2020 coronavirus pandemic in Spain

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Spain on 31 January 2020, when a German tourist tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 in La Gomera, Canary Islands.[3] By 24 February, Spain confirmed multiple cases related to the Italian cluster, originating from a medical doctor from Lombardy, Italy, who was on holiday in Tenerife.[5] Other cases involving individuals who visited Italy were also discovered in Peninsular Spain.[6][7][8]

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Spain
COVID-19 outbreak Spain per capita cases map.svg
Number of confirmed cases per million residents by autonomous community
COVID-19 outbreak Spain per capita map.svg
Number of confirmed cases per million inhabitants by province (as of 1 April):
  No data available
  Confirmed <99
  Confirmed 100–249
  Confirmed 250–499
  Confirmed 500–999
  Confirmed 1,000–2,999
  Confirmed 3,000–4,999
  Confirmed ≥5,000
The Government of Catalonia does not give data at the provincial level.
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationSpain
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China[1][2]
Index caseLa Gomera, Canary Islands[3]
Arrival date31 January 2020
(2 months and 1 week)
Confirmed cases141,942[4]
Recovered43,208[4]
Deaths
14,045[4]

By 13 March, cases had been registered in all 50 provinces of the country. A state of alarm and national lockdown was imposed on 14 March.[9] On 29 March it was announced that, beginning the following day, all non-essential workers were to stay home for the next 14 days.[10]

By late March, the Community of Madrid has recorded the most cases and deaths in the country. Medical professionals and those who live in retirement homes have experienced especially high infection rates.[11] On 25 March 2020, the death toll in Spain surpassed that reported in mainland China and only Italy had a higher death toll globally.[12] On 2 April, 950 people died of the virus in a 24-hour period—at the time, the most by any country in a single day.[13] The next day Spain surpassed Italy in total cases and is now second only to the United States.[14] Of any country in the world, Spain has the highest number of cases and deaths per capita.[15]

As of 7 April 2020, there have been 141,942 confirmed cases with 43,208 recoveries and 14,045 deaths in Spain.[16][17] The actual number of cases and deaths, however, is likely to be much higher, as many people with only mild or no symptoms are unlikely to have been tested.[18][19] The number of deceased is also believed to be an underestimate due to lack of testing and reporting, perhaps by as much as 10,000 according to excess mortality analysis.[20]

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, who had initially come to the attention of the WHO on 31 December 2019.[21][22]

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in Spain  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-01-31
1(n.a.)
1(=)
2020-02-09
2(+100%)
2(=)
2020-02-13
3(+50%[i]) 1(n.a.)
3(=) 1(=)
2020-02-24
4(+33%) 1(=)
2020-02-25
10(+150%) 1(=)
2020-02-26
14(+40%) 1(=)
2020-02-27
26(+86%) 1(=)
2020-02-28
34(+31%) 1(=)
2020-02-29
59(+74%) 1(=)
2020-03-01
85(+44%) 1(=)
2020-03-02
121(+42%) 1(=)
2020-03-03
166(+37%) 2(+100%)
2020-03-04
228(+37%) 2(=)
2020-03-05
282(+24%) 3(+50%)
2020-03-06
401(+42%) 8(+167%)
2020-03-07
525(+31%) 10(+25%)
2020-03-08
674(+28%) 17(+70%)
2020-03-09
1,231(+83%) 30(+76%)
2020-03-10
1,695(+38%) 36(+20%)
2020-03-11
2,277(+34%) 55(+53%)
2020-03-12
3,146(+38%) 86(+56%)
2020-03-13
5,232(+66%) 133(+55%)
2020-03-14
6,391(+22%) 196(+47%)
2020-03-15
7,988(+25%) 294(+50%)
2020-03-16
9,942(+24%) 342(+16%)
2020-03-17
11,826(+19%) 533(+56%)
2020-03-18
14,769(+25%) 638(+20%)
2020-03-19
18,077(+22%) 833(+31%)
2020-03-20
21,571(+19%) 1,093(+31%)
2020-03-21
25,496(+18%) 1,381(+26%)
2020-03-22
29,909(+17%) 1,813(+31%)
2020-03-23
35,480(+19%) 2,342(+29%)
2020-03-24
42,058(+19%) 2,994(+28%)
2020-03-25
50,105(+19%) 3,650(+22%)
2020-03-26
57,786(+15%) 4,368(+20%)
2020-03-27
65,719(+14%) 5,138(+18%)
2020-03-28
73,232(+11%) 5,982(+16%)
2020-03-29
80,110(+9.4%) 6,803(+14%)
2020-03-30
87,956(+9.8%) 7,716(+13%)
2020-03-31
95,923(+9.1%) 8,464(+9.7%)
2020-04-01
104,118(+8.5%) 9,387(+11%)
2020-04-02
112,065(+7.6%) 10,348(+10%)
2020-04-03
119,199(+6.4%) 11,198(+8.2%)
2020-04-04
126,168(+5.8%) 11,947(+6.7%)
2020-04-05
131,646(+4.3%) 12,641(+5.8%)
2020-04-06
136,675(+3.8%) 13,341(+5.5%)
2020-04-07
141,942(+3.9%[ii]) 14,045(+5.3%[ii])
Sources:

Notes:

  1. ^ The data from 2020-02-13 to 2020-03-03 include one case of a Valencian man who died from the virus on 2020-02-13 but was only posthumously confirmed as infected on 2020-03-04.
  2. ^ a b Data corresponding to a current day, which may be subject to further updating.

First cases (31 January–25 February)Edit

On 31 January 2020, Spain confirmed its first COVID-19 case in La Gomera, Canary Islands. A tourist from Germany tested positive and was admitted to University Hospital of the Nuestra Señora de Candelaria.[3][23][24] On 9 February, the second case involved a British male tourist in Palma de Mallorca, Balearic Islands, who contracted the disease after coming into contact with someone in France who subsequently tested positive.[25] On 13 February, the first death in Spain was recorded involving a 69-year-old man who had been in Nepal. He died in Valencia and was diagnosed post-mortem.[26] On 24 February, following a COVID-19 outbreak in Italy, a medical doctor from Lombardy, Italy, who was on holiday in Tenerife, tested positive at the University Hospital of the Nuestra Señora de Candelaria in Spain.[6] The H10 Costa Adeje Palace in Tenerife was put on lockdown.[27]

On 25 February, four new cases related to the Italian cluster were confirmed in Spain. In Canary Islands, the wife of the medical doctor from Lombardy, who was on holiday in Tenerife, tested positive.[6] In Catalonia, a 36-year-old Italian woman living in Spain, who visited Bergamo and Milan from 12 to 22 February, also tested positive in Barcelona.[7][8]. A 24-year-old man from Madrid, who recently returned from Northern Italy, tested positive and was admitted to Hospital Carlos III.[28][29]. In the Valencian Community, a man from Villarreal, who recently travelled to Milan, tested positive and was admitted to Hospital Universitario De La Plana, Castellón.[30]

Spread to other communities (26 February–8 March)Edit

 
On 28 February, television cameras covered the first coronavirus cases at Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia [es].

On 26 February, the first reported case in Andalusia was confirmed in Seville.[31] The next day, eight cases of Italian origin and one from Iran were reported, in Catalunya, Castile and León, and Valencia.[32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39] On 28 February, nine more people tested positive in Andalusia[40][41][42] and a fifth case was confirmed in Madrid.[43] On 29 February, Asturias and Navarra reported their first cases, one each.[44][45]

On 1 March, in Andalusia, two doctors were confirmed as infected, increasing the number of Andalusian cases to 12.[46] In the Basque Country another four cases were reported, from other parts of Spain.[47] In Castilla–La Mancha the first case of coronavirus was confirmed, a 62-year-old male from the province of Guadalajara.[48] Extremadura announced the first four cases, a 56-year-old male in Coria, a 56-year-old man in Cáceres also and two males of 58 years and another of 19 in Llerena-Zafra.[49] On 2 March in Cantabria, nine new cases originating from people who travelled to Italy increased the total cases there 10 cases in the community.[50] In Castile and León five new cases in one day brought the total to eight people affected by coronavirus in the region.[51] Catalonia reported three more positive cases, all related to travel from Italy.[52] There were two new positives in Extremadura, bringing the total to 6.[53] Madrid reported that its total had increased to 29.[54] In La Rioja, the first case was confirmed.[55]

On 3 March, the second and third positives in Asturias were reported, amounting to 3 cases.[56][57] In the Balearic Islands a third positive case was confirmed.[58] In the Basque Country three more positives, two in Álava, and the first one in Biscay, raised the total positives to 13 for the region.[59] In Castilla–La Mancha there were four new cases reported, bringing the total up to seven, two in the province of Guadalajara and another two in the province of Toledo.[60] In the Community of Madrid 27 new positive cases of coronavirus brought the total up to 56, with five serious in intensive care.[61] In La Rioja the second case of coronavirus was confirmed.[62] In the Valencian Community, four new cases were confirmed, bringing the number of infected to 19 cases.[63] After a forensic investigation, a man who had been infected with coronavirus in the Hospital Arnau de Vilanova died on 13 February in Valencia.[64] The first death in Madrid took place on 3 March but was not confirmed until 5 March.[65][66]

On 4 March, the first case of coronavirus was confirmed, in Aragon a 79-year-old man.[67] In the Basque Country 8 another positives brought the total to 21, with 250 people in isolation (about half of these health professionals).[68][69] In Castilla–La Mancha there were 5 new cases reported, bringing the total up to 12: 7 in the province of Guadalajara, 2 in Toledo, 1 in Albacete, 1 in Almansa and 1 in Tomelloso.[70] Ten new cases were reported in Catalonia, reaching a total of 28 infected people, some from travel in Italy and others by local contact.[71][72] In Galicia, the first case in the community was confirmed in A Coruña.[73] In the Community of Madrid 20 new positive cases of coronavirus brought the total to 76, of which 41 were hospitalised and 7 in intensive care.[74] Four new cases were reported in La Rioja, bringing the region's total to 6.[75][76] On 5 March, another six cases were confirmed in the Basque Country, raising the total to 27.[77] In Galicia, the second positive in the community was confirmed in Vigo.[78] In the Community of Madrid, 13 new positive cases of coronavirus increase to 89 in total.[65][66] In La Rioja 4 new positive cases of coronavirus brought the total to 10.[79] Subsequently, that same afternoon the figure was increased to 17 cases.[80] In the Valencian Community the infected rises to 30 cases, with 8 new cases in Castellón, Elche, Orihuela, and Valencia.[81]

On 6 March, another nine cases of coronavirus were confirmed in Aragón, including an 87-year-old man who died a few hours later.[82][83][84] In Basque Country, another 18 people were confirmed to have the disease, 13 in Álava and 5 in Biscay, bringing the total to 45.[85] In Galicia, the third and fourth positives in the community, a 15-year-old and a 47-year-old woman admitted to the Álvaro Cunqueiro de Vigo Hospital were confirmed in Vigo.[86][87] In the Community of Madrid, 46 new positive cases of coronavirus in Valdemoro increase to 134 active cases and 4 deaths in total,[88] including a 76-year-old man with previous pathologies who died at the Infanta Elena Hospital of Valdemoro, the fourth confirmed death in Spain,[89][90] other 91 years old man dead at the Gregorio Marañón Hospital[91] and another 83 years old man deceased at the Severo Ochoa Hospital in Leganés.[92] In La Rioja, 21 new cases of coronavirus were confirmed for a total of 38.[93][94] On 6 March, the Spanish Episcopal Conference indicated that churches should remove the holy water from the pillars, avoid the gesture of shaking hands as a way of giving peace, and not kiss religious images, a typical gesture in Lent.[95] On 7 March, Haro was put on lockdown due to a concentration of cases.[96] On 8 March, seven more confirmed deaths were reported,[97] while the first case in the Region of Murcia was diagnosed.[98] On 8 March, around 120,000 people participated in an International Women's Day march in Madrid.[99][100]

First cancellations of events (9–12 March)Edit

 
International Women's Day march in Madrid, 8 March 2020

On 9 March, President of the regional government of Madrid, Isabel Díaz Ayuso, announces the cancellation of classes in the Autonomous community of Madrid at all educational levels due to the strong increase in cases in the region, which affected 1.5 million students.[101] The Basque government closes all schools in the municipalities of Vitoria[102] and Labastida.[103] A Barcelona kindergarten is closed after a worker tests positive,[104] and the Catalan Ministry of Health reports two new deaths in Catalonia.[105] On 10 March, the Conference of Rectors of Madrid public universities (CRUMA) decides to delay the academic calendar, including classes, exams and enrollments, by two weeks.[106]. The regional government of La Rioja announces the suspension of classes in schools for a period of two weeks[107] and announces its first death due to the virus.[108]

The government suspends all direct flights between Spanish and Italian airports until 25 March,[109] and bans events with more than one thousand attendants in Madrid, La Rioja and Vitoria.[110] The Constitutional Court suspends its activity for the following two days,[111] and the Royal Spanish Academy suspends its plenary sessions.[112] Following four confirmed cases in Tarragona[113] and one case in Lleida, all Catalan provinces had at least one case diagnosed.[114]

Javier Ortega Smith, General Secretary of the far-right Vox, third political force in Spanish parliament, tests positive after his party hosted a nationwide meeting with sympathizers on 8 March.[115] After Ortega Smith tested positive for COVID-19, the Congress of Deputies and the Senate suspended its parliamentary activity for a period of a week and 52 Vox's lawmakers are asked to stay at home.[116] On 11 March, the Assembly of Madrid, regional parliament of Madrid, suspends its activities for a period of 15 days, following Ortega Smith's positive test.[117] The Parliament of Andalusia, regional parliament of Andalusia, suspended its activities for a week after a deputy in the regional chamber from Vox was confirmed positive.[118]

 
Empty shelves in a Mercadona supermarket in Valencia on 14 March

The Valencian Government announced the cancellation of the Fallas, the most popular festivity in the region, and the festivities of La Magdalena. [119] The Catalan government suspended events with more than one thousand attendees under its jurisdiction.[120] The Minister of Health of the Basque government, Nekane Murga [es], announced the closure of all schools in Álava, after 12 pupils were diagnosed with coronavirus; the measure affected more than 60,000 students.[121] The Ministry of Culture ordered the closing of its buildings in Madrid, including the museums of El Prado, Reina Sofía, Thyssen, the Spanish Filmoteca Española, Archaeological and Anthropological museums, as well as the National Library and the Royal Palace among others.[122] The first death in Extremadura was reported.[123] Former Secretary General of NATO and former High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Javier Solana, are admitted to the hospital after being infected by COVID-19.[124]

On 12 March, the regional governments of Murcia, Galicia, Catalonia, the Basque Country, Asturias, Aragon, Canary Islands, Castile-La Mancha, Navarre, Extremadura, Balearic Islands, Cantabria and the city of Melilla announce the cancellation of classes at all educational levels in their respective regions,[125][126][127][128][129][130][131][132][133] making a total of 14 out of 17 autonomous communities and one of the autonomous cities with cancelled classes.[134] More than 10 million students (1 million from university and 9 million from schools) are therefore ordered to stay at home for a period of two weeks.[135] All traffic between Morocco and Spain is suspended.[136] The Spanish Cortes Generales suspend their activity for a period of 15 days.[137] The Ministry of the Interior decides to isolate its 69 jails.[138] The Sagrada Familia, in Barcelona, closes for tourists and construction workers.[139]

The Catalan Government orders a quarantine of the city of Igualada and the towns of Vilanova del Camí, Òdena and Santa Margarida de Montbui after Igualada Hospital became a contagion focus. This first measure in Spain will affect 70,000 people during 14 days.[140] Two cases of the virus are confirmed in the autonomous city of Melilla,[141] while the first two cases reported in the island of La Palma.[142] Spain's stock index, IBEX 35, falls 14%, in the highest drop in history for one day.[143] Spanish Minister of Equality, Irene Montero, tests positive for COVID-19, resulting in her and her husband, Second Deputy Prime Minister of Spain Pablo Iglesias, being placed under quarantine, thus becoming the highest-ranking Spanish officials to be confirmed with the disease. Montero had attended the women's march on 8 March.[144] Carmen Leyte, Spanish Senator of the conservative People's Party in representation of Ourense tests positive for COVID-19, becoming the first member of the Senate to be affected by the disease.[145]

Announcement of lockdown (13–14 March)Edit

 
Minister of Health, Salvador Illa, during a press conference, 15 March

On 13 March, Prime Minister of Spain Pedro Sánchez announced a declaration of a nationwide State of Alarm for 15 days, to become effective the following day after the approval of the Council of Ministers.[146] The government will impose a nationwide lockdown, banning all trips that are not force majeure and announcing it may intervene in companies to guarantee supplies.[147][148] Some autonomous communities announced emergency measures on the same day. The Basque Country announced a declaration of sanitary emergency in the region, which allows population confinement.[149] The government of Murcia announced the confinement of more than 500,000 people in coastal municipalities.[150] President of the Balearic Islands, Francina Armengol, asked the Prime Minister to suspend traffic between the mainland and the islands.[151]. President of Catalonia, Quim Torra, asked the Prime Minister to authorise the closure of all Catalonia's ports, airports and railways.[152] Mayor of Madrid, José Luis Martínez Almeida, ordered the closure of bars and terraces in the capital,[153] and announced that his government is prepared, if needed, to isolate the city. In Extremadura, Arroyo de la Luz was put on lockdown.[154]

The president of the Audiencia Nacional announced the suspension of all the ordinary functions of this Court for 15 days, keeping only the urgent proceedings and the court on duty.[155] Judicial activity in the Community of Madrid, Basque Country, Igualada and Haro were suspended by an order of the General Council of the Judiciary.[156] Vicepresident of Castile and León, Francisco Igea, announced the suspension of the Holy Week festivities in the region after talks with the regional administration.[157] All provinces of Spain confirmed at least one positive after cases are confirmed in Ávila, Cuenca, Huesca, Palencia and Soria, leaving the Autonomous City of Ceuta and the islands of El Hierro and Formentera as the only territories without cases reported.[158][159][160][161][162] Catalonia reported 190 new cases in the highest rise in cases in a day.[163] The first two cases were reported in the autonomous city of Melilla.[141] On 14 March, Asturias, Catalonia, Cantabria, Galicia, Madrid, Murcia and the Basque Country closed all shops except those selling food and basic necessities.[164][165][166][167] The Mayor of Madrid closed parks and public gardens.[168] Seville, Granada and Cordoba City Councils, as well as the Region of Murcia, officially cancelled the Holy Week festivities.[169] Other provinces started to announce the cancellation of the Holy Week festivities.[170] The first death was reported in Galicia.[171]

Lockdown takes effect (15–27 March)Edit

 
Disinfection of subway in Bilbao, Basque Country, 21 March

On 15 March the national lockdown due to the State of Alarm becomes effective.[172][173] All residents are mandated to remain in their normal residences except to purchase food and medicines, work or attend emergencies.[174][175] Lockdown restrictions also mandated the temporary closure of non-essential shops and businesses, including bars, restaurants, cafes, cinemas and commercial and retail businesses, while also announcing that the government will be able to take over private healthcare providers, if needed.[172][176] The announcement came following significant increases in the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Spain, increasing by 66% from 3,146 cases to 5,232 cases on 13 March 2020.[177] The "extraordinary decision", according to the PM Pedro Sánchez, is necessary as Spain deals with a "health, social and economic crisis".[172] Seville's Feria de Abril is postponed to September for the first time in its history.[178] The first case in the autonomous city of Ceuta was diagnosed.[179]

On 16 March, Minister of the Interior Grande-Marlaska announces the closing of Spanish frontiers to be in effect from 12 pm on 16 March, only authorising the entry of Spanish citizens and those that prove cause of force majeure or situation of need. The entry restrictions will have no effect on the transport of merchandise to guarantee the supply chain. It will not affect foreign diplomatic personnel either.[180] Following this, President of the Government of the Balearic Islands, Francina Armengol, would announce that after receiving the approval of the Spanish government, her government will proceed to the closure of all airports and ports in the region, with "a few exceptions".[181]; the Canary Islands would restrict flights between the peninsula and its islands. Air and sea connections to The Balearic Islands cease due to flight companies stopping all flights.[182]

 
The Gran Vía of Madrid on 22 March.

On 17 March, PM Pedro Sánchez announces a support package of more than 200 billion euros, almost 20% of the Spanish GDP, to cushion the impact of the coronavirus crisis. The Royal Decree approved by his government also includes a moratorium on the payment of mortgages for workers and self-employed in economic vulnerability and for those affected by COVID-19, as well as the streamlining of temporary dismissal files (known as ERTE), support for workers and companies affected by downturns, measures to guarantee the liquidity of companies and to promote research to achieve a vaccine.[183][184] The Selectividad (Spanish University Admission Tests), scheduled in June for more than 300,000 students, is delayed until further notice.[185] The first death in the province of Tarragona is confirmed in Valls hospital, an 88-year-old woman from Badalona.[186]

On 18 March, The Congress of Deputies met in a historic session as the Prime Minister reports on the management of the state of Alarm. In strict health security measures, only 5% of lawmakers were present.[187] The King Felipe VI addressed a message to the nation in a special speech for the second time in his reign and the sixth by a monarch in 40 years of democracy.[188][189] The Basque Minister of Education extends the closure of schools indefinitely.[190] A donation from the Chinese government of more than 500,000 facemasks arrives in Spain.[191] Former Senator and former Mayor of Badalona Xavier García Albiol test positive for COVID-19.[192]

 
Hospital workers and police agents applaud each other in Madrid on 29 March.

On 19 March, the first death of a healthcare worker in the country is reported, a nurse from the Basque Country.[193] On 20 March, Spain exceeds 1,000 deaths.[194]. The first case is confirmed on the island of El Hierro.[195] On 21 March, the Ministry of Health announces the purchase of 640,000 rapid tests[196] and reports that more than 350,000 tests for COVID-19 had been conducted.[197][198] Isabel Díaz Ayuso (President of the Community of Madrid) announces that 80% of the Madrid's residents might get the disease.[199] Former Real Madrid president Lorenzo Sanz dies of COVID-19.[200] On 22 March, Spanish PM Pedro Sánchez announces that he will take the petition to extend the State of Alarm in the nation until 11 April to the Congress after consultations with regional presidents.[201][202] The President of the Region of Murcia orders the cessation of all non-essential economic activities, a decision later revoked by the central government.[203]

On 23 March, the Spanish Army found elderly people abandoned and dead inside retirement homes, according to Defence Minister Margarita Robles. A criminal investigation is launched.[204] On 24 March, the Madrid LGBT Pride, the biggest LGBT event in Europe and second in the world, is postponed due to the disease. [205] The "Palacio del Hielo", an ice rink in Madrid, begins to be used as a morgue.[206] By this date, 5,400 medical professionals are confirmed to have tested positive for coronavirus and sent home, further straining the hospitals, where a lack of protective equipment has put workers at risk.[207] On 26 March, Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Parma, cousin of King Felipe VI of Spain becomes the first royal to die from COVID-19 in Paris at the age of 86.[208]

Halting of all non-essential activity (28 March–)Edit

Police cars playing motivational music for confined neighbours in the streets of Miranda de Ebro, Burgos, Castile and León

On 28 March, the Spanish government banned all non-essential activity,[209][210] providing affected workers with paid recoverable leave unless they provide an essential service, work remotely, are on sick leave, or have their contracts suspended.[211] On the same day, the Primavera Sound, one of the most famous music festivals of Spain was postponed until August.[212] The next day, two cases of coronavirus were diagnosed on Formentera, Balearic Islands, leaving the island of La Graciosa (Canary Islands) as the only territory with no cases detected.[213] On 30 March, Fernando Simón, the head of Spain's Centre for Health Emergencies and the public face of the government's response because of his daily briefings, tested positive for the virus and temporarily resigned.[214][215] On 3 April, 950 deaths were reported, the highest number for a single country over a 24-hour interval.[216] Estimates for the basic reproduction number of the virus indicated a number below 1.0 for the first time, meaning that each case was infecting less than one other person.[217][218] On 4, 5, and 6 April, consecutive decreases in number of new cases and deaths were reported, including 637 new deaths on 6 April, the lowest figure in ten days.[219][220] On 4 April, Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez requested that the Congress of Deputies extend the State of Alarm for another two weeks, until 26 April.[221]

Governmental responseEdit

On 9 February, Fernando Simón, who is in charge of medical emergencies in Madrid, stated that "Spain will only have a handful of cases".[222] On 9 March, the Government of the Community of Madrid (the executive body of the region with the highest number of cases as of that date) approved extraordinary measures. These measures included the cancellation (to be enforced from 11 March onwards) of all in-person classes in the Autonomous community of Madrid at all educational levels for an initial period of 15 days, until 26 March, encouraging online lessons instead if possible.[223][224] On the same day the Basque Government announced the same measure would be enforced in the municipality of Vitoria-Gasteiz from 10 March onwards.[225]

 
Due to the pandemic, the Cabinet had to meet virtually for the first time, with the majority of ministers attending via videoconference.

On 10 March 2020 the Government of Spain decreed the immediate cancellation of all direct flights from Italy to Spain until 25 March.[226] On 10 March the Government of La Rioja approved the same measures as the Madrid region vis-à-vis the cancellation of classes, to be enforced from 11 March onwards too.[227] On 12 March, the Catalan autonomous government quarantined four Catalan municipalities—Igualada, Vilanova del Cami, Santa Margarida de Montbui and Odena.[228] On 13 March 2020 the Government of the Community of Madrid decreed the shutting down of bars, restaurants and "non-alimentary" shops (only allowing the opening of supermarkets and chemist's shops).[229]

Also on 13 March, the Government of Spain announced the state of alarm across all the country would be decreed on the next day by the Council of Ministers. Thus, on 14 March the state of alarm for an initial period of 15 days was declared under the shelter of the Article 116.2 of the Spanish constitution.[230][231][232] The delay in implementing the state of emergency meant that some people in Madrid left for the regions, bringing the virus with them.[222] On 25 March, the parliament—with less than 50 members of 350 present—approved the government's request to extend of the state of alarm until 11 April.[233] On 28 March, the prime minister ordered all non-essential workers to stay at home from 30 March to 9 April to bend the curve and contain the epidemic. Fernando Simón stated that ICUs were expected to be full by the end of this week or early the next week.[234] On 1 April, the state of alarm was scheduled to expire on 12 April and the government planned to ease lockdowns going forward, assuming that new infections decrease.[235] Because the previous week had seen many Spaniards die of the disease, on 3 April, Sánchez was considering extending the quarantine another fifteen days to 26 April. He consultued the opposition to obtain its support, and will speak to presidents of the autonomous communities on 5 April.[236]

According to The Guardian, Spain's initially slow response to the coronavirus caused the epidemic to become severe even though it did not share a land border with Italy or other severely affected countries.[222] An analysis in Vox hypothesized that the minority government did not want to risk its hold on power by banning large gatherings early; the prime minister initially defended his decision to allow large gatherings to continue.[237]

 
Spanish Army deploys to enforce lockdown in Alcañiz, Aragón, 27 March

As of 23 March 2020, there were 240,245 police officers[238] and more than 2,500 military deployed across the country.[239] Some police made trips to quarantined populations and played music to lift spirits.[240] On 24 March, the government seized control of private nursing homes nationwide, and announced a judicial inquiry after troops found nursing home patients who had died of COVID-19 left dead in their beds.[241] In Madrid, hospitals refused transfers from nursing homes, and a skating rink was used to store dead bodies as the city morgue overflowed.[241] By 31 March, police had issued 100,000 citations and arrested 1,000 people for violating social distancing regulations. Fines can range from €100 to €30,000 for serious violations.[242] Drones are used for enforcement. Police also set up 30,000 roadblocks to stop people from traveling.[237]

The Spanish government had ordered 340,000 coronavirus test kits from Shenzhen Bioeasy Biotechnology, which claimed an 80 percent strike rate. However, the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC) found that Bioeasy's test kit, which uses nose swabs, had an accuracy rate of less than 30 percent, and the city of Madrid stopped using them. The Chinese embassy claimed that the Bioeasy test kits had not been approved by China's National Medical Products Administration and said they were not included in the medical supplies sent by the Chinese government to Spain.[243][244][245] On 29 March, the Czech Republic donated 10,000 protective medical suits and 90 respirators, which were sent in a Czech Air Force plane.[246]

On 6 April the Spanish government released an app for self-evaluation,[247] to be used initially in Asturias, Canary Islands, Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha and Extremadura.[248] The governments of the Community of Madrid,[249] Catalonia,[250] and the Basque Country[251] already use similar apps.

ImpactEdit

 
People maintain social distancing in Valencia, Spain.

On 6 March, EFE reported that myths related to the coronavirus were spreading through the country.[252] Panic buying occurred by 10 March.[253] On 28 March, children and young people who obeyed social distancing by staying at home were applauded by Spanish residents for doing their part to combat the epidemic.[254] By 29 March, visits to retail and recreation places, transit stations and parks had fallen by 94%, 88%, and 89% respectively, and visits to workplaces had reduced by 64%, according to a report by Google based on location history data from mobile devices.[255]

Low income neighborhoods in Barcelona have seven times the rate of infection of more affluent neighborhoods. Part of the reason is that essential workers, who have kept going to work despite the epidemic, are likely to work in low-skill jobs such as supermarkets or elder care. Also, many care workers are immigrants, who lack access to unemployment benefits and live in some of the lowest category housing. Homeless people are also at risk and the charities that help them were forced to cease operations because of the disease.[256]

Healthcare systemEdit

 
Local police officer in Madrid is tested for coronavirus, 25 March

On 23 March, The Guardian reported that hospitals in the Madrid area were being overwhelmed by coronavirus patients.[257] Per capita, Spain has only a third as many hospital beds as Germany and Austria.[222] As of 28 March, the burden on intensive care units per confirmed case was 7.8, almost as high as Italy and far above any other European country.[258] As of 31 March, intensive care units in Cataluña, Madrid, Castilla–La Mancha, and Castilla y León are at or over 80% capacity, despite efforts to triple the number of beds available. Most of the patients are suffering from coronavirus.[259] After 1 April, some hospitals in Madrid saw a small decline in the number of patients in intensive care while others are stable or still rising. The number of patients in intestive care in Galicia, Asturias, and Castilla–La Mancha has also dropped. In Castilla y León, Cataluña, and Valencia it is stable, while in Aragón and Andalucía it is still increasing as of 7 April.[260]

Austerity measures, enacted by the previous government of Mariano Rajoy which cut billions of euros from health budgetss, were blamed by some experts for reducing the capacity of the healthcare system. Healthcare spending in Spain is 5.9 percent, below the EU average of 7.5 percent. Before the coronavirus epidemic, some doctors were unemployed or had emigrated to look for work. Now, retired healthcare workers are being called back to the job and medical students are being recruited to perform some tasks. The privatization of hospitals undergone during Rajoy's regime has undermined efforts to coordinate the response to the crisis.[256][261]

As of 3 April, about 10% of the cases are in healthcare workers.[262] One cause of infection is the lack of adequate protective gear, leading some healthcare workers to make their own improvised gear. According to Fernando Simón, only 8.8% of diagnosed healthcare workers require hospitalization, in contrast to 40% of other cases of the disease.[263][258] Twelve nurses and doctors have succumbed to the illness.[264]

Many nursing homes in Spain are understaffed because they are for-profit businesses and elderly Spaniards cannot necessarily afford sufficient care.[222] In some nursing homes, elderly victims were found abandoned in their beds by Spanish soldiers mounting emergency response. Defense minister Margarita Robles said that anyone guilty of neglect will be prosecuted.[257] By 23 March, a fifth of nursing homes in the Madrid area had reported cases of the virus. More than 65% of fatalities have occurred in those 80 or older, compared to 50% in Italy and only 15% in China.[265] By 3 April, at least 3,500 Spaniards had died in nursing homes and another 6,500 contracted infections there. Thousands of elder care workers are also infected.[266]

FinanceEdit

 
Playground in Sant Martí, Barcelona is shut down

On 9 March, the Spanish stock index IBEX-35 dropped 7.96%, the fourth-largest single-day loss in its history.[267] On 12 March, the stock index dropped another 14.06%, the largest in history, as part of the 2020 stock market crash.[268] The pandemic has also influenced Spain's fragile economy and finances, with economist Toni Roldán stating that the country will need €200bn in loans from the European Stability Mechanism.[222] Spanish leaders have called for "corona bonds", similar to the proposed but never implemented eurobonds, to help the country recover from the epidemic.[234][269] Real estate transactions have nearly been frozen by the crisis, and future impact remains uncertain.[270] Employment in Spain saw its largest historical drop in a month in March, with close to 900,000 people losing their jobs between 12 March and 31 March.[271] As of 28 March, Goldman Sachs was predicting a double-digit GDP decline for Spain.[272]

The country's financial institutions are in better shape than they were before the 2008–2014 Spanish financial crisis, and exports and trade balance have improved. However, the debt-to-GDP ratio, government deficit, and unemployment are all higher than they were in 2008, leaving the government less room to manoeuver in its response to the crisis.[270]

PoliticsEdit

On 12 March 2020, the Congress of Deputies voted to suspend activity for a week after multiple members had tested positive for the virus.[273] When the Congress of Deputies approved the extension of the State of Alarm on 18 March, it was the first time that opposition parties The People's Party and Vox had supported the government in a vote while separatist parties, such as Catalan Republican Left, abstained.[274]

Spain's government response to the coronavirus has been criticized as insufficient or late by several international organizations and newspapers[275][276]. Some criticism has also come from Italy, where some figures called the response late and insufficient.[citation needed] Some say[who?] that the response was also delayed by the fact that Pedro Sánchez is leading PSOE (in coalition with Unidas Podemos) minority government which is counting on support from opposition parties to enact coronavirus measures, especially with regards to economic stimulus. The cabinet discussed proposals to offer zero-interest loans to tenants to pay rent so that smaller landlords who depend on rent income can stay afloat. PP leader Pablo Casado complained that the government was not keeping him informed of developments on the coronavirus. Citizens leader Inés Arrimadas said that she supports the government's actions.[274] Vox has called for the prime minister's resignation.[235]

The 2020 Basque regional election, scheduled for 5 April, was delayed, after an agreement between all the political parties represented in the Basque parliament; the Galician election was also suspended.[277][278]

Affected eventsEdit

Spread to other countries and territoriesEdit

 
  Spain
  Entry ban
  Mandatory quarantine

On 29 February 2020, a woman who had arrived in Ecuador on 14 February from Spain tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and became the first case of coronavirus in the country. Days later she felt discomfort and fever, so she was hospitalised and underwent various tests. The person, 70 years old and with previous illnesses, was isolated and admitted “in intensive care”. According to Deputy Minister Julio López, her status was critical and her forecast was reserved.[279] On 13 March 2020, the first death (the first Ecuadorian infection case) was reported by the Minister of Public Health of Ecuador, Catalina Andramuño, during a press conference in Guayaquil.[280]

On 6 March, Peruvian Ministry of Health and President confirmed the first case in the country from a 25-year-old man who visited Spain, France and Czech Republic.[281]

On 8 March, Portugal confirmed a case originating from Spain.[282] On 10 March, a further case was detected and the following day (11 March) another three cases.[283][284]

On 10 March, a 40-year-old woman returning from Madrid, Spain was confirmed the first case in Panama.[285]

On 10, March, Honduras confirmed two cases of Coronavirus the first patient or patient 0 was a pregnant women who came from Spain on 4 March but was confirmed on the early morning of 10 March .[286]

On 13 March, Venezuelan Vice-President Delcy Rodríguez confirmed two cases of the virus in the state of Miranda.[287][288] Rodríguez asked all the passengers of the 5 and 8 March Iberia 6673 flight to immediately enter into a mandatory preventive quarantine since the two cases were from this flight.[289]

On 14 March it was reported that a woman coming from the Spanish city of Móstoles became the first case in Equatorial Guinea.[290]

On 17 March, a 47-year-old male Spanish national doing business in Macau tested positive; he took the SU2501 flight from Madrid to Moscow on 15 March, and then the SU204 flight from Moscow to Beijing. On 16 March, he took the NX001 flight from Beijing to Macau, arriving at Macau Airport at 8:00 pm of the same day.[291]

On 20 March, Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea James Marape confirmed the first case in the country from a mine worker who had travelled from Spain.[292]

Travel restrictionsEdit

As of 6 April 2020 the following countries or territories have imposed some kind of travel restrictions on Spanish citizens:

List of countries

Entry ban or passenger traffic suspendedEdit

Mandatory quarantineEdit

StatisticsEdit

Ministry of Health statistics are inaccurate and incomplete.[377] Confirmed cases are those that test positive, but only those with severe symptoms are offered tests and testing may lag symptom onset by as much as a week. The actual number of cases is several times larger, with significant uncertainty about by how much due to lack of testing.[377][378][379] Deaths by coronavirus are also underestimated because they only consider confirmed cases, and many people die at home or in nursing homes without being tested.[377] Mortality reports by Carlos III Health Institute have found significant excess mortality beyond that explained by the official coronavirus death statistics. From 17 March to 4 April, the death rate in Spain was 47% higher than usual; the vast majority of excess deaths were the elderly and the worst affected communities were Castilla–La Mancha (188% higher), Castilla y León (160% higher), and Madrid (143% higher). According to the institute's calculations, as many as 10,000 excess deaths occurred which were not counted in the official coronavirus mortality statistics, with further investigation needed to determine how many of them were due to the pandemic.[20][380]

Confirmed COVID-19 cases in Spain by autonomous community as of 6 April 2020, 21:00[381] ()

Community Cases Hospit.[A] ICU[A] Deaths Recov.
  Andalusia 8,767 4,335 499 528 900
  Aragon 3,449 1,663 247 312 578
  Asturias (article) 1,679 889 91 96 244
  Balearic Islands 1,369 705 124 84 537
  Canary Islands (article) 1,725 689 137 89 186
  Cantabria 1,501 677 66 85 129
  Castilla–La Mancha 11,077 2,908 360 1,177 1,353
  Castile and León 9,581 5,180 346 982 2,711
  Catalonia 28,323 19,745 2,391 2,908 10,738
  Ceuta (article) 83 9 4 4 2
  Valencian Community 7,443 1,887 384 672 1,103
  Extremadura 2,116 686 70 258 282
  Galicia 6,331 1,968 162 204 688
  Community of Madrid (article) 40,469 13,950 1,494 5,371 18,410
  Melilla (article) 92 40 3 2 11
  Murcia 1,283 500 84 78 193
  Navarre 3,355 1,488 124 202 421
  Basque Country 9,021 4,856 417 586 3,728
  La Rioja 2,846 918 66 160 994
Total 140,510 63,093 7,069 13,798 43,208
AFor Castilla-La Mancha, Castile and Leon, Valencian Community, and Community of Madrid:
patients currently hospitalized or in an ICU;
For others: patients that have been hospitalized or in an ICU

Confirmed COVID-19 cases in Spain by age ()

Age
(years)
Cases Hospit. ICU Deaths Lethality
(%)
n % n % n % n %
0-9 250 (0.3) 79 (0.2) 7 (0.2) 1 (0.0) (0.4)
10-19 491 (0.6) 105 (0.2) 6 (0.2) 1 (0.0) (0.2)
20-29 4,629 (5.2) 795 (1.8) 53 (1.5) 6 (0.1) (0.1)
30-39 8,761 (9.9) 2,019 (4.6) 136 (3.9) 20 (0.4) (0.2)
40-49 13,421 (15.2) 4,340 (10.0) 340 (9.7) 50 (1.0) (0.4)
50-59 16,577 (18.8) 6,840 (15.7) 643 (18.4) 147 (3.0) (0.9)
60-69 14,933 (16.9) 8,825 (20.3) 1080 (31.0) 419 (8.5) (2.8)
70-79 14,300 (16.2) 10,769 (24.7) 1094 (31.4) 1341 (27.2) (9.4)
80-89 11,196 (12.7) 7,790 (17.9) 115 (3.3) 2121 (42.9) (18.9)
≥90 3,632 (4.1) 1,981 (4.5) 15 (0.4) 833 (16.9) (22.9)
Total 88,190 (100.0) 43,543 (100.0) 3,489 (100.0) 4,939 (100.0) (5.6)
Source: Ministry of Health based on partial data as of 2020-04-05, 21:00.[382]

Confirmed COVID-19 cases in Spain by age for women ()

Age
(years)
Cases Hospit. ICU Deaths Lethality
(%)
n % n % n % n %
0-9 123 (0.3) 35 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.1) (0.8)
10-19 265 (0.6) 58 (0.3) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.1) (0.4)
20-29 2,911 (6.5) 391 (2.2) 21 (2.0) 1 (0.1) (0.0)
30-39 5,153 (11.5) 924 (5.1) 45 (4.4) 8 (0.4) (0.2)
40-49 7,248 (16.1) 1,719 (9.6) 101 (9.8) 19 (1.1) (0.3)
50-59 8,788 (19.6) 2,708 (15.1) 185 (17.9) 45 (2.5) (0.5)
60-69 6,833 (15.2) 3,484 (19.4) 315 (30.5) 119 (6.6) (1.7)
70-79 5,887 (13.1) 4,178 (23.2) 302 (29.2) 364 (20.1) (6.2)
80-89 5,469 (12.2) 3,397 (18.9) 55 (5.3) 821 (45.4) (15.0)
≥90 2,248 (5.0) 1,087 (6.0) 6 (0.6) 430 (23.8) (19.1)
Total 44,925 (100.0) 17,981 (100.0) 1,034 (100.0) 1,809 (100.0) (4.0)
Source: Ministry of Health based on partial data as of 2020-04-05, 21:00.[382]

Confirmed COVID-19 cases in Spain by age for men ()

Age
(years)
Cases Hospit. ICU Deaths Lethality
(%)
n % n % n % n %
0-9 127 (0.3) 44 (0.2) 5 (0.2) 0 (0.0) (0.0)
10-19 226 (0.5) 47 (0.2) 4 (0.2) 0 (0.0) (0.0)
20-29 1,713 (4.0) 401 (1.6) 32 (1.3) 5 (0.2) (0.3)
30-39 3,607 (8.3) 1,095 (4.3) 91 (3.7) 12 (0.4) (0.3)
40-49 6,171 (14.3) 2,620 (10.3) 239 (9.7) 31 (1.0) (0.5)
50-59 7,787 (18.0) 4,132 (16.2) 458 (18.6) 102 (3.3) (1.3)
60-69 8,096 (18.7) 5,338 (20.9) 765 (31.0) 300 (9.6) (3.7)
70-79 8,410 (19.4) 6,591 (25.8) 792 (32.1) 977 (31.2) (11.6)
80-89 5,726 (13.2) 4,392 (17.2) 73 (3.0) 1300 (41.5) (22.7)
≥90 1,384 (3.2) 894 (3.5) 9 (0.4) 403 (12.9) (29.1)
Total 43,247 (100.0) 25,554 (100.0) 2,468 (100.0) 3,130 (100.0) (7.2)
Source: Ministry of Health based on partial data as of 2020-04-05, 21:00.[382]
Cases by day and autonomous communities

Confirmed COVID-19 cases in Spain by day and autonomous communities ()

Reported by AN AR AS IB CN CB CM CL CT CE VC EX GA MD ML MU NA PV RI Confirmed Deaths ICU Rec. Tested Refs Notes
Date Time New Total New Total Total Total Total
2020-01-31 N/A 1 1 1 N/A [383]
2020-02-09 N/A 1 1 2 N/A
2020-02-24 N/A 4 4 6 N/A
2020-02-25 N/A 1 1 2 4 10 N/A
2020-02-27 13:00 1 1 -1 1 2 2 6 16 N/A [384]
2020-02-28 13:00 5 1 2 1 6 1 16 32 N/A [385]
2020-02-29 N/A 6 -1 1 1 1 10 3 1 12 7 6 24 1 9 1 82 N/A N/A [386]
2020-03-01 N/A N/A N/A
2020-03-02 13:00 114 N/A
2020-03-03 13:00 1 4 5 20 4 2 36 150 N/A [387]
2020-03-04 13:00 1 3 5 3 4 1 21 2 4 4 48 198 1 1 7 1 [388]
2020-03-05 13:00 -1 1 3 1 1 1 9 20 4 39 237 2 3 9 3 [389]
2020-03-06 13:00 9 5 3 2 3 11 2 47 28 18 128 365 2 5 11 10 [390]
2020-03-07 N/A 33 7 2 5 11 2 11 9 51 7 1 3 332 4 104 52 634 N/A 11 N/A N/A 30 [391]
2020-03-08 N/A N/A N/A N/A 32
2020-03-09 13:00 999 16 68 32
2020-03-10 13:00 17 25 15 2 3 13 33 49 13 1 16 313 5 9 46 63 623 1,622 19 35 100 35 [392]
2020-03-11 13:00 19 7 10 3 12 32 15 32 15 1 17 242 2 34 30 35 506 2,128 12 47 142 138 [393]
2020-03-12 13:00 25 19 15 6 14 4 44 21 104 11 10 -4 364 15 27 121 26 822 2,950 37 84 190 189 [394]
2020-03-13 13:00 104 16 20 8 19 13 79 77 56 18 20 50 602 2 9 57 71 38 1,259 4,209 36 120 272 193 [395]
2020-03-14 11:30 50 0 25 -2 20 2 95 54 193 36 27 30 950 1 12 16 35 1,544 5,753 16 136 293 517 [396]
2020-03-15 11:30 168 67 45 0 19 20 112 69 206 1 279 29 80 604 5 24 37 213 22 2,000 7,753 152 288 382 517 [397]
2020-03-16 13:00 117 27 40 45 10 7 166 42 188 0 0 16 50 625 0 6 91 0 12 1,438 9,191 101 389 432 530 [398]
21:00 129 33 16 19 29 0 0 97 491 0 132 42 47 706 9 20 66 135 43 1,987 11,178 182 571 563 1,028 [399]
2020-03-17 21:00 176 19 49 20 33 10 108 237 472 0 185 41 49 766 3 25 73 208 64 2,538 13,716 107 678 774 1,081 [400]
2020-03-18 21:00 149 55 50 57 39 15 126 200 836 0 196 47 112 1,140 3 45 96 217 49 3,431 17,147 169 847 939 1,107 [401]
2020-03-19 21:00 279 79 52 34 67 61 243 279 568 4 184 56 125 388 1 37 72 275 29 2,833 19,980 235 1,082 1,141 1,585 [402]
2020-03-20 21:00 228 64 142 43 61 71 379 319 933 0 258 57 161 1,756 1 36 110 260 67 4,946 24,926 324 1,406 1,612 2,125 [403]
2020-03-21 21:00 210 108 59 85 66 67 396 278 501 0 241 30 176 781 0 56 130 372 90 3,646 28,572 394 1,800 1,785 2,575 [404]
2020-03-22 21:00 236 106 49 69 67 65 259 311 1,221 1 297 109 293 873 3 49 92 324 93 4,517 33,089 462 2,262 2,355 3,355 [405]
2020-03-23 21:00 510 120 68 78 76 78 387 405 1,939 0 266 143 207 1,777 0 40 128 307 55 6,584 39,673 514 2,776 2,636 3,794 [406]
2020-03-24 21:00 539 149 117 84 100 85 315 480 2,073 3 449 106 238 2,245 10 92 183 543 126 7,937 47,610 658 3,434 3,166 5,367 [407]
2020-03-25 21:00 396 209 62 98 127 161 603 548 1,655 1 584 227 262 2,569 1 119 214 675 67 8,578 56,188 655 4,089 3,679 7,015 [408]
2020-03-26 21:00 387 222 59 95 94 139 551 644 1,348 7 332 262 407 2,077 3 118 230 655 241 7,871 64,059 769 4,858 4,165 9,357 [409]
2020-03-27 21:00 484 254 104 107 147 127 578 659 1,323 0 502 163 450 2,277 3 88 188 535 200 8,189 72,248 832 5,690 4,575 12,285 [410]
2020-03-28 21:00 405 266 84 96 100 86 734 623 763 4 750 62 367 1,157 3 70 182 604 193 6,549 78,797 838 6,528 4,907 14,709 [411]
2020-03-29 21:00 723 220 70 42 79 77 612 387 1,131 4 326 104 584 1,413 3 67 135 317 104 6,398 85,195 812 7,340 5,231 16,780 [412]
2020-03-30 21:00 413 194 78 69 58 71 566 410 2,616 9 398 68 316 3,419 3 35 159 263 77 9,222 94,417 849 8,189 5,607 19,259 [413]
2020-03-31 21:00 574 219 86 62 118 42 623 636 1,218 17 414 51 393 2,331 8 67 192 518 150 7,719 102,136 864 9,053 5,872 22,647 [414]
2020-04-01 21:00 580 209 62 73 64 55 635 508 1,813 4 386 158 410 2,315 0 43 185 479 123 8,102 110,238 950 10,003 6,092 26,743 [415]
2020-04-02 21:00 402 189 49 53 46 53 841 520 1,656 7 316 56 377 2,033 8 61 154 510 141 7,472 117,710 932 10,935 6,416 30,513 [416]
2020-04-03 21:00 495 189 89 14 74 63 801 457 1,274 11 277 86 406 2,061 9 43 136 360 181 7,026 124,736 809 11,744 6,532 34,219 [417]
2020-04-04 21:00 432 154 83 22 58 57 707 417 1,298 10 283 68 319 1,335 4 47 101 441 187 6,023 130,759 674 12,418 6,861 38,080 [418]
2020-04-05 21:00 280 115 41 27 27 42 571 367 792 0 150 21 207 1,139 3 24 158 182 127 4,273 135,032 637 13,055 6,931 40,437 [382]
2020-04-06 21:00 186 102 33 49 76 18 475 465 1,499 0 109 48 180 1,746 6 24 124 211 127 5,478 140,510 743 13,798 7,069 43,208 [381]
Cases 140,510 8,767 3,449 1,679 1,369 1,725 1,501 11,077 9,581 28,323 83 7,443 2,116 6,331 40,469 92 1,283 3,355 9,021 2,846 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Deaths 13,798 528 312 96 84 89 85 1,177 982 2,908 4 672 258 204 5,371 2 78 202 586 160 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
ICU 7,069 499 247 91 124 137 66 360 346 2,391 4 384 70 162 1,494 3 84 124 417 66 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A


Charts based on daily reportsEdit

Charts based on daily reports from the Spanish Ministry of Health on confirmed cases of COVID-19.[419] Dates correspond to report dates; reports starting from 2020-03-17 refer to numbers consolidated the night before at 9pm.

 
Cases per autonomous community, for the 10 communities with most cases
 
Number of cases on a logarithmic scale
 
Number of cases (blue) and number of deaths (red) on a logarithmic scale.
New cases, recoveries and deaths per day
 
 
 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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