COVID-19 pandemic death rates by country

This article contains the current number of confirmed COVID-19 deaths per population by country. It also has cumulative death totals by country. For these numbers over time see the tables, graphs, and maps at COVID-19 pandemic deaths and COVID-19 pandemic by country and territory.

This data is for entire populations, and does not reflect the differences in rates relative to different age groups. For example, in the United States as of 27 April 2021, the reported case fatality ratios are 0.015%, 0.15%, 2.3%, and 17% for the age groups 0–17, 18–49, 50–74, and 75 or over, respectively.[1]

Data reliabilityEdit

Variation between testing programmes worldwide results in different ascertainment rates per country: not every SARS-CoV-2 infection, nor every COVID-19-related death, will be identified, while on the other hand some deaths may be wrongly attributed to COVID (for example if all suspected COVID deaths are counted as Covid deaths, as Belgium was doing in September 2020, or when for several months after April 2020, England reported all deaths after a positive COVID-19 test "in order to be sure not to underestimate the number of COVID-19 related deaths", while Scotland reported all deaths within 28 days of such a positive test).[2][3] Therefore, the true numbers of infections and deaths[clarification needed] will exceed the observed (confirmed) numbers everywhere, though the extent will vary by country.[4] These statistics are therefore less suitable for between-country comparisons. As deaths are easier to identify than infections (which are regularly asymptomatic), the true case fatality rate (CFR) is likely lower than the observed CFR.

Causes of variation in true CFRs between countries, include variations in age and overall health of the population, medical care, and classification of deaths.[5]

Excess mortality statistics provide a more reliable estimate of all COVID-19-related mortality during the pandemic, though they include both "direct COVID-19 and indirect, non-COVID-19 deaths".[6] They compare overall mortality with that of previous years, and as such also include the potentially vast number of deaths among people with unconfirmed COVID-19. Data from Russia illustrates how the true death rates from COVID-19 can be far higher than visible from confirmed COVID-19 deaths: in December 2020, based on overall excess mortality during the year, total COVID-19 deaths in Russia were estimated to be over 186,000,[7] while confirmed COVID-19 deaths were at 56,271.[8] For the Netherlands, based on overall excess mortality, an estimated 20,000 people died from COVID-19 in 2020,[9] while only the death of 11,525 identified COVID-19 cases was registered.[8] The official count of COVID-19 deaths as of December 2021 is slightly more than 5.4 million, according to World Health Organization's report in May 2022. WHO also said that the real numbers are far higher than the official tally because of unregistered deaths in countries without adequate reporting.[10]

Table of total cases, deaths, and death rates by countryEdit

Note: Table is automatically updated daily.[note 1] Data source is Our World in Data.[note 2][note 3]

Updated May 19, 2022.
COVID-19 pandemic cases and mortality by country[11]
Country Deaths / million Deaths Cases
World[a] 796 6,271,641 523,452,560
Peru 6,387 213,069 3,575,738
Bulgaria 5,375 37,071 1,162,724
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,836 15,783 377,648
Hungary 4,820 46,446 1,914,697
North Macedonia 4,462 9,293 311,038
Montenegro 4,329 2,719 236,489
Georgia 4,224 16,811 1,655,221
Croatia 3,906 15,945 1,132,671
Czech Republic 3,754 40,260 3,917,289
Slovakia 3,682 20,069 2,539,862
Romania 3,431 65,636 2,904,588
Lithuania 3,393 9,127 1,061,073
San Marino 3,381 115 16,852
Slovenia 3,188 6,627 1,021,136
Latvia 3,112 5,811 826,506
Brazil 3,108 665,216 30,701,900
Poland 3,075 116,230 6,004,427
Gibraltar 3,027 102 18,129
United States 3,007 1,001,269 82,951,379
Chile 3,006 57,754 3,616,950
Armenia 2,905 8,623 422,917
Moldova 2,863 11,521 518,492
Greece 2,856 29,619 3,406,553
Argentina 2,823 128,776 9,135,308
Trinidad and Tobago 2,766 3,883 156,327
Italy 2,743 165,630 17,147,477
Colombia 2,727 139,821 6,095,316
Belgium 2,723 31,675 4,134,293
Paraguay 2,615 18,881 649,929
United Kingdom 2,608 177,895 22,295,739
Ukraine 2,587 112,459 5,040,518
Russia 2,538 370,354 18,007,169
Mexico 2,492 324,617 5,752,441
European Union[b] 2,434 1,088,597 140,849,173
Tunisia 2,398 28,628 1,041,789
Serbia 2,336 16,055 2,013,983
French Polynesia 2,297 649 72,847
Suriname 2,262 1,339 80,240
Spain 2,259 105,642 12,179,234
Portugal 2,229 22,665 4,114,316
Bermuda 2,206 137 14,442
Liechtenstein 2,195 84 17,376
Austria 2,193 19,840 4,258,734
France 2,190 147,717 29,351,614
Uruguay 2,070 7,215 908,078
British Virgin Islands 2,037 62 6,573
Bahamas 2,018 801 34,011
Saint Lucia 1,995 368 24,655
Ecuador 1,990 35,610 872,542
Aruba 1,987 213 35,920
Andorra 1,977 153 42,572
Grenada 1,964 222 16,918
Estonia 1,932 2,561 575,046
Panama 1,873 8,211 817,658
Sweden 1,859 18,897 2,504,894
Bolivia 1,854 21,943 906,462
Kosovo 1,761 3,139 228,261
Luxembourg 1,690 1,073 244,182
Seychelles 1,688 167 43,563
South Africa 1,679 100,867 3,908,020
Curaçao 1,674 276 43,149
Belize 1,671 677 58,215
Iran 1,661 141,244 7,229,074
Costa Rica 1,648 8,472 877,533
Germany 1,645 138,053 25,949,175
Switzerland 1,582 13,791 3,659,937
Namibia 1,557 4,031 160,640
Guyana 1,553 1,228 64,020
Lebanon 1,538 10,411 1,098,124
Barbados 1,511 435 77,767
Republic of Ireland 1,453 7,244 1,551,835
Monaco 1,442 57 12,035
Antigua and Barbuda 1,397 138 7,855
Malta 1,387 716 93,758
Jordan 1,369 14,066 1,696,359
Caribbean Netherlands 1,323 35 10,018
Netherlands 1,304 22,404 8,166,975
Hong Kong 1,239 9,365 1,209,397
Isle of Man 1,229 105 32,794
Albania 1,217 3,497 275,732
Eswatini 1,196 1,403 71,934
Cyprus 1,172 1,051 486,086
Israel 1,163 10,812 4,114,959
Turkey 1,163 98,914 15,058,627
Botswana 1,122 2,692 306,614
Malaysia 1,087 35,630 4,483,295
Denmark 1,084 6,304 3,130,288
Palestine 1,083 5,659 657,456
Honduras 1,082 10,896 424,771
New Caledonia 1,082 312 61,650
Canada 1,062 40,434 3,850,912
Jamaica 1,013 3,013 133,250
Kazakhstan 1,001 19,015 1,394,737
Guatemala 978 17,864 854,074
Fiji 954 862 64,812
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 952 106 8,527
Azerbaijan 949 9,709 792,685
Libya 924 6,430 501,954
Turks and Caicos Islands 917 36 6,097
Dominica 872 63 13,116
Bahrain 846 1,480 579,410
Oman 815 4,260 389,460
Montserrat 803 4 794
Saint Kitts and Nevis 803 43 5,626
Mauritius 782 996 223,793
Finland 772 4,284 1,069,740
Sri Lanka 768 16,511 663,720
Cuba 753 8,529 1,104,769
Belarus 738 6,978 982,867
Cabo Verde 713 401 56,127
Mongolia 654 2,179 922,618
El Salvador 633 4,130 162,089
Wallis and Futuna 630 7 454
Iraq 612 25,216 2,326,852
Anguilla 595 9 3,116
Kuwait 590 2,555 632,474
Faroe Islands 570 28 34,658
Indonesia 566 156,498 6,051,532
Norway 560 3,061 1,430,531
Maldives 548 298 179,560
Philippines 544 60,452 3,688,100
Brunei 500 221 145,521
South Korea 464 23,842 17,889,849
Kyrgyzstan 451 2,991 200,993
Vietnam 438 43,072 10,701,796
Morocco 430 16,075 1,166,100
Thailand 423 29,595 4,388,610
Cayman Islands 421 28 23,578
Iceland 414 153 186,969
Nepal 402 11,952 979,028
Dominican Republic 399 4,377 580,661
India 376 524,303 43,129,563
Greenland 369 21 11,971
Zimbabwe 363 5,486 250,007
Myanmar 354 19,434 613,182
Palau 330 6 4,936
Sao Tome and Principe 326 73 5,973
Lesotho 323 698 33,305
Australia 309 7,977 6,813,741
Saudi Arabia 258 9,123 761,079
Singapore 251 1,369 1,240,233
Japan 239 30,176 8,470,287
Egypt 236 24,690 515,645
Qatar 231 677 366,603
United Arab Emirates 230 2,302 903,382
Zambia 210 3,983 320,680
Solomon Islands 207 146 18,174
Mauritania 205 982 58,920
Venezuela 199 5,713 523,119
Afghanistan 193 7,691 179,477
New Zealand 189 973 1,079,557
Djibouti 188 189 15,631
Cambodia 180 3,056 136,262
Comoros 180 160 8,110
Bangladesh 175 29,127 1,953,103
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 173 1 2,739
Syria 172 3,150 55,873
Algeria 154 6,875 265,834
Gambia 146 365 11,999
Pakistan 134 30,379 1,529,560
Malawi 134 2,637 85,898
Gabon 133 304 47,608
Equatorial Guinea 126 183 15,910
Samoa 119 24 12,051
Senegal 114 1,966 86,055
Sudan 109 4,937 62,211
Rwanda 109 1,459 129,942
Kiribati 107 13 3,098
Tonga 103 11 11,394
Kenya 102 5,649 324,097
Laos 102 754 209,553
Timor-Leste 97 131 22,890
Guinea-Bissau 84 171 8,240
Somalia 83 1,361 26,521
Uganda 76 3,598 164,153
Haiti 72 835 30,725
Papua New Guinea 71 651 44,394
Cameroon 70 1,927 119,780
Yemen 70 2,149 11,819
Mozambique 68 2,201 225,539
Republic of the Congo 68 385 24,079
Ethiopia 63 7,512 471,089
Cook Islands 56 1 5,508
Liberia 56 294 7,452
Angola 55 1,900 99,287
Taiwan 49 1,176 981,141
Madagascar 49 1,393 64,276
Uzbekistan 48 1,637 238,842
Ghana 45 1,445 161,325
Vanuatu 44 14 8,651
Nicaragua 35 237 18,491
Mali 35 734 31,041
Guinea 32 442 36,661
Togo 32 273 37,029
Ivory Coast 29 799 82,020
Eritrea 28 103 9,751
Bhutan 26 21 59,574
Central African Republic 22 113 14,649
Burkina Faso 17 384 20,899
Sierra Leone 15 125 7,682
Nigeria 14 3,143 255,889
Democratic Republic of the Congo 14 1,338 87,633
Tanzania 13 840 35,354
Benin 13 163 26,952
Tajikistan 12 125 17,786
Niger 12 310 9,031
South Sudan 12 138 17,551
Chad 11 193 7,415
China[c] 3 5,218 1,166,729
Burundi 3 38 41,606
North Korea 0 6 1
Falkland Islands 1,126
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 4
Macau 82
Vatican City 0 29
Federated States of Micronesia 0 7
Marshall Islands 17
  1. ^ Countries which do not report data for a column are not included in that column's world total.
  2. ^ Data on member states of the European Union are individually listed, but are also summed here for convenience. They are not double-counted in world totals.
  3. ^ Does not include special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau) or Taiwan.


Map of death ratesEdit

Total confirmed COVID-19 deaths per million people by country:[12][note 3][note 4]

 
See date of latest upload at Commons source.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The table this note applies to is updated daily by a bot. For more info see Template:COVID-19 data/Cite.
  2. ^ Our World in Data (OWID). See Coronavirus Source Data for OWID sourcing info. Excerpt: "Deaths and cases: our data source. Our World in Data relies on data from Johns Hopkins University. ... JHU updates its data multiple times each day. This data is sourced from governments, national and subnational agencies across the world — a full list of data sources for each country is published on Johns Hopkins GitHub site. It also makes its data publicly available there."
  3. ^ a b "CSSEGISandData/COVID-19". GitHub. COVID-19 Data Repository by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University. The CSV files are downloaded via the "Raw" links. The "Raw" link doesn't show up until you click the csv file link. This opens into a GitHub page with the data and the "Raw" link. See How to Use our Data for more info and links. See: Pandemic Data Initiative. See more sourcing history and info.
  4. ^ Our World in Data (OWID) maps and graphs on cases and deaths. Click on the download tab to download the image. The table tab has a table of the exact data by country. The source tab says the data is from the COVID-19 Data Repository by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University. The image at the source is interactive and provides more detail. For example, for maps run your cursor over the color bar legend to see the countries that apply to that point in the legend. For graphs run your cursor over the graph for more info. See Coronavirus Source Data for more OWID sourcing info.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Demographic Trends of COVID-19 cases and deaths in the US reported to CDC". 2021-04-27.
  2. ^ John Newton (12 August 2020). "Behind the headlines: Counting COVID-19 deaths". UK Health Security Agency. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  3. ^ Beaney, Thomas; Clarke, Jonathan M; Jain, Vageesh; Golestaneh, Amelia Kataria; Lyons, Gemma; Salman, David; Majeed, Azeem (2020). "Excess mortality: the gold standard in measuring the impact of COVID-19 worldwide?". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 113 (9): 329–334. doi:10.1177/0141076820956802. ISSN 0141-0768. PMC 7488823. PMID 32910871. Russia’s case definition for a COVID-19 death, for example, relies solely on results from autopsy, unlike most European countries.6 Death must have been due directly to COVID-19, so it is not counted if a patient was found to have COVID-19 but it did not cause their death.6,7 This will lead to significant underreporting, especially as Russia has one of the highest numbers of COVID-19 cases worldwide and yet has a case fatality rate of only 1.7% as of 31 July 2020.3 Spain’s definition requires a positive polymerase chain reaction or antibody test for COVID-19, with only hospital deaths included in the death count despite a significant number of deaths from COVID-19 in the community and care homes.8,9 Belgium, by contrast, has one of the broadest definitions for a COVID-19 death, including all suspected cases. Care home deaths in Belgium account for around half of all excess deaths, but only 26% of care home deaths were confirmed (rather than suspected) COVID-19,10 leading to possible overcounting relative to other countries.11
  4. ^ Verity, Robert (March 30, 2020). "Estimates of the severity of coronavirus disease 2019: a model-based analysis". The Lancet. Infectious Diseases. 20 (6): 669–677. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30243-7. PMC 7158570. PMID 32240634.
  5. ^ Aravindan, John Geddie (18 September 2020). "Why is Singapore's COVID-19 death rate the world's lowest". Reuters.
  6. ^ Beaney, Thomas; Clarke, Jonathan M; Jain, Vageesh; Golestaneh, Amelia Kataria; Lyons, Gemma; Salman, David; Majeed, Azeem (2020). "Excess mortality: the gold standard in measuring the impact of COVID-19 worldwide?". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 113 (9): 329–334. doi:10.1177/0141076820956802. ISSN 0141-0768. PMC 7488823. PMID 32910871. Under the assumption that the incidence of other diseases remains steady over time, then excess deaths can be viewed as those caused both directly and indirectly by COVID-19 and gives a summary measure of the ‘whole system’ impact. ... Despite this, when seeking to understand the full impact of deaths due to COVID-19 and explain why excess deaths vary, there is a need to distinguish the component parts – of direct COVID-19 and indirect, non-COVID-19 deaths.
  7. ^ Agence France-Presse (December 28, 2020). "Russia admits to world's third-worst Covid-19 death toll". The Guardian.
  8. ^ a b "COVID-19 Data Explorer". Our World in Data.
  9. ^ "CBS: afgelopen jaar ruim 20.000 coronadoden". nos.nl (in Dutch).
  10. ^ Rigby, Jennifer (2022-05-05). "Almost three times as many died as a result of COVID than officially reported - WHO". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  11. ^ Ritchie, Hannah; Mathieu, Edouard; Rodés-Guirao, Lucas; Appel, Cameron; Giattino, Charlie; Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban; Hasell, Joe; Macdonald, Bobbie; Beltekian, Diana; Dattani, Saloni; Roser, Max (2020–2021). "Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19)". Our World in Data. Retrieved 2022-05-19.
  12. ^ World map of cumulative confirmed COVID-19 deaths per million people. From Our World in Data.

External linksEdit