Mahabharat (1988 TV series)

Mahabharat is an Indian Hindi-language epic television series based on the ancient Sanskrit epic of the same name. The original airing consisted of a total of ninety-four episodes[1] and were broadcast from 2 October 1988 to 24 June 1990 on Doordarshan.[2][3] It was produced by B. R. Chopra and directed by his son, Ravi Chopra.[4] The music was composed by Raj Kamal. The script was written by Pandit Narendra Sharma and the Hindi/Urdu poet Rahi Masoom Raza, based on the original story by Vyasa. Costumes for the series were provided by Maganlal Dresswala.[5] Basic source used was Mahabharata BORI Edition (Critical Edition).

Mahabharat
GenreEpic
Created byB.R. Chopra and Ravi Chopra
Based onMahabharata by Vyasa
Written byPandit Narendra Sharma
Rahi Masoom Raza
Screenplay byRahi Masoom Raza
Directed byB. R. Chopra
Creative directorYashwant Mahilwar
StarringNitish Bharadwaj
Pankaj Dheer
Puneet Issar
Mukesh Khanna
Gufi Paintal
Roopa Ganguly
Praveen Kumar
Arjun (Firoz Khan)
Virendra Razdan
Surendra Pal
Mukesh Khanna
Gajendra Chauhan
Narrated byHarish Bhimani
ComposerRaj Kamal
Country of originIndia
Original languageHindi
No. of seasons2
No. of episodes94
Production
Executive producerD.H. Vengurlekar
ProducerB. R. Chopra
CinematographyDharam Chopra
EditorsShailendra Doke
Birpal Singh
Running time40-45 minutes
Production companyB.R. Films
Release
Original networkDD National
Picture format576i
Original release2 October 1988 (1988-10-02) –
15 July 1990 (1990-07-15)
Chronology
Followed byMahabharat Katha

Each episode is 40–46 minutes long and begins with a title song that consisted of lyrical content and two verses from the Bhagavad Gita.[6] The title song was sung and the verses rendered by singer Mahendra Kapoor. The title song is followed by a narration by Indian voice-artist Harish Bhimani as a personification of Time, detailing the current circumstances and highlighting the spiritual significance of the content of the episode. It is the most successful Mahabharata series ever produced for television.[7]

Mahabharat Katha, another part of the serial was aired on 1997 which covers all the untold stories about Karna's marriage with Padmavati, Arjuna's marriage with Chitrāngadā and Ulupi, and stories about Ghatotkacha, Barbarika, Virshaketu, Babruvahana, Conspiracies of Viprachitti, Ashwamedha Yajna and aftermath of the War, which are not covered in the original series.

PremiseEdit

The series covers the incidents of epic Mahabharata revolving around the hero Karna,Lord Krishna,Bhishma,Bhima,Duryodhana,Yudhisthira,Draupadi and the rest Pandavas and Kauravas.

The show begins with Emperor Bharata giving more importance to 'Capacity' over 'Birth'. The latter shows the birth of Bheeshma and his oath, birth of Pandu, Dhritarashtra and Vidur and birth of Pandavas and Kauravas. The story then focuses on the childhood of Lord Krishna. Kunti Gives Birth to Karna , the son of God surya and Her , But Leaves him in a basket where a charioter adopts him and he is always been called a son of Charioter , but Duryodhan the Eldest Kaurva , elder brother of Dushasana , 100 Kaurva's and All five pandav's leaving Yudhishthira,and Karna Became Best - Friends , where duryodhan love karna more than his life.

Elsewhere, Dronacharya teaches Pandavas and Kauravas and asks to defeat Drupad as Guru Dakshina. Pandavas do so and give half of his kingdom to Drona. For revenge, Drupad obtains Dhrishthadhyumna and Draupadi. Dhritarashtra makes Yudhishthir the crown prince of Hastinapur. Shakuni (the maternal uncle of the Kauravas) and Duryodhan hatch a plan to burn Pandavas and Kunti alive, but they survive and go into incognito. Duryodhan is made crown prince of Hastinapur.

Arjuna wins Draupadi in her swayamvara but later shows her marriage with all five Pandavas. Later, Yudhishthir is made the king of Indraprastha and Pandavas conduct Rajsuya Yagna where Draupadi insults Duryodhana. Latter shows Duryodhana's revenge by trying to disrobe her in the Court By Dushasana and sending Pandavas along with Draupadi for an exile of 12 years and 1 year of anonymity. Duryodhana argues that the Pandavas violated the condition of anonymity in their last year of exile, therefore they must spend another 12 years in exile followed by another year of exile in anonymity. This conflict begins to sow the seed for the Mahabharata War.

Krishna tries to make peace between both parties. Indra in the disguise of a Brahmin took Karna's armor and earrings. Krishna tries to convince Karna but fails. Kunti begs Karna for Arjuna and rest Pandavas life. Kunti's sorrow on the corpse of Karna reveals Karna's true identity of being the eldest Pandava.

Before Mahabharata War, Shri Krishna enlightens Arjuna about the "Bhagavad Gita" and showed his Virata Swaroopa to Arjuna. The latter shows the deaths of Bheeshma, Drona, Karna, Abhimanyu, Shalya, Shakuni, Jayadrata, Ghatotkacha, 100 Kauravas, 5 sons of Draupadi and many other warriors in the war leading to the victory of Pandavas over Kauravas. Gandhari holds Krishna responsible for her son's death and curses that his family will also get destroyed. The show ends with Yudhishthir's Rajyabhishek and Bhishma's death.

CastEdit

MainEdit

in RecurringEdit

Episodic appearanceEdit

EpisodesEdit

Episode 1 – Introduction of Kuru Family, Raja Bharat and Raja Shantanu

Episode 2 – Ganga Kills Her Sons

Episode 3 – Bhishma is Grown-up

Episode 4 – Bhishma Pratigya & Iccha Mrityu Vardaan

Episode 5 – Amba, Ambika and Ambalika's Introduction

Episode 6 – Birth of Pandu, Dhritarashtra and Vidur

Episode 7 – Karna's Birth-story, Dhritarashtra-Gandhari and Pandu-Kunti Get married

Episode 8 – Madri is gifted to Pandu, Pandu is resting and Sage Kindama's curse on Pandu

Episode 9 – Dhritarashtra is king, Pandu's sanyas and Pandavas are born.

Episode 10 – Kansa is king and Akashwani about Krishna

Episode 11 – Birth of Balarama and Krishna

Episode 12 – Krishna Janma (birth of Krishna) celebrations and Pootna's Death

Episode 13 – Krishna Brahmand Darshan and Krishna gets caught while stealing Makhan

Episode 14 – Maiya Mori Mai nahi makhan khayo and Kaliya Nag Tandav

Episode 15 – Radha and Gopikas, protest against Mathura, Devakasur and Trulambasur Vadh

Episode 16 – Kansa invites Krishna to Mathura

Episode 17 – Kansa Vadh

Episode 18 – Pandu's Death

Episode 19 – Satyavati, Ambika and Ambalika take sanyas with Rishi Vyas

Episode 20 – Duryodhan Poisons Bhim and Bhim gets strength of 1000 Elephants

Episode 21 – Sudama's chivda story, and Drona arrives at Hastinapur

Episode 22 – Shastra Pooja, Drona insults Karna and Arjuna's test

Episode 23 – Ekalavya, Karna's education.

Episode 24 – All the Princes have grown up, and they exhibit their skills in Rangbhoomi, Karna challenges Arjuna and Duryodhana gives Anga Desh to Karna.Entry of Karna and the 105 brothers.

Episode 25 – Drona's guru Dakshina to capture Dhrupad

Episode 26 – Krishna gets Sudarshana chakra from Parshuram, defeats Jarasandh and orders building Dwaraka

Episode 27 – Yudhishthira is crowned as Prince. Rukmini is Being Forced to Marry Shishupal

Episode 28 – Krishna Rescues Rukmini

Episode 29 – Karna's advice.Lakshagraha is built-in Varnavata by Purochan

Episode 30 – Karna and Shakuni's quarell.Tunneling in Varnavat Begins.

Episode 31 – Escape from Lakshagraha

Episode 32 – Karna and Duryodhana goes to Dhritarasthra.Hidimb Vadh and Bhima's marriage with demoness Hidimba

Episode 33 – Bheema kills Bakasura

Episode 34 – Dristadhyumna & Draupadi Birth and Draupadi Swayamvar

Episode 35 – Arjuna wins Draupadi and later she became the wife of the 5 Pandavas

Episode 36 – Pandavas Leave from Panchal Kingdom to Hastinapur

Episode 37 – Bhishma and Drona's advice to Dhritarashtra.

Episode 38 – Pandav Get Khandavprastha

Episode 39 – Coronation of Yudhirsthir, Khandavprastha Becomes Indraprastha

Episode 40 – Arjuna abducts Subhadra

Episode 41 – Discussion in the court.

Episode 42 – Jarasandha Vadh, Rajsuya Yagnya begins, Shishupala's story

Episode 43 – Karna's advice to Duryodhana.Rajsuya Yagya, Shishupala Vadh.

Episode 44 – Vyas predicts war, Draupadi laughs at Duryodhan

Episode 45 – Pandavas go to Hastinapur to gamble

Episode 46 – Yudhishthir loses Everything in the gamble

Episode 47 – Vastraharan of Draupadi

Episode 48 – Re-match of Dyut

Episode 49 – Karna recounts his curses.Bhishma defeats Parshurama.

Episode 50 – Vanvas Begins

Episode 51 – Gandharvas catch Duryodhan

Episode 52 – Karna conquers the entire world.Pandavas fear Karna,refused the invitation of Duryodhana.

Episode 53 – Krishna's story of one grain of rice, Bheema meets Ghatotkacha and Hanuman.Arjuna gets Pashupata weapon.

Episode 54 – Arjuna gets curse of impotency from Urvashi, Abhimanyu as a kid, Jayadrath's head is shaved

Episode 55 – Karna talks to Bhishma.Story of Poisoned Water and Yaksha's Questions to Yudhishthira, Abhimanyu is Grown-up.

Episode 56 – Karna talks to Drona.Exile in Matsya Desh.

Episode 57 – Karna's curse by Parshurama,Draupadi as Maid Sairandhri rejects Keechaka

Episode 58 – Keechaka Vadh by Bheema

Episode 59 – Kaurav Attack Matsya Desh

Episode 60 – Viraat war and clothes for Uttara's dolls

Episode 61 – Abhimanyu's marriage and Pandavs decide to send a Doot to Hastinapur

Episode 62 – Dhritarashtra does not agree and sends Sanjay

Episode 63 – Duryodhana gets Narayani Sena from Krishna, Krishna agrees to become charioteer of Arjuna

Episode 64 – Krishna Goes to Hastinapur as Shanti Doot

Episode 65 – Karna's Kawach and Kundala is taken by Indra.

Episode 66 – Karna's identity is disclosed.Krishna requests Karna.

Episode 67 – Kunti meets Karna.Karna swears for Duryodhana.

Episode 68 – Sanjaya gets Divya Drishti, Ulluk goes to Pandavas.

Episode 69 – Duryodhana tricks Shalya to join Kauravas

Episode 70 – Karna's oath.Shikhandi's Story.

Episode 71 – Karna meets Krishna.Rules of war laid.

Episode 72 – Kurukshetra War begins and Arjun Drops His weapons, Geeta Saar begins

Episode 73 – Geeta Saar continues

Episode 74 – Geeta Saar continues and Krishna shows his Maha-avtaar

Episode 75 – Yudhishthira gets blessings, Yuyutsu changes side and war begins, Abhimanyu faces Bhishma

Episode 76 – Uttar dies, Arjuna faces Bhishma and day 2 begins

Episode 77 – Bhishma is unstoppable, 3rd day is over, 4th day begins, Bhima is surrounded, 10 Kauravas are killed, Krishna takes out his Sudarshan

Episode 78 – 9th Day is over and 16 Kauravs are dead, Bhishma tells Arjuna how to take him out of the war

Episode 79 – Karna meets Bhishma;Bhishma lies on the bed of arrows

Episode 80 – Karna meets Kunti and promises her.Karna announces his entry in the battle. Day 11, Drona tries to capture Yudhishthir but is unsuccessful, Shantanu comes to Bhishma.

Episode 81 – Karna,Duryodhana,Dushashana requests Susharma.Chakra Vyuh Planned.

Episode 82 – Abhimanyu Vadh

Episode 83 – Arjuna Vows to Kill Jayadrath and Story About Jayadratha's Curse

Episode 84 – Arjuna Breaks Kamal Vyuh to Get to Jayadratha.Shri Krishna covers the Sun with his Sudarshana Chakra, Jayadratha Vadh


Episode 85 – Karna battles with Bhima and spares him. Dhritarashtra condemns Karna.Bhima kills 40 Kauravas.Bhima kills Vikarna.

Episode 86 – Karna kills Ghatotakacha and destroys 2.5 akshounis.

Episode 87 – Virat and Drupad are killed, Drona Dies. Karna makes Arjuna weaponless and spares him.Arrogance of Arjuna was shattered and he remained quiet throughout the day

Episode 88 – Dushasana dies and Karna fights with Arjun, Krishna puts the Rath in the land so that Arjun is saved.Karna once again spares his life because of sunset.

Episode 89 – Karna meets Kunti.Karna meets Gandhari.Karna's curse, Karna-Arjuna final battle.Karna is killed while lifting the chariot.

Episode 90 – Shakuni Dies,Shalya dies, Duryodhan learns about Karna's truth, Yudhishthir curses All womankind, Gandhari curses Krishna & Yaduvansh, Duryodhan becomes iron bodied.Bhishma,Ashwathamma,Shakuni,Duryodhana,Shalya and all the Pandavas pay respect to Karna.

Episode 91 – Samaya pays respect to Karna.Balaram arrives, Bhim-Duryodhan Gada Yudh, Duryodhan fatally wounded, Balaram decides to kill Bhim

Episode 92 – Duryodhan Dies, Ashwatthama, Kripa and Kritvarma remain, Ashwathamas kill the sons of Pandavas (Uppandavas) and Drishtadyumna, Ashwathama tries to kill Uttara's unborn son, Krishna curses Ashwatthama, Parikshit is Born

Episode 93 – Dhritarashtra-Vidur discussion about dharma, Pandavas arrive at Hastinapur, Dhritarashtra Tries to kill Bhim

Episode 94 – Dhritarashtra and Gandhari ready for Vanaprastha. Yudhisthir Becomes King of Hastinapur, Bhishma leaves his body.

ProductionEdit

DevelopmentEdit

According to production team member Kishore Malhotra, the total cost of producing the series was 9 crore (US$1.3 million).[8] Casting for the series began in 1986 and shooting started off in mid-1988.[9] Show was shot mostly at Mumbai's Film City, and the grand battle of Kurukshetra was shot in Rajasthan, with thousands of extras to fill the screen.[4]

The series was initially submitted to the channel for 104 episodes which was later shortened to 94 episodes.[7]

CastingEdit

15,000 people applied to play different roles in the Mahabharat TV series. The casting team led by Gufi Paintal shortlisted them and called around 1,500 for video screen tests[10] Almost all actors in the series were newcomers, barring Raj Babbar who played King Bharat and Debashree Roy who played Satyavati.[11]Pankaj Dheer was chosen to play the role of the central character of the epic,Karna.Character of Karna and Krishna were to be played Hindus only to avoid the Hindu protests made by their followers.Nitish Bhardwaja was chosen by B.R. Chopra, Ravi Chopra, Pandit Narendra Sharma and Rahi Masoom Raza, to play the central role of Krishna, at the age of 23.[12][13] Initially, he was chosen for playing Vidur. But Virendra Razdan was cast for it as B.R. Chopra considered Bharadwaj young to play the role.[14] Then Bharadwaj was offered to play Nakul and Sahadev, but he rejected and wanted to play Karna. Days later, he was called and finalized to play Krishna.[14] Firoz Khan was chosen to portray the character of Arjuna (which he later adopted as his screen name, to not become confused with a more popular actor of the same name) despite being rejected in auditions.[15] Asian games gold medalist Praveen Kumar was selected to portray Bhima after Chopra was looking for someone "who could look the robust historical character".[16] Around six actors were shortlisted for the role of Draupadi, including Juhi Chawla, who opted out of the show as she had bagged a film. Ramya Krishnan and Roopa Ganguly were the final names, and at last Roopa Ganguly was chosen, as her Hindi was good.[17] Govinda and Chunky Pandey were signed for the role of Abhimanyu, but they opted out when they bagged films. Later, Master Mayur played the role.[18] Mukesh Khanna who wished to play Karna was initially offered the role of Duryodhan. But he was signed for Dhronacharya.Role of Arjuna was not selected by anyone and most of them lined up for the audition of the role of Karna.Then the script-writer decided to go off the source and remove the negativity in the character and increase the screen presence of Arjuna in the epic.Firoze Khan was called again for the audition and he was selected.Initially,Khan was reluctant but then Chopra promised him that nowonwards nobody will see Pandavas as a dark character.Character of Yuddhistira was also not chosen by anyone and the negativity in the character was removed by the script-writer,then Gajendra Chauhan was signed for Yuddhistira.[19] When Vijayendra Ghadge dropped his role of Bhisma, Khanna got the role of Bhishma.Khanna after getting rejected in the auditions for the role of Karna,only he showed interest to play the role of Arjuna but later Firoze Khan was finalized for this role. [20] Puneet Issar was offered to play the role of Bheem but was cast as Duryodhan on his wish.[9] The casting director of the show, Gufi Paintal had cast himself in the role of Shakuni.[21]

MusicEdit

Mahabharat's music was composed by Raj Kamal and lyrics were penned by Pandit Narendra Sharma. Some songs were taken from works of devotional writers like Surdas, Raskhan etc. Apart from main songs there are also several short verses decoding summary of each episode. All those verse were sung by Mahendra Kapoor.[22][23]All music is composed by Raj Kamal.

No.TitleSinger(s)Length
1."Ath Shree Mahabharat Katha (Opening Theme)"Mahendra Kapoor04:12
2."Bharat Ki Yeh Kahaani (Ending Theme)"Mahendra Kapoor05:21
3."Beet Gaye Din Par Din Beet Gaye"Raj Kamal05:23
4."Govind Gokul Aayo"Raj Kamal04:49
5."Jagiye Brijraj Kunwar"Anuradha Paudwal04:10
6."Main Naahin Maakhan Khaayo"Nitin Mukesh05:20
7."Background 1(Bhishma)"Nitin Mukesh04:00
8."Background 2(Bhishma)(Sad)"Suresh Wadkar05:42
9."Background 3(Shakuni and Duryodhana)"Kavita Krishnamurthy04:16
10."Background 4(Arjuna)"Raj Kamal and Kavita Krishnamurthy00:28
11."Background 5(Krishna)"Sadhana Sargam04:51
12."Background 6(Krishna-2)"Raj Kamal07:01
13."Background 7(Krishna-3)"Sadhana Sargam04:30
14."Background 8(Karna)"Anuradha Paudwal05:20
15."Background 9(Karna)(sad)"Raj Kamal05:17
16."Background 10(Karna and Kunti)"Sadhana Sargam04:51
17."Background 11(Karna)(BG-4)"Sadhana Sargam04:04
18."Background 12(Karna-Arjun)"Sadhana Sargam03:27
19."Sabso oonchi prem sagai"Raj Kamal05:44
20."Yeh Dharma Yudh Hain"Raj Kamal10:30
21."Hey Priyatame(Karna)"Raj Kamal06:16

BroadcastEdit

In India the series was originally broadcast on DD National. It was shown in the United Kingdom by the BBC,[24] where it achieved audience figures of 5.1 million.[25][26] It was also the first programme broadcast on BBC2 after its 1991 revamp,[27] but it had also been shown late at night on BBC1 the previous year.[28] It has also been shown on FBC TV in Fiji and STAR Utsav. It also aired on Epic in Hong Kong and TVB Jade. Dubbed versions were aired in Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and also in Indonesia in the early 1990s on TPI (now MNCTV) and in the early 2000s on ANteve (now antv).

The show was again telecast on DD Bharati from 28 March 2020, on DD Retro from 13 April 2020, on Colors TV from 4 May 2020 as well as Star Bharat during the lockdown due to coronavirus.[29][3][30]

ReceptionEdit

Pankaj Dheer became the icon of Mahabharata.The character of Karna was liked so much by the audiences that morning 9 am,all the streets would get emptied just to see Karna on the screen.Ganguly was applauded for her performance in the sequence.[31] Ravi Chopra later disclosed that she was originally weeping while enacting in the sequence and the crew members had to console her later to make her stop.[31][32]|The sequence is often claimed to be the most climactic one of the series.[33] For the sequence Chopra recreated the visual effect of the Vastraharan sequence of Babubhai Mistry's Mahabharat (1965) starring Padmini as Draupadi.[34] His visual effects won more favour than that of the 1965 film and has still been considered by a part of critics to be the most brilliant in line.[35][36] of the most successful television series in Indian television history.[37] In common with the "Ramayana" serial, the broadcasting of a Mahabharat episode was associated with the simultaneous emptying of streets in the cities and people leaving work early to watch it.[38] Along with general audience many big names from Hindi film industry like Rajesh Khanna, Dharmendra, Hema Malini and Jeetendra also praised the show.[39]

During its rerun in COVID-19 lockdown, it became the second most watched Indian TV show after Ramayan.[40] In week 13, it garnered 145.8 million impressions with both morning and evening slots combined on DD Bharati.[41] However, after Ramayan ended, Mahabharat became the most watched TV show until its end.[42] The series ended with 22.9 million viewership.[42]

RatingsEdit

Week Year BARC viewership (Hindi GEC overall) BARC viewership (Hindi GEC pay) BARC viewership (Hindi GEC rural) BARC viewership (Hindi GEC urban)
Impressions (millions) Ranking Impressions (millions) Ranking Impressions (millions) Ranking Impressions (millions) Ranking
Week 13 2020 8937 2 7362 2
Week 14 2020 16750 2 13177 2 6228 5 10524 2
Week 15 2020 18290 2 14264 2 7145 4 11146 2
Week 16 2020 21196 3 16455 3 8358 5 12839 3
Week 17 2020 24280 2 19077 2 9913 4 14368 2
Week 18 2020 22287 3 17186 3 9074 5 13214 2
Week 19 2020 22907 1 9319 4

Home mediaEdit

The series was uploaded onto the website "Rajshri.com" along with its dubbed Tamil version.[43] Home video of the Bengali-dubbed version of this series has been released by Heart Video.[44] In 2019, Pen India Ltd bought the rights of the show and uploaded all the episodes on its devotional YouTube channel Pen Bhakti including its spin-off series Mahabharat Katha.[45]

DisputeEdit

B.R.Chopra got in dispute with Ramananda Sagar's Shree Krishna.The latter claimed that the BR Chopra Mahabharata had whitewashed the character of Pandavas.Several characters like Bhanumati and Padmavati who were an essential part of Mahabharata were not touched even who played an essential role in the life of Karna.Sagar also claimed that entire Stree Parva was not even touched.This dispute got so intense that it reached the court.However,this dispute was later pacified when the rest of Mahabharata was covered by Mahabharata katha. There were lots of Hindu protests against the wrong depiction of Karna's character in certain places like calling of 'Vaishyaa' to Draupadi and Draupadi calling 'Andhe ka putra Andha'.Hindu sentiments were hurt for wrong depiction of the ideal man.Till 1988, no television show or movie had shown this.This protest was also later brought at rest.

LegacyEdit

Mahabharat along with Ramayan (1987) became one of the most successful television series based on an epic in Indian television history. Many actors became popular through their appearances in this series. Nitish Bharadwaj became famous as Lord Krishna and later he also played lead role in Chopra's another mythological show Vishnu Puran.[46] Roopa Ganguly who played Draupadi; went on to become a successful actress in Bengali cinema.[47][48] Actor Pankaj Dheer also got immense popularity after playing Karna. His pictures are used in textbooks as reference to Karna and the actor also revealed that his statues are worshipped in temples in Karnal and Batar.[49] Actor Firoz Khan changed his name to "Arjun" professionally after finding success with the role of Arjun.[50]Mukesh Khanna named his production company after his character Bhishma.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ McLain, Karline (2009). India's immortal comic books: gods, kings, and other heroes. Indiana University Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-253-22052-3.
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  4. ^ a b "Remembering BR Chopra: The Story Behind His Iconic 'Mahabharat'". The Quint.
  5. ^ "Behind the scenes: Dress designers to actors & deities". The Tribune. 20 April 2003. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  6. ^ Title Song Lyrics from the TV Series Mahabharat, 21 September 2013, archived from the original on 18 March 2017, retrieved 1 December 2014
  7. ^ a b "31 years of Mahabharat on Doordarshan: Interesting facts about one of most popular TV shows ever". The Financial Express.
  8. ^ Mahabharat Ki Mahabharat: The Making of B.R. Chopra's "Mahabharat"
  9. ^ a b "Mahabharat actor Puneet Issar: BR Chopra wanted me to play Bheem, I chose Duryodhan". India Today.
  10. ^ "31 years of Mahabharat on Doordarshan: Interesting facts about one of most popular TV shows ever". The Financial Express. 2 October 2019. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
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  13. ^ "Janmashtami 2017: Actor Nitish Bharadwaj recollects his days from the Mahabharat".
  14. ^ a b "Mahabharat: Nitish Bharadwaj refused to play Krishna, dodged BR Chopra to avoid screen test". Hindustan Times.
  15. ^ Tankha, Madhur (29 August 2012). "Mahabharat's Arjun gets blacklisted!". The Hindu. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  16. ^ "'Bheem' waiting for a special role". The Hindu. 12 January 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  17. ^ "Juhi Chawla turned down Draupadi in Mahabharat. Then Roopa Ganguly got the role". India Today.
  18. ^ "Actors talk about what went into making Mahabharat in 1988". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  19. ^ "Puneet Issar on playing Duryodhan in Mahabharat: 'My body turned black and blue after climax fight scene with Bheem'". Hindustan Times.
  20. ^ "Exclusive – Mukesh Khanna: The reruns of Ramayan and Mahabharat will help people like Sonakshi Sinha, who don't know anything about mythology". The Times of India.
  21. ^ "Mahabharat's Shakuni Mama aka Gufi Paintal remembers the show: 'Golden age of television'". Hindustan Times. 6 July 2020. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  22. ^ "These singers gives their voice for Mahabharata". News Track. 31 May 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  23. ^ "जानिए, महाभारत के प्रसिद्ध गीतों को किन-किन गायकों ने दी थी आवाज". Zee Hindustan. 2 June 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  24. ^ "BBC Genome:Mahabarat – transmission times". Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  25. ^ "Epic Hindi Language Series Mahabharat Launches Exclusively on Rogers OMNI Television Channels in Ontario and British Columbia". 29 April 2008. Archived from the original on 29 April 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  26. ^ Jones, Mark (7 June 2013). "The Returned: how British TV viewers came to lose their fear of subtitles". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  27. ^ "Rochak kahani mahabharat ki". Gkhindinews. 10 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  28. ^ "Watch Rochak kahani mahabharat ki". Gkhindinews. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  29. ^ "On public demand, Ramayan & Mahabharat makes comeback during lockdown". Outlook India. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
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