|Ab urbe condita||2054|
|Balinese saka calendar||1222–1223|
|English Regnal year||29 Edw. 1 – 30 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||庚子年 (Metal Rat)|
3997 or 3937
— to —
辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
3998 or 3938
|- Vikram Samvat||1357–1358|
|- Shaka Samvat||1222–1223|
|- Kali Yuga||4401–4402|
|Japanese calendar||Shōan 3|
|Minguo calendar||611 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1843–1844|
1427 or 1046 or 274
— to —
1428 or 1047 or 275
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1301.|
- January 14 – The death of Andrew III of Hungary ends the Árpád dynasty in Hungary, resulting in a power struggle between Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, Otto III, Duke of Bavaria, and Charles Robert of Naples.
- February 7 – Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England) becomes the first Prince of Wales.
- March 3 – Emperor Go-Nijō succeeds Emperor Go-Fushimi on the throne of Japan.
- November 1 – Charles, Count of Valois, enters Florence with the Black Guelphs, who in the next six days destroy much of the city, kill many of their enemies and install a new government under Cante dei Gabrielli da Gubbio as podestà, leading to the permanent exile of Dante Alighieri from the city.
- July 23 – Otto, Duke of Austria (d. 1339)
- August 5 – Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (d. 1330)
- September 24 – Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (d. 1372)
- October 7 – Grand Prince Aleksandr Mikhailovich of Tver (d. 1339)
- date unknown
- Prince Morikuni, Japanese shōgun (d. 1333)
- Ingeborg of Norway, princess consort and regent of Sweden (d. 1361)
- William Montagu, 1st Earl of Salisbury, English nobleman (d. 1344)
- Ni Zan, Chinese painter (d. 1374)
- Nitta Yoshisada, Japanese head of the Nitta clan (d. 1338)
- Hélie de Talleyrand-Périgord, French cardinal and diplomat of the Hundred Years' War (d. 1364)
- January 14 – King Andrew III of Hungary (b. c. 1265)
- September 3 – Alberto I della Scala, Lord of Verona
- date unknown
- Asukai Gayū, Japanese poet (b. 1241)
- Dietrich I of Isenberg, count of Limburg
- Gertrud Morneweg, German Hanseatic business person and banker
- False Margaret, Norwegian pretender to the Scottish throne (b. c. 1260)
- Zahed Gilani, Iranian Grandmaster of the Zahediyeh Sufi Order (b. 1216)
- King Leo I of Galicia (b. c. 1228)
- Amaury de Montfort (priest) (b. 1243)
- Violant of Aragon, queen consort of Castile (b. 1236)
- probable – Jean I de Grailly, seneschal of Gascony
- Július Bartl; Dusan Skvarna (2002). Slovak History: Chronology & Lexicon. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers. pp. 34–. ISBN 978-0-86516-444-4.
- Anne Commire (October 8, 1999). Women in World History. Gale. ISBN 978-0-7876-4061-3.
- Chris Given-Wilson (2010). Fourteenth Century England VI. Boydell & Brewer. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-84383-530-1.
- Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2nd Edition, 2011. Douglas Richardson. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-4610-4520-5.
- Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Solovʹev (1976). History of Russia: Russian society, 1389-1425. Academic International Press. ISBN 978-0-87569-228-9.
- Kirsten A. Seaver (November 30, 2014). The Last Vikings: The Epic Story of the Great Norse Voyagers. I.B.Tauris. p. 124. ISBN 978-1-78453-057-0.
- Paul S. Bruckman (June 7, 2011). La Divina Commedia (The Divine Comedy) : Purgatorio: La Divina Commedia (The Divine Comedy) : Purgatorio a Translation into English in Iambic Pentameter, Terza Rima Form. Xlibris Corporation. p. 818. ISBN 978-1-4568-7895-5.