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Bolpur is a city and a municipality in Birbhum district in the state of West Bengal, India. It is the headquarters of the Bolpur subdivision. It is 145 km north of Kolkata and is best known for its proximity to Visva Bharati, the university set up by the Nobel laureate poet Rabindranath Tagore. Given its proximity to Santiniketan and Sriniketan, it is one of the seats of culture and education in West Bengal.

Bolpur is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Bolpur is located in India
Bolpur (India)
Coordinates: 23°40′N 87°43′E / 23.67°N 87.72°E / 23.67; 87.72Coordinates: 23°40′N 87°43′E / 23.67°N 87.72°E / 23.67; 87.72
Country India
StateWest Bengal
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyBolpur Municipality
 • Total13.13 km2 (5.07 sq mi)
58 m (190 ft)
(125079 2011)
 • Total92,370 (Urban Agglomeration)[1]
 • Density6,109/km2 (15,820/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Bolpurbashi, Santiniketanbashi
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
731204 (Bolpur)

731235 (Santiniketan)

731236 (Sriniketan)
Telephone code+91 03463
ISO 3166 codeIN-WB
Vehicle registrationWB-47 (commercial vehicles), WB-48 (private vehicles)
Station codeBHP
Lok Sabha constituencyBolpur
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBolpur, Nanoor



The name 'Bolpur' comes form the word 'Boli-pur'. In Bengali 'Boli' means 'Slaughter' and 'Pur' means 'City'.


About 150 years ago, Bolpur was a small village under supur porgana. Kalikapur a known place of Bolpur was the origin of the typical village in past. There were no rail lines, no developed roads. Paddy land were seen around the village. "Lalmati" (red soil) was found everywhere. Many villages named Sian, Dihipara, Khosakdampur, Paruldanga, Goalpara, Ballavpur, Bandhgara, Surul, Supur, Raipur were the boundary line around Bolpur.

East India company established the first railway line in 1859, when the Sahebganj loopline was extended beyond the river Ajay. Bolpur railway station was established in 1860. Along with this, court, police station, sub registry office, etc., were established in old Bolpur. Then people started residing here. Christian missionaries came; they founded a church that was known as Mission compound. Paddy storage house, stationary shops, grocery shops, garment shops etc. were on the east side near Bolpur railway station. About 19 husking machines were here at that time.

Maharshi Debendranath Tagore established a centre of religious mediation in Bolpur. Rabindranath Tagore established Visva Bharati Viswavidyalaya. These were the main reasons for the huge extension, development and popularity of Bolpur.

Provincial names proved the upcoming gradual development of Bolpur. Kachharipatti is just beside court house, Trishulapatti is the commercial paddy trading centre. Kalibaroarytala was the service place for Bolpur set up by some initiative people. Netaji made a conference. Here Harisava stood against "Bramhopasana". Every week these two conferences were held in Bolpur. Bijaykrishna Ghoswami, Shivnath Shastri, Shasibhusan Basu like many wisemen gave religious advice. Beside this, prayer committee was set up.


Geographical coordinates of Bolpur are 23° 40' 0" North, 87° 43' 0" East and its original name (with diacritics) is Bolpur.

Bolpur can become very hot in the summer months (above 40 degrees Celsius in April to July).

Police stationEdit

Bolpur police station has jurisdiction over Bolpur Sriniketan community development block.[3][4]


Bolpur Municipality has a total population of 80,210 (as of the 2011 census), out of which 40,468 are male and 39,742 are female. Female sex ratio of Bolpur is 982. Literacy rate of Bolpur is 86.77%.

Civic administration and political informationEdit

Bolpur municipality is divided into 19 wards. Until 2010, the Indian National Congress was in power in it. In the 2010 municipal elections, the municipality faced a hung verdict. Later, the Trinamool Congress with nine councillors, formed the board by taking the support of eight Congress councillors. Sushanta Bhakat is the Chairman of the municipal board.

Bolpur town is part of Vidhan Sabha constituency which is represented by Chandranath Sinha of Trinamool Congress. The town falls under Bolpur (Lok Sabha constituency) represented by Anupam Hazra of TMC.


There are direct trains from Bolpur to Howrah, Gaya, Jalpaiguri, Guwahati, New Delhi and Kolkata.[5]

Bus and private cars are available from [Durgapur City Centre Bus Stop and soon from Santragachi Railway Station in Kolkata.



Bolpur Subdivisional Hospital has 125 beds.[6]Bolpur Block Primary Health Centre at Bolpur, serving Bolpur Sriniketan community development block, has 60 beds.[7]


  1. ^ {{|url= Population||accessdate=21 July 2016}}
  2. ^ "Bolpur". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2008, Birbhum" (PDF). Table 2.1. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Birbhum Police". Police Stations. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  5. ^ BHP/Bolpur Shantiniketan
  6. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department" (PDF). Health Statistics - Hospitals. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department" (PDF). Health Statistics – Block Primary Health Centres. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 26 January 2018.

External linksEdit


  1. ^ "Birbhum TODAY". Birbhum TODAY. Retrieved 17 February 2019.