC 3-phase wallbox/charging station 11.0 kW); 80%: 35 minutes (DC charging station 155.0 kW) 100%: 420 minutes (AC 3-phase wallbox/charging station 11.0 kW); 80%: 40 minutes (DC charging station 150.0 kW)
Motor Single Front Permanent-magnet synchronous motor Dual Permanent-magnet synchronous motors
Curb weight 1,940 kg (4,280 lb) 2,040 kg (4,500 lb) 2,150 kg (4,740 lb)
Power (peak, vehicle) 170 kW (230 hp) 300 kW (400 hp)
Torque (peak, vehicle) 330 N⋅m (240 ft⋅lb) 660 N⋅m (490 ft⋅lb)
Acceleration 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

7.0 seconds

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

4.5 seconds

Top speed 161 km/h (100 mph) 205 km/h (127 mph)

From September 2021 to March 2022, the Polestar 2 Single Motor Standard Range with a 64 kWh battery and 165 kW power, 224 hp was available in Europe. The battery for this version was made by CATL. The 64 kWh and 165 kW power version is available until now in China, as the only Single Motor Standard Range version.[24]

Environment edit

Using the ISO 14044 method, Polestar 2 has lower life-cycle emissions than the XC40 when driving more than 35,000 to 80,000 kilometres (22,000 to 50,000 mi), depending on conditions.[25]

Delivery edit

Polestar's factory is located in Chengdu, China.[26] All cars for the European market get shipped to Shanghai, China, by train. In Shanghai, the car gets placed on a boat to Zeebrugge, Belgium. In Zeebrugge, the European cars get approved after European new-car rules before getting shipped to the destination country.[27]

References edit

  1. ^ "Polestar 2 production begins in Luqiao, China" (Press release). Polestar. 24 March 2020. Archived from the original on 24 July 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  2. ^ Götze, Jan. "So günstig wird der Polestar 2" [The Polestar 2 will be this affordable]. Auto Bild (in German). Archived from the original on 26 February 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Polestar reveals new Polestar 2" (Press release). Polestar. 27 February 2019. Archived from the original on 28 February 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Polestar 2 (Europe/Switzerland)". Polestar. Archived from the original on 26 April 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Polestar 2 (US)". Polestar. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Polestar 2 (China)" (in Chinese (China)). Polestar. Archived from the original on 26 April 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  7. ^ "2022 Polestar 2: Fact sheet". Drive. 31 December 2021. Retrieved 4 November 2023.
  8. ^ "Production of the Polestar 2 Electric Vehicle Begins" (Press release). Polestar. Archived from the original on 10 April 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  9. ^ Kane, Mark (14 April 2019). "Polestar 2 Debuts in China: Will Be Produced In Luqiao From 2020". InsideEVs. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Volvo set to become a 'crossover company'". Autocar. Archived from the original on 19 July 2020. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  11. ^ "Volvo confirms Polestar 2 electric "sedan"". Green Car Reports. 17 July 2018. Archived from the original on 20 July 2020. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  12. ^ "6 things you need to know about Polestar". Motor Authority. 3 May 2019. Archived from the original on 19 July 2020. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  13. ^ Ewing, Steven (27 February 2019). "2021 Polestar 2 heads to Geneva Motor Show with 408 hp, vegan interior". CNET. Archived from the original on 27 February 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Polestar 2". Polestar. Archived from the original on 30 September 2021. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  15. ^ a b Day, Lewin (24 January 2023). "2024 Polestar 2 Switches from FWD to RWD in a Surprise Move". The Drive. Archived from the original on 11 June 2023. Retrieved 3 August 2023.
  16. ^ Pappas, Thanos (2 June 2022). "Polestar 2 'Beast' Edition 270 Goes From Concept To 470 HP Limited Special Priced At $75,500". Carscoops. Archived from the original on 2 June 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2023.
  17. ^ Pappas, Thanos (21 March 2023). "Polestar 2 BST Edition 230: New Limited Run Special With Enhanced Personalization Options". Carscoops. Archived from the original on 21 March 2023. Retrieved 25 March 2023.
  18. ^ Kim, Thomas (22 March 2023). "La Polestar 2 fin prête à affronter la Tesla Model 3 Performance ?". L'Automobile Magazine. Archived from the original on 22 March 2023. Retrieved 25 March 2023.
  19. ^ "Polestar 2 matches electric performance with high levels of safety" (Press release). Polestar. 27 April 2020. Archived from the original on 29 May 2022. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  20. ^ a b "Official Polestar 2 2021 safety rating". euroncap.com. Archived from the original on 5 March 2021. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  21. ^ Baldwin, Roberto (29 October 2020). "All Polestar 2s Recalled for Software Glitch That Can Shut Down the EV". Car and Driver. Archived from the original on 13 October 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  22. ^ Hood, Bryan (30 October 2020). "The New Polestar 2 EV Was Just Recalled for the Second Time in a Month". robbreport.com. Archived from the original on 2 November 2020. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  23. ^ "Ladeleistung & Ladezeit des Polestar 2 | Wallbox & Ladesäule". CarWiki.de - Daten, Anleitungen & Ratgeber für Autos (in German). Retrieved 15 September 2023.
  24. ^ "Polestar 2 Standard Range Single Motor". EV Database. Archived from the original on 2 December 2022. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  25. ^ Valle, Marius (17 September 2020). "Mener Polestars egen analyse stiller bensinbilen i et bedre lys enn den fortjener". Tu.no (in Norwegian). Teknisk Ukeblad. Archived from the original on 18 September 2020. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  26. ^ Polestar, Cars (31 October 2022). "Production". Polestar. Archived from the original on 31 October 2022. Retrieved 31 October 2022.
  27. ^ "Car delivery questions". Polestar. 31 October 2022. Archived from the original on 20 July 2023. Retrieved 31 October 2022.

External links edit