Open main menu

Abhimanyu was a character of the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata.

Abhimanyu
Abhimanyu
Uttaraa pleads to Abhimanyu as he leaves for the war
Information
FamilyArjuna (Father)
Subhadra (Mother)
SpouseUttara
ChildrenParikshit

Contents

OriginEdit

Abhimanyu was the reincarnation of son of moon-god (Chandra). When the moon-god was asked to let his son incarnate himself on earth, he made a pact that his son will only remain on earth for 16 years as he could not bear to be separated from him. Abhimanyu was most loved of all sons of Pandavas. Draupadi used to love him more than her own sons. Draupadi once said that if Pandavas are not willing to wage war, then her sons led by Abhimanyu will attack and get justice for her. After the Virata war, King Virat offered Arjuna to marry the princess Uttara. But Arjuna replied Virat that he taught dance to Uttara. A teacher could treat his/her student as a child but not as a spouse. Arjuna accepted the offer by recommending Virat king that he could accept Uttara as daughter-in-law by marrying her with his son Abhimanyu. Virat king became very happy and agreed with Arjuna because the greatness of Abhimanyu was already spread over entire Earth at that time.[1][better source needed]

Etymology and other namesEdit

  • Arjuna Putra (अर्जुन पुत्र) - true successor of Arjuna. Abhimanyu was one of the greatest archers in the world .
  • Subhadranandan (सुभद्र नंदन) - son of Subhadra.
  • Soubhadri (सौभद्रि) - son of Subhadra.
  • Chandra Putra (चंद्र पुत्र) - son of Moon god Chandra.
  • Krishna Shishya (कृष्ण शिष्य) - the disciple of Lord Krishna.
  • Raudra dhari (रौद्रधारी) - one who possessed the mighty bow named Raudra which was given by Lord Krishna.Cite error: A <ref> tag is missing the closing </ref> (see the help page).

[2] As suggested by Draupadi, Uttar takes Brihannala with him, as his charioteer. When he sees the Kaurava army, Uttar loses his nerve and attempts to flee. There, Arjuna reveals his identity and those of his brothers'. Switching places with Uttar, Arjuna takes up the Gandiva and Devadatta. Eager to defend the land that had given him refuge, Arjuna engaged the legion of Kaurava warriors. All the warriors including Bhishma, Drona, Karna, Kripa and Ashwatthama together attacked Arjuna to kill him but Arjuna defeated all of them multiple times. During the battle Arjuna also killed Sangramjit the foster brother of Karna and instead of taking the revenge of his brother, Karna took heroic flight in order to make his words worthy as he promised Parashurama that if his armour starts glowing that means he(Karna) is going to be outraged(too angry and lose control on yourself) from angry and that is a form in which he(Karna) destroys everything.

Kurukshethra warEdit

On the very first day, Abhimanyu faced legendary Bhishma and involved in archery-duel with him. The battle was so intense that both of them were almost equal. Bhishma didn't want to kill his great grandson, so he didn't use celestial weapons. When Abhimanyu's arrows injured Bhishma, Bhishma asked Abhimanyu to get-out from his sight. Abhimanyu replied that he was son of Arjuna & the student of Krishna. If he would have escaped due to fear; it would become insult to both of them. Bhishma feels proud on hearing this. Abhimanyu breaks Bhishma’s bow. Then they involve in sword-duel just before the sun-set. Bhishma appreciated Abhimanyu since Bhishma failed to defeat Abhimanyu. The very next day; Abhimanyu attacked Ashwatthama and drew Drona's attention. Drona and Arjuna were involved in fight. When Drona heard that his son was attacked by Abhimanyu, he immediately left that place & went to save his son despite. Drona-Abhimanyu soon engaged in intense battle which made a clear way to Arjuna in assisting Bhima to reach Duryodhana and kill him. But their plans of killing Duryodhana and ending the war failed due to some reasons. Even Drona failed to defeat Abhimanyu.

Thirteenth DayEdit

 
Abhimanyu showing his talent in Battle

The Kaurava commander-in-chief Dronacharya planned to divert Arjuna and Krishna away to chase an army of the samsaptakhas whom Arjuna defeated that very day. The Kaurava army was grouped into the giant discus formation, which caused great loss for the Pandavas. If the formation continued till end of that day, the pandavas would have no army by sunset. The only two people on the Pandava army who completely knew about how to enter and break this formation were Arjuna and Krishna, who were away. Abhimanyu's story came to prominence when he entered the powerful Chakravyuha battle formation of the Kaurava army,[3] Abhimanyu claimed that he could decimate the entire Kaurava and Pandava army[4]

Abhimanyu was trained in all types of warfare by Lord Krishna and Balrama themselves, and later by Pradyumna (Sri Krishna's son). Abhimanyu learnt the art of breaking into the Chakravyuha when he was in Subhadra's womb. It was then Arjuna was narrating the art of breaking into Chakravyuha to Subhadra. But he did not know how to destroy the formation once he was inside, as Subhadra fell asleep while listening to the story and (Abhimanyu in her womb) could learn only half of the technique. This is the reason why he was only able to enter/ break and not come out of the Chakravyuha.[5]

As soon as Abhimanyu entered the formation, Jayadrath, the ruler of Sindh blocked the other Pandavas, so that Abhimanyu was left alone. Drona gave some places to all the warriors with Duryodhana being at centre protected by Dushasana & Drona himself. Other warriors were arranged in subsequent forward rows. Inside the Chakravyuha, the trapped Abhimanyu went on a killing rampage, intending on carrying out the original strategy by himself and killing tens of thousands of Kaurava soldiers. Abhimanyu killed many prominent heroes including Duryodhana's son Lakshmana, Salya's son, younger brothers of Karna, and many advisers of Karna, Rukmaratha, Kritavarma's son Matrikavata, Salya's brother, Shrutanjaya, Ashavketu (From Magadha), Chandraketu, Mahavega, Suvarcha, Suryabhasa, Kalakeya (Shakuni's brother), Vasatiya, and rathas from the Brahma-Vasatiyas and Kekayas, King of Kosala - King Brihadbala, King of Amvashtas and his son. and many others.[3] Abhimanyu defeated the mighty warriors of kauravas Side including the great Drona, Kripa and Karna.[6] No Kaurava warrior could escape his arrows. Abhimanyu killed all the remaining foster brothers of Karna due to which Karna became angry and attacked Abhimanyu but Abhimanyu defeated Karna easily. Abhimanyu defeated Karna 4 times in the war. In this way Abhimanyu defeated all the warriors. All the times after being defeated he(Karna) says to "Abhimanyu kill me or get out from field and Abhimanyu replies "goforth suta's son I am Abhimanyu son of Arjuna and I can't leave the battle field till my death" and Abhimanyu refused to kill Karna because he knew that his father had taken oath to kill Karna. At last when Abhimanyu insults about his(Karna) mother after defeating him 4th time due to vanity, which turns Karna from anger to outraged (too angry and lose control on yourself) form. Karna fires arrow's which are more than the speed of light and irresistible to anyone becausae of his(Karna) outraged form which no one can stop, and sawing this form of Karna, everyone even gods start's fearing from Karna outraged form and the arrows of Karna can't be stopped by Abhimanyu's arrows too, which makes invincible Abhimanyu's unbreakable armour into pieces and makes Abhimanyu very injured and forced him to get down roll down from the chariot due to the force of Karna's arrow. Abhimanyu starts getting up with help of Raudra bow as a support but Drona's word reminded Karna to break his bow which making Abhimanyu invincible and Karna cut Raudra bow when Abhimanyu isn't facing Karna but the reminded words of Drona helped Karna by him(Karna) come out from his outraged form. [3] Kripa killed his two chariot-drivers, and Kritavarma killed his horses; Abhimanyu took up a sword and a shield but these weapons were cut off by Drona and Ashwatthama. Abhimanyu then took up a chariot-wheel and started fighting with it, but Kripa cut the wheel. In this way, many warriors attacked the sixteen year old Abhimanyu when he was unarmed. Abhimanyu's body was pierced by dozens of arrows.But Abhimanyu faced all of the Kaurava warriors and still managed to kill many enemy soldiers. Abhimanyu attacked son of Dushasana with a mace. They fought on with son of Dushasan gaining upper hand in battle because Abhimanyu was already very injured and exhausted due to fighting with multiple opponents. Soon both of them lost their sense. Son of Dussasan regained his sense first and Abhimanyu who just regained his sense was hit by son of Dussasan under his mace which lead the liberation of soul of Abhimanyu. . Abhimanyu was hit by son of Dushasan on head from behind, an area on which hitting in duel was prohibited. Seeing the warth and valour of his(Karna nephew, Karna start laughing but it also hurts him as the tears flows from his eyes that only because of his outraged form his nephew Abhimanyu who is just like Sakra in warth and valour is no more. In this way, Abhimanyu was killed unfairly by many warriors including Karna, Duryodhana, Ashwatthama, Drona, Shakuni, Dushasana, Kritavarma, Shalya.

LegacyEdit

 
Arjuna Kills Jaydhratha with his heavenly arrow

After hearing the details of Abhimanyu's death, Arjuna vowed to kill Jayadratha the very next day by sunset, and failing to do so, promised to immediately commit suicide by self-immolation. On the fourteenth day of battle, Arjuna ravaged the Kaurava army, decapitating Jayadratha by the end of the day.[7][better source needed]

Abhimanyu's son, Parikshit, became the sole heir to the Pandava empire and succeeded Yudhishthira to the throne. Parikshit, born after the war's conclusion, remained the sole survivor of the Kuru clan at the conclusion of the Mahabharata. Abhimanyu is often thought of as a very brave warrior on the Pandava side, willingly giving up his life in war at a very young age. Abhimanyu was praised for his audacious bravery and absolute loyalty to his father and his uncles.[8][better source needed]


External linksEdit

  Media related to Abhimanyu at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 1: Adi Parva: Sambhava Parva: Section LXVII".
  2. ^ TFC Movie Scenes (5 December 2016). "Veerabhimanyu Full Length Telugu Movie -NTR - Kanchana - Telugu Old Movies" – via YouTube.
  3. ^ a b c Bhakthi TV (16 April 2017). "అభిమన్యుడు వేసిన బాణం కర్ణుడిని ఏం చేసిందో తెలుసా? -- Sampoorna Mahabharatam -- Epi 70 -- Bhakthi TV" – via YouTube.
  4. ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 7: Drona Parva: Abhimanyu-badha Parva: Section XXXIV".
  5. ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 7: Drona Parva: Abhimanyu-badha Parva: Section XXXI".
  6. ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 7: Drona Parva: Abhimanyu-badha Parva: Section XXXIX". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Mahabharat : What Happened After the Death of Abhimanyu?". 16 July 2014.
  8. ^ V, Jayaram. "The Life and Legend of Abhimanyu".