2020 coronavirus pandemic in Ghana

The 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Ghana is an ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first two cases of COVID-19 in Ghana during the 2019–20 worldwide pandemic was confirmed on 12 March 2020, when two people returned from Norway and Turkey.

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Ghana
3D medical animation corona virus-ar.jpg
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationGhana
First outbreakNorway/Turkey/France
Index caseAccra
Arrival date12 March 2020
(3 weeks and 4 days)
Confirmed cases214[1]
Recovered31
Deaths
5
Official website
www.ghanahealthservice.org/covid19

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in Ghana  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
2020-03-12
2(+) (+%)
2(=)
2020-03-15
6(+4) (+300%)
6(=)
2020-03-17
7(+1) (+17%)
2020-03-18
9(+2) (+28%)
2020-03-19
11(+2) (+22%)
2020-03-20
16(+5) (+45%)
2020-03-21
21(+5) (+31%)
2020-03-22
24(+3) (+19%)
24(=)
2020-03-25
68(+44) (+183%)
2020-03-26
132(+64) (+82%)
2020-03-27
137(+5) (+4%)
2020-03-28
141(+4) (+3%)
2020-03-29
152(+11) (+8%)
152(=)
2020-04-01
195(+43) (+28%)
2020-04-02
204(+9) (+5%)
204(=)
2020-04-05
214(+10) (+5%)
Sources: various news sources and state health department websites. See Timeline Table and Timeline narrative for sources.
  • On 11 March, President Nana Akufo-Addo directed the Minister of Finance, Ken Ofori-Atta, to make the cedi equivalent of $100 million[2] available to enhance Ghana's coronavirus preparedness and response plan.[3]
  • On 12 March 2020 the Health Minister Kwaku Agyemang-Manu announced Ghana's first two cases at an emergency press briefing.[4] The tests were performed at the Noguchi Memorial Institute of Medical Research, University of Ghana. The two cases were people who came back to the country from Norway and Turkey, beginning the contact tracing process.[5] One case is a senior officer at the Norwegian Embassy in Ghana who had returned from Norway,[6] while the other was a staff member at the UN offices in Ghana who had returned from Turkey.[7]
  • On 13 March 2020 Ghana confirmed two cases which summed up to four cases in the country.
  • On 14 March 2020 Ghana confirmed two cases which summed up to six cases in the country.
  • On 15 March 2020, four new cases were confirmed in a live telecast by the Ministry of Health and Minister of Information. Traveling to Ghana had been strongly discouraged until further notice and non-admittance of travellers from countries where at least 200 cases of COVID-19 were recorded was declared; this restriction did not apply to Ghanaian citizens and people with resident permits.[8][9] A web page[1] was also created to provide official updates and information.
  • On 15 March 2020 at 10 pm, President Nana Akufo-Addo banned all public gatherings including conferences, workshops, funerals, festivals, political rallies, church activities and other related events to reduce the spread of COVID-19 at a press briefing on the state of COVID-19. Basic schools, senior high schools and universities, both public and private, have also been closed. Only BECE and WASSCE candidates are permitted to remain in school under social distancing protocols.[10]
  • On 17 March 2020, the Minister of Finance, Ken Ofori-Atta, declared in Parliament that the $100 million announced by President Akufo-Addo to fight coronavirus is not ready[11]. This revelation by the Minister did not go down well with many Ghanaians slamming the president for not being sincere and honest in such a precarious situation[12]. Also on this day, Ghana confirmed another case which sums up to seven cases recorded in the Greater Accra Region.[13][14]
  • On 18 March 2020, Ghana records two cases which sums up to nine cases . These were confirmed by NMIMR, both Ghanaians returning from the United Kingdom and the United Arab Emirates. On the same day, three Ghanaians in Europe died from the disease.[15]
  • On 19 March 2020, KCCR confirmed two new cases in Kumasi, Ashanti Region, bringing the number of confirmed cases in the country to 11.[16] Passport services were also suspended on this date.[17]
  • On 20 March 2020, Ghana records five new cases were confirmed in the Greater Accra Region, raising total confirmed cases to 16.[18]
  • On 21 March 2020, Ghana confirms three new cases which sums up to 19 patients. At 9 pm, Nana Akuffo Addo addressed the nation with Ghana's first death case from Kumasi.[19] Two new cases were later confirmed making total of twenty-one confirmed in Ghana.[1]
  • On 22 March 2020, three cases were confirmed in the country hence summing up to 24 cases.[20]
  • On 23 March 2020, three cases were recorded which summed up to 27 cases. The Local Government Minister announced the disinfection of 137 markets in the Greater Accra Region.[21][22] On that same day, all beaches were closed to help contain the spread of the pandemic.[23] All of the county's borders were closed for a fortnight from midnight of Sunday the 22nd of March 2020.[24]
  • On 24 March 2020 the Minister of Health announced 25 new confirmed cases and one new death case, hence totaling 52 COVID-19 patients and two deaths.[25]
  • On 25 March 2020, there were 15 cases with a third death was recorded at the 37 military hospital and an update from the Ghana Health Service brought the number of cases to 68.[26][27]
  • On 26 March 2020, 64 new cases were recorded which leads to a sum of 132 cases in Ghana.[28] On the same day, a letter written and signed by the Director General of the Ghana Health Service recalled all staff on study leave into active service. This was to help accommodate the workload on health centres.[29]
  • On 27 March 2020, Ghana confirmed three cases with a total of 137 cases.[30] The first case recorded in the Upper West Region was made known at press briefing in Wa.[31] The President addressed the nation at 11pm[32] with an announcement, that placed some key cities in Accra and Kumasi under a partial lock down, effective from Monday 30 March 2020.[33] Some services such as Members of the Executive, Legislature and the Judiciary; Production, distribution and marketing of food, beverages, pharmaceuticals, medicine, paper and plastic packages were exempted from the restrictions.[34]
  • On 28 March 2020 the total number of confirmed cases rose to 141 and the total number of deaths stood at five.[35] A special life insurance cover for the professionals at the frontline dealing with the pandemic,was announced by the Ghana Health Ministry. The workers were insured under Group Life cover,with an assured sum of GHS 350,000 on each life.[36]
  • On 29 March 2020 the government of Ghana set up a quarantine centre at the Northern Regional capital, Tamale after the confirmation of 10 new cases of COVID-19 recorded in that part of the country bringing the number of case count for COVID-19 to 152.[37]
  • On 30 March 2020 the partial lock down of Accra and Kumasi took effect[38] No new cases were recorded on this day.[39]
  • On 31st March 2020,nine new cases were confirmed bringing the number to 161. The new cases were all in Accra. Three of the infected persons had returned from journeys to Germany, France and Hungary. [39]
  • On 1 April 2020, the number of confirmed cases reached 195 with more security checkpoints and roadblocks set up in Accra. There was a bit of heavy vehicular traffic at many of the barriers and most commercial vehicles were not allowed to cross the Tema motorway.[40]
  • On 2 April 2020,nine new cases are confirmed, making the total 204. All new cases are from the Greater Accra Region. The nine cases consist of four who have no contact with confirmed cases nor a travel history,four who are contacts of confirmed cases and one traveling to Ghana from Benin within the last 14 days.[39] Two cases are in critical condition.[41]
  • On 3rd April 2020, one new case is confirmed and the total number stands at 205. The regions that have reported cases are Greater Accra(183 cases), Ashanti(9 cases), Northern(10 cases), Upper West(1 case), Eastern(1 case) and Upper East Region(1 case).[42] There is a disinfection exercise for 266 markets in the Northern, North East and Savannah regions.[43] At a press briefing,the Director General of the Ghana Health Service (GHS), announces the commencement of local production of nose masks as part of efforts to arrest the spread of the pandemic.[44] 49 persons who tested positive are discharged from health facilities to begin home care management.[45]
  • On 4th April 2020, 198 markets in the Eastern Region of Ghana were disinfected as part of the drive to control the pandemic. The Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development teamed up with Moderpest Company and Zoomlion Ghana for the exercise.[46] The Minister for Information announced in a tweet,that the closure of the borders has been extended by the president,for another fortnight effective midnight of Sunday 5th April 2020.[47]
  • On 5th April 2020, the Ghana Health Service confirmed nine additional cases bringing the total to 214. Six of the cases were in Accra and three in Kumasi. [48]

Affected districts in the Greater Accra RegionEdit

  • Accra Metropolis
  • Tema Metropolis
  • Tema West
  • Kpone Katamanso
  • Krowor
  • Ledzokuku
  • Adentan
  • Ashiaman
  • La-Nkwantanang-Madina
  • La-Dade-Kotopon
  • Okaikwei North
  • Ablekuma North
  • Ablekuma West
  • Ablekuma Central
  • Ayawaso East
  • Ayawaso North
  • Ayawaso West
  • Ayawaso Central
  • Ga North
  • Ga West
  • Ga South
  • Ga Central
  • Ga East
  • Korle-Klottey
  • Awutu Senya East

Affected districts in Ashanti RegionEdit

  • Kumasi Metropolis
  • Asokwa
  • Suame
  • Old Tafo
  • Oforikrom
  • Asokore Mampong
  • Kwadaso
  • Atwima Nwabiagya
  • Kwabre East
  • Ejisu,Afigya-Kwabre South
  • Bosomtwe
  • Atwima Kwanwoma
  • Atwima Nwabiagya North

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "COVID-19 Updates - Ghana". www.ghanahealthservice.org. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Panic 'hits' social media as Ghana confirms first cases of coronavirus". www.ghanaweb.com.
  3. ^ "Coronavirus: MPs to have temperature tested before entering chamber - Speaker". GhanaWeb. 12 March 2020.
  4. ^ Duncan, Jude (12 March 2020). "Two cases of coronavirus confirmed in Ghana". Citi Newsroom. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Ghana don record first Coronavirus cases - Read wetin we know so far". BBC News. (in Pidgin English). 13 March 2020.
  6. ^ Anyorigya, Daniel (13 March 2020). "Coronavirus: Norwegian Embassy in Ghana shuts down after staff member tested positive". Citi Newsroom. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  7. ^ "UN Ghana staff tests positive for Coronavirus, office shutdown". Graphic Online. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Ghana COVID-19 cases rise to six". Ghana Business News. 15 March 2020.
  9. ^ Duncan, Jude (15 March 2020). "Coronavirus: Travellers from countries with over 200 cases won't be allowed in Ghana". Citi Newsroom.
  10. ^ Nyabor, Jonas (15 March 2020). "Coronavirus: Government bans religious activities, funerals, all other public gatherings". Citi Newsroom. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  11. ^ Starrfmonline. "Covid-19: Ghana goes to IMF, WB for Akufo-Addo's $100m | Starr Fm". Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  12. ^ "Are you a magician to spend money you don't have? – Akufo-Addo blasted over $100m coronavirus money". www.ghanaweb.com. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  13. ^ "One more Coronavirus case confirmed in Ghana". Citi Newsroom. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Ghana records 7th confirmed Coronavirus case". Graphic Online. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Coronavirus kills 3 Ghanaians - Ayorkor Botchwey". Graphic Online. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Ghana: Coronavirus cases increases to 11". Graphic Online. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Coronavirus: Foreign Ministry suspends all passport services". Graphic Online. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  18. ^ Arhinful, Ernest (20 March 2020). "Coronavirus cases in Ghana rise to 16". Citi Newsroom. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  19. ^ "Identity of Ghana's first coronavirus dead victim revealed". www.ghanaweb.com. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  20. ^ Adogla-Bessa, Delali (22 March 2020). "Coronavirus cases in Ghana rise to 24". Citi Newsroom. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  21. ^ "Markets in Accra, Tema being disinfected to prevent Coronavirus spread (VIDEO)". Graphic Online. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  22. ^ Adogla-Bessa, Delali (22 March 2020). "137 markets to be affected by Monday's disinfection exercise – Local Government Ministry". Citi Newsroom. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  23. ^ "All beaches in Ghana closed to fight Coronavirus". Graphic Online. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  24. ^ "Ghana closes its borders for 2 weeks to fight Coronavirus". Graphic Online. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Coronavirus cases in Ghana jump to 52". Citinewsroom - Comprehensive News in Ghana, Current Affairs, Business News , Headlines, Ghana Sports, Entertainment, Politics. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  26. ^ "Ghana records third coronavirus death at 37 Military Hospital". MyJoyOnline.com. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  27. ^ Adogla-Bessa, Delali (25 March 2020). "Update: Coronavirus cases in Ghana hit 68". Citi Newsroom. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  28. ^ Nyabor, Jonas (26 March 2020). "Ghana's Coronavirus case count rises to 132". Citi Newsroom. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  29. ^ "All Ghana Health Service staff on study leave recalled for Coronavirus 'fight'". Graphic Online. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  30. ^ Nyabor, Jonas (27 March 2020). "COVID-19: Four new cases raise Ghana's count to 136". Citi Newsroom. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  31. ^ "Wa records Coronavirus case - Upper West Regional Minister confirms". Graphic Online. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  32. ^ "President Akufo-Addo addresses Nation at 11pm". Graphic Online. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  33. ^ "Accra, Tema, Kasoa and Kumasi under partial lockdown". Graphic Online. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  34. ^ "Akufo-Addo announces partial lockdown of Accra, Kumasi, Tema to curb COVID-19 spread". Focus Fm. 28 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  35. ^ "Coronavirus: Ghana records 141 confirmed cases". Graphic Online. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  36. ^ "Coronavirus: Ghana announces special life insurance cover for health workers". Graphic Online. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  37. ^ "Coronavirus: Quarantine centre set up in Tamale, drones to transport blood samples – Health Minister". Citinewsroom - Comprehensive News in Ghana, Current Affairs, Business News , Headlines, Ghana Sports, Entertainment, Politics,. 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  38. ^ Acheampong, Kwame. "Covid-19: Accra, Kumasi empty as lockdown takes effect | Starr Fm". Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  39. ^ a b c "COVID-19 Updates | Ghana". ghanahealthservice.org. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  40. ^ "#Lockdown Day 3: Stranded passengers, canes, traffic, no mercy for trotros". Graphic Online. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  41. ^ "Coronavirus: Ghana's cases hit 204, two in critical condition". Graphic Online. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  42. ^ "Covid-19 reaches Upper East Region, national tally now 205". Graphic Online. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  43. ^ "Northern, North East, Savannah regions disinfect markets". Graphic Online. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  44. ^ "Ghana starts local production of nose masks to fight COVID-19". Graphic Online. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  45. ^ "49 COVID-19 patients discharged for home care". Graphic Online. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  46. ^ "Coronavirus: 198 markets in Eastern region disinfected". Graphic Online. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  47. ^ "President Akufo-Addo extends closure of Ghana's borders". Graphic Online. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  48. ^ "#Covid-19: Ghana has 214 confirmed cases (Latest update)". Graphic Online. Retrieved 5 April 2020.